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Topics in the News: Reparations


Gloria La Riva on Reparations: (Crime Aug 15, 2020)
End racism, police brutality, mass incarceration

Mass incarceration and racist policing are symptomatic of the 400 years of brutal repression meted out to African-descended peoples in the U.S. and the genocide committed against the Native nations. Reparations must be paid to the African American and Native communities! More than 2.2 million people are behind bars in the largest prison complex in the world. End mass incarceration of oppressed and all working class people. Fully prosecute all acts of police brutality and violence.
Click for Gloria La Riva on other issues.   Source: 2020 Presidential campaign website LaRiva2020.org

Mike Bloomberg on Reparations: (Welfare & Poverty Feb 26, 2020)
More African-American home ownership; study reparations

Q: Do you have any reparation plans for the descendants of the trans-Atlantic slave trade?

BLOOMBERG: I've agreed to a study on reparations--I was asked to sign on to that. I said fine. My personal opinion is the first thing we have to do is focus on education, because you are never going to fix poverty unless you do something. And if you take a look, the average black family in America has only 1/10 the wealth of the average white family. Just think about that number, 90 percent less. We have to do something about that. And so I've focused on creating jobs and improving education. I have a plan coming out of the Greenwood--called the Greenwood initiative to--our objective is to have a million more homes in black hands over next 10 years to--yes, so it's a good idea. Thank you.

Click for Mike Bloomberg on other issues.   Source: CNN S. C. Town Hall for 2020 Presidential primary

Tom Steyer on Reparations: (Welfare & Poverty Feb 7, 2020)
Racism is not in the past so we need reparations to fix it

I'm for reparations. Something wrong happened. I am for reparations to African Americans in this country, and anyone who thinks that racism is a thing of the past and not an ongoing problem is not dealing with reality. In fact, three days ago, one of the leaders of Joe Biden's South Carolina campaign made racist remarks about someone associated with our campaign, and the Legislative Black Caucus went out en masse to stand up for that man and for our campaign.
Click for Tom Steyer on other issues.   Source: 8th Democrat 2020 primary debate, St. Anselm College in NH

Pete Buttigieg on Reparations: (Civil Rights Dec 19, 2019)
Look at reparations to mend generational theft of racism

Q: You said last month that the U.S. owes compensation to children separated from their families at the Southern border. Should the US also compensate descendants of enslaved people? Do you support reparations for African Americans?

Pete Buttigieg: I support H.R. 40 which is the bill that has been proposed in Congress to establish a commission to look at reparations, but we shouldn't wait for that commission to do its work to do things that are reparative. Remember we're not talking about a gift to anybody. We're talking about mending what was broken. We're talking about the generational theft of the wealth of generations of African Americans. And just crossing out our racist policy and replacing it with a neutral one is not enough. The United States must act immediately with investments in minority-owned businesses, with investments in health equity, with investments in HBCUs and on the longer term a look at reparations so that we can mend what has been broken.

Click for Pete Buttigieg on other issues.   Source: Newshour/Politico/PBS December Democratic primary debate

Deval Patrick on Reparations: (Civil Rights Nov 20, 2019)
Reparations for slavery without reconciliation won't satisfy

He demurred when asked about reparations for descendants of American slaves, a proposal that has been embraced by several other candidates. "Yes we need to deal with the chronic poverty and marginalization that has been true of an overwhelming number of our people that has its roots in slavery," Patrick said. "But once the check is written, unless we have reconciliation, unless we have some truth telling about what actually happened, I'm just not sure we're going to feel satisfied."
Click for Deval Patrick on other issues.   Source: Bloomberg News on 2019 Democratic primary

Marianne Williamson on Reparations: (Corporations Nov 19, 2019)
Make it illegal for CEOs to be paid with stock options

Williamson supports a wealth tax and a return to a 70 percent top-bracket income tax. She said she wants to "make it illegal for CEOs to be paid with stock options," considers herself "the first presidential candidate to advocate for reparations" for slavery and believes "strong unions make America strong by reducing wealth inequality."
Click for Marianne Williamson on other issues.   Source: The Nation magazine on 2019 Democratic primary

Marianne Williamson on Reparations: (Civil Rights Jul 30, 2019)
Reparations is a debt that is owed, not financial assistance

Q: Many of your opponents support a commission to study the issue of reparations for slavery. But you are calling for up to $500 billion in financial assistance?

WILLIAMSON: It's not $500 billion in financial assistance. It's $500 billion payment of a debt that is owed. That is what reparations is. We need to recognize that when it comes to the economic gap between blacks and whites in America, it does come from a great injustice: 250 years of slavery followed by another hundred years of domestic terrorism.

Q: What makes you qualified to determine the figure $500 billion?

WILLIAMSON: There were 4 million slaves at the end of the Civil War, and they were all promised 40 acres and a mule for every family of four. If you did the math today, it would be trillions of dollars. Anything less than $100 billion is an insult. I believe that $200 billion to $500 billion is politically feasible today, because so many Americans realize there is an injustice that only reparations will heal

Click for Marianne Williamson on other issues.   Source: July Democratic Primary debate (first night in Detroit)

Beto O`Rourke on Reparations: (Civil Rights Jul 30, 2019)
Legacy of slavery is alive and well: we need reparations

Sen. Amy KLOBUCHAR: There are people that voted for Donald Trump before that aren't racist. But I don't think anyone can justify what this president is doing [attacking four Congresswomen of color]. Little kids literally woke up this weekend and saw their president calling Baltimore nothing more than a home for rats.

O'ROURKE: I want to acknowledge something what we're all touching on, which is the very foundation of this country, the wealth that we have built, was literally on the backs of those who were kidnapped and brought here by force. The legacy of slavery and segregation and Jim Crow and suppression is alive and well in every aspect of the economy and in the country. As president, I will sign into law a new Voting Rights Act. I will focus on education, address health care disparities, but I will also sign into law Sheila Jackson Lee's reparations bill so that we can have the national conversation we've waited too long in this country to have.

Click for Beto O`Rourke on other issues.   Source: July Democratic Primary debate (first night in Detroit)

Bernie Sanders on Reparations: (Welfare & Poverty Jul 30, 2019)
Focus big time on rebuilding distressed communities

Q: On reparations: You don't think cash payments are the best way, but according to a Gallup poll, 73% of African-Americans are in favor of cash payments to descendants of slaves. How do you respond to them?

SANDERS: Well, I respond to that by saying that I am supportive of Jim Clyburn's legislation, which is called 10-20-30. And what that understands is that as a result of slavery, and segregation, and the institutional racism we see now in health care, in education, in financial services, we are going to have to focus big time on rebuilding distressed communities in America, including African-American communities.

Click for Bernie Sanders on other issues.   Source: July Democratic Primary debate (first night in Detroit)

Marianne Williamson on Reparations: (Crime Jun 27, 2019)
Deep, deep racial injustice means we should do reparations

John HICKENLOOPER [former Denver mayor, regarding a shooting by a South Bend white police officer of a black man]: We had a shooting when I first became mayor, 10 years before Ferguson [and we responded with better police accountability]--5 years after Ferguson, why doesn't every have this level of police accountability?

South Bend Mayor Pete BUTTIGIEG: Look, we have taken so many steps toward police accountability that [I've been] denounced for too much accountability. We're obviously not there yet.

WILLIAMSON: All of these issues are extremely important, but they are specifics; they are symptoms. And the underlying cause has to do with deep, deep, deep realms of racial injustice, both in our criminal justice system and in our economic system. And the Democratic Party should be on the side of reparations for slavery for this very reason. I do not believe that the average American is a racist, but the average American is woefully undereducated about the history of race in the US.

Click for Marianne Williamson on other issues.   Source: June Democratic Primary debate (second night in Miami)

Marianne Williamson on Reparations: (Principles & Values Jun 17, 2019)
Forces of immorality are on the march

Former Vice President Joe Biden kicked off a major forum on faith and poverty issues, fielding questions from faith leaders and low-income Americans during a gathering organized by the Poor People's Campaign.

