Home Issues Leaders Recent Grid Archive Senate House VoteMatch_Quiz FAQs
 2016 Election:  Hillary's book Jeb's book Rand Paul's book Scott Walker's book  |   2012   Debates 

Books by and about 2012 presidential nominees
Do Not Ask What Good We Do
about Rep. Paul Ryan (2012)
The Path to Prosperity
by Rep. Paul Ryan (2012)
Ten Letters
about Pres. Barack Obama (2011)
A Life of Trial and Redemption
about V.P. Joe Biden (2010)
No Apology
by Gov. Mitt Romney (2010)
Young Guns
by Rep. Paul Ryan et al (2010)
The Path to Prosperity
by Rep. Paul Ryan (2012)
Promises to Keep
by Vice Pres. Joe Biden (2007)
The Audacity of Hope
by Pres. Barack Obama (2006)
by Gov. Mitt Romney (2004)
Dreams from My Father
by Pres. Barack Obama (1996)

Book Reviews

(from Amazon.com)

(click a book cover for a review or other books by or about the presidency from Amazon.com)

Congressional 2008 Political Courage Test, by Project Vote Smart

    Click on a participant to pop-up their full list of quotations
    from 2008 Political Courage Test (number of quotes indicated):
  • Bruce Westerman (11) Republican House Member U.S. Rep Arkansas- 4
  • Charlie Summers (16) Secretary of State; Republican Senate Challenger Maine
  • Corrogan Vaughn (8) Former Republican Primary Challenger (2012) Maryland
  • Elizabeth Dole (5) North Carolina Former Cabinet Member (Labor Sec'y) and Senator
  • Erik Fleming (2) Democratic Challenger (2008) Mississippi
  • Gordon Harold Smith (4) Former Republican Senator (lost re-election, 2008) Oregon
  • Hakeem Jeffries (8) Democrat U.S. Rep New York-8
  • Jack Hoogendyk (2) Republican Senate challenger (2008) Michigan
  • Jay Wolfe (11) Republican Challenger (2008) West Virginia
  • Jeff Kessler (8) West Virginia Democratic 2016 Gubernatorial candidate
  • John Schiess (9) Republican Challenger (Lost primary) Wisconsin
  • Jon Roland (18) Libertarian Senate Challenger Texas
  • Lee Zeldin (21) Republican House Member U.S. Rep New York- 1
  • Michael Capuano (12) Former Democratic Primary Senate Challenger (2009) Massachusetts
  • Michael Lange (12) Republican Senate challenger (2008) Montana
  • Mike Johanns (10) Nebraska Former Republican Governor (2005-2007); elected Senator 2008
  • Rand Knight (6) Democrat Challenger (2008) Georgia
  • Ryan Zinke (14) Republican House Member U.S. Rep Montana- 0
  • Scott Jameson (1) Libertarian Challenger (2008) Texas
  • Steven Larrick (22) Green Senate Challenger (2008) Nebraska
  • Susan Collins (3) Republican Sr Senator Maine
  • Tom Emmer (11) Republican House Member U.S. Rep Minnesota- 6
  • Vernon Jones (15) Democratic Senate challenger (2008) Georgia
    OR click on an issue category below for a subset.
 OnTheIssues.org excerpts:  (click on issues for details)
    Bruce Westerman: Pro-life; no exceptions for incest or rape.
    Bruce Westerman: Stem cell research ok, but not embryonic stem cell research.
    Charlie Summers: Abortions should always be legal.
    Charlie Summers: Funding for research on existing embryonic stem cell lines.
    Corrogan Vaughn: No federal funds for abortion nor embryonic stem cells.
    Hakeem Jeffries: Supports embryonic stem cell research.
    Jeff Kessler: Stem cell research ok, but not embryonic research.
    John Schiess: Parental notification before performing abortions on minors.
    John Schiess: No state funding of embryonic nor adult stem cell research.
    Lee Zeldin: Abortion ok for rape & incest, but no federal funding.
    Lee Zeldin: No federal funding for any embryonic stem cell research.
    Michael Lange: No federal funding for embryonic stem cell research.
    Ryan Zinke: Pro-life, but decision should not be made by government.
    Ryan Zinke: No embryonic stem cell research; no emergency contraception.
    Tom Emmer: Abortions should always be illegal.
    Tom Emmer: State funding of embryonic stem cell research.
    Vernon Jones: Abortions should always be legal.
    Vernon Jones: Supports embryonic stem cell research.
    Steven Larrick: No government control over a woman’s body.
    Steven Larrick: Supports embryonic stem cell research.
    Elizabeth Dole: Existing embryonic stem cell research ok, but no new lines.
    Mike Johanns: No new embryonic stem cell lines, but existing research ok.
    Jon Roland: Let states regulate abortion, not feds.
    Jon Roland: Federal funding for embryonic stem cell research.
Budget & Economy
    Bruce Westerman: Favors economic growth and cuts as opposed to raising taxes.
    Ryan Zinke: Our government should spend within its means; no new fees.
Civil Rights
    Bruce Westerman: No civil unions; no same-sex marriage.
    Charlie Summers: No same-sex marriage; defined by Constitutional Amendment.
