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Books by and about 2020 presidential candidates
Crippled America,
by Donald J. Trump (2015)
Fire and Fury,
by Michael Wolff (2018)
Trump Revealed,
by Michael Kranish and Marc Fisher (2016)
The Making of Donald Trump,
by David Cay Johnston (2016)
Promise Me, Dad ,
by Joe Biden (2017)
The Book of Joe ,
by Jeff Wilser (2019; biography of Joe Biden)
The Truths We Hold,
by Kamala Harris (2019)
Smart on Crime,
by Kamala Harris (2010)
Guide to Political Revolution,
by Bernie Sanders (2017)
Where We Go From Here,
by Bernie Sanders (2018)
Our Revolution,
by Bernie Sanders (2016)
This Fight Is Our Fight,
by Elizabeth Warren (2017)
by Cory Booker (2016)
Conscience of a Conservative,
by Jeff Flake (2017)
Two Paths,
by Gov. John Kasich (2017)
Every Other Monday,
by Rep. John Kasich (2010)
Courage is Contagious,
by John Kasich (1998)
Shortest Way Home,
by Pete Buttigieg (2019)
by Michelle Obama (2018)
Higher Loyalty,
by James Comey (2018)
The Making of Donald Trump,
by David Cay Johnston (2017)
Higher Loyalty ,
by James Comey (2018)
Trump vs. Hillary On The Issues ,
by Jesse Gordon (2016)
Outsider in the White House,
by Bernie Sanders (2015)

Book Reviews

(from Amazon.com)

(click a book cover for a review or other books by or about the presidency from Amazon.com)

Congressional confirmation hearings for Supreme Court and Cabinet nominees

    Articles regarding federal confirmation hearings:
  • Reuters, "U.S. Supreme Court nominee Jackson a tough sell on racial-bias claims," by Andrew Chung and Lawrence Hurley, March 17, 2022
  • The Signal (The College of New Jersey), "Ketanji Brown Jackson is not an Affirmative Action hire," by Soorin Kim, March 11, 2022
  • Congressional Research Service, "The Nomination of Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson to the Supreme Court," March 14, 2022
  • CBS News, "The issues GOP senators may focus on during Ketanji Brown Jackson's Supreme Court confirmation hearings," by Melissa Quinn, March 3, 2022
  • MedPageToday, "What Does Ketanji Brown Jackson's Record Mean for America's Health?," by Gostin, Finch, Wetter, and Friedman, March 1, 2022
  • Washington Post, "A quick guide to Ketanji Brown Jackson's health-related rulings," by Rachel Roubein, February 28, 2022
  • Human Rights Campaign, "HRC Applauds President Biden's Historic Nomination of Ketanji Brown Jackson to the Supreme Court," by Delphine Luneau, February 25, 2022
  • NRA-ILA press release, "NRA Statement on the Nomination of Ketanji Brown Jackson to US Supreme Court," February 25, 2022
  • Center for Reproductive Rights, "What You Need to Know About the Historic Nomination of Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson to the U.S. Supreme Court", 02.25.2022
  • Washington Blade, "Biden nominates Ketanji Brown Jackson to the Supreme Court," by Chris Johnson, February 25, 2022
  • The 19th, "History made: Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson to be first Black woman nominated to the Supreme Court," by Candice Norwood, February 25, 2022
  • BuzzFeed, "Breaking Down Supreme Court Pick Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson's Biggest Cases," by Zoe Tillman, February 25, 2022
  • ScotusBlog.com, "Profile of a potential nominee: Ketanji Brown Jackson," by Amy Howe, Feb 1, 2022
  • Washington Post, "Possible Supreme Court nominee, former defender, saw impact of harsh drug sentence firsthand," by Ann E. Marimow and Aaron C. Davis, January 30, 2022
  • State (Vatican): Indianapolis Star "Biden to nominate former Indiana Sen. Joe Donnelly as ambassador to the Vatican," by Rashika Jaipuriar, 10/9/21
  • State (Vatican): National Catholic Reporter, "Biden nominates pro-life Democrat Donnelly as new Vatican ambassador," by Joshua J. McElwee, Oct 8, 2021
  • State (Luxembourg): Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Milwaukee Mayor Tom Barrett nominated to be ambassador to Luxembourg by President Biden," by Alison Dirr, Daniel Bice, and Mary Spicuzza, 8/25/21
  • State (Luxembourg): The Nation, "Making Rahm Emanuel Ambassador to Japan Would Be a Sick Joke," by Robert L. Borosage, August 24, 2021
  • State (Japan): Jacobin Magazine, "It Pays to Be Rahm Emanuel," by David Sirota, Walker Bragman, 08.24.2021
  • State (Japan)e: Chicago Sun-Times, "Biden taps Rahm Emanuel for ambassador to Japan," by Lynn Sweet, Aug 20, 2021
  • Financial Review, "Caroline Kennedy would be 'right pick' as US ambassador to Australia, by Matthew Cranston, Aug 3, 2021
