Home Issues Candidates Recent Grid Archive Senate VoteMatch_Quiz
 Notebooks:   |   Bill   Sponsorships   Policy   Reports   Memberships/   Affiliations   Group   Ratings   Court   Rulings   Congressional   Surveys 

Bill Sponsorships
Policy Reports
Memberships / Affiliations
Group Ratings
Court Rulings
Senate Surveys

Bill Sponsorships:
Congressional bills 2011-2012
Congressional bills 2009-2010
2008 Presidential Contenders' bills
Congressional bills 1998-2008
2010 Senate signature bills
2008 Senate signature bills
2008 Presidential signature bills
Pres. Barack Obama's Senate signature bills
V.P. Joe Biden's Senate signature bills
Rep. Ron Paul's House signature bills
Sen. John McCain's Senate signature bills
Sen. Hillary Clinton's Senate signature bills

Congressional memberships 2012
Congressional memberships 2001-2011
112th Congress Committees
Congressional Caucuses
Congressional Group Ratings

Surveys: Collection of all surveys in one summary.
2012 Project Vote Smart
2012 Christian Coalition voter guide
2010 Christian Coalition voter guide
2010 Faith2Action.org voter guide
2010 Project Vote Smart
Contract From America
Contract With America

Reports & Letters:
Governmental Reports
Resolutions 2011
Letters 2011
Supreme Court Rulings
Supreme Court 2011:

2008 Presidential
2004 Presidential
2000 Presidential
2008 Issues
2004 Issues
2000 Issues

Senate Votes:
Through 2011
Through 2009
Through 2007
Through 2003

House Votes:
Through 2011


    This page contains bill sponsorships in the Senate and House. Bill sponsorships indicate the topics that legislators are most interested in, and spend the most time on.

14-H4041 on Feb 11, 2014

Bill Sponsorship: Congressional Gold Medal for the Freedom Riders
Source: H.R.4041
Congressional summary:: A BILL to award a Congressional Gold Medal to the Freedom Riders, collectively, in recognition of their unique contribution to Civil Rights, which inspired a revolutionary movement for equality in interstate travel. The Congress finds the following:
  • In 1960, the Supreme Court ruled in Boynton v. Virginia that segregated bus and rail stations were unconstitutional.
  • The rigid system of racial segregation that prevailed in the United States during the 1960s did not permit a Black person to sit next to a White person on any bus traveling through interstate commerce and in most locations in the South. Bus stations had 'Whites Only' waiting areas and Blacks were not permitted to wait in those areas despite the Supreme Court making it the law of the land.
  • The Freedom Riders, with the intent to end segregation in public transportation throughout the South, paved the way for full racial integration of the US transit system. They overcame prejudice, discrimination, and violence. They sparked a movement that changed our Nation.
  • The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) selected 13 volunteers for nonviolent response training. The Freedom Riders used their strategies of nonviolence to challenge the South's Jim Crow laws directly by riding from Washington DC to New Orleans.
  • On the morning of May 4, 1961, the 13 Freedom Riders, comprised of 7 Blacks and 6 Whites, boarded two buses, with Blacks and Whites seated together.
  • Initially, the Freedom Riders had encountered only minor clashes until a stop in South Carolina. In Rock Hill, an angry mob severely beat John Lewis, now a Congressman from Georgia, when he entered the bus station. Additional mobs fought the group in Alabama and Mississippi.
Congress shall present a gold medal of appropriate design to the Freedom Riders, collectively. The gold medal shall be given to the Smithsonian Institution, where it will be available for display & research.

    Participating counts on VoteMatch question 2. Question 2: Legally require hiring women & minorities Scores: -2=Strongly oppose; -1=Oppose; 0=neutral; 1=Support; 2=Strongly support.
  • Topic: Civil Rights
  • Headline: Recognize 1961 Freedom Riders against segregated buses (Score: 2)
  • Headline 2: Sponsored recognizing 1961 Freedom Riders against segregated buses (Score: 2)

  • Key for participation codes:
  • Sponsorships: p=sponsored; o=co-sponsored; s=signed
  • Memberships: c=chair; m=member; e=endorsed; f=profiled; s=scored
  • Resolutions: i=introduced; w=wrote; a=adopted
  • Cases: w=wrote; j=joined; d=dissented; c=concurred
  • Surveys: '+' supports; '-' opposes.

