Topics in the News: Affirmative Action

Martin O`Malley on Free Trade : Apr 27, 2015
Opposing bad trade deals like TPP is just common sense

Fighting economic inequality, a touchstone populist issue, O'Malley is, like Obama, pushing for a stronger middle class through the "economics of inclusion" and greater upward mobility. He wants a national minimum wage, protections for trade unions, equal pay for women, affordable education and increases in social welfare benefits.

O'Malley, an opponent of the Trans-Pacific Partnership deal that Obama wants to sign with 11 Asian countries, has needled Clinton on her pivoting position on free trade deals.

"Hard choice?" he told supporters in an email, riffing on the title of Clint

Click for Martin O`Malley on other issues.   Source: Irish Times 2015 coverage of 2016 presidential hopefuls

Jeb Bush on Civil Rights : Apr 7, 2015
OpEd: "One Florida" scrapped affirmative action

In early 2000, state Sen. Kendrick Meek was angry at Bush's "One Florida" decision scrapping affirmative action in Florida's higher-education system. Bush said he issued the order to head off a ballot initiative that would have been more stringent. He contended his move would increase minority enrollment in state universities. It guaranteed admission to the top 20% of high school seniors, expanded the state's student financial aid budget and made it easier for minority businesses to be certified to work across Florida.

But the surprise nature of the governor's executive order incensed lots of Floridians--to the point that Meek showed up uninvited in Bush's office. He insisted he wouldn't leave until the affirmative action ban was rescinded. Seeking to end a public relations nightmare, Bush agreed to meet lawmakers in a Capitol conference room. There he agreed to delay his order ending affirmative action so public hearings could be held on the issue. The plan did go through, slightly delayed

Click for Jeb Bush on other issues.   Source: Washington Post, "Florida affirmative action ban"

Bernie Sanders on Civil Rights : Mar 21, 2015
Equal pay for equal work by women

Women workers today earn 78 percent of what their male counterparts make. We need pay equity in our country--equal pay for equal work.
Click for Bernie Sanders on other issues.   Source: 2016 presidential campaign website,

Carly Fiorina on Civil Rights : Feb 26, 2015
I don't just Tweet about equal pay; I lead on pay standards

Carly Fiorina came out swinging at Hillary Clinton today, attacking her for not being strong enough on women's issues. Fiorina, the only woman in the emerging GOP field, has cast herself as one of the most aggressive critics of Clinton in stump speeches.

At CPAC, she continued the trend of firing at Clinton: "She tweets about women's rights in this country and takes money from governments that deny women the most basic human rights. She tweets about equal pay for women but won't answer basic questions about her own offices' pay standards--and neither will our President. Hillary may like hashtags. But she doesn't know what leadership means."

At the end of her speech during the question and answer section, Fiorina couldn't help but take one more shot at Clinton during a question about the importance of female candidates: "I will say this, if Hillary Clinton had to face me on a debate stage, at the very least she would have a hitch in her swing."

Click for Carly Fiorina on other issues.   Source: Time magazine on 2015 Conservative Political Action Conf.

Hillary Clinton on Crime : Jan 1, 2015
Where do Bill and Hillary disagree on social issues?

Where Bill Clinton and Hillary Clinton agree on Social / domestic issues
  • Both pro-death penalty
  • Both strongly pro-choice
  • Both strongly pro-affirmative action
  • Both strongly pro-ObamaCare
  • Both strongly pro-environment
  • Both strongly pro-gun control
  • Both strongly pro-voting rights
Where they disagree:Bill ClintonHillary Clinton
Three Strikes: Tough on crimeLimit mandatory sentencing
Gay marriage: Supports some gay rights Strongly supports
School prayer: No official school prayerNo religious instruction
School choice : Supports charters for allNo private nor parochial choice
Legalize marijuana : Keep war on drugsOpen to legalization
Click for Hillary Clinton on other issues.   Source: Analysis: Bill Clinton vs. Hillary Clinton on the Issues

Hillary Clinton on Abortion : Dec 10, 2014
Issues where Jeb Bush disagrees with Hillary

Where do Jeb Bush and Hillary Clinton disagree on the issues? They do agree on some things, but they disagree on the core Democrat-versus-Republican list:
Abortion Pro-lifePro-choice
Affirmative actionOpposes quotasSupports equal pay
Gay marriageOpposesPreviously opposed; now supports
School vouchers Supports along with Common CoreOpposes but charters ok
Death penaltySupports Opposes
Second Amendment rightsSupports concealed carryBan assault weapons
Campaign finance reformNo limits but full disclosureBan soft money
Click for Hillary Clinton on other issues.   Source: Jeb vs. Hillary On The Issues, by Jesse Gordon, pp. 227-8

