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Books by and about 2012 presidential nominees
Do Not Ask What Good We Do
about Rep. Paul Ryan (2012)
The Path to Prosperity
by Rep. Paul Ryan (2012)
Ten Letters
about Pres. Barack Obama (2011)
A Life of Trial and Redemption
about V.P. Joe Biden (2010)
No Apology
by Gov. Mitt Romney (2010)
Young Guns
by Rep. Paul Ryan et al (2010)
The Path to Prosperity
by Rep. Paul Ryan (2012)
Promises to Keep
by Vice Pres. Joe Biden (2007)
The Audacity of Hope
by Pres. Barack Obama (2006)
Turnaround
by Gov. Mitt Romney (2004)
Dreams from My Father
by Pres. Barack Obama (1996)

Book Reviews

(from Amazon.com)

(click a book cover for a review or other books by or about the presidency from Amazon.com)

2004 Congressional National Political Awareness Test, by Project Vote Smart


    Click on a participant to pop-up their full list of quotations
    from 2004 National Political Awareness Test (number of quotes indicated):
  • Al King (15) 2004 former Republican challenger Oregon
  • Art Small (14) 2004 former Democratic challenger; previously State Senator Iowa
  • Betsy Summers (19) 2004 former Libertarian Challenger Pennsylvania
  • Darrel Hunter (26) Former Democratic challenger (2006) Texas
  • Daryl Northrop (14) 2004 former Green challenger Iowa
  • Deb Fischer (10) Republican Senate Challenger Nebraska
  • E.J. Pipkin (15) 2004 former Republican challenger; previously state Senator Maryland
  • Eric Fingerhut (6) 2004 former Democratic challenger; previously US Rep Ohio
  • Greg Parke (12) Republican challenger (2006) Vermont
  • Jim Gray (14) 2004 former Libertarian challenger California
  • John Boozman (5) Republican Jr Senator Arkansas
  • John McCain (1) Republican
  • Karen Bass (1) Democrat U.S. Rep California-37
  • Katherine Clark (6) Democrat U.S. Rep Massachusetts-5
  • Kweisi Mfume (9) Democratic challenger (2006), previously U.S. Rep. Maryland
  • Lee Jones (13) Former Democratic Challenger (2008) Kansas
  • Marvin Scott (14) 2004 former Republican challenger Indiana
  • Mel Martinez (9) Cabinet-2005
  • Mike Liffrig (14) 2004 former Republican challenger North Dakota
  • Nancy Farmer (5) 2004 former Democratic challenger; state Treasurer Missouri
  • Paul Hodes (12) 2010 Democratic Senate Challenger; currently US Rep. New Hampshire
  • Robert Pittenger (8) Republican U.S. Rep North Carolina-9
  • Steve Cohen (8) Democrat U.S. Rep Tennessee-9
  • Tim Chesnut (13) Democratic challenger Wyoming
  • Wayne Sowell (21) 2004 former Democratic challenger Alabama
    OR click on an issue category below for a subset.
 OnTheIssues.org excerpts:  (click on issues for details)
Abortion
    Darrel Hunter: Recognize fetus, like under other laws.
    Darrel Hunter: Support expanded stem cell research.
    Deb Fischer: Abortion only for rape & incest; no public funding.
    Kweisi Mfume: First-trimester always ok; plus minor parental notification.
    Tim Chesnut: Abortions should always be legal.
    Daryl Northrop: Abortions should always be legal.
    Betsy Summers: No taxpayer funds for abortion or tem-cell research.
    Betsy Summers: Abortions should always be legal.
    E.J. Pipkin: No partial birth, and other restrictions.
    Wayne Sowell: Pro-choice but no partial birth.
    Wayne Sowell: Supports stem cell research.
    Al King: No abortions except to prevent maternal death.
    Art Small: No partial birth, no public funding, but some exceptions.
    Jim Gray: Leave abortion issue to the states.
    Marvin Scott: No public funding; no partial birth.
Civil Rights
    Darrel Hunter: For civil unions but against gay marriage.
    Darrel Hunter: Videotape to avoid racial oppression but be blind to race.
    Deb Fischer: No affirmative action in public employment nor contracting.
    Paul Hodes: Yes to civil unions; no to constitutional definition.
    Paul Hodes: Supports affirmative action.
    Robert Pittenger: No affirmative action in state hiring decisions.
    Steve Cohen: Recognize civil unions; be tolerant & donít hate.
    Tim Chesnut: Civil unions ok; same-sex marriage ok.
    Tim Chesnut: No Affirmative Action in state-based decisions.
    Daryl Northrop: Continue affirmative action programs.
    Daryl Northrop: Civil unions or marriage ok for same-sex couples.
    Betsy Summers: Civil unions ok, gay marriage ok.
    Betsy Summers: Discontinue affirmative action programs.
    Lee Jones: Civil unions are ok.
    Lee Jones: Support affirmative action in college and govít contracts.
    Jim Gray: Discontinue affirmative action programs.
    E.J. Pipkin: Discontinue affirmative action programs.
    E.J. Pipkin: Marriage is one man and one woman.
    Wayne Sowell: Re-evaluate all affirmative action programs.
    Wayne Sowell: Civil unions ok, but not same-sex marriage.
    Al King: Affirmative action violates the Constitution.
    Al King: No civil unions; no same-sex marriages.
    Art Small: No civil unions; define marriage.
    Art Small: Supports affirmative action in colleges and government.
    Mike Liffrig: Discontinue affirmative action programs.
    Marvin Scott: Discontinue affirmative action programs.
    Katherine Clark: Supports affirmative action in state government.
Corporations
    Tim Chesnut: Maintain capital gains tax & corporate tax rates.
Crime
    Greg Parke: Supports death penalty for federal crimes.
    Greg Parke: Supports truth-in-sentencing for violent crimes.
    Darrel Hunter: Supports death penalty for federal crimes.
    Deb Fischer: Supports death penalty by lethal injection.
    Deb Fischer: End parole for repeat violent offenders.
    John Boozman: Supports the federal death penalty.
    John Boozman: Impose truth-in-sentencing.
    Kweisi Mfume: Truth in sentencing, but with vocational training.
    Paul Hodes: Prison rehabilitation and addiction programs for inmates.
    Robert Pittenger: Support the death penalty.
    Robert Pittenger: End parole for repeat violent offenders.
    Steve Cohen: Supports death penalty; prosecute violent minors as adults.
    Steve Cohen: End parole for violent offenders, but not victimless crimes.
    Tim Chesnut: No parole for repeat offenders; but at-risk programs too.
    Daryl Northrop: Eliminate the use of federal death penalty.
    Daryl Northrop: More rehab for prison inmates.
    Mel Martinez: I support the death penalty.
    Betsy Summers: End the death penalty unless next-of-kin request it.
    Betsy Summers: More rehabilitation; reduced sentences.
    Lee Jones: Support the use of the death penalty.
    Lee Jones: Drug treatment and vocational programs for inmates.
    E.J. Pipkin: Support the federal death penalty.
    E.J. Pipkin: Supports truth in sentencing and mandatory drug sentences.
    Wayne Sowell: Supports death penalty but also rehabilitation.
    Wayne Sowell: Truth in sentencing but with judicial discretion.
    Al King: Impose truth in sentencing and stricter penalties.
    Art Small: No death penalty; provide rehabilitation.
    Art Small: Lower sentences for non-violent crimes.
    Mike Liffrig: Impose truth in sentencing.
    Jim Gray: Severely reduce mandatory minimum sentences.
    Marvin Scott: Support the death penalty.
    Marvin Scott: Impose truth in sentencing.
    Katherine Clark: Job skills for inmates; plus alternative sentencing.
Drugs
    Greg Parke: Expand drug education and treatment programs.
    Greg Parke: Increase funding for war on drugs in Colombia.
    Darrel Hunter: Too many crimes related to drug use.
    Darrel Hunter: Supports medical marijuana.
    Deb Fischer: Strengthen penalties and sentences for drug-related crimes.
    Kweisi Mfume: Increase penalties for drugs; but more treatment centers too.
    Paul Hodes: Supports medical marijuana.
    Robert Pittenger: Strengthen penalties for drug-related crime.
    Steve Cohen: Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
    Tim Chesnut: Decriminalize marijuana possession & medical marijuana.
    Mel Martinez: More border security against illegal drugs.