Other, lesser-known candidates who addressed the forum included spiritual author Marianne Williamson impressed some in the crowd, noting her policy on reparations and arguing that the "forces of immorality are on the march."

Click for Marianne Williamson on other issues.   Source: Religion News Service on 2019 Democratic primary

Howie Hawkins on Reparations: (Civil Rights May 19, 2019)
Reparations for African-Americans slavery

Ending racial oppression requires both race-specific remedies and universal economic rights that are guaranteed by government in a race-conscious way. We must strengthen and enforce antidiscrimination laws in the political, employment, education, housing, immigration, and criminal justice systems. We must take affirmative action to reverse the growing race and class resegregation of housing and schools. We must enact HR 40, the Commission to Study and Develop Reparation Proposals for African-Americans Act, to consider appropriate remedies for the impact of slavery and subsequent racial discrimination on living African Americans. We must empower racially oppressed communities to practice self-determination through collective community ownership and control of public housing, schools, police, and businesses.
Click for Howie Hawkins on other issues.   Source: 2020 Presidential Campaign website HowieHawkins.us

Bernie Sanders on Reparations: (Welfare & Poverty Apr 22, 2019)
Would sign reparations bill; wants investment in poor areas

A congressman from South Carolina, Jim Clyburn, called it the 10-20-30 legislation, which means that you use 10 percent of federal funds to focus on communities who have long-term poverty. We make sure that all of the kids get the education [and] health care they need. We improve the infrastructure. We improve broadband. We create a situation in these distressed communities where we take people out of poverty all across the country. That is the direction that I think we should go.
Click for Bernie Sanders on other issues.   Source: CNN Town Hall 2020: 5 candidates back-to-back

Marianne Williamson on Reparations: (Civil Rights Apr 14, 2019)
Reparations are an appropriate response to country's history

I don't believe that the average American is a racist. I do believe that the average American is vastly undereducated about the history of race in the United States. Remember, that two-and-a-half centuries of slavery was followed by a hundred years of what today we would call domestic terrorism. What do you call lynchings if not domestic terrorism? This country will not heal until we take a serious moral inventory. Racism is a character defect. Whatever it costs, it's time to do this.
Click for Marianne Williamson on other issues.   Source: CNN Town Hall 2020 Democratic primary

Marianne Williamson on Reparations: (Civil Rights Apr 14, 2019)
$100 billion over 10 years as reparations for slavery

Reparations: In an interview with CNN, Williamson called for $100 billion to be paid to African Americans in reparations for slavery, with $10 billion per year distributed over 10 years.
Click for Marianne Williamson on other issues.   Source: Axios.com "What you need to know about 2020"

Julian Castro on Reparations: (Civil Rights Apr 11, 2019)
Supports reparations commission, we need healing process

If we compensate people under our Constitution, if we take their property [as cited in the 5th Amendment], why wouldn't you compensate people who actually were considered property? I support legislation that Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX) introduced that would appoint a commission to study reparations, and make a recommendation to the president. I think of this in the way that I think of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa. There's a healing process that needs to happen.
Click for Julian Castro on other issues.   Source: CNN Town Hall: 2020 presidential hopefuls

Mike Gravel on Reparations: (Civil Rights Apr 9, 2019)
$30 billion per year for National Reparations Trust Fund

Over its history, the American government has participated in systematic disenfranchisement of and discrimination against significant groups of people, whose descendants still suffer today. The examples are endless: from slavery to Jim Crow to Native American treaty violations.

The US should create a National Commission on Reparations, to assess claims from descendants of those affected by discriminatory government policies. [Then], establish a National Reparations Trust Fund (NRTF), funded by an infusion of $30 billion per year from government coffers. Each year, 20 percent of the fund would be paid out; 25 percent of this money would go toward programs to benefit historically black colleges and universities, Native American communities, and education in low-income communities hurt by policies like redlining. The other 75 percent would be paid out directly to those on the list of disadvantaged groups.