Marco Rubio on Jobs : Sep 10, 2014
Voted against Paycheck Fairness Act (equal pay for women)

Vote on a motion to invoke cloture on a motion to proceed to debate on a bill that establishes additional penalties for violations of equal pay requirements in the Fair Labor Standards Act. Highlights:
Click for Marco Rubio on other issues.   Source: Vote Smart Synopsis of S 2199: Paycheck Fairness Act

Elizabeth Warren on Welfare & Poverty : May 11, 2014
Nobody should work full-time and still live in poverty

Q: Are the Republicans going to take back the senate?

SEN. WARREN: Take a look at the House if you want to see what happens when Republicans take over. What are they on now, is this their fiftieth vote to repeal Obamacare? That's not how you run a country. We have real issues we need to deal with. Minimum wage, student loan debt, equal pay for equal work, a little accountability for the big financial institutions.

Q: Your fans say you're a populist, but your critics say you're just basically a socialist.

WARREN: I just don't know where they get that. You know, look at the issues. Minimum wage? I just believe nobody should work full time and live in poverty. And you know what? Most of America agrees. Student loans, I don't think the U.S. government should be making tens of billions of dollars in profits off the backs of our students, which is what the current student loan system is doing. And I think most Americans agree with me on that.

Click for Elizabeth Warren on other issues.   Source: Face the Nation 2014 interview: 2016 presidential hopefuls

Marco Rubio on Civil Rights : Apr 9, 2014
Opposes Paycheck Fairness: don't require equal pay for women

Marco Rubio voted Nay on S 2199 - Paycheck Fairness Act. Vote on a motion to invoke cloture on a motion to proceed to debate on a bill that establishes additional penalties for violations of equal pay requirements in the Fair Labor Standards Act. Synopsis:
Click for Marco Rubio on other issues.   Source: VoteSmart 2014 voting record synopsis

Andrew Cuomo on Civil Rights : Jan 9, 2013
Women's Equality Act: Shatter the glass ceiling

Let's make history and let's pass a Women's Equality Act in the State of New York. Women's Equality Act would have a ten point agenda.
  1. Shatter the glass ceiling by passing a real equal pay law - treble damages for underpayment or discrimination.
  2. Have zero tolerance for sexual harassment in the workplace period.
  3. Strengthen employment, lending, and credit discrimination laws.
  4. Strengthen human trafficking laws.
  5. End family status discrimination.
  6. Prevent landlords from denying housing to qualified tenants based on the source of funds, Section 8 families.
  7. Stop housing discrimination for victims of domestic violence.
  8. Stop pregnancy discrimination once and for all.
  9. Protect victims of domestic violence by strengthening the Order-of-Protection laws.
  10. Protect a woman's freedom of choice. Enact a Reproductive Health Act because it is her body, it is her choice. Because it's her body, it's her choice.
Click for Andrew Cuomo on other issues.   Source: 2013 State of the State Speech to NY Legislature

Elizabeth Warren on Civil Rights : Oct 11, 2012
We need a reliable vote for equal pay for equal work

As in their previous two debates, Warren cast Brown as an unreliable vote on women's issues, though she did so more crisply than before. In a direct appeal to women, she said that when Brown had the chance to vote for equal pay for equal work, he voted no; when he had the chance to vote for employers and insurers to pay for coverage for contraception, he voted no; when he had the chance to vote for a Supreme Court justice who supported abortion rights, he voted no. "The women of Massachusetts need a senator they can count on--not some of the time but all of the time," she said. Whether abortion remains legal, she said, "may hang in the balance."

Brown shot back that "I didn't vote for your boss," a reference to Justice Elena Kagan, who was dean of the Harvard Law School. He said Kagan didn't have the requisite judicial experience.

Click for Elizabeth Warren on other issues.   Source: N.Y. Times on 2012 Mass. Senate debates

Jeb Bush on Civil Rights : Jun 19, 2012
Replaced affirmative action with "One Florida" initiative

An ardent proponent of privatization, Bush helped eliminate nearly 14,000 jobs, and by executive order he replaced affirmative action in university admissions and state contracting with his own "One Florida" initiative, a move that generated lasting ill will with many in the African American community.