    Nancy Farmer: Drug courts and alternatives for non-violent offenders.
    Lee Jones: More money for borders & Colombia for war on drugs.
    Lee Jones: More drug education and drug treatment programs.
    E.J. Pipkin: Stricter interdiction and stricter sentencing.
    Al King: Stricter sentencing and tighter borders for drugs.
    Mike Liffrig: Stricter jail and tighter borders for drugs.
    Jim Gray: War on drugs is a war against our people.
    Marvin Scott: Mandatory jail for selling drugs.
Education
    Greg Parke: Supports vouchers for public, private or religious schools.
    Darrel Hunter: End race based college admissions.
    Deb Fischer: Endorse voluntary prayer in public schools.
    John Boozman: Vouchers OK at public, private, & parochial schools.
    Paul Hodes: More funding for teachers & school infrastructure.
    Robert Pittenger: Endorses voluntary prayer in public schools.
    Robert Pittenger: Vouchers for public, private or religious schools.
    Steve Cohen: Sex ed should include abstinence AND contraception.
    Steve Cohen: More funding for teachers, pre-K,and after school.
    Tim Chesnut: More teachers; more capital funding; and higher salaries.
    Betsy Summers: Federal government out of education.
    Jim Gray: Supports charters and vouchers.
    Wayne Sowell: Supports charters; supports accountability.
    Wayne Sowell: Top priority is saving public education.
    Al King: Eliminate the federal Department of Education.
    Art Small: Supports vouchers and charters.
    Mike Liffrig: Vouchers for public, private or religious school.
    Marvin Scott: Allow vouchers for public or private schools.
Energy & Oil
    Greg Parke: Drill ANWR; develop coal & oil.
    Darrel Hunter: Open Alaskan ANWR for oil exploration.
    Deb Fischer: Support alternative fuel AND coal, natural gas, and oil.
    Tim Chesnut: Promote increased use of alternative fuels.
    Mel Martinez: Increase domestic oil output.
    Nancy Farmer: Develop alternative energy, and re-enter Kyoto process.
    Betsy Summers: Develop alternative fuels.
    E.J. Pipkin: Develop alternative fuels.
    Wayne Sowell: Re-enter Kyoto; strengthen fuel efficiency.
    Al King: Open ANWR; develop coal and oil.
    Art Small: Re-enter Kyoto, develop alternative fuels.
    Mike Liffrig: Open ANWR for drilling; develop on oil & coal.
    Marvin Scott: Open ANWR and develop oil & coal.
Environment
    Darrel Hunter: Live up to the ďClean Up AmericaĒ decade.
    Marvin Scott: Relax logging restrictions and recreational usage rules.
    Katherine Clark: State funds for open space preservation & industrial cleanup.
Foreign Policy
    Darrel Hunter: Decrease international aid.
    Darrel Hunter: Allow foreign aid donations on individual tax returns.
    Daryl Northrop: Participate in UN peacekeeping missions.
    Mel Martinez: No permission from abroad for military actions.
    Nancy Farmer: Participate in UN peacekeeping missions.
    Betsy Summers: End all foreign aid.
    Betsy Summers: No finances nor troops to UN.
    Lee Jones: Financial and military support for the UN.
    Lee Jones: Eliminate foreign aid for human rights violators.
    E.J. Pipkin: Commit US troops to UN peacekeeping missions.
    Al King: Reduce US involvement with UN.
    Art Small: Keep US troops in UN peacekeeping missions.
    Mike Liffrig: Keep US troops out of UN missions.
    Jim Gray: UN has become petty, but continue support.
Free Trade
    Greg Parke: Supports NAFTA but with human rights & enviro concerns.
    Darrel Hunter: Withdraw from WTO and GATT.
    Kweisi Mfume: Base trade on human rights; allow retaliatory tariffs.
    Paul Hodes: Supports GATT and the WTO.
    Paul Hodes: Supports NAFTA only if revised for labor & environment.
    Daryl Northrop: Opposes NAFTA, GATT, and WTO.
    Daryl Northrop: Base trade on human rights, labor, and environment.
    Mel Martinez: Stand up for agriculture in US trade policy.
    Nancy Farmer: Base trade on human rights, labor, and environment.
    Betsy Summers: Oppose NAFTA, GATT, and WTO.