  • Town & Country, "Caroline Kennedy, Former U.S. Ambassador to Japan, Admires 'Resilience' at Tokyo Olympics," by Annie Goldsmith, Aug 2, 2021
  • State (Turkey): TRT World (Istanbul, Turkey), "What the nomination of Jeff Flake means for Turkey-US relations," by Ali Cinar, 20 July 2021
  • State (Turkey): The Armenian Weekly, "ANCA seeking close scrutiny of Jeff Flake's nomination to serve as US Ambassador to Turkey," by ANCA News (Armenian National Committee of America), July 14, 2021
  • State Dept.: Politico.com, "Former Sen. Tom Udall is Biden's pick as ambassador to New Zealand and Samoa," by Maeve Sheehey, 07/16/2021
  • State Dept.: Arizona Republic, "Biden names Arizona Republican Jeff Flake as his ambassador pick for Turkey," by Ronald J. Hansen & Yvonne Wingett Sanchez, 7/13/21
  • State Dept.: Politico.com, "Biden nominates ex-GOP Sen. Jeff Flake as ambassador to Turkey," by Nick Niedzwiadek, 07/13/2021
  • State: The Jewish Exponent, "Biden Taps LA's Jewish Mayor Eric Garcetti to Be US Ambassador to India," by Ron Kampeas, July 12, 2021
  • Statem (India): KTLA-5-TV, "L.A. Mayor Eric Garcetti nominated to serve as ambassador to India," by Associated Press, Kareen Wynter, & Mary Beth McDade, Jul 9, 2021
  • State Dept.: Los Angeles Times, "Biden nominates L.A. Mayor Eric Garcetti as U.S. ambassador to India," by Dakota Smith, David Zahniser & Chris Megerian, July 9, 2021
  • State: Newshub (New Zealand), "Tom Udall: Five things to know about new US Ambassador to New Zealand," by Zane Small, July 7 2021
  • State (India): ABC7.com, "Garcetti, awaiting ambassadorial nod, reflects on challenges facing city," July 5, 2021
  • State: (Mexico) Excelsior, "Ken Salazar, a diplomatic cowboy in Mexico City," by Enrique Sanchez, 06-27-2021
  • State (India): FoxLA.com Fox-11 Los Angeles, "Mayor Eric Garcetti and coalition of U.S. Mayors launch reparations initiative," June 18, 2021
  • State: People Magazine, "Kennedy Family Will Dedicate 2020 Profile in Courage Award to Coronavirus Frontline Workers," by Benjamin VanHoose, May 28, 2020
  • State: Alamosa News, "Salazar nominated as ambassador to Mexico," by Priscilla Waggoner, Jun 17, 2021
  • State: Al Dia News, "Biden looks to formalize his diplomatic agenda with Mexico and Brazil," by Oscar Lopez, June 17, 2021
  • State: San Diego Union Tribune, "Mexico celebrates the appointment of Ken Salazar as US ambassador," June 16, 2021
  • State: ColoradoPolitics.com, "Ken Salazar is Biden's pick for US ambassador to Mexico," by Ernest Luning, May 28, 2021
  • State Dept.: The Washington Post, "In today's Republican Party, there is no greater offense than honesty," by Jeff Flake, May 11, 2021
  • State: Vanderbilt University, "Caroline Kennedy urges Vanderbilt graduates to be 'active citizens,' embrace democratic values," By Ann Marie Deer Owens, Apr. 30, 2021
  • DOE: Our Daily Planet, "Climate Ally Jennifer Granholm Confirmed as Energy Secretary," by Amy Lupica, February 26, 2021
  • State: KMOV-TV Arizona's Family (AzFamily.com), "It's time for the Republican party to move on from Trump," by Jeff Flake, Feb 15, 2021
  • DHS Press Release, "Alejandro Mayorkas Sworn in as Secretary of Homeland Security," February 2, 2021
  • DHS Press Release, "Secretary Mayorkas on Immigration Reform Executive Orders," February 2, 2021
  • DOD: Chicago Crusader, "Lloyd Austin sworn in as nation's first Black Secretary of Defense," January 28, 2021
  • DHS: Fox News, "Alejandro Mayorkas: What to know about Biden's DHS pick," by Adam Shaw, January 22, 2021
  • DOD: NPR, "Biden's Defense Pick, Lloyd Austin, Seeks To Become 1st Black Pentagon Chief," by Brakkton Booker, January 19, 2021
  • DHS: NPR, "From Border Wall To Capitol Riot, Homeland Security Nominee Takes Senate Questions," by Brian Naylor, & Barbara Sprunt, January 19, 2021
  • DHS: Fox News, "Biden DHS nominee Mayorkas says ICE should not be defunded, despite liberal calls," by Adam Shaw, January 19, 2021
  • DHS: PR NewsWire, "FAIR Opposes Alejandro Mayorkas to Head DHS: Wrong Person, Worst Time," by The Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR), Jan 19, 2021
  • DHS: Forward magazine, "Jewish leaders to Mayorkas: DHS needs liaison focused on domestic terror," by Jacob Kornbluh, January 10, 2021
  • DOL & DOC: Daily Caller News, "Biden expands gun control contingent in his Cabinet," by Jake Dima, January 8, 2021