Bush was alternately dubbed the "best governor in America" by admirers and "King Jeb" by detractors, but few would dispute that [Bush will] "go down as one of Florida's most consequential governors."

Click for Jeb Bush on other issues.   Source: The Rise of Marco Rubio, by Manuel Rogi-Franzia, p.132

Rick Santorum on Civil Rights : Mar 2, 2012
Santorum side-by-side against Gingrich, Paul & Romney

Q: Is there any issue where Santorum agrees with Romney and not with Gingrich?

A: Yes, Santorum supports affirmative action, as does Romney, while Gingrich and Ron Paul oppose it. On other social issues, the four GOP frontrunners agree: all four oppose abortion, and all four support school prayer. But on al the other categories below, compare to see where they disagree:

Romney/Paul/Santorum/Gingrich side-by-side on Social Issues

Click for Rick Santorum on other issues.   Source: Paperback: Romney/Paul/Santorum/Gingrich side-by-side

Condoleezza Rice on Civil Rights : Jan 10, 2012
Fierce defender of affirmative action

Stanford's Political Science Department wanted to hire me. I got a call from Stanford's affirmative action officer. If a department was willing to hire a minority professor, the university would provide half the money for the position. Even with that incentive, departments were reluctant. But this time the department had come to her. "How did this happen?" she asked.

Years later, after having been on the other side of faculty hiring, especially as the provost of Stanford, I understood exactly what had happened. Stanford, in an effort to diversify its faculty, had made it possible to hire minorities without going through the normal processes. The Department of Political Science saw a young, black, female Soviet specialist and decided to make an affirmative action hire.

Contrary to what has sometimes been written about me, I was and still am a fierce defender of affirmative action of this kind. Why shouldn't universities use every means necessary to diversify their faculty?

Click for Condoleezza Rice on other issues.   Source: My Extraordinary Family, by Condi Rice, p.199-200

Condoleezza Rice on Civil Rights : Jan 10, 2012
Supporter of affirmative action, if done in the right way

Issues of affirmative action are tricky in a university, whether in admissions, in faculty hiring and tenure, or in selecting a football coach. There is probably no single issue on which I've felt more misunderstood. For instance, I have been called an opponent of affirmative action. In fact, I'm a supporter of affirmative action--if done in what I consider to be the right way. No one can doubt that years of racial prejudice produced underrepresentation of minorities and women in all aspects of American life. That is not acceptable in America, which is the world's greatest multi-ethnic democracy.

Yet the question of how to remedy that situation is a delicate one. I've always believed that there are plenty of qualified minorities for these roles. But the processes of selection, the networks through which people are identified, can very easily be insular and produce the same outcomes over and over. The answer lies in looking outside established networks and patterns of hiring.

Click for Condoleezza Rice on other issues.   Source: My Extraordinary Family, by Condi Rice, p.275-276

Barack Obama on Civil Rights : Oct 18, 2011
I benefited from affirmative action in my academic career

The Ivy League preselects America's leaders. Michelle and Barack Obama are where they are because, in getting into Princeton, Columbia, and Harvard Law, and onto law review, they benefited from affirmative action.

Barack Obama himself conceded the point in 1990 when, as president of Harvard Law Review, he wrote in defense of its affirmative action policy:

"As someone who has undoubtedly benefited from affirmative action programs during my academic career, and as someone who may have benefited from the Law Review's affirmative action policy when I was selected to join the Review last year, I have not personally felt stigmatized."

Click for Barack Obama on other issues.   Source: Suicide of a Superpower, by Pat Buchanan, p.258

Jerry Brown on Education : Oct 8, 2011
Vetoed considering demographics in college admissions

Gov. Brown vetoed a controversial, affirmative action-like bill that would have allowed public colleges and universities in California to consider demographic factors in admissions processes.

SB 185 would have made it legal for UC and CSU schools to consider factors such as race, gender, ethnicity and national origin in student admissions. The bill had faced scrutiny by those who questioned its legality. Opponents of the bill said that it contradicted Proposition 209. Approved by voters in 1996, the proposition made it illegal for students to receive preferential treatment on the basis of race, gender or ethnicity.

Though Brown said that he agrees with the purpose of the bill, he believes the courts should determine the limits of the proposition, according to a veto message he sent to the State Senate. "Signing this bill is unlikely to impact how Prop. 209 is ultimately interpreted by the courts; