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    This page contains bill sponsorships in the Senate and House. Bill sponsorships indicate the topics that legislators are most interested in, and spend the most time on.

14-H4041 on Feb 11, 2014

Bill Sponsorship: Congressional Gold Medal for the Freedom Riders
Source: H.R.4041
Congressional summary:: A BILL to award a Congressional Gold Medal to the Freedom Riders, collectively, in recognition of their unique contribution to Civil Rights, which inspired a revolutionary movement for equality in interstate travel. The Congress finds the following:
  • In 1960, the Supreme Court ruled in Boynton v. Virginia that segregated bus and rail stations were unconstitutional.
  • The rigid system of racial segregation that prevailed in the United States during the 1960s did not permit a Black person to sit next to a White person on any bus traveling through interstate commerce and in most locations in the South. Bus stations had 'Whites Only' waiting areas and Blacks were not permitted to wait in those areas despite the Supreme Court making it the law of the land.
  • The Freedom Riders, with the intent to end segregation in public transportation throughout the South, paved the way for full racial integration of the US transit system. They overcame prejudice, discrimination, and violence. They sparked a movement that changed our Nation.
  • The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) selected 13 volunteers for nonviolent response training. The Freedom Riders used their strategies of nonviolence to challenge the South's Jim Crow laws directly by riding from Washington DC to New Orleans.
  • On the morning of May 4, 1961, the 13 Freedom Riders, comprised of 7 Blacks and 6 Whites, boarded two buses, with Blacks and Whites seated together.
  • Initially, the Freedom Riders had encountered only minor clashes until a stop in South Carolina. In Rock Hill, an angry mob severely beat John Lewis, now a Congressman from Georgia, when he entered the bus station. Additional mobs fought the group in Alabama and Mississippi.
Congress shall present a gold medal of appropriate design to the Freedom Riders, collectively. The gold medal shall be given to the Smithsonian Institution, where it will be available for display & research.


    Participating counts on VoteMatch question 2. Question 2: Legally require hiring women & minorities Scores: -2=Strongly oppose; -1=Oppose; 0=neutral; 1=Support; 2=Strongly support.
  • Topic: Civil Rights
  • Headline: Recognize 1961 Freedom Riders against segregated buses (Score: 2)
  • Headline 2: Sponsored recognizing 1961 Freedom Riders against segregated buses (Score: 2)

  • Key for participation codes:
  • Sponsorships: p=sponsored; o=co-sponsored; s=signed
  • Memberships: c=chair; m=member; e=endorsed; f=profiled; s=scored
  • Resolutions: i=introduced; w=wrote; a=adopted
  • Cases: w=wrote; j=joined; d=dissented; c=concurred
  • Surveys: '+' supports; '-' opposes.