  • DOL: Bloomberg News, "Biden Names Boston Mayor Walsh to Head Labor Department," by Benjamin Penn, Josh Eidelson, and Jennifer Epstein, January 7, 2021
  • DOJ: Politico.com:, "Biden to tap Merrick Garland for attorney general," by Tyler Pager, Josh Gerstein and Kyle Cheney, 01/06/2021
  • OPE: Face the Nation Transcript: interview of Rep. Cedric Richmond, December 13, 2020
  • DOT: South Bend Tribune, "How Pete Buttigieg's role as transportation secretary can boost his presidential hopes," by Kaitlin Lange, Dec 26, 2020
  • DOE: Transmssion & Distribution World, "Two-Term Michigan Gov. Granholm to Head Biden DOE," by Jeff Postelwait, Dec 22, 2020
  • DOE: HPC Wire, "Biden to Nominate Jennifer Granholm for Energy Secretary," by Oliver Peckham, December 21, 2020
  • DOE: Natural Resources Defense Council press release: "Jennifer Granholm and Pete Buttigieg--Two Biden Cabinet Picks to Help Steer the Country Toward a Better Climate Future, by Jeff Turrentine, December 21, 2020
  • DOE: MSNBC Op-Ed, "Here's the problem with Biden picking Jennifer Granholm to run the DOE, by Hayes Brown, Dec. 21, 2020
  • DOE: ABC This Week interview of Jennifer Granholm, December 20, 2020
  • DOT: CNN Business, "Mayor Pete had a fleet of 47 buses; Secretary of Transportation Pete Buttigieg will have a budget of $87 billion", by Matt McFarland, December 18, 2020
  • DPC: Ms Magazine, "Biden Recruits Veteran Policy Adviser Susan Rice: 'We All Rise or Fall Together'," by Sophie Dorf-Kamienny, 12/16/2020
  • OPE: The New Orleans Times-Picayune, "For Cedric Richmond, White House outreach to conservatives will be business as usual," by Stephanie Grace, Dec 15, 2020
  • OPE: NPR's All Things Considered, "Incoming White House Public Engagement Director on His Plans For The Job," December 11, 2020
  • DOI confirmation hearings: 19th News blog: "Biden under pressure to appoint first Native American to head Interior Department," by Amanda Becker, December 11, 2020
  • HUD confirmation hearings: 19th News blog: "Marcia Fudge talks about how she plans to lead HUD," by Errin Haines, December 10, 2020
  • OPE: Bloomberg News, "Biden Administration Will Create Position to Reach Conservatives," by Jennifer Jacobs, December 7, 2020
  • State: Las Cruces Sun-News, "New Mexico Sen. Tom Udall coming home, but not planning to rest for long," by Algernon D'Ammassa, Dec 5, 2020
  • Associated Press, "Ex-members of religious group mixed on Barrett nomination," by Michelle R. Smith, October 11, 2020
  • Congressional Research Service, "Judge Amy Coney Barrett: Her Jurisprudence and Potential Impact on the Supreme Court," October 6, 2020
  • DOE: Buenos Aires Times, "Interview: Ex-Michigan governor Jennifer Granholm on the state of US politics today," by Jacob Meschke, 12-03-2018
  • Treasury: 19th News blog: 19th News e-zine, "Biden reportedly will nominate Janet Yellen to become nation's first female Treasury Secretary," by Chabeli Carrazana, November 23, 2020
  • DOL: NBC Boston, "Walsh: 'No Reason to Believe There's Cause for Concern' in Boston on Election Day," November 2, 2020
  • DOC: NBC News, "Rhode Island governor signs bill to help gay veterans get benefits," by Quinn Gawronski, Nov. 11, 2019
  • DOJ: Politico.com and CATO voting recommendation: "Brett Kavanaugh, Merrick Garland, and the Cohesion of the Federal Bench," by Walter Olson, September 6, 2018
  • DOL: NBC Boston, "'Do Your Job': Mayor Walsh, Hundreds of Activists Call for Stricter Gun Control Measures," by Mike Manzoni and Perry Russom, August 18, 2019
  • DOE: Detroit News, "Massacres revive calls to strengthen Michigan's middling gun laws," by Jonathan Oosting and Beth LeBlanc, Aug 5, 2019
  • SCOTUS: CNN, "Where Brett Kavanaugh stands on key issues", by Clare Foran and Joan Biskupic, October 6, 2018
  • DOJ: Cato Institute, "Brett Kavanaugh, Merrick Garland, and the Cohesion of the Federal Bench," by Walter Olson, September 6, 2018
  • DOJ: Chicago Tribune, "Merrick Garland says local schools 'reinforced my sense of community'," by Myrna Petlicki, Sep 05, 2018
  • SCOTUS: CNN, "What the case of a killer whale tells us about Brett Kavanaugh," by Joan Biskupic, August 25, 2018
  • DOI: Denver Post, "Former Interior Secretary Ken Salazar argues against bigger drilling setbacks in Colorado," by Aldo Svaldi, July 26, 2018
  • The New Yorker, "Why Sally Yates Stood Up to Trump," by Ryan Lizza, 5.29.17

 OnTheIssues.org excerpts:  (click on issues for details)
    Brett Kavanaugh: Disallow 17-year-old illegal immigrant to seek abortion.