Democrats participating in 14-H4041

Karen Bass s1oCalifornia DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Joyce Beatty s1oOhio DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Sanford Bishop s1oGeorgia DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Earl Blumenauer s1oOregon DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Corrine Brown s1oFlorida DemocratFeb 11, 2014
G.K. Butterfield s1oNorth Carolina DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Andre Carson s1oIndiana DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Judy Chu s1oCalifornia DemocratFeb 18, 2014
Yvette Clarke s1oNew York DemocratFeb 11, 2014
William Lacy Clay s1oMissouri DemocratFeb 11, 2014
James Clyburn s1oSouth Carolina DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Steve Cohen s1oTennessee DemocratFeb 11, 2014
John Conyers s1oMichigan DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Elijah Cummings s1oMaryland DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Danny Davis s1oIllinois DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Suzan DelBene s1oWashington DemocratFeb 18, 2014
John Dingell s1oMichigan Democrat (retiring 2014)Feb 11, 2014
Donna Edwards s1oMaryland Democrat (retiring 2016)Feb 11, 2014
Keith Ellison s1oMinnesota DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Anna Eshoo s1oCalifornia DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Chaka Fattah s1oPennsylvania DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Marcia Fudge s1oOhio DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Raul Grijalva s1oArizona DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Luis Gutierrez s1oIllinois DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Janice Hahn s1oCalifornia Democrat (retiring 2016)Feb 11, 2014
Alcee Hastings s1oFlorida DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Ruben Hinojosa s1oTexas DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Sheila Jackson Lee s1oTexas DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Hakeem Jeffries s1oNew York DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Eddie Bernice Johnson s1oTexas DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Hank Johnson s2pGeorgia DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Marcy Kaptur s1oOhio DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Robin Kelly s1oIllinois DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Barbara Lee s1oCalifornia DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Sander Levin s1oMichigan DemocratFeb 18, 2014
Jim McGovern s1oMassachusetts DemocratFeb 18, 2014
Gregory Meeks s1oNew York Dem./Working-FamiliesFeb 11, 2014
Gwen Moore s1oWisconsin DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Jerrold Nadler s1oNew York Dem./Lib./Working-FamiliesFeb 11, 2014
Eleanor Holmes Norton s1oDistrict of Columbia DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Donald Payne s1oNew Jersey Former Democrat(Deceased 2012)Feb 11, 2014
Charles Rangel s1oNew York Dem./Lib. (retiring 2016)Feb 11, 2014
Cedric Richmond s1oLouisiana DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Bobby Rush s1oIllinois DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Jan Schakowsky s1oIllinois DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Terri Sewell s1oAlabama DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Bennie Thompson s1oMississippi DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Paul Tonko s1oNew York DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Chris Van Hollen s1oMaryland Democrat (retiring 2016)Feb 11, 2014
Marc Veasey s1oTexas DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Maxine Waters s1oCalifornia DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Frederica Wilson s1oFlorida DemocratFeb 11, 2014

Republicans participating in 14-H4041

Doug Collins s1oGeorgia RepublicanFeb 11, 2014
Joseph Pitts s1oPennsylvania RepublicanFeb 11, 2014

Independents participating in 14-H4041

Donna Christensen s1oVirgin Islands Governor candidate 2014Feb 11, 2014

Total recorded by OnTheIssues:

Democrats: 52
Republicans: 2
Independents: 1

Reproduction of material from any OnTheIssues.org pages without written permission is prohibited.
Copyright © 1999-2015 OnTheIssues.org & the SpeakOut Foundation, all rights reserved.
OnTheIssues.org 1770 Massachusetts Ave. #630, Cambridge MA 02140

E-mail us at:submit at OnTheIssues.org
(Editorial staff, for news and corrections)
Business information (Dr. Naomi Lichtenberg, for partnerships and advertising)
Political information (Jesse Gordon, for content and technical matters)
About Us (We report about campaigns; please don't write us if you want to reach any campaign!)
  Newsletter     Signup  
Or click for More Info.