issues2000

Topics in the News: China


Hillary Clinton on Energy & Oil : Jun 10, 2014
$100B per year by 2020 for climate change mitigation

[At a climate change summit, I said] the US was prepared to lead a collective effort by developed countries to mobilize $100 billion annually by 2020 from a combination of public and private sources to help the most vulnerable nations mitigate the damage from climate change--if we could also reach a broad agreement on limiting emissions.

By offering a concrete commitment, I hoped to breathe new life into the talks, put pressure on China and the other "emerging emitters" to respond, and win support from developing countries.

In the end, the leaders fashioned a deal that, while far from perfect, put us on the road to future progress. For the first time all major economies, developed and developing alike, agreed to make national commitments to curb carbon emissions through 2020 and report transparently on their mitigation efforts. The world began moving away from the division between developed and developing countries that had defined the Kyoto agreement. This was a foundation to build on.

Click for Hillary Clinton on other issues.   Source: Hard Choices, by Hillary Clinton, p.498-500

Hillary Clinton on Foreign Policy : Jun 10, 2014
2009: Chose Japan as first destination to emphasize alliance

I first visited Japan with Bill as part of a trade delegation from Arkansas during his governorship. The country then was a key ally but also an object of growing anxiety in the US. Japan's "Economic Miracle" came to symbolize deep-seated fears about US stagnation and decline, much as China's rise has in the 21st century.

[By the time of our visit with Bill as president] in the summer of 1993, we could already see that America was regaining its economic strength. Japan, by contrast, faced a "Lost Decade." Its economy, once feared by Americans, slowed to an anemic pace--which caused a whole different set of concerns for them and us. Japan was still one of the largest economies in the world and a key partner in responding to the global financial crisis. I chose Tokyo as my first destination to underscore that our new administration saw the alliance as a cornerstone of our strategy in the region.

Click for Hillary Clinton on other issues.   Source: Hard Choices, by Hillary Clinton, p. 47-8

Hillary Clinton on Foreign Policy : Jun 10, 2014
China never fits neatly into category like friend or rival

The US-China relationship is still full of challenges. We are two large, complex nations with profoundly different histories, political systems, and outlooks, whose economies and futures have become deeply entwined. This isn't a relationship that fits neatly into categories like friend or rival, and it may never. We are sailing in uncharted waters.

[In my 1998 China trip as First Lady], I came home from the trip convinced that if China over time embraces reform and modernization, it could become a constructive world power and an important partner for the US.

I returned to China as Secretary in February 2009 with the goal of building a relationship durable enough to weather the inevitable disputes and crises that would arise. I also wanted to embed the China relationship in our broader Asia strategy, engaging Beijing in the region's multilateral institutions [based on] agreed-upon rules. [But] we would not sacrifice our values or our traditional allies in order to win better terms with China.

Click for Hillary Clinton on other issues.   Source: Hard Choices, by Hillary Clinton, p. 65-7

John Bolton on Foreign Policy : Mar 7, 2014
Weak America means trouble in Russia, China, & Libya

We do not accept an America that is weak & declining. We do not accept an American military that is weak & poorly equipped, and in particular, we do not accept and American president who is weak, indecisive and apologetic about our country
Click for John Bolton on other issues.   Source: Speech at 2014 CPAC convention

John Bolton on Homeland Security : Aug 8, 2013
Punish Russia & China for helping Snowden leak NSA documents

Russia's recent actions surrounding NSA leaker Edward Snowden are doing "real damage," Bolton said, so it's time to return the favor. "I think in order to focus Putin's thinking, we need to do things that cause him pain as well." Bolton said canceling the meeting between Putin and Obama during the G-20 summit is not a real move. "Canceling this meeting has all the impact on Putin of Obama fluttering his eyelids. It's purely symbolic," he said.

The Russians have "consistently outmaneuvered us over the last 4 years. They've embarrassed the president on his reset button," Bolton said.

Bolton said China should feel some pain too for its part: "I don't think we should forget we should make China feel pain here for giving Snowden asylum for a couple of days and then allowing him to escape to Moscow. I think the lesson Putin learned watching what we did not do to China is Putin could get away with it, too. So far, they are both right," Bolton said.

Click for John Bolton on other issues.   Source: Hadas Gold on Politico.com

John Bolton on Homeland Security : Jun 18, 2013
Publicizing US intelligence collection endangers lives

[NSA "WikiLeaks" leaker Edward] Snowden's second wave of leaks involved purported American cyber-intelligence activities globally and against China. Snowden claimed there were more than 61,000 US hacking operations globally, and implied the existence of numerous other activities to surveil and counter Beijing's growing cyber-warfare capabilities.