    Brett Kavanaugh: Roe is an important precedent, but stricter regulations ok.
    Neil Gorsuch: Let Hobby Lobby skip contraceptives on religious grounds.
    Merrick Garland: Record on abortion rights entirely blank.
    Sonia Sotomayor: Precedents must be given deference in any situation.
    John Roberts: Roe v. Wade is more than settled as precedent.
    Jon Kyl: Nominees should not reveal pre-determined positions on Roe.
    Lindsey Graham: Ginsburg would get rejected today for outspokenness on Roe.
    Richard Durbin: Troubled that Alito 1985 memo shows closed mind on abortion.
    Richard Durbin: Doesn’t condemn converts to pro-choice, since he did.
    Ruth Bader Ginsburg: Government should fund abortion and childbirth equally.
    Samuel Alito: Stare decisis is first step; then an open mind on abortion.
    Samuel Alito: Was against Roe in 1985, but a lot has happened since then.
    Samuel Alito: Roe v Wade is important precedent but not settled law.
    John Ashcroft: Opposes Roe v Wade, but accepts it as settled law.
    Elena Kagan: Health exceptions for partial-birth abortion ban.
    Clarence Thomas: Defining abortion position would prejudge abortion cases.
    Clarence Thomas: Personally views back-alley illegal abortions as torture.
    Clarence Thomas: Never discussed Roe v. Wade in law school nor since.
    Clarence Thomas: Privacy is protected; no comment on application to abortion.
    Clarence Thomas: Overruling previous cases is a very serious matter.
Budget & Economy
    Jeff Flake: Mocking of earmarks helped lead to moratorium.
    Janet Yellen: First person to hold all three economic policymaking roles.
    Pete Buttigieg: Redesigned streets proved safer & increased property values.
    Pete Buttigieg: Led on local transportation issues as mayor.
    Elena Kagan: 14th Amendment's "liberty clause" includes economic liberty.
Civil Rights
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Upheld program for disadvantaged small businesses.
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Nomination endorsed by the Human Rights Campaign.
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Served on board for school that condemned LGBTQ people.
    Tom Udall: Strong advocate for Native American tribes.
    Eric Garcetti: Launched reparations initiative for Black Americans.
    Cedric Richmond: Violence is not protest; that is breaking the law.
    Amy Coney Barrett: Require due process for student sexual violence suspensions.
    Gina Raimondo: Signs law helping gay veterans get state and local benefits.
    Brett Kavanaugh: First Amendment protects religious liberty.
    James Mattis: Opposed women serving in infantry; but will allow it.
    James Mattis: Not about who soldiers go to bed with, but how they'll fight.
    Jeff Sessions: 1986: Denied confirmation as federal judge.
    Jeff Sessions: 1986: Called NAACP a "pinko" organization that hates whites.
    Merrick Garland: Spotty record on supporting LGBT protests and free speech.
    Ruth Bader Ginsburg: Let women sue for gender discrimination without time limits.
    Elena Kagan: Military ban on gays is moral injustice of the first order.
    Merrick Garland: Let civil rights plaintiffs receive appropriate day in Court.
    Sonia Sotomayor: In some situations, race in some form must be considered.
    Jeff Sessions: Banning the Pledge of Allegiance is unconstitutional.
    Mike DeWine: Disturbed by “free speech zones” in public arena.
    Sam Brownback: Robustly religious public square better than naked square.
    Samuel Alito: Overturning separate-but-equal OK despite 60-year precedent.
    Samuel Alito: Treat religious speech equally with secular speech.
    Samuel Alito: Racial profiling violates the 4th Amendment.
    Samuel Alito: I joined CAP to defend ROTC, not to keep out minorities.
    Ted Kennedy: Alito joined CAP when CAP’s racism was in the news.
    Samuel Alito: Privacy is a question of interpretation of the Constitution.
    Samuel Alito: The Constitution protects a right to privacy.
    Samuel Alito: The President has to comply with statutes that are passed.
    Gale Norton: Top priority to improve Native American schools.
    John Ashcroft: As Attorney General, upholds law; no longer an advocate.
    John Ashcroft: No American should suffer based on skin color.
    John Ashcroft: Opposed Ronnie White on qualifications, not on skin color.
    Clarence Thomas: Tension between affirmative help and undermining dignity.
    Clarence Thomas: Reaching out to minorities is OK; but no quotas.
    Clarence Thomas: Supports scholarships & internships for minorities & women.
    Cedric Richmond: CEO's create jobs & deserve a seat at the table.
    Brett Kavanaugh: Federal regulatory agencies are threat to individual liberty.
    Wilbur Ross: CEO of International Coal Group, plus Steel & Textiles.
    Neil Gorsuch: Taught law school courses on anti-trust and legal ethics.
    Linda McMahon: SBA should respond quickly in emergencies.