Click for Mike Gravel on other issues.   Source: 2020 Presidential campaign website MikeGravel.com

Marianne Williamson on Reparations: (Civil Rights Apr 8, 2019)
$200 billion for reparations for slavery

Just as Germany has paid $89 Billion in reparations to Jewish organizations since WW2, the US should pay reparations for slavery. A debt unpaid is still a debt unpaid, even if it's 150 years later. The legacy of that injustice lives on, with racist policies infused into our systems even to this day. From employment and housing discrimination, to equal access to quality education in underserved communities, to police brutality/prejudice, to lack of fair lending practices, to lack of access to quality healthcare, to insecure voting rights, America has not yet completed the task of healing our racial divide.

For that reason, I propose a $200 billion-$500 billion plan of reparations for slavery, the money to be disbursed over a period of 20 years. An esteemed council of African-American leaders would determine the educational and economic projects to which the money would be given.

Racism is an American character defect, for which we must atone, make amends, and be willing to change.

Click for Marianne Williamson on other issues.   Source: 2020 presidential campaign website Marianne2020.com

Elizabeth Warren on Reparations: (Civil Rights Apr 5, 2019)
Supports commission investigating reparations for slavery

At Al Sharpton's National Action Network convention in New York City, most of the 2020 contenders affirmed their support for a bill that would create a commission to study reparations for African-Americans. "When I am elected president, I will sign that bill." Sen. Kamala Harris, D-Calif., told Sharpton.

Elizabeth Warren said she would support the [commission to study reparations] bill as well.

Click for Elizabeth Warren on other issues.   Source: CNBC: 2019 National Action Network & 2020 Democratic primary

Kamala Harris on Reparations: (Civil Rights Apr 5, 2019)
Supports commission investigating reparations for slavery

At Al Sharpton's National Action Network convention in New York City, most of the 2020 contenders affirmed their support for a bill that would create a commission to study reparations for African-Americans. "When I am elected president, I will sign that bill." Sen. Kamala Harris, D-Calif., told Sharpton.
Click for Kamala Harris on other issues.   Source: CNBC: 2019 National Action Network & 2020 Democratic primary

Cory Booker on Reparations: (Civil Rights Apr 5, 2019)
Supports commission investigating reparations for slavery

At Al Sharpton's National Action Network convention in New York City, most of the 2020 contenders affirmed their support for a bill that would create a commission to study reparations for African-Americans. Booker added a note of caution in his speech, telling the crowd that the conversation around reparations "cannot become just a political box-checking exercise."
Click for Cory Booker on other issues.   Source: CNBC: 2019 National Action Network & 2020 Democratic primary

Bernie Sanders on Reparations: (Civil Rights Apr 5, 2019)
Supports commission investigating reparations for slavery

At Al Sharpton's NAN convention, asked about a [slavery reparations] bill, Sanders told Sharpton that "if the House and Senate passed that bill, of course I would sign it."

Sanders had been less committed to the idea of reparations in the form of payment when asked about it on ABC's "The View." "I think that right now, our job is to address the crises facing the American people and our communities, and I think there are better ways to do that than just writing out a check," he said at the time.

Click for Bernie Sanders on other issues.   Source: CNBC: 2019 National Action Network & 2020 Democratic primary

John Hickenlooper on Reparations: (Civil Rights Apr 5, 2019)
Supports commission investigating reparations for slavery

At Al Sharpton's National Action Network convention in New York City, most of the 2020 contenders affirmed their support for a bill that would create a commission to study reparations for African-Americans. Hickenlooper, who began with a longer response to Sharpton's question about the bill, offered a playfully curt "yes, I'm gonna pass it!" when pushed by a shout from the audience to simply tell the crowd: "Yes or no?"
Click for John Hickenlooper on other issues.   Source: CNBC: 2019 National Action Network & 2020 Democratic primary

Kirsten Gillibrand on Reparations: (Civil Rights Apr 5, 2019)
Supports commission investigating reparations for slavery

At Al Sharpton's National Action Network convention in New York City, most of the 2020 contenders affirmed their support for a bill that would create a commission to study reparations for African-Americans. "I firmly support congresswoman Jackson Lee's bill," Gillibrand said. "But we must not only study the problem," she said, promising to address a range of related issues if elected president, such as affordable housing, environmental justice and the practice of redlining.
Click for Kirsten Gillibrand on other issues.   Source: CNBC: 2019 National Action Network & 2020 Democratic primary