    Betsy Summers: Donít consider human rights or environment for trade.
    Eric Fingerhut: Fair trade, not NAFTA.
    Eric Fingerhut: Include human rights and worker rights in trade agreements.
    Jim Gray: Supports NAFTA, GATT, and the WTO.
    E.J. Pipkin: Supports NAFTA and WTO.
    E.J. Pipkin: Human rights in trade agreements but not worker rights.
    Wayne Sowell: Opposes NAFTA and WTO.
    Wayne Sowell: Include human rights and worker rights in trade agreements.
    Art Small: Include human rights and worker rights in trade agreements.
    Mike Liffrig: Supports NAFTA and GATT.
    Mike Liffrig: Account for human rights in trade agreements.
    Jim Gray: Support NAFTA, GATT, and WTO.
    Marvin Scott: Supports NAFTA, GATT, and the WTO.
    Marvin Scott: Human rights should not affect trade relations.
Government Reform
    Greg Parke: No limits on campaign donations.
    Darrel Hunter: Against instant run-off voting & Election Day holiday.
    Deb Fischer: Limit PAC & corporate campaign donations, but not individual.
    Kweisi Mfume: No limits on PAC contributions to campaigns.
    Paul Hodes: Increase individual campaign donation limits.
    Robert Pittenger: No campaign donation limits nor spending limits.
    Steve Cohen: Limit campaign contributions and campaign spending.
    Tim Chesnut: Spending limits on state level political campaigns.
    Lee Jones: No IRV, but make Election Day a national holiday.
    Katherine Clark: Limit all campaign donations, and limit spending.
Gun Control
    Greg Parke: Concealed carry ok; ease other restrictions too.
    Darrel Hunter: Concealed carry ok; suing gun manufacturers not ok.
    Darrel Hunter: Report private gun sales but otherwise no registration.
    Deb Fischer: Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
    Kweisi Mfume: Ban assault weapons; ban gun sales to minors.
    Steve Cohen: Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
    Tim Chesnut: Enforce existing laws; require child-safety locks.
    Daryl Northrop: Renew assault weapon ban; more background checks.
    E.J. Pipkin: Repeal gun laws and ban suing gunmakers.
    Wayne Sowell: Require possession licenses and background checks.
    Wayne Sowell: Concealed carry ok; limit lawsuits against gunmakers.
    Al King: 2nd Amendment guarantees the right to possess guns.
    Art Small: Ban semi-autos, keep fingerprints and more restrictions.
    Mike Liffrig: Remove gun restrictions and bar suing gunmakers.
    Jim Gray: Federal government out of gun prohibition.
    Marvin Scott: Repeal federal restrictions.
Health Care
    Greg Parke: Providing health care is not a federal responsibility.
    Darrel Hunter: Supports government policies for high-cost medical care.
    Darrel Hunter: Supports more Rx coverage plus right to sue.
    Tim Chesnut: State-funded access to basic health care.
    Mel Martinez: Promote health saving account and Association Health Plans.
    Betsy Summers: Healthcare not a responsibility of the federal government.
    Wayne Sowell: Supports universal health care.
    Wayne Sowell: Limit med-mal damages; expand med savings accounts.
    Al King: Allow suing HMOs.
    Al King: Limit attorney fees in medical malpractice cases.
    Jim Gray: Federal government out of health care management.
    Katherine Clark: Supports insurance reforms & state-funded care.
Homeland Security
    Darrel Hunter: More funding for new weapons research.
    Darrel Hunter: Get more countries involved in war on terror.
    John McCain: Eliminate defense pork, but increase most other defense.
    Kweisi Mfume: Support defense conversion; end Cuba trade embargo.
    Paul Hodes: Take any and all reasonable action to defend our citizens.
    Daryl Northrop: Decrease defense spending; less weapons R&D.
    Daryl Northrop: Eliminate National missile defense.
    Betsy Summers: Maintain Status on Defense Spending.
    Betsy Summers: Maintain Status on National missile defense.
    Lee Jones: More spending on Armed Forces personnel & readiness.
    Lee Jones: Decrease spending on National missile defense.
    Jim Gray: Greatly Decrease funding for National missile defense.
    E.J. Pipkin: Increase spending on troops and intel.