    Neil Gorsuch: Don't apply "dormant commerce clause" to limit state laws.
    Samuel Alito: Bundling goods to large purchasers is not monopolistic.
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Prisons must evaluate and accommodate deaf prisoners.
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Miranda warning not required outside of police interrogation.
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: No expectation of privacy when not in your apartment.
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Denied release of child pornographer as risk to community.
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Pushed to commute uncle's sentence under "three strikes" law.
    Rahm Emanuel: Sat on video evidence of police murder of black teen.
    Cedric Richmond: Unlike last four years, an independent Justice Department.
    Cedric Richmond: Reach out to conservatives & formerly incarcerated people.
    Brett Kavanaugh: Work to reduce criminal's protections.
    Neil Gorsuch: Police can't knock-and-talk if you post No-Trespassing signs.
    Neil Gorsuch: Police tasers aren't excessive force, even if person killed.
    Neil Gorsuch: Very strict reading of relief criteria for death penalty.
    Jeff Sessions: Increase in violent crime might be start of dangerous trend.
    Elena Kagan: Death penalty is constitutional, but requires due process.
    Sonia Sotomayor: Death penalty is constitutional under certain situations.
    Russell Feingold: Death penalty defendants often don’t get adequate counsel.
    Russell Feingold: Alito votes more pro-death penalty than most GOP judges.
    Samuel Alito: Overruled by Supreme Court on death penalty adequate counsel.
    Samuel Alito: Congress limits judicial review of death penalty cases.
    Clarence Thomas: Balance victim’s rights with defendant’s rights.
    Clarence Thomas: Due process in death penalty cases, but limited restrictions.
    Clarence Thomas: Uniform sentencing guidelines have eliminated much disparity.
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: 100-to-one crack-powder penalty distinction unwarranted.
    Jeff Sessions: Marijuana is not funny and is in fact a very real danger.
    Jeff Sessions: We are in the throes of a heroin epidemic.
    Merrick Garland: Let DEA decide whether marijuana has any medical benefits.
    Elena Kagan: Individual suspicion required before administering drug test.
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: On Harvard Board of Overseers; will recuse on Harvard case.
    Cedric Richmond: COVID: Reopening schools is one of our top priorities.
    Brett Kavanaugh: The wall between religious schools and states must come down.
    Betsy DeVos: Nothing is free; someone has to pay for "free tuition".
    Betsy DeVos: No longer believe in one-size-fits-all model of learning.
    Joe Biden: Princeton was last Ivy holdout to admit women & minorities.
    Sam Brownback: Stare decisis would have upheld separate-but-equal.
    Margaret Spellings: No Child Left Behind works.
    Clarence Thomas: God in schools creates values; but wall of separation needed.
Energy & Oil
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Can't use EPA review to stop oil pipelines.
    Eric Garcetti: Led more than 400 mayors to adopt Paris Climate agreement.
    Eric Garcetti: Can't get our climate goals with India hitting its goals.
    Ken Salazar: Allowed Arctic oil exploration; defends fracking.
    Ken Salazar: Dealt with oil spill in Gulf of Mexico as Sec'y of Interior.
    Jennifer Granholm: On company boards for electric charging stations, buses.
    Jennifer Granholm: By investing in clean energy, America can lead on climate.
    Jennifer Granholm: Combating climate change is an economic opportunity.
    Cedric Richmond: Carbon neutrality by 2050 will require building coalitions.
    Ken Salazar: Opposed Colorado initiative increasing drilling setbacks.
    Brett Kavanaugh: Favors ethanol & clean energy over fossil fuel.
    Ryan Zinke: Climate is changing; Man is an influence but what can we do?
    Gale Norton: Balance energy needs with environmental protection.
    Gale Norton: Will expedite natural gas exploitation in Alaska.
    Gale Norton: Have open mind on global warming; there’s no consensus.
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Rejected challenge to forest management regulations.
    Ken Salazar: Implemented 20-year ban on uranium mining on public lands.
    Brett Kavanaugh: Suspicious of regulations on environment and worker safety.
    Brett Kavanaugh: Dissents on EPA's blocking permit for strip mining operation.
    Neil Gorsuch: Mother ran EPA; accused of being soft on polluters.
    Ryan Zinke: Absolutely against transfer or sale of public land to states.
    Ryan Zinke: Smokey the Bear should be viewed as helpful, not as police.
    Ben Carson: Deregulation includes land use & federal housing policy.
    Merrick Garland: Supports EPA's anti-haze regulations.
    Sonia Sotomayor: Government taking to develop a blighted area was appropriate.
    Dianne Feinstein: Citizens need standing to sue under Clean Water Act.
    Samuel Alito: Citizens can only sue under CWA if they suffered injury.
    Samuel Alito: Ruling on standing is not ruling against the environment.
    Gale Norton: Protecting national parks is a common goal & a priority.
    Gale Norton: Decision makers in D.C. should listen to all voices.
    Gale Norton: Will use all resources of Interior to make best decisions.
    Gale Norton: Norton vows to uphold laws such as Endangered Species Act.
    Gale Norton: Clinton designations of national monuments to be reviewed.