Publicizing America's alleged intelligence-collection programs against China may not be identical to Philip Agee revealing the identities of US clandestine operatives, thereby endangering their lives, but it is close. We do not yet know whether Snowden jeopardized US agents, but vital sources and methods of intelligence gathering and operations are clearly at risk. In cyber terms, this is akin to Benedict Arnold scheming to betray West Point's defenses to the British, thereby allowing them to seize a key American fortification, splitting the colonies geographically at a critical point during the American Revolution. The political implications are grave.

Click for John Bolton on other issues.   Source: AEI Scholars column: Snowden's leaks

Joe Biden on Energy & Oil : May 9, 2013
Switch China from coal to gas, instead of carbon tax

Q: You mentioned a carbon tax. Is the Obama administration going to follow the lead of China and propose such a policy?

A: The truth is, right now, no, because we know it will go nowhere. Look, one of the things we are doing, and the president is asking me to kind of get ahead of here, is that we have a real chance, both in this hemisphere and with China, to enter into joint ventures on renewable energy and on cleaner-burning natural gas. Let me give you an example: The Chinese are building something like one new coal-fired plant a week. The Chinese have figured out that they have a giant environmental problem. Folks in Beijing, some days, literally can't breathe. So we have a great opportunity here to figure out how we can not only begin to wean ourselves off of carbon-based fuels but wean the world off of them too. It's just a gigantic opportunity, and it produces a boatload of jobs. There are going to be 600,000 new jobs out there in the gas industry over the next 10 to 12 years.

Click for Joe Biden on other issues.   Source: Douglas Brinkley in Rolling Stone Magazine

Marco Rubio on Foreign Policy : Mar 14, 2013
The China Dream is to surpass America as world leader

Yesterday there was a transition in the government of China. Their new leader loves to go around giving speeches where he refers to something called the China Dream. "The China Dream" refers to a book that was written by a Chinese army colonel. The gist of the book is that China's goal should be to surpass the United States as the world's preeminent military and economic power. That's what the China Dream means.

In the forward, another general writes that the 21st century should be a race to see who can become the champion country to lead world progress. So while we are here bickering, there is a nation trying to surpass us as the leading power in the world.

The Chinese Government provides the people no access to the Internet. If you escape China they actually put pressure on governments to forcibly return you. The Chinese Government uses forced labor. Do we want that to be the leading country in the world? So we want that to be the leading voice on this planet? That's the stakes.

Click for Marco Rubio on other issues.   Source: Speech at 2013 Conservative Political Action Conf.

Joe Biden on Foreign Policy : Feb 12, 2013
China's growth & stability depends on US Pacific presence

I spent 10 days together with Vice President Xi of China. And we both acknowledged that the most dangerous thing is a misunderstanding. The only conflict worse than one that is intended, as my father would say, was one that's unintended. For example, I referred to the China Sea. I pointed out it's not China's sea; it's international waters. It's a matter of laying out clearly what the parameters of the relationship are and those of the neighbors.

If we do our job correctly and we interface directly with the leadership, there will be intense competition, there will be occasional misunderstandings, but our children will not be looking at China as a sworn enemy. I do not believe that's in the cards. I believe there is healthy competition from a growing, emerging China, which I would argue is in the interest of all of us. One of the reasons China has been able to have this period of sustained growth and stability is because of a US presence in the Pacific, not in spite of.

Click for Joe Biden on other issues.   Source: Speech at the Munich Security Conference in Munich, Germany

Barack Obama on Jobs : Feb 12, 2013
Make America a magnet for new jobs and manufacturing

Our first priority is making America a magnet for new jobs and manufacturing. After shedding jobs for more than 10 years, our manufacturers have added about 500,000 jobs over the past three. Ford is bringing jobs back from Mexico. After locating plants in other countries like China, Intel is opening its most advanced plant right here at home. And this year, Apple will start making Macs in America again.

There are things we can do, right now, to accelerate this trend. Last year, we created our first manufacturing innovation institute in Youngstown, Ohio. There's no reason this can't happen in other towns. So tonight, I'm announcing the launch of three more of these manufacturing hubs, where businesses will partner with the Departments of Defense and Energy to turn regions left behind by globalization into global centers of high-tech jobs. And I ask this Congress to help create a network of fifteen of these hubs and guarantee that the next revolution in manufacturing is Made in America.

Click for Barack Obama on other issues.   Source: 2013 State of the Union Address

Joe Biden on Foreign Policy : Feb 10, 2013
Open dialogue means no military conflict with China

Q: On China--how concerned are you about the conflicts brewing in the Pacific? What are the administration's plans to make sure that this will develop into a constructive partnership and not into a kind of new Cold War confrontation?

A: I am confident that it's in the interests of China and the emerging Chinese leadership that it not result in conflict. The last thing that they need at this moment is to engage in anything remotely approaching military competition with the US. I do not believe that is their intention. It clearly is not our intention. The most important thing to assure that this not occur is to have a frank, straightforward, private dialogue with the emerging leadership in China, letting them know what our interests are, letting them know what we believe our role is, and let them make judgments about whether or not that in any way conflicts with their growth patterns or their ability to maintain their own national security interest.

Click for Joe Biden on other issues.   Source: Speech at the Munich Security Conference in Munich, Germany

Joe Biden on Foreign Policy : Feb 6, 2013
Rise of peaceful, responsible China in the interests of all

Tip O'Neill used to say, all politics is local. I believe all politics, particularly international politics, is personal. I think personal relationships matter. So when I visited China I made it absolutely clear that the United States does not view China with hostile intent and that we can cooperate and compete simultaneously. I've said many times, the rise of a peaceful and responsible China that contributes to global security and prosperity is in the interests of all nations.

And we all have a role to play in encouraging Beijing to define its interests more in terms of common global concerns than merely introspective concerns. The United States is a Pacific power. The bottom line is that the USA has an important and specific interest in an Asia-Pacific region that is peaceful and growing--as do our Russian friends and our Japanese friends. So we ought to intensify our cooperation in advance of those interests, moving forward together.

Click for Joe Biden on other issues.   Source: Speech at the Munich Security Conference in Munich, Germany

Hillary Clinton on War & Peace : Jan 29, 2013
Policy of prevention, not containment, on Iranian nukes

Q: Your predecessor, Henry Kissinger, said that if Iran gets a nuclear weapon, that it is a turning point in history.

A: Our policy is prevention, not containment. And we have, through hard work with the international community, imposed the toughest set of sanctions on any country. We know it's having an effect. We have to continue to keep them isolated, and keep Russia and China on board. [But] we've said from the very beginning, we're open to diplomacy. We are doing so in the so-called P5-plus-1 format.

Q: What about military action against them?

A: Well, we've always said all options are on the table. The president has been very clear about that. [With regards to the] terrorism aspect of Iran's behavior, when I came into office, there were too many countries that were turning a blind eye to it. We have worked very hard to get the international community to say these guys need to be stopped on the terrorism front. They cannot be permitted to go forward.

Click for Hillary Clinton on other issues.   Source: Fox News "On the Record with Greta Van Susteren"

Jerry Brown on Free Trade : Jan 24, 2013
Open CA trade and investment office in Shanghai

California's exports are booming and our place in the world economy has never been stronger. Our ties with The People's Republic of China in particular are deep--from the Chinese immigrants crossing the Pacific in 1848 to hosting China's next President in Los Angeles last February. This year we will take another step to strengthen the ties--I will lead a trade and investment mission to China with help from the Bay Area Council and officially open California's new trade and investment office in Shanghai
Click for Jerry Brown on other issues.   Source: 2013 State of the State address to California Legislature

Jerry Brown on Technology : Jan 24, 2013
I signed high speed rail in 1982; finally done in 2013

In the years following World War II, California embarked on a vast program to build highway, bridges and roads. Most were constructed before we knew about climate change and the lethal effects of dirty air. We now expect more.

Last year, you authorized another big project: High Speed Rail. Electrified trains are part of the future. China already has 5000 miles of high speed rail and intends to double that. Spain has 1600 miles and is building more. More than a dozen other countries have their own successful high speed rail systems.

The first phase constructs 30 miles of tunnels and bridges [in the] Tehachapi Mountains . Then we will build another 33 miles of tunnels and bridges before we get the train to its destination at Union Station in the heart of Los Angeles.

It has taken great perseverance to get us this far. I signed the original high speed rail Authority in 1982--over 30 years ago. In 2013, we will finally break ground and start construction.