Beto O`Rourke on Reparations: (Civil Rights Apr 3, 2019)
Supports commission investigating reparations for slavery

Asked whether he would back a House bill that would create a commission to study the issue of reparations. He said he would back the bill. "Until all Americans understand that civil rights" also involves "the injustices that have been visited and continue to be visited on people, we will never get the change that we need to live up to the promise of this country. So absolutely I would sign that into law," he said.
Click for Beto O`Rourke on other issues.   Source: Associated Press, "Reparations," on 2020 Democratic primary

Julian Castro on Reparations: (Civil Rights Apr 3, 2019)
Supports commission investigating reparations for slavery

Castro, one of the most vocal candidates on the issue, said that he has long believed "that our country will never truly heal until we address the original sin of slavery."

"If, under our Constitution, we compensate people if we take their property, why wouldn't we compensate people who were considered property and sanctioned by the state?" he asked.

Click for Julian Castro on other issues.   Source: Associated Press, "Reparations," on 2020 Democratic primary

Cory Booker on Reparations: (Civil Rights Mar 27, 2019)
Yes to reparations, but as part of larger conversation

Can I tell you why I'm frustrated and disappointed by this reparations conversation? It's because it's being reduced to just a box to check on a presidential list when this is so much more of a serious conversation. Do I support legislation that is race conscious about balancing the economic scales? Not only do I support it, but I have legislation that actually does it. It's something called baby bonds, which means that every child born in America would get a bond when they're birthed, $2,000 placed in it. And every year, depending on their family's income, they would have more money placed in it. The lowest income Americans, by the time they reach 18 years old, would have upwards of $50,000, real wealth, a stake in our economy, to invest in going to school or education, starting a business, buying a home.
Click for Cory Booker on other issues.   Source: CNN Town Hall: 2020 presidential hopefuls

Bernie Sanders on Reparations: (Civil Rights Mar 18, 2019)
Supports reparations, but targeted to distressed communities

Q: Would you support a reparations plan?

Sanders: "Yeah--but not if it means just a cash payment or a check to families. I would not support that. I am sympathetic to an idea brought forth by Congressman Jim Clyburn. And he has what he calls a 10-20-30 plan, which says that 10 percent of federal resources should go to communities that have had 20 percent levels of poverty for 30 years. In other words, the most distressed communities in America."

Click for Bernie Sanders on other issues.   Source: NPR Morning Edition, "Election 2020: Opening Arguments"

Bernie Sanders on Reparations: (Welfare & Poverty Mar 18, 2019)
Sanders supports economic help for blacks, not reparations

Sanders said he supports reparations, but the specific policy he describes here doesn't fit what experts say is the definition of such a policy. The point of reparations is to address the wrongs of discriminatory policies, including slavery, Jim Crow laws and redlining. "Something that is economically inclusive but has a racial bent to it--those may or may not be good policies," Ohio State University professor Darrick Hamilton told NPR, "but let's be clear: It's not reparations."
Click for Bernie Sanders on other issues.   Source: NPR Morning Edition: Election 2020 Special Series

Amy Klobuchar on Reparations: (Civil Rights Mar 17, 2019)
Reparations can mean investing in communities

I believe we have to invest in those communities that have been so hurt by racism. It doesn't have to be a direct pay for each person. But what we can do is, invest in those communities, acknowledge what's happened. And that means better education. That means looking at, for our whole economy: community college, one-year degrees, minimum wage, childcare, making sure that we have that shared dream of opportunity for all Americans.
Click for Amy Klobuchar on other issues.   Source: Meet the Press 2019 interview of presidential hopefuls

Kamala Harris on Reparations: (Civil Rights Mar 14, 2019)
Reparations raise a public health issue

