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    This page contains bills sponsored by presidential contenders. Bill sponsorships indicate the topics that legislators are most interested in, and spend the most time on.

05-S2154 on Dec 20, 2005

Legislation by 2008 Presidential Candidates: issuing a commemorative postage stamp of Rosa Parks
Source: Rosa Parks Stamp (S.2154/H.R.4343)
  • Whereas in 1955, Rosa Parks's quiet, courageous act changed the United States and its view of African Americans, and redirected the course of history;
  • Whereas at that time, in Montgomery, Alabama, as in other cities in the Deep South, the treatment of African Americans on public buses had long been a source of resentment within the African American community;
  • Whereas White busdrivers, who were invested with police powers, frequently harassed African Americans;
  • Whereas on December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks took her seat in the front of the 'Colored' section of a Montgomery bus, but was asked, along with 3 other African Americans, to relinquish her seat to a White passenger;
  • Whereas although the 3 other African American passengers relinquished their seats, Rosa Parks refused to do so, and was arrested for that refusal;
  • Whereas because Rosa Parks's act of disobedience launched the Montgomery bus boycott, which lasted for 381 days and propelled the civil rights movement into the national consciousness, she is widely known as the mother of the civil rights movement; and
  • Now, therefore, be it Resolved that it is the sense of Congress that the United States Postal Service should issue a commemorative postage stamp honoring the late Rosa Parks.
LEGISLATIVE OUTCOME:Referred to Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs; never came to a vote.

    Participating counts on VoteMatch question 2. Question 2: Legally require hiring women & minorities Scores: -2=Strongly oppose; -1=Oppose; 0=neutral; 1=Support; 2=Strongly support.
  • Topic: Civil Rights
  • Headline: Issue a commemorative postage stamp of Rosa Parks (Score: 1)
  • Headline 2: Sponsored bill for a Rosa Parks commemorative postage stamp (Score: 1)

  • Key for participation codes:
  • Sponsorships: p=sponsored; o=co-sponsored; s=signed
  • Memberships: c=chair; m=member; e=endorsed; f=profiled; s=scored
  • Resolutions: i=introduced; w=wrote; a=adopted
  • Cases: w=wrote; j=joined; d=dissented; c=concurred
  • Surveys: '+' supports; '-' opposes.