Click for Jerry Brown on other issues.   Source: 2013 State of the State address to California Legislature

Barack Obama on Corporations : Oct 22, 2012
If we had let GM go bankrupt, we'd be buying Chinese cars

ROMNEY: China can be our partner. But that doesn't mean they can just roll all over us and steal our jobs on an unfair basis.

OBAMA: Well, Governor Romney's right. You are familiar with jobs being shipped overseas, because you invested in companies that were shipping jobs overseas. And, you know, that's your right. I mean, that's how our free market works. But I've made a different bet on American workers. You know, if we had taken your advice, Governor Romney, about our auto industry, we'd be buying cars from China instead of selling cars to China. If we take your advice with respect to how we change our tax codes so that companies that are in profits overseas don't pay U.S. taxes compared to companies here that are paying taxes, now, that's estimated to create 800,000 jobs. The problem is they won't be here; they'll be in places like China. Now, with respect to what we've done with China already, US exports have doubled, since I came into office, to China.

Click for Barack Obama on other issues.   Source: Third Obama-Romney 2012 Presidential debate

Mitt Romney on Corporations : Oct 22, 2012
I wanted to help the auto industry, not liquidate it

OBAMA: If we had taken your advice, Gov. Romney, about our auto industry, we'd be buying cars from China instead of selling cars to China.

ROMNEY: Nothing could be further from the truth. I was born in Detroit. My dad was head of a car company. I like American cars. And I would do nothing to hurt the US auto industry. My plan to get the industry on its feet when it was in real trouble was not to start writing checks. I said these companies need to go through a managed bankruptcy, and in that process they can get government help and government guarantees.

OBAMA: Governor Romney, that's not what you said.

ROMNEY: Fortunately, you can take a look at the op-ed [NY Times Nov. 18, 2008, "Let Detroit Go Bankrupt"]. I said that we would provide guarantees, to allow these companies to go through bankruptcy. Under no circumstances would I do anything other than to help this industry get on its feet. And the idea that has been suggested that I would liquidate the industry--of course not.

Click for Mitt Romney on other issues.   Source: Third Obama-Romney 2012 Presidential debate

Barack Obama on Foreign Policy : Oct 22, 2012
Pivot to East Asia; America is a Pacific power

ROMNEY: We can be a partner with China. Now, they look at us and say, is it a good idea to be with America? How strong are we going to be? How strong is our economy? They look at the fact that we owe them $1 trillion and owe other people $16 trillion. They look at our decision to cut back on our military capabilities--a trillion dollars. They look at America's commitments around the world and they see what's happening and they say, well, OK, is America going to be strong? And the answer is yes. If I'm president, America will be very strong.

OBAMA: When it comes to our military and Chinese security, part of the reason that we were able to pivot to the Asia-Pacific region after having ended the war in Iraq and transitioning out of Afghanistan, is precisely because this is going to be a massive growth area in the future. And we believe China can be a partner, but we're also sending a very clear signal that America is a Pacific power, that we are going to have a presence there.

Click for Barack Obama on other issues.   Source: Third Obama-Romney 2012 Presidential debate

Mitt Romney on Free Trade : Oct 22, 2012
Huge opportunity in Latin America; focus there, not China

I will get America working again and see rising take-home pay again. And I'll do it with five simple steps:
  1. North American energy independence.
  2. Increase our trade. Trade grows about 12% per year. It doubles about every five or so years. We can do better than that, particularly in Latin America. The opportunities for us in Latin America we have just not taken advantage of fully. As a matter of fact, Latin America's economy is almost as big as the economy of China. We're all focused on China. Latin America is a huge opportunity for us: time zone, language opportunities.
  3. Have training programs that work for our workers and schools that finally put the parents and the teachers and the kids first, and the teachers union's going to have to go behind.
  4. Get to a balanced budget.
  5. And finally, we've got to champion small business. Small business is where jobs come from.
Click for Mitt Romney on other issues.   Source: Third Obama-Romney 2012 Presidential debate

Mitt Romney on Free Trade : Oct 22, 2012
China wants a stable world too; we can partner with them

OBAMA: China's both an adversary but also a potential partner in the international community if it's following the rules. We had a tire case in which they were flooding us with cheap Chinese tires. We put a stop to it and, as a consequence, saved jobs throughout America. Gov. Romney criticized me for being too tough in that tire case, said this wouldn't be good for American workers and that it would be protectionist. But I tell you, those workers don't feel that way.