    Charlie Summers: Affirmative action ok, but not in contracting decisions.
    Corrogan Vaughn: No affirmative action; not in contracts nor colleges.
    Hakeem Jeffries: Supports affirmative action in state hiring & college.
    Jeff Kessler: No civil unions between same-sex couples.
    Jeff Kessler: Affirmative action for state college but not in state hiring.
    John Schiess: No affirmative action in college admissions nor state hiring.
    Lee Zeldin: Supports constitutional amendment defining marriage.
    Lee Zeldin: Continue affirmative action programs.
    Michael Lange: No same-sex marriage.
    Michael Lange: No race and gender in federal contracting decisions.
    Ryan Zinke: No affirmative action in college nor state contracts.
    Ryan Zinke: No same-sex marriage, nor civil unions, not adoption.
    Tom Emmer: No same-sex marriage; no civil unions.
    Tom Emmer: Affirmative action yes; but not in state contracting.
    Jay Wolfe: No affirmative action; less government in job sector.
    Vernon Jones: Constitutional amendment defining marriage.
    Steven Larrick: Sexual orientation & gender identity in discrimination laws.
    Steven Larrick: Allow same-sex couples to marry.
    Steven Larrick: Continue affirmative action programs.
    Elizabeth Dole: Discontinue affirmative action programs.
    Mike Johanns: Define marriage as between a man and a woman.
    Mike Johanns: No affirmative action.
    Jon Roland: Allow same-sex couples to marry.
    Jon Roland: Discontinue affirmative action programs.
    Bruce Westerman: Supports capital punishment; opposes building more prisons.
    Charlie Summers: Mandatory jail for drug crimes; penalties for online crimes.
    Charlie Summers: Supports the federal death penalty.
    Corrogan Vaughn: Supports death penalty for federal crimes.
    Corrogan Vaughn: Stricter penalties for drug crimes & internet crimes.
    Hakeem Jeffries: Alternative sentencing for non-violent offenders.
    Jeff Kessler: More state prisons; also penalties other than incarceration.
    Lee Zeldin: Supports death penalty.
    Michael Capuano: Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
    Michael Capuano: Thoroughly review sentencing for non-violent crimes.
    Michael Lange: Supports the death penalty.
    Michael Lange: Reduce prison sentences for non-violent crimes.
    Ryan Zinke: Supports death penalty but also hate crime legislation.
    Tom Emmer: Establish the death penalty in Minnesota.
    Jay Wolfe: Support the use of the death penalty.
    Jay Wolfe: Mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
    Rand Knight: Provide inmates with job skills and drug treatment.
    Rand Knight: Support the federal death penalty.
    Vernon Jones: Support the federal death penalty.
    Steven Larrick: Eliminate the federal death penalty.
    Steven Larrick: Prevent criminal behavior rather than focus on punishment.
    Elizabeth Dole: Supports use of federal death penalty.
    Gordon Harold Smith: Supports use of federal death penalty.
    Mike Johanns: Supports death penalty for federal crimes.
    Jon Roland: Supports death penalty for federal crimes.
    Jon Roland: Repeal most federal criminal statutes as unconstitutional.
    Bruce Westerman: No medical marijuana; no decriminalization.
    Charlie Summers: Mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
    Hakeem Jeffries: Let doctors prescribe medical marijuana.
    Lee Zeldin: Mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
    Jay Wolfe: Treat addiction, but mandatory jail sentences for selling.
    Vernon Jones: Mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
    Gordon Harold Smith: Mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
    Susan Collins: Provide prison inmates with drug addiction treatment.
    Bruce Westerman: Supports charter schools; opposes Common Core.
    Charlie Summers: Supports vouchers, charters, magnet schools, standard tests.
    Corrogan Vaughn: Supports charters, public vouchers & private vouchers.
    Hakeem Jeffries: No abstinence ed nor voluntary prayer in public schools.
    Jeff Kessler: More funding for K-12 testing, but also teacher salaries.
    Jeff Kessler: Prayer in public schools is ok; so is sex ed.
    John Schiess: Vouchers for public, private or religious schools.
    John Schiess: Supports moment of silence in public schools.
    Lee Zeldin: Vouchers ok for private or religious schools.
    Michael Capuano: Charters ok, if they don't take money from public schools.
    Michael Capuano: Education standards should focus on numeracy and literacy.
    Ryan Zinke: Supports vouchers for public schools.
    Ryan Zinke: Voluntary prayer provided there's no undue influence.
    Tom Emmer: Vouchers for private or religious school.