Democrats participating in 05-S2154

Neil Abercrombie s1oHawaii Democrat (Resigned 2010) 
Tammy Baldwin s1oWI Democratic Challenger 
Evan Bayh s1oIN Former Democratic Senator 
Melissa Bean s1oIllinois Democrat (Unseated 2010) 
Shelley Berkley s1oNevada Democrat (Senate run 2012) 
Jeff Bingaman s1oNM Democratic Sr Senator (Retiring) 
Sanford Bishop s1oGeorgia Democrat 
Barbara Boxer s1oCA Democratic Jr Senator 
Corrine Brown s1oFlorida Democrat 
G.K. Butterfield s1oNorth Carolina Democrat 
Dennis Cardoza s1oCalifornia Democrat (Retiring 2012) 
Julia Carson s1oIndiana Former Dem. (Deceased 2008) 
William Lacy Clay s1oMissouri Democrat 
James Clyburn s1oSouth Carolina Democrat 
John Conyers s1oMichigan Democrat 
Jim Costa s1oCalifornia Democrat 
Jerry Costello s1oIllinois Democrat (Retiring 2012) 
Henry Cuellar s1oTexas Democrat 
Elijah Cummings s1oMaryland Democrat 
Artur Davis s1oAlabama Former Democrat (until 2010) 
Danny Davis s1oIllinois Democrat 
Mark Dayton s1oMN Democratic Governor 
John Dingell s1oMichigan Democrat 
Chris Dodd s1oCT Democratic Sr Senator (retiring 2010) 
Richard Durbin s2iIL Democratic Sr Senator 
Rahm Emanuel s1oIllinois Former Democrat (until 2009) 
Lane Evans s1oIllinois Democrat 
Chaka Fattah s1oPennsylvania Democrat 
Dianne Feinstein s1oCA Democratic Sr Senator 
Charles Gonzalez s1oTexas Democrat (Retiring 2012) 
Al Green s1oTexas Democrat 
Gene Green s1oTexas Democrat 
Raul Grijalva s1oArizona Democrat 
Luis Gutierrez s1oIllinois Democrat 
Ralph Moody Hall s1oTexas Democrat 
Tom Harkin s1oIA Democratic Jr Senator (retiring 2014) 
Alcee Hastings s1oFlorida Democrat 
Stephanie Herseth s1oSouth Dakota Democratic (until 2010) 
Ruben Hinojosa s1oTexas Democrat 
Tim Holden s1oPennsylvania Democrat (Lost 2012 Primary) 
Steny Hoyer s1oMaryland Democrat 
Jesse Louis Jackson s1oIllinois Democrat (Resgined 2013) 
Sheila Jackson Lee s1oTexas Democrat 
William Jefferson s1oLouisiana Democrat 
Eddie Bernice Johnson s1oTexas Democrat 
Stephanie Tubbs Jones s1oOhio Former Dem. (Deceased, 2008) 
Marcy Kaptur s1oOhio Democrat 
Ted Kennedy s2iMA Democratic Senator (until 2009) 
John Kerry s2iMA Democratic Sr Senator 
Carolyn Kilpatrick s1oMichigan Democrat (until 2010) 
Mary Landrieu s1oLA Democratic Sr Senator 
Tom Lantos s1oCalifornia Former Democrat (until 2008) 
Frank Lautenberg s1oNJ Democratic Sr Senator (retiring 2014) 
Barbara Lee s1oCalifornia Democrat 
Carl Levin s1oMI Democratic Sr Senator (retiring 2014) 
John Lewis s1oGeorgia Democrat 
Dan Lipinski s1oIllinois Democrat 
Nita Lowey s1oNew York Democrat 
Carolyn Maloney s1oNew York Democrat/Liberal 
Ed Markey s1oMA Democratic Challenger 
Carolyn McCarthy s1oNew York Dem./Ind./Working-Families 
Jim McDermott s1oWashington Democrat 
Jim McGovern s1oMassachusetts Democrat 
Cynthia McKinney s1oGeorgia Democrat 
Marty Meehan s1oMassachusetts Democrat (Retired 2007) 
Gregory Meeks s1oNew York Dem./Working-Families 
Barbara Mikulski s2iMD Democratic Sr Senator 
Juanita Millender-McDonald s1oCalifornia Democrat 
Gwen Moore s1oWisconsin Democrat 
Jerrold Nadler s1oNew York Dem./Lib./Working-Families 
Bill Nelson s1oFL Democratic Sr Senator 
Barack Obama s2pIL Former Democratic Senator (until 2008) 
John Olver s1oMassachusetts Democrat (Retiring 2012) 
Solomon Ortiz s1oTexas Democrat (Unseated 2010) 
Major Owens s1oNew York Democrat (until 2007) 
Ed Pastor s1oArizona Democrat 
Collin Peterson s1oMinnesota Democrat/Farmer/Labor 
Mark Pryor s1oAR Democratic Sr Senator 
Charles Rangel s1oNew York Dem./Lib./Working-Families 
Harry Reid s1oNV Democratic Sr Senator 
Silvestre Reyes s1oTexas Democrat 
Bobby Rush s2pIllinois Democrat 
John Salazar s1oColorado Democrat (Unseated 2010) 
Ken Salazar s1oCO Former Democratic Senator (entered Cabinet, 2009) 
Linda Sanchez s1oCalifornia Democrat 
Loretta Sanchez s1oCalifornia Democrat 
Paul Sarbanes s1oMD Former Democrat Senator (Retired 2006) 
Jan Schakowsky s1oIllinois Democrat 
Charles Schumer s1oNY Democratic Sr Senator 
Bobby Scott s1oVirginia Democrat 
David Scott s1oGeorgia Democrat 
Jose Serrano s1oNew York Democrat/Liberal 
Ike Skelton s1oMissouri Democrat (until 2010) 
Hilda Solis s1oCA Democratic Gubernatorial Challenger 
Debbie Stabenow s2iMI Democratic Jr Senator 
Bennie Thompson s1oMississippi Democrat 
Ed Towns s1oNew York Democrat/Liberal (Retiring) 
Maxine Waters s1oCalifornia Democrat 
Diane Watson s1oCalifornia Former Democrat (until 2010) 
Mel Watt s1oNorth Carolina Democrat 
Henry Waxman s1oCalifornia Democrat 
Anthony Weiner s1oNew York Former Democrat(Resigned 2011) 
Robert Wexler s1oFlorida Democrat (resigned Jan. 2010) 
Lynn Woolsey s1oCalifornia Democrat (Retiring 2012) 
David Wu s1oOregon Democrat (Resigned 2011) 
Ron Wyden s2iOR Democratic Sr Senator 
Albert Wynn s1oMaryland Democrat (Unseated 2008) 

Republicans participating in 05-S2154

Lamar Alexander s1oTN Republican Sr Senator 
Wayne Allard s1oCO Former Republican Senator (retired 2008) 
George Allen s1oPOTUS Republican 
Joe Linus Barton s1oTexas Republican 
Charlie Bass s1oNew Hampshire Republican (Retired 2012) 
Michael Bilirakis s1oFlorida Republican (Retired 2006) 
Roy Blunt s1oMissouri Republican (until 2010) 
Sherry Boehlert s1oNew York Republican/Independence 
Jeb Bradley s1oNew Hampshire Republican 
Kevin Brady s1oTexas Republican 
Michael Burgess s1oTexas Republican 
Chris Cannon s1oUtah Republican 
Shelley Moore Capito s1oWest Virginia Republican 
Steve Chabot s1oOhio Republican 
John Howard Coble s1oNorth Carolina Republican 
Tom Coburn s1oOK Republican Jr Senator; previously Representative 
Norm Coleman s1oMN Former Republican Senator; lost court battle, 2009 
John Cornyn s1oTX Republican Sr Senator 
Tom Davis s1oVirginia Republican (Retiring 2008) 
Nathan Deal s1oGA Republican Governor 
Charles Dent s1oPennsylvania Republican 
Mario Diaz-Balart s1oFlorida Republican 
Vernon Ehlers s1oMichigan Republican (until 2010) 
Jo Ann Emerson s1oMissouri Republican (Resigned 2013) 
Phil English s1oPennsylvania Republican (Unseated 2008) 
Mike Ferguson s1oNew Jersey Republican (Retiring 2008) 
Elton Gallegly s1oCalifornia Republican (Retiring 2012) 
Jim Gerlach s1oPennsylvania Republican 
Wayne Gilchrest s1oMaryland Republican (Unseated 2008) 
Kay Granger s1oTexas Republican 
Chuck Hagel s1oNE Former Republican Senator (retired 2008) 
Robin Hayes s1oNorth Carolina Republican (Unseated 2008) 
Dave Hobson s1oOhio Republican (Retiring 2008) 
Peter Hoekstra s1oMI Republican Challenger 
Kenny Hulshof s1oMissouri Republican (Governor 2008) 
Duncan Hunter s1oCalifornia Republican (Retiring 2008) 
Johnny Isakson s1oGA Republican Jr Senator; previously Representative 
Nancy Lee Johnson s1oConnecticut Republican 
Sue Kelly s1oNew York Republican (until 2007) 
Mark Kirk s1oIL Republican Jr Senator 
Jim Kolbe s1oArizona Republican 
Randy Kuhl s1oNew York Republican (Unseated 2008) 
Ray LaHood s1oIllinois Republican (Retiring 2008) 
Steven LaTourette s1oOhio Republican 
Jerry Lewis s1oCalifornia Republican (Retiring 2012) 
Richard Lugar s1oIN Republican Sr Senator 
Jim McCrery s1oLouisiana Republican (Retiring 2008) 
Candice Miller s1oMichigan Republican 
Jeff Miller s1oFlorida Republican 
Tom Osborne s1oNebraska Republican 
Michael Oxley s1oOhio Republican 
Todd Platts s1oPennsylvania Republican (Retiring 2012) 
Deborah Pryce s1oOhio Republican 
Ralph Regula s1oOhio Republican (Retiring 2008) 
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen s1oFlorida Republican 
Rick Santorum s1oPA Former Republican Senator (lost re-election, 2006) 
Jim Saxton s1oNew Jersey Republican (Retiring 2008) 
Joe Schwarz s1oMichigan Republican 
Christopher Shays s1oConnecticut Republican (Unseated 2008) 
John Shimkus s1oIllinois Republican 
Mark Souder s1oIndiana Republican (until 2010) 
Cliff Stearns s1oFlorida Republican (Lost 2012 primary) 
Jim Talent s1oMissouri Republican 
Craig Thomas s1oWY Former Republican Senator (deceased in office 2007) 
Todd Tiahrt s1oKansas Republican (until 2010) 
Pat Tiberi s1oOhio Republican 
Mike Turner s1oOhio Republican 
Fred Upton s1oMichigan Republican 
George Voinovich s1oOH Republican Sr Senator (retiring 2010) 
Greg Walden s1oOregon Republican 
Jim Walsh s1oNew York Rep./Ind. (Retiring 2008) 
Curt Weldon s1oPennsylvania Republican 
Ed Whitfield s1oKentucky Republican 
Heather Wilson s1oNew Mexico Republican (Senate 2008) 
Frank Wolf s1oVirginia Republican 

Independents participating in 05-S2154

Joe Biden s1oDE Vice President 
Michael Castle s1oDE 2010 Senate Challenger (lost primary); previously Gov.& Rep. 
Donna Christensen s1oVirgin Islands - 
Lincoln Diaz-Balart s1oFlorida Former GOP (until 2010) 
Elizabeth Dole s1oNC Former Cabinet Member (Labor Sec'y) and Senator 
Harold Ford s1oNY 2010 Democratic Primary Challenger; previously US Rep (TN) 
Joseph Lieberman s1oCT Independent Sr Senator; Gore's VP nominee (Retiring) 
Kendrick Meek s1oFL 2010 Democratic Senate Challenger; currently US Rep. 

Total recorded by OnTheIssues:

Democrats: 107
Republicans: 75
Independents: 8

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