ROMNEY: China has an interest that's very much like ours in one respect, and that is they want a stable world. They don't want war. They don't want to see protectionism. They have about 20 million people coming out of the farms every year, coming into the cities, needing jobs. So they want the economy to work and the world to be free and open. And so we can be a partner with China. We don't have to be an adversary in any way, shape or form. We can work with them. We can collaborate with them if they're willing to be responsible.

Click for Mitt Romney on other issues.   Source: Third Obama-Romney 2012 Presidential debate

Mitt Romney on Free Trade : Oct 22, 2012
China is winning in the trade war right now

Q: Is China the greatest future threat to national security?

ROMNEY: We'll make sure that we have trade relations with China that work for us. That's why on day one I will label them a currency manipulator.

Q: If you declare them a currency manipulator on day one, some people are saying you're just going to start a trade war with China on day one.

ROMNEY: Well, they sell us about this much stuff every year. So it's pretty clear who doesn't want a trade war. And there's one going on right now that we don't know about. It's a silent one and they're winning. We have an enormous trade imbalance with China. And it's worse this year than last year. And it was worse last year than the year before. We have to say to our friends in China, look, you guys are playing aggressively, but this can't keep on going. You can't keep on holding down the value of your currency, stealing our intellectual property, counterfeiting our products, selling them even into the US.

Click for Mitt Romney on other issues.   Source: Third Obama-Romney 2012 Presidential debate

Barack Obama on Free Trade : Oct 22, 2012
China is an adversary but also a potential partner

Q: What do you believe is the greatest future threat to the national security of this country? Is it China?

OBAMA: I think it will continue to be terrorist networks. We have to remain vigilant. But with respect to China, China's both an adversary but also a potential partner in the international community if it's following the rules. So my attitude coming into office was that we are going to insist that China plays by the same rules as everybody else. And I know Americans had seen jobs being shipped overseas, businesses and workers not getting a level playing field when it came to trade. And that's the reason why I set up a trade task force to go after cheaters when it came to international trade. We have brought more cases against China for violating trade rules than the previous administration had done in two terms. And we've won just about every case that we've filed. Just recently, steelworkers in Ohio & Pennsylvania, are in a position now to sell steel to China because we won that case.

Click for Barack Obama on other issues.   Source: Third Obama-Romney 2012 Presidential debate

Mitt Romney on Homeland Security : Oct 22, 2012
If I'm president, America will be VERY strong

ROMNEY: We can be a partner with China. Now, they look at us and say, is it a good idea to be with America? How strong are we going to be? How strong is our economy? They look at the fact that we owe them $1 trillion and owe other people $16 trillion. They look at our decision to cut back on our military capabilities--a trillion dollars. The secretary of defense called these $1 trillion of cuts to our military devastating. It's not my term. It's the president's own secretary of defense called them devastating. They look at America's commitments around the world and they see what's happening and they say, well, OK, is America going to be strong? And the answer is yes. If I'm president, America will be very strong.

OBAMA: When it comes to our military and Chinese security, part of the reason that we were able to pivot to the Asia-Pacific region after having ended the war in Iraq and transitioning out of Afghanistan, is precisely because this is going to be a massive growth area in the future.

Click for Mitt Romney on other issues.   Source: Third Obama-Romney 2012 Presidential debate

Barack Obama on Tax Reform : Oct 22, 2012
Tax cuts won't help us compete with China; invest instead

In order for us to be competitive, we're going to have to make some smart choices right now. Cutting our education budget--that's not a smart choice. That will not help us compete with China. Cutting our investments in research and technology--that's not a smart choice. That will not help us compete with China. Adding $7 trillion of tax cuts and military spending that our military's not asking for before we even get to the debt that we currently have--that is not going to make us more competitive. Those are the kinds of choices that the American people face right now. Having a tax code that rewards companies that are shipping jobs overseas instead of companies that are investing here in the US--that will not make us more competitive. After a decade in which we saw drift, jobs being shipped overseas, nobody championing American workers and American businesses, we've now begun to make some real progress. We can't go back to the same policies that got us into such difficulty in the first place.
Click for Barack Obama on other issues.   Source: Third Obama-Romney 2012 Presidential debate

Mitt Romney on Budget & Economy : Oct 16, 2012
My five-point plan will get this economy going again

We can get this economy going again. My five-point plan does it. Energy independence for North America in five years. Opening up more trade, particularly in Latin America. Cracking down on China when they cheat. Getting us to a balanced budget. Fixing our training programs for our workers. And finally, championing small business. I want to make small businesses grow and thrive. I know how to make that happen. I spent my life in the private sector. I know why jobs come and why they go.
Click for Mitt Romney on other issues.   Source: Second Obama-Romney 2012 debate

Mitt Romney on Corporations : Oct 16, 2012
OpEd: Romney at Bain Capital sent jobs to China

Q: What plans do you have to reverse outsourcing of American jobs overseas?