Democrats participating in 14-H4041

Karen Bass s1oCalifornia DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Joyce Beatty s1oOhio DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Sanford Bishop s1oGeorgia DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Earl Blumenauer s1oOregon DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Robert Brady s1oPennsylvania DemocratJul 10, 2014
Corrine Brown s1oFlorida DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Julia Brownley s1oCalifornia DemocratJul 10, 2014
Cheri Bustos s1oIllinois DemocratJun 26, 2014
G.K. Butterfield s1oNorth Carolina DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Michael Capuano s1oMA Former Democratic Primary Senate Challenger (2009)Jun 24, 2014
Andre Carson s1oIndiana DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Judy Chu s1oCalifornia DemocratFeb 18, 2014
David Cicilline s1oRhode Island DemocratFeb 25, 2014
Katherine Clark s1oMassachusetts DemocratJul 11, 2014
Yvette Clarke s1oNew York DemocratFeb 11, 2014
William Lacy Clay s1oMissouri DemocratFeb 11, 2014
James Clyburn s1oSouth Carolina DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Steve Cohen s1oTennessee DemocratFeb 11, 2014
John Conyers s1oMichigan DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Elijah Cummings s1oMaryland DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Danny Davis s1oIllinois DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Peter Defazio s1oOregon DemocratJun 26, 2014
Diana DeGette s1oColorado DemocratFeb 25, 2014
Suzan DelBene s1oWashington DemocratFeb 18, 2014
John Dingell s1oMichigan Democrat (retiring 2014)Feb 11, 2014
Donna Edwards s1oMaryland Democrat (retiring 2016)Feb 11, 2014
Keith Ellison s1oMinnesota DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Anna Eshoo s1oCalifornia DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Elizabeth Esty s1oConnecticut DemocratJun 26, 2014
Sam Farr s1oCalifornia DemocratFeb 26, 2014
Chaka Fattah s1oPennsylvania DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Marcia Fudge s1oOhio DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Al Green s1oTexas DemocratFeb 25, 2014
Gene Green s1oTexas DemocratJul 10, 2014
Raul Grijalva s1oArizona DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Luis Gutierrez s1oIllinois DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Janice Hahn s1oCalifornia Democrat (retiring 2016)Feb 11, 2014
Alcee Hastings s1oFlorida DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Brian Higgins s1oNew York DemocratJul 8, 2014
Ruben Hinojosa s1oTexas DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Steven Horsford s1oNevada DemocratFeb 25, 2014
Steve Israel s1oNew York DemocratJun 26, 2014
Sheila Jackson Lee s1oTexas DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Hakeem Jeffries s1oNew York DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Eddie Bernice Johnson s1oTexas DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Hank Johnson s2pGeorgia DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Marcy Kaptur s1oOhio DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Robin Kelly s1oIllinois DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Ann Kirkpatrick s1oArizona Democrat (retiring 2016)Jun 26, 2014
James Langevin s1oRhode Island DemocratJul 8, 2014
John Larson s1oConnecticut DemocratJul 17, 2014
Barbara Lee s1oCalifornia DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Sander Levin s1oMichigan DemocratFeb 18, 2014
Alan Lowenthal s1oCalifornia DemocratMay 22, 2014
Carolyn Maloney s1oNew York Democrat/LiberalJul 8, 2014
Jim Matheson s1oUtah Democrat (retiring 2014)Jul 10, 2014
Betty McCollum s1oMinnesota DemocratJun 26, 2014
Jim McDermott s1oWashington DemocratFeb 26, 2014
Jim McGovern s1oMassachusetts DemocratFeb 18, 2014
Mike McIntyre s1oNorth Carolina Democrat (retiring 2014)Jul 8, 2014
Jerry McNerney s1oCalifornia DemocratFeb 25, 2014
Gregory Meeks s1oNew York Dem./Working-FamiliesFeb 11, 2014
George Miller s1oCalifornia Democrat (retiring 2014)Jul 8, 2014
Gwen Moore s1oWisconsin DemocratFeb 11, 2014
James Moran s1oVirginia Democrat (retiring 2014)Mar 13, 2014
Patrick Murphy s1oFL Democratic Senate candidateJun 24, 2014
Jerrold Nadler s1oNew York Dem./Lib./Working-FamiliesFeb 11, 2014
Eleanor Holmes Norton s1oDistrict of Columbia DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Ed Pastor s1oArizona Democrat (retiring 2014)Jul 17, 2014
Donald Payne s1oNew Jersey Former Democrat(Deceased 2012)Feb 11, 2014
Gary Peters s1oMI Democratic ChallengerFeb 26, 2014
Chellie Pingree s1oMaine DemocratJul 8, 2014
Mark Pocan s1oWisconsin DemocratFeb 26, 2014
Mike Quigley s1oIllinois DemocratFeb 26, 2014
Charles Rangel s1oNew York Dem./Lib. (retiring 2016)Feb 11, 2014
Cedric Richmond s1oLouisiana DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Lucille Roybal-Allard s1oCalifornia DemocratFeb 25, 2014
Bobby Rush s1oIllinois DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Loretta Sanchez s1oCA Democratic Senate candidateJul 17, 2014
Jan Schakowsky s1oIllinois DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Adam Schiff s1oCalifornia DemocratJul 17, 2014
Bobby Scott s1oVirginia DemocratFeb 25, 2014
David Scott s1oGeorgia DemocratFeb 25, 2014
Terri Sewell s1oAlabama DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Albio Sires s1oNew Jersey DemocratFeb 25, 2014
Jackie Speier s1oCalifornia DemocratFeb 25, 2014
Eric Swalwell s1oCalifornia DemocratMar 13, 2014
Bennie Thompson s1oMississippi DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Dina Titus s1oNevada DemocratJul 11, 2014
Paul Tonko s1oNew York DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Chris Van Hollen s1oMaryland Democrat (retiring 2016)Feb 11, 2014
Juan Vargas s1oCalifornia DemocratJul 8, 2014
Marc Veasey s1oTexas DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Maxine Waters s1oCalifornia DemocratFeb 11, 2014
Henry Waxman s1oCalifornia Democrat (retiring 2014)Feb 25, 2014
Frederica Wilson s1oFlorida DemocratFeb 11, 2014
John Yarmuth s1oKentucky DemocratJul 8, 2014



Republicans participating in 14-H4041

Gus Bilirakis s1oFlorida RepublicanJul 14, 2014
Mo Brooks s1oAlabama RepublicanJun 26, 2014
Doug Collins s1oGeorgia RepublicanFeb 11, 2014
Lynn Jenkins s1oKansas RepublicanJul 23, 2014
Alan Nunnelee s1oMississippi Republican (deceased 2015)Jul 10, 2014
Joseph Pitts s1oPennsylvania RepublicanFeb 11, 2014
Scott Rigell s1oVirginia RepublicanJul 14, 2014
Dana Rohrabacher s1oCalifornia RepublicanJul 14, 2014
Steve Stivers s1oOhio RepublicanJul 23, 2014



Independents participating in 14-H4041

Donna Christensen s1oVirgin Islands Governor candidate 2014Feb 11, 2014



Total recorded by OnTheIssues:

Democrats: 97
Republicans: 9
Independents: 1


















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