If we start to examine what have been the outcomes of the history of slavery and legal segregation and discrimination, when people have experienced trauma, and it has been undiagnosed and untreated, you will see certain public health outcomes. And so if you recognize the trauma that existed, and we want to end what are avoidable health outcomes, you need to put resources--and direct resources, extra resources--into those communities that have experienced that trauma."
Click for Kamala Harris on other issues.   Source: NPR Morning Edition, "Election 2020: Opening Arguments"

Julian Castro on Reparations: (Civil Rights Mar 12, 2019)
Property was taken from slaves, so pay reparations

In an interview [at the SXSW conference], Castro criticised fellow candidate Bernie Sanders for his willingness to write "big checks" for things like healthcare or education, but being unwilling to consider reparations to African-Americans descended from slaves. The US constitution mandates that Americans be compensated if their property is taken, he noted, so why shouldn't people who were treated as property themselves also receive compensation?

"I've long believed that the country should consider reparations because of the atrocity of slavery," Mr Castro told me. "I believe that we're never going to fully heal as a country from the racial divide until we've addressed the tremendous wrong that was done with slavery."

He said that, as president, he would set up a commission to determine an inclusive way to address "the best path forward". It will be up to those who support reparations to decide whether a "commission" is the kind of bold move they had in mind.

Click for Julian Castro on other issues.   Source: BBC.com on 2020 Democratic primary contenders at 2019 SXSW

Marianne Williamson on Reparations: (Civil Rights Mar 5, 2019)
Reparations to be distributed over 10 years by black leaders

Her signature campaign promise is a call for $100 billion in reparations for black Americans. This would be distributed over 10 years by a group of black leaders for selected "economic and education projects."
Click for Marianne Williamson on other issues.   Source: Townhall.com: 2020 Democratic primary "Candidate profiles"

Bernie Sanders on Reparations: (Civil Rights Feb 25, 2019)
Invest in distressed communities as "reparations"

There is legislation that I like, introduced by Congressman Jim Clyburn -- it's called the 10-20-30 legislation, which focuses federal resources in a very significant way on distressed communities, communities that have high levels of poverty. I think we have to do everything that we can to end institutional racism in this country. It is not acceptable to me that the rate of childhood poverty among the African American community is over 30 percent in this country, that African Americans die from cancer at higher rates than whites. We're going to do everything we can to put resources into distressed communities and improve lives for those people who have been hurt from the legacy of slavery.
Click for Bernie Sanders on other issues.   Source: CNN Town Hall on 2020 Democratic presidential primary

Elizabeth Warren on Reparations: (Civil Rights Feb 23, 2019)
Reparations for slavery and to Native Americans

Warren expanded on an already-radical proposal on Friday, telling reporters that Native Americans should be "part of the conversation" on reparations for African-Americans -- a move that threatens to bring back her own history with Native Americans. Asked about her support for reparations for black Americans affected by slavery, Warren highlighted the country's "ugly history of racism. We need to confront it head on."

Warren had said in a statement to The New York Times this week that "we must confront the dark history of slavery and government-sanctioned discrimination in this country that has had many consequences, including undermining the ability of black families to build wealth in America for generations. We need systemic, structural changes to address that."

Her fellow 2020 hopefuls Kamala Harris and Julian Castro have come out in favor of reparations for African Americans but have so far not gone as far as Warren in opening the door to reparations for Native Americans.

Click for Elizabeth Warren on other issues.   Source: Fox News on 2020 Democratic primary hopefuls

Kamala Harris on Reparations: (Civil Rights Feb 23, 2019)
Reparations means real investments in black communities

Elizabeth Warren said that Native Americans should be "part of the conversation" on reparations for African-Americans. Her fellow 2020 hopefuls Kamala Harris and Julian Castro have come out in favor of reparations for African Americans but have so far not gone as far as Warren in opening the door to reparations for Native Americans.

"We have to be honest that people in this country do not start from the same place or have access to the same opportunities," Harris said in the statement. "I'm serious about taking an approach that would change policies and structures and make real investments in black communities."

Since reparations are in response to African-Americans impacted by slavery, presumably reparations for Native Americans would be to make amends for crimes and abuses committed on the Native population by the U.S. government over America's history.