ROMNEY: The place where we've seen manufacturing go has been China. One of the reasons for that is that people think it's more attractive in some cases to go offshore than to stay here. I want to make America the most attractive place in the world for entrepreneurs.

GOODE: When Romney was with Bain Capital, they sent all kinds of jobs to China and other foreign countries because of lower wages, no employment commission restrictions, no Department of Labor restrictions. If I were president, our trade measures would be totally renegotiated in favor of manufacturing and more jobs in this country, instead of seeing how many we could send overseas that benefit many of those behind the super PACs that are pouring so much money into the Obama and Romney ads. Virgil Goode will stand up for jobs in the United States for U.S. citizens first.

Click for Mitt Romney on other issues.   Source: Democracy Now! Expanded Second Obama-Romney 2012 debate

Barack Obama on Energy & Oil : Oct 16, 2012
Invest in clean energy because China & Germany will

Q: Your energy secretary, Steven Chu, states it's not policy of his department to help lower gas prices. Do you agree?

OBAMA: We can't just produce traditional source of energy. We've also got to look to the future. That's why we doubled fuel efficiency standards on cars. That means that in the middle of the next decade, any car you buy, you're going to end up going twice as far on a gallon of gas. That's why we doubled clean energy production like wind and solar and biofuels. Now, Governor Romney will say he's got an all-of-the-above plan, but he's got the oil and gas part, but he doesn't have the clean energy part. And if we are only thinking about tomorrow or the next day and not thinking about 10 years from now, we're not going to control our own economic future. Because China, Germany, they're making these investments. And I'm not going to cede those jobs of the future to those countries. That's going to make sure that you're not paying as much for gas.

Click for Barack Obama on other issues.   Source: Second Obama-Romney 2012 debate

Barack Obama on Foreign Policy : Oct 16, 2012
We pushed China hard to raise currency exchange by 11%

ROMNEY: On day one, I will label China a currency manipulator.

OBAMA: As far as currency manipulation, [China's] currency has actually gone up 11 percent since I've been president because we have pushed them hard. And we've put unprecedented trade pressure on China. That's why exports have significantly increased under my presidency. That's going to help to create jobs here.

Q: Apple iPhones are all manufactured in China. How do you convince Apple to bring that manufacturing back here?

ROMNEY: The answer is very straightforward. We can compete with anyone in the world as long as the playing field is level. China's been cheating over the years. One by holding down the value of their currency. Number two, by stealing our intellectual property; our designs, our patents, our technology. There's even an Apple store in China that's a counterfeit Apple store, selling counterfeit goods. They hack into our computers. We will have to have people play on a fair basis.

Click for Barack Obama on other issues.   Source: Second Obama-Romney 2012 debate

Mitt Romney on Free Trade : Oct 16, 2012
Make sure people we trade with play by the rules

Q: The outsourcing of American jobs overseas has taken a toll on our economy. What plans do you have to put back and keep jobs here in the US?

ROMNEY: The place where we've seen manufacturing go has been China. A half a million manufacturing jobs have been lost in the last four years. One of the reasons for that is that people think it's more attractive in some cases to go offshore than to stay here. We have made it less attractive for enterprises to stay here than to go offshore from time to time. One of the ways China doesn't play by the rules is artificially holding down the value of their currency. On day one, I will label China a currency manipulator, which will allow me as president to be able to put in place, if necessary, tariffs where I believe that they are taking unfair advantage of our manufacturers. So we're going to make sure that people we trade with around the world play by the rules, but also make America the most attractive place in the world for businesses of all kinds.

Click for Mitt Romney on other issues.   Source: Second Obama-Romney 2012 debate

Barack Obama on Jobs : Oct 16, 2012
We were losing 800,000 jobs each month when I started

We were losing 800,000 jobs a month when I started. But we had been digging our way out of policies that were misplaced and focused on the top doing very well and middle class folks not doing well. We've seen 31 consecutive months of job growth; 5.2 million new jobs created. The plans that I talked about will create even more. When Romney talks about getting tough on China, keep in mind that he invested in companies that were pioneers of outsourcing to China.
Click for Barack Obama on other issues.   Source: Second Obama-Romney 2012 debate

Barack Obama on Jobs : Oct 16, 2012
Change offshore tax rules to bring back outsourced jobs

Q: What plans do you have to get outsourced jobs back?