    Gale Norton: Will balance conservationists’ and off-roaders’ needs.
    Gale Norton: Never advocated “right to pollute”.
    Gale Norton: Proud of working to protect California condor.
Families & Children
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Decide child pornography based on intent, not just actions.
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: 2018: Keep Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program.
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Don't require religious employers to cover contraception.
    Marty Walsh: Pushed for six weeks paid parental leave for city workers.
    Brett Kavanaugh: Allow churches to exclude contraceptives from insurance.
    Mick Mulvaney: $15,000 in unpaid nanny taxes from triplets in 2000.
Foreign Policy
    Tom Barrett: Named ambassador to Luxembourg; many emigres in Wisconsin.
    Rahm Emanuel: Japan alliance cornerstone of peace & prosperity in region.
    Caroline Kennedy: As ambassador, sternly warned China about military actions.
    Jeff Flake: Did not oppose sale of F-35 aircraft to Turkey.
    Tom Udall: Ambassador to New Zealand & Samoa: work on China threats.
    Jeff Flake: Partner with Congress on U.S. voice around the world.
    Jeff Flake: Opposed Congressional efforts to recognize Armenian Genocide.
    Jeff Flake: U.S. foreign policy can and should be bipartisan.
    Eric Garcetti: Studied Hindi & Urdu; Master's in international affairs.
    Tom Udall: Udall appointment strategic; New Zealand important ally.
    Ken Salazar: Mexican press supportive of appointment as ambassador.
    Ken Salazar: Appointment praised by Mexican ambassador to US.
    Caroline Kennedy: Being first woman ambassador to Japan a great privilege.
    Caroline Kennedy: Problems that affect us locally need global solutions.
    James Mattis: Putin is trying to break the North Atlantic alliance.
    James Mattis: Supports NATO alliance principle of collective defense.
    Mike Pompeo: Investigate Russian interference with U.S. election.
    Rex Tillerson: Join with NATO allies alarmed at Russian resurgence.
    Tom Coburn: Justices citing foreign law is bad behavior.
    Samuel Alito: Don’t look to foreign law for civil rights interpretation.
    Clarence Thomas: Supported stock divestiture from South Africa.
Free Trade
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Use only government data to set tobacco import subsidies.
    Wilbur Ross: Criticized multinational trade deals: there is no free lunch.
Government Reform
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Judges should defer to expert opinion of federal agencies.
    Clarence Thomas: Executive privilege applies to Trump's Jan. 6 documents.
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: No executive privilege for Trump's Jan. 6 documents.
    Cedric Richmond: Let's be frank with American people about coronavirus.
    Marcia Fudge: Money earmarked for cities shouldn't go to governors.
    Brett Kavanaugh: Upholds Supreme Court's ruling on campaign finance limits.
    Brett Kavanaugh: President answers to impeachment, not to criminal charges.
    Brett Kavanaugh: Federal agencies follow Congress, not make new regulations.
    Marty Walsh: Voter intimidation against the law & won't be tolerated.
    Neil Gorsuch: Strict originalist: interpret Constitution as Founders meant.
    Ryan Zinke: Work with states and rebuild national parks.
    Mike Pompeo: Russian hacking impact 2016 election & not the first time.
    Neil Gorsuch: Administrative law: end the Chevron deference.
    Jeff Sessions: 1986: Voting Rights Act of 1965 is "intrusive legislation".
    Jeff Sessions: The South has changed; no longer any need to monitor voting.
    Elena Kagan: I believed in opposing Citizens United, but we lost.
    John Roberts: States waive sovereign immunity by accepting federal funds.
    Merrick Garland: Preference for open & transparent government, like FOIA.
    Sonia Sotomayor: The president can veto laws but not make them.
    Jeff Sessions: Supreme Court exceeds its authority and needs reining in.
    Samuel Alito: Over-reaching by Court undermines respect for law.
    Samuel Alito: No one is above the law and no one is beneath the law.
    Samuel Alito: Supports one-person-one-vote within a deviation of 10%.
    Samuel Alito: Supports stare decisis--following prior precedents.
    Samuel Alito: Executive power issues are not often resolved by the court.
    Samuel Alito: Constitution is a living thing, with unchanging principles.
    Arlen Specter: Nominees only answer as many questions as they have to.
    Patrick Leahy: Justices should effectively check government overreaching.
    Richard Durbin: Justices should not restrict our rights and freedoms.
    Jennifer Granholm: Committed to implementing science-based policy.
    Clarence Thomas: Judges should not impose their will, but just interpret law.
Gun Control
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Has never affirmed individual right to guns.
    Gina Raimondo: Pushed for a permanent ban on 3D-printed guns.
    Marty Walsh: Proposed giving money to states that enact gun regulation.
    Brett Kavanaugh: Banning semiautomatic rifles & handgun registration unlawful.
    Brett Kavanaugh: Semiautomatic rifles are not a dangerous and unusual weapon.
    Marty Walsh: Called out McConnell for blocking background checks bill.
    Betsy DeVos: Let local schools decide about guns in school.
    Donald Trump: End gun-free zones in schools & military bases.