    Tom Emmer: Supports voluntary school prayer & abstinence-only sexual ed.
    Erik Fleming: Supports charters, vouchers, and home-schooling.
    Rand Knight: Federal funding for charter schools.
    Vernon Jones: Vouchers for any public school.
    Steven Larrick: Federally funded universal pre-K programs.
    Steven Larrick: Federal funding for charter schools.
    Mike Johanns: Opposes “No Child Left Behind”--leave it to states.
Energy & Oil
    Bruce Westerman: Expansion of energy sources should be market driven.
    Hakeem Jeffries: Produce more oil & gas, but limit greenhouse gases.
    John Schiess: Increase production of traditional domestic energy sources.
    Lee Zeldin: Support cap-and-trade, but also new oil drilling.
    Michael Capuano: Open restricted areas for domestic oil exploration.
    Michael Lange: Develop oil, coal, & nuclear production.
    Ryan Zinke: Increased coal production with environmental safeguards.
    Tom Emmer: Increase production of coal, gas, oil, plus alternatives.
    Rand Knight: Biofuels & clean green jobs.
    Vernon Jones: Supports cap-and-trade, but also domestic oil.
    Steven Larrick: More ethanol; more emission controls; more alternative fuels.
    Jon Roland: Alternative non-carbon, non-nuclear energy sources.
    Jeff Kessler: Fund open space & industrial site cleanup.
    Lee Zeldin: Strengthen the Clean Water Act & the Clean Air Act.
    Ryan Zinke: Cleanup industrial sites; preserve open space.
    Vernon Jones: Supports CWA, CAA, CAFE but also nukes.
Foreign Policy
    Lee Zeldin: Support the creation of a Palestinian state.
Free Trade
    Charlie Summers: Free trade yes, but sanctions on Venezuela.
    Lee Zeldin: Free trade with China ok, but not Venezuela.
    Michael Capuano: Fair trade rather than simply free trade.
    Jay Wolfe: Free trade ok, but sanctions on China & Venezuela.
    Steven Larrick: We need fair trade that protects people and environment.
    Jon Roland: Free trade ok as long as sovereignty considered.
Government Reform
    Bruce Westerman: Limit campaign contributions but not campaign spending.
    Corrogan Vaughn: Fund federal campaigns with tax dollars.
    Hakeem Jeffries: Limit campaign spending and donations, but no term limits.
    Jeff Kessler: Limit campaign contributions from PACs and corporations.
    John Schiess: No spending nor contribution limits on political campaigns.
    Lee Zeldin: Increase campaign donation limit, but ban PACs.
    Michael Capuano: Balanced budget, yes; but during deficit, no.
    Michael Capuano: Public funding when opponent is self-financed millionaires.
    Michael Lange: Limit PAC donations, and full public disclosure.
    Ryan Zinke: Limit PAC, corporate, and individual campaign donations.
    Tom Emmer: Limit PAC contributions, but all others ok.
    Jay Wolfe: Increase campaign donation limits.
    Vernon Jones: Increasing individuals donation limits for federal campaigns.
    Steven Larrick: Public funding of elections creates fair political system.
    Elizabeth Dole: Contributing to campaigns is free speech.
    Gordon Harold Smith: Increase individuals campaign donation limit.
    Susan Collins: Reform public financing system to get more opt-in.
    Scott Jameson: Increase limits on contributions to federal campaigns.
    Jon Roland: No constitutional authority to regulate campaign finances.
Gun Control
    Bruce Westerman: No background checks, no licensing, for concealed carry.
    Charlie Summers: Allow individuals to carry concealed guns.
    Hakeem Jeffries: No concealed carry; yes licenses & background checks.
    John Schiess: No background checks; yes concealed carry.
    Lee Zeldin: Decrease restrictions on purchase and possession of guns.
    Ryan Zinke: Background checks are prudent; military weapons aren't.
    Tom Emmer: Concealed carry ok; but require licenses & restrictions.
    Jay Wolfe: Bearing arms is an individual right.
    Rand Knight: Allow individuals to carry concealed guns.
    Vernon Jones: Allow individuals to carry concealed guns.
    Steven Larrick: We need to reduce gun violence in America.
    Jon Roland: Restore militia system--everyone trained in proper gun use.
Health Care
    Bruce Westerman: No public option; no individual mandates.
    Lee Zeldin: Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
    Michael Lange: No nationalized health care system.
    Ryan Zinke: Caps on medical malpractice; no government health insurance.
    Tom Emmer: Medical care is not a responsibility of state government.
    Erik Fleming: Supports tax-free medical savings accounts.
    Steven Larrick: I support universal single-payer health care.
    Mike Johanns: Opposes a single-payer government run program.