ROMNEY: The place where we've seen manufacturing go has been China. On day one, I will label China a currency manipulator, which will allow me as president to be able to put in place tariffs.

OBAMA: I want to close loopholes that allow companies to deduct expenses when they move to China; that allow them to profit offshore. Now, Gov. Romney actually wants to expand those tax breaks. One of his big ideas when it comes to corporate tax reform would be to say, if you invest overseas, you make profits overseas, you don't have to pay US taxes. It's estimated that that will create 800,000 new jobs. The problem is they'll be in China. Or India. Or Germany. That's not the way we're going to create jobs here. The way we're going to create jobs here is not just to change our tax code, but also to double our exports. That's why we've kept on pushing trade deals, but trade deals that make sure that American workers are getting a good deal.

Click for Barack Obama on other issues.   Source: Second Obama-Romney 2012 debate

Mitt Romney on Principles & Values : Oct 16, 2012
All my foreign investments are managed by a blind trust

OBAMA: When he talks about getting tough on China, keep in mind that Governor Romney invested in companies that were pioneers of outsourcing to China, and is currently investing in companies that are building surveillance equipment for China to spy on its own folks. Governor, you're the last person who's going to get tough on China.

ROMNEY: Any investments I have over the last eight years have been managed by a blind trust. And I understand they do include investments outside the United States, including in Chinese companies. Mr. President, have you looked at your pension?

OBAMA: I don't look at my pension. It's not as big as yours.

ROMNEY: Well, let me give you some advice. Look at your pension. You also have investments in Chinese companies. You also have investments outside the United States. You also have investments through a Cayman's trust.

Click for Mitt Romney on other issues.   Source: Second Obama-Romney 2012 debate

Mitt Romney on Technology : Oct 16, 2012
China counterfeits our electronics & steals our technology

ROMNEY: On day one, I will label China a currency manipulator.

OBAMA: As far as currency manipulation, [China's] currency has actually gone up 11 percent since I've been president because we have pushed them hard. And we've put unprecedented trade pressure on China. That's why exports have significantly increased under my presidency. That's going to help to create jobs here.

Q: Apple iPhones are all manufactured in China. How do you convince Apple to bring that manufacturing back here?

ROMNEY: The answer is very straightforward. We can compete with anyone in the world as long as the playing field is level. China's been cheating over the years. One by holding down the value of their currency. Number two, by stealing our intellectual property; our designs, our patents, our technology. There's even an Apple store in China that's a counterfeit Apple store, selling counterfeit goods. They hack into our computers. We will have to have people play on a fair basis.

Click for Mitt Romney on other issues.   Source: Second Obama-Romney 2012 debate

Barack Obama on Technology : Oct 16, 2012
We need to train for the next generation of Apples

ROMNEY: [China got ahead] by stealing our intellectual property; our designs, our patents, our technology. There's even a counterfeit Apple store in China, selling counterfeit goods. They hack into our computers.

OBAMA: There are some jobs that are not going to come back. Because they are low wage, low skill jobs. I want high wage, high skill jobs. That's why we have to emphasize manufacturing. That's why we have to invest in advanced manufacturing. That's why we've got to make sure that we've got the best science and research in the world. And if we're cutting investments in research and science that will create the next Apple, create the next new innovation that will sell products around the world, we will lose that race. If we're not training engineers to make sure that they are equipped here in this country, then companies won't come here. Those investments are what's going to help to make sure that we continue to lead this world economy, not just next year, but 50 years from now.

Click for Barack Obama on other issues.   Source: Second Obama-Romney 2012 debate

Mitt Romney on Government Reform : Oct 3, 2012
Trickle-down government is not the answer

My plan has five basic parts. One, get us energy independent. That creates about 4 million jobs. #2, open up more trade, particularly in Latin America, crack down on China, if and when they cheat. #3, make sure our people have the skills they need to succeed and the best schools in the world. #4, get us to a balanced budget. #5, champion small business. Over the last four years, small- business people have decided that America may not be the place to open a new business, because new business startups are down to a 30-year low. I know what it takes to get small business growing again, to hire people.