    Neil Gorsuch: Knowingly possessing a gun illegally isn't a felony.
    Jeff Sessions: As US attorney, led nation in gun prosecutions every year.
    Elena Kagan: 2nd Amendment confers individual right, not broad principle.
    Jeff Sessions: 2nd Amendment is a specific provision, not a broad principle.
    Patrick Leahy: Heller case established a fundamental individual right.
    Sonia Sotomayor: The Second Amendment gives an individual right to bear arms.
    Sonia Sotomayor: Many factors influence Congress's powers on gun control.
    Jennifer Granholm: Regrets signing stand-your-ground law in 2006.
Health Care
    Rahm Emanuel: Wrote op-ed "Medicare-for-All is a Pipe Dream".
    Rahm Emanuel: Cut deal continuing ban on negotiating on prescription drugs.
    Brett Kavanaugh: Supports big healthcare mergers if they save consumer costs.
    Tom Price: Give every American access to affordable health coverage.
    Tom Price: No right to Medicaid under state block grants.
    Neil Gorsuch: Let Christian nursing home opt out of ObamaCare.
    Ben Carson: There's a strong connection between health and housing.
    Neil Gorsuch: Wrote book on Assisted Suicide, and opposes it.
    Samuel Alito: Ok to refuse medical treatment; but assisted suicide not ok.
Homeland Security
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Defended accused terrorist while her brother was in Iraq.
    Lloyd Austin: Proud to be first African American to head Defense.
    Lloyd Austin: Democracy demands competent civilian control of military.
    Jennifer Granholm: DOE ensures the safety of the country's nuclear arsenal.
    Brett Kavanaugh: Government metadata collection prevents terrorist attacks.
    Mick Mulvaney: Raise the top line defense number.
    James Mattis: Bring business reforms to the Department of Defense.
    James Mattis: Don't revisit old issues; let women in combat roles.
    Mike Pompeo: No torture, including coercive methods like waterboarding.
    Merrick Garland: Let Abu Ghraib torture victims sue their torturers.
    Elena Kagan: Al Qaeda suspects should be held under indefinite detention.
    Elena Kagan: Oppose Solomon Amendment: let colleges bar ROTC recruiting.
    Elena Kagan: 2009: Ok to detain enemy combatants in wartime without trial.
    Patrick Leahy: Bush thinks anti-torture statue doesn’t apply to him.
    Samuel Alito: President can be challenged for not following Congress’ laws.
    Samuel Alito: Government needs to justify domestic spying.
    Ted Kennedy: All-powerful executive branch is genuinely troubling.
    Elena Kagan: Apply rule of law to Guantanamo detainees.
    Donald Rumsfeld: Deploy missile defense at home and for allies abroad.
    Donald Rumsfeld: Involve Russia in negotiations about SDI & nukes.
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Trump administration set asylum seeking standards too high.
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Due process for immigrants regardless of legal status.
    Jeff Flake: Was part of bipartisan Gang of Eight on immigration reform.
    Ken Salazar: Border relationships are about building trust, not walls.
    Alejandro Mayorkas: Would not abolish nor defund ICE; it plays a critical role.
    Alejandro Mayorkas: Border is varied; monolithic answer like wall isn't needed.
    Alejandro Mayorkas: Was chief architect of DACA; opponents call this a negative.
    John F. Kelly: Enforce deportation of DREAMers because it's the law.
    Amy Coney Barrett: Let embassies abroad reject visas for any reason.
    Brett Kavanaugh: Two cases shine light on leaning towards anti-immigration.
    Jennifer Granholm: DACA fix has to happen, lift the cap on visas.
    Herbert Kohl: Alito sided against immigrants 88% of the time.
    Samuel Alito: Voted against immigrants because Congress set law that way.
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Follows precedent in workplace racial discrimination cases.
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Lengthy discovery needed in employment discrimination cases.
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Reversed narrowing of federal collective bargaining rules.
    Janet Yellen: Addressing working women issues would be good for economy.
    Jennifer Granholm: Worked to foster job growth in advance energy sector.
    Jennifer Granholm: Environmental equity: jobs & benefits to those hardest hit.
    Brett Kavanaugh: Congress decides worker safety issues, not regulatory agency.
    Merrick Garland: Regulatory agency decides worker safety issues, not Congress.
    Elena Kagan: Let Congress fix problems like Ledbetter Act, not judges.
    Jeff Sessions: Courts shouldn't overrule Congress on job discrimination.
    Sonia Sotomayor: The Supreme Court's Ricci decision set a new standard.
Principles & Values
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: OpEd: does affirmative action apply to qualified nominees?
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: I do not have a judicial philosophy per se.
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Religious liberty is foundational tenet of our government.
    Joe Donnelly: Irish Catholic faith deeply important.
    Joe Donnelly: Appointed as U.S. Ambassador to the Holy See.
    Rahm Emanuel: OpEd: Foul-mouthed, sharp-elbowed, impudent prima donna.
    Jeff Flake: Impeachment: we didn't convict Trump. We should have.
    Tom Udall: Work across the aisle; build relationships and coalitions.