    E.J. Pipkin: Increase spending on weapons and maintain SDI.
    Wayne Sowell: More $ for troops, less $ for weapons.
    Wayne Sowell: Continue with National missile defense.
    Al King: More funding for troops and intel.
    Al King: More funding for military R&D and NMD.
    Art Small: More money for troops and intel.
    Art Small: Eliminate National missile defense but keep R&D.
    Mike Liffrig: More funding for troops and intel.
    Mike Liffrig: More funding for R&D and NMD.
Immigration
    Darrel Hunter: Decrease the number of legal & illegal immigrants.
    Darrel Hunter: Mexicans should improve Mexico so Mexicans donít immigrate.
    Karen Bass: Human services for immigrants and their children.
    Daryl Northrop: Social programs ok; and amnesty for immigrants.
    Mel Martinez: Amnesty rewards lawlessness.
    Betsy Summers: More visas; more amnesty.
    Lee Jones: Establish official English.
    Eric Fingerhut: Attract the best and the brightest from around the world.
    E.J. Pipkin: Official English, & detain people from terrorist countries.
    Wayne Sowell: Official English and decreased immigration.
    Art Small: Amnesty and social programs for resident aliens.
    Jim Gray: More agricultural worker visas.
    Marvin Scott: Offical English; secure our borders.
Jobs
    Greg Parke: Discontinue affirmative action; reduce employment regulation.
    Tim Chesnut: Increase the state minimum wage.
    Mel Martinez: Eliminate government regulations to encourage expansion.
Social Security
    Darrel Hunter: Congress broke contract by increasing retirement age to 67.
    John Boozman: Invest payroll taxes in individual private accounts.
    Paul Hodes: Protect Social Security.
    Daryl Northrop: Apply Social Security tax to all earnings.
    Nancy Farmer: Donít tinker with Social Security.
    Betsy Summers: Privatize Social Security.
    Eric Fingerhut: Guarantee long-term viability of Social Security.
    Wayne Sowell: Allow opt-out but keep system intact.
    Al King: Keep the promise but allow private accounts.
    Art Small: Keep defined benefit program.
    Mike Liffrig: Invest payroll tax in self-managed private accounts.
    Jim Gray: Keep promises but allow young to privately invest.
    Marvin Scott: Allow private payroll tax investment.
Tax Reform
    Darrel Hunter: Repeal the estate tax and dividends tax.
    Kweisi Mfume: No tax cuts, except capital gains.
    Paul Hodes: Keep the estate tax; keep the dividend tax.
    Daryl Northrop: Keep estate tax and dividends tax.
    Betsy Summers: Abolish the income tax.
    Eric Fingerhut: Keep estate tax and dividends tax.
    E.J. Pipkin: End estate tax and marriage penalty.
    Wayne Sowell: Lower taxes on poor; more taxes on wealthy.
    Wayne Sowell: Eliminate dividend tax and marriage penalty.
    Al King: Replace IRS with a National Sales Tax.
    Mike Liffrig: Replace IRS with national sales tax.
War & Peace
    Darrel Hunter: More troops in Iraq until stabilized.
    Darrel Hunter: Use military against North Korean nuclear weapons program.
    Kweisi Mfume: Only use military force in cooperation with UN.
    Paul Hodes: Keep US troops in Iraq but internationalize the effort.
    Eric Fingerhut: Keep US troops in UN peacekeeping missions.
Welfare & Poverty
    Greg Parke: Direct federal poverty aid through religious organizations.
    Deb Fischer: Redirect welfare funding to faith-based organizations.
    John Boozman: Direct poverty aid via religious & non-profit organizations.
    Robert Pittenger: Redirect welfare funding to faith-based organizations.
    Tim Chesnut: Training, transport, & subsidies for welfare recipients.
    Mel Martinez: HUD worked through religious organizations.
    Betsy Summers: Abolish all federal welfare programs.
    Lee Jones: Supports welfare block grants to states.
    Jim Gray: No strings attached to federal welfare aid to state.
    Mike Liffrig: Poverty aid through religious groups ok.
    Marvin Scott: Support faith-based organizations.
    Katherine Clark: More funds for TANF, public transit, and job training.


The above quotations are from 2004 Congressional National Political Awareness Test, by Project Vote Smart.

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