Now, I'm concerned that the path that we're on has just been unsuccessful. The president has a view very similar to the view he had when he ran four years, that a bigger government, spending more, taxing more, regulating more--if you will, trickle-down government--would work. That's not the right answer for America. I'll restore the vitality that gets America working again.

Click for Mitt Romney on other issues.   Source: First Obama-Romney 2012 Presidential debate

Barack Obama on Free Trade : Sep 4, 2012
Develop alternatives to importing rare earths from China

Q: China currently produces 97% of rare earth elements needed for advanced electronics. What steps should the federal government take to ensure the quality and availability of critical natural resources?

A: Rare earth elements and other critical minerals are used by American manufacturers to make high-tech products like the advanced batteries that power everything from hybrid cars to cell phones. My support for the development alternatives to rare earth materials is helping to ensure we have the materials necessary to propel our high-technology economy forward. Being able to manufacture competitive products in America is too important for us to stand by and do nothing. We've got to take control of our energy future, and we can't let the energy industry take root in other countries because they are allowed to break the rules. That's why we have joined with Japan and some of our European allies to bring a trade case against China for imposing restrictions on their exports of rare earth materials

Click for Barack Obama on other issues.   Source: The Top American Science Questions, by sciencedebate.org

Mitt Romney on Technology : Sep 4, 2012
Rare earth scarcity driven by regulation, not economics

Q: China currently produces 97% of rare earth elements needed for advanced electronics. What steps should the federal government take to ensure the quality and availability of critical natural resources?

A: The United States was once self-sufficient in its production of critical natural resources like rare-earth minerals. But a decline in production, driven more by regulation than by economics or scarcity, has left the nation reliant on imports. The key to guaranteeing the quality and availability of these resources is a modernized regulatory regime that protects the environment while providing access to the inputs that our economy requires to grow and thrive. By adopting creative approaches to the development of all the nation's resources, America can benefit fully from its extraordinary natural endowments.

Click for Mitt Romney on other issues.   Source: The Top American Science Questions, by sciencedebate.org

Condoleezza Rice on Free Trade : Aug 29, 2012
China has signed 15 agreements in time Obama signed only 3

We must work for an open, global economy, and pursue free and fair trade, to grow our exports and our influence abroad. If you are worried about the rise of China, just consider this--the US has ratified only three trade agreements in the last few years, and those were negotiated in the Bush administration. China has signed 15 free trade agreements and is in the progress of negotiating as many as 18 more. Sadly, we are abandoning the field of free and fair trade and it will come back to haunt us.
Click for Condoleezza Rice on other issues.   Source: 2012 Republican National Convention speech

Condoleezza Rice on War & Peace : Aug 29, 2012
We should support free people, including Syria

We have seen that the desire for liberty and freedom is, indeed, universal, as men and women in the Middle East rise up to seize it. Yet, the promise of the Arab Spring is engulfed in uncertainty, internal strife, and hostile neighbors our challenging the young, fragile democracy of Iraq. Dictators in Iran and Syria butcher their people and threat to regional security. Russia and China prevent a response, and everyone asks, where does America stand?

Indeed, that is the question of the hour. Where does America stand? You see when the friends or foes alike don't know the answer to that question, unambiguously and clearly, the world is likely to be a more dangerous and chaotic place. Since world war II, the US has had an answer to that question. We stand for free peoples and free markets. We will defend and support them.

Click for Condoleezza Rice on other issues.   Source: 2012 Republican National Convention speech

Paul Ryan on Foreign Policy : Aug 12, 2012
Opposed Cuba embargo until 2008; now supports Cuban freedom

On Ryan's record is that he once opposed the trade embargo on Cuba, a position that may surprise leaders in the traditionally Republican exile community in Miami. As the Miami Herald reported Sunday, the Wisconsin congressman was an upfront critic of the embargo up until late 2008 when he told the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "If we're going to have free trade with China, why not Cuba?"

Ryan has since changed his position, a reversal that appears to satisfy Cuban American congressman Lincoln Diaz-Balart, R-FL. "He was a free-trader and we explained to him the human-rights and terrorist record of the Cuban dictatorship," Diaz-Balart told the Miami Herald. "His record ever since is one of a strong supporter for freedom in Cuba. He is a strong ally."

Click for Paul Ryan on other issues.   Source: CNN blog, "Political Ticker"

  • Additional quotations related to China issues can be found under Foreign Policy.
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Page last updated: Oct 02, 2014