    Eric Garcetti: First Jewish mayor of Los Angeles since 1878.
    Eric Garcetti: Will always be an Angeleno; committed my life to service.
    Tom Udall: Udall a troubled optimist; Senate is broken and not working.
    Tom Udall: Udall comes from a family of American politicians.
    Ken Salazar: Fifth-generation Coloradan; ranch in San Luis Valley.
    Jeff Flake: Without principled fidelity to truth, democracy won't last.
    Jeff Flake: Today's GOP: where there's no greater offense than honesty.
    Jeff Flake: We did not become a great nation by espousing nonsense.
    Alejandro Mayorkas: US is welcoming nation; finds strength in diversity.
    Alejandro Mayorkas: Left Cuba with parents as a child to escape communism.
    Alejandro Mayorkas: Views himself as a proud member of the Jewish community.
    Merrick Garland: Recused himself from federal cases during consideration.
    Pete Buttigieg: Transportation makes the American dream possible.
    Susan Rice: Foreign economic & domestic imperatives deeply intertwined.
    Deb Haaland: First Native American to head Interior Department.
    Marcia Fudge: Always wanted to be a voice for people who have no voice.
    Marcia Fudge: Eradicating poverty gives people sense of pride and dignity.
    Cedric Richmond: Goal is connections regardless of political affiliation.
    Amy Coney Barrett: Member of the conservative People of Praise faith community.
    Caroline Kennedy: Profile in Courage Award to honor COVID frontline workers.
    Merrick Garland: Praised by Brett Kavanaugh: "He's been a role model to me".
    Sally Yates: AG should say no to president in order to obey the law.
    Neil Gorsuch: Ok to display donated Ten Commandments in public park.
    James Mattis: Dislikes nickname Mad Dog Mattis.
    Jeff Sessions: Total fidelity to the laws and the Constitution.
    Arlen Specter: Senate speaks to entire Supreme Court during hearings.
    Charles Schumer: Alito responds, but doesn’t really answer questions.
    Samuel Alito: Pledge of recusal does not last for 12 years.
    Samuel Alito: Constitution doesn’t change but the factual situations do.
    Samuel Alito: All the courts should be insulated from public opinion.
    Charles Schumer: Nominees must prove they’re not extreme.
    John Cornyn: Justices should respect law, not impose political agendas.
    Samuel Alito: 1960s Princeton: “privileged people behaving irresponsibly”.
    Samuel Alito: Good judges can change their minds during a case.
    Samuel Alito: Attorneys want results; judges want only the rule of law.
    Samuel Alito: Pledges to administer justice without respect to persons.
    Gale Norton: Proud of being conservative and a conservationist.
    Gale Norton: Promises to enforce nation’s environmental laws.
    Gale Norton: Consult with affected people before making decisions.
Social Security
    Brett Kavanaugh: Enthusiastic preference to privatize social security.
    Samuel Alito: Disability benefits apply if job category dissapears.
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Don't blame car sound systems for illegal music copying.
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Wheelchair anti-discrimination laws do apply to Uber.
    Eric Garcetti: Continued transit buildup & tougher earthquake standards.
    Jennifer Granholm: Advocates for manufacturing, domestic R&D efforts.
    Brett Kavanaugh: Allow sweeping surveillance of Americans' phone records.
    Brett Kavanaugh: Net neutrality regulations violate the First Amendment.
    Mike Pompeo: Re-establish collection of all metadata; make it searchable.
    James Mattis: Cyber domain presents new challenge to maintain US advantage.
    Arlen Specter: Supreme Court proceedings should be televised.
    Samuel Alito: Voted to televise 3rd Circuit court.
War & Peace
    Brett Kavanaugh: Congressional authority needed for major foreign conflicts.
    James Mattis: Iran is single most enduring threat to stability and peace.
    Mike Pompeo: I opposed Iran deal; I'll gather clear-eyed info about it.
    James Mattis: ISIS has metastasized & remains a resilient movement.
    James Mattis: Iran is the leading state sponsor of terror.
    James Mattis: Supports the Iran nuclear agreement.
    Rex Tillerson: Opposed US sanctions against Russia over Crimea annexation.
    Rex Tillerson: Destroy the Islamic State; be wary of China's behavior.
    Samuel Alito: President does not have a blank check in time of war.
Welfare & Poverty
    Ketanji Brown Jackson: Continue pandemic-related eviction moratorium.
    Eric Garcetti: Worked on adding homeless shelters & affordable housing.
    Marcia Fudge: HUD/Agriculture can work together feeding hungry children.
    Ben Carson: Housing integration is ok, but why must residents solve it?
    Ben Carson: Ideal is every person in a home; but we don't have the funds.
    Jeff Sessions: Basic tradition is opportunity to work hard & keep fruits.
    Jeff Sessions: Eminent domain for private development is Court over-reach.
    Samuel Alito: Eminent domain affects emotions, not just money.
    Clarence Thomas: Public housing entitlements are good programs.

The above quotations are from Congressional confirmation hearings for Supreme Court and Cabinet nominees. Error processing SSI file

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