Click for Kamala Harris on other issues.   Source: Fox News on 2020 Democratic primary hopefuls

Kamala Harris on Reparations: (Civil Rights Feb 11, 2019)
Reparations for blacks should include HBCU and reforms

Harris touched on race and mass incarceration, leading to broader discussions of her agenda for African Americans. When asked, the senator said she is in favor of some form of reparations.

"We have got to recognize [that] people aren't starting out on the same base in terms of their ability to succeed," she said. "So we have got to recognize that and give people a lift up."

As she outlined her agenda--highlighting plans for historically black colleges and universities, tax proposals to address poverty and criminal justice reforms--Harris defended President Barack Obama when asked about African Americans who say the former president didn't do enough for the black population.

"None of us can do enough. And we all know that," Harris said. "If you are a parent raising a child, you know we can never do enough. As leaders, we can never do enough. It's important to acknowledge that. But let's also give people credit for what they have accomplished."

Click for Kamala Harris on other issues.   Source: Politico.com, "Legalization," on 2020 presidential hopefuls

Marianne Williamson on Reparations: (Civil Rights Jul 24, 2018)
Reparations is a sign of America's racial healing

When African Americans say the word "reparations," you'd think they had suggested something completely outrageous. But the general concept is legitimate. Germany has paid $89 billion in reconstitution to Jews since World War II. The United States paid $20,000 to every Japanese American who had been sent to a concentration camp here in America during World War II. Nothing short of a massive investment in America's African American poor--the true legacy of slavery--is a responsible sign of America's willingness to heal itself radically. The most depressed communities in America, which are primarily African-American, cry out for help and we act like it's some major liberal coup every time we even throw them a crumb.
Click for Marianne Williamson on other issues.   Source: Healing the Soul of America, by Marianne Williamson, p. 94

Gloria La Riva on Reparations: (Civil Rights Jan 16, 2008)
Pay reparations, with interest, for slavery

Since its inception, US society has been marked by extreme racism. At least 12 million Africans were kidnapped and forcibly taken to the Americas as slaves. The capitalist economic system in the US was built largely on the backs of slave labor.

We demand that the Black community be compensated fully, with interest, for the historical racism and wrongs forced upon them by capitalism. The wealth stolen from Black people by corporations, institutions and the government must be repaid in full.

Click for Gloria La Riva on other issues.   Source: Party campaign website, www.pslweb.org

Gloria La Riva on Reparations: (War & Peace Jan 16, 2008)
Exit Iraq immediately, and pay reparations

We stand for the immediate removal of all U.S. and foreign forces from Iraq. All U.S. bases and the gigantic U.S. embassy in Baghdad should be shut down immediately. Reparations should be paid to the Iraqi people for the vast destruction inflicted on their land by the launching of an unprovoked war of aggression.
Click for Gloria La Riva on other issues.   Source: Party campaign website, www.pslweb.org

Hillary Clinton on Reparations: (Civil Rights Oct 8, 2000)
Apologize for slavery, but concentrate on civil rights now

Q: Will you support reparations for African-Americans?

CLINTON: We have mental, emotional and psychological reparations to pay first. We have to admit that we havenít always treated people in our own country fairly. We have some issues that we have to address when it comes to racial justice right now. Iím willing to work hard to be a strong advocate for Civil Rights and human rights here at home and around the world. I want to do everything I can to make sure that the programs and policies that have helped generations of African-Americans have a better life in this country continue. I think we should be focused on the present and on the future. We owe an apology to African-Americans for hundreds of years of slavery.

LAZIO: I believe it is time for us to move past the issue of reparations among African-Americans and work for ways in which we can bring more opportunity and better educational opportunities to African-American children.

Click for Hillary Clinton on other issues.   Source: Senate debate in Manhattan

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Mayor Pete Buttigieg (D-IN)
Sen.Cory Booker (D-NJ)
Secy.Julian Castro (D-TX)
Rep.Tulsi Gabbard (D-HI)
Sen.Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY)
Gov.John Hickenlooper (D-CO)
Sen.Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)
Rep.Beto O`Rourke (D-TX)
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Rep.Joe Walsh (R-IL)
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Page last updated: Dec 09, 2020