    Jon Roland: Universal health program for military; not general public.
Homeland Security
    Charlie Summers: Military tribunals for terrorists; deploy National Guard.
    Corrogan Vaughn: Military tribunals for terrorists; monitor phones for cops.
    John Schiess: Wisconsin should not participate in REAL ID program.
    Lee Zeldin: Provides supplies for our troops in the field, not timelines.
    Lee Zeldin: Monitoring domestic communications ok; federal ID cards ok.
    Michael Capuano: Create Palestinian state; US lead on peace process.
    Michael Lange: No terrorist military tribunals; no domestic spying.
    Jay Wolfe: Military tribunals ok; monitoring domestic communications ok.
    Jay Wolfe: Expand missile defense; support pre-emptive military strikes.
    Jack Hoogendyk: Military tribunals & domestic spying OK.
    Vernon Jones: Military tribunals ok; domestic spying not ok.
    Vernon Jones: Supports missile shield & pre-emptive military strikes.
    Steven Larrick: We spend more for war than all other nations combined.
    Steven Larrick: Opposes monitoring domestic communications & federal ID card.
    Steven Larrick: Respect international law; no pre-emptive military strikes.
    Mike Johanns: Military tribunals for terrorists; domestic spying ok.
    Mike Johanns: Expand missile defense; & pre-emptive military strike policy.
    Jon Roland: Treat terrorists as pirates; military tribunals ok.
    Jon Roland: More SDI funding & more state homeland security funding.
    Charlie Summers: No citizenship for illegals; yes temporary worker visas.
    Lee Zeldin: Supports official English & border security.
    Ryan Zinke: Punish those who knowingly employ illegal immigrants.
    Jay Wolfe: Establish English as the official national language.
    Rand Knight: Pathway to citizenship but with official English language.
    Steven Larrick: Supports amnesty & a pathway to citizenship.
    Mike Johanns: Secure the border, provide no amnesty.
    Jon Roland: Secure border from illegal entry.
    Vernon Jones: Include gender identity in federal anti-discrimination laws.
    Jon Roland: No constitutional authority to regulate private hiring.
Principles & Values
    Steven Larrick: Healthy world relations; healthy planet; healthy Americans.
Social Security
    Charlie Summers: Invest portion of workers' payroll tax in private accounts.
    Lee Zeldin: Allow investing portion of payroll tax in private accounts.
    Michael Capuano: Raise the retirement age for receiving full benefits.
    Michael Lange: Allow investment in private accounts.
    Jay Wolfe: Allow investing payroll tax in private accounts.
    Steven Larrick: Increase Social Security tax on higher income individuals.
    Mike Johanns: Honor our commitment on Social Security.
    Jon Roland: Eliminate social security as unconstitutional.
Tax Reform
    Lee Zeldin: Repeal the estate tax; fight all tax increases.
    Michael Lange: Permanently repeal the federal estate tax.
    Vernon Jones: Permanent repeal of the federal estate tax.
    Jon Roland: Permanently repeal the federal estate tax.
War & Peace
    Charlie Summers: Keep troop levels high in Iraq until "peace surge".
    Charlie Summers: More support for Afghanistan; more sanctions for North Korea.
    Corrogan Vaughn: Supports pre-emptive military strikes.
    Lee Zeldin: Withdraw troops from Iraq only after we succeed.
    Michael Capuano: More sanctions against Iran and North Korea.
    Michael Capuano: More military support for Afghanistan, but not financial.
    Michael Lange: Withdraw US troops from Iraq.
    Jack Hoogendyk: Let Gen. Petraeus make decisions on troop strength in Iraq.
    Steven Larrick: End the Iraq war as soon as possible.
    Jon Roland: One more year of the surge, then withdraw.
Welfare & Poverty
    Charlie Summers: Welfare recipients must work or train 40 hours a week.
    Lee Zeldin: Block grants for welfare services.
    Elizabeth Dole: Flexibility in welfare programs via federal block grants.
    Vernon Jones: Supports federal block grants and local welfare control.
    Steven Larrick: Supports federal welfare block grants.
    Gordon Harold Smith: Block grants for state and local flexibility in welfare.
    Susan Collins: Block grants for state and local flexibility in welfare.

The above quotations are from Congressional 2008 Political Courage Test, by Project Vote Smart.

All material copyright 1999-2015
by OnTheIssues.org
Reprinting by permission only.

E-mail: submit@OnTheIssues.org
Send donations or submit quotations to:
1770 Massachusetts Ave. #630
Cambridge, MA 02140

Home Page
Most recent quotations Archive of books & debates Candidate Matching Quiz

Page last edited: Nov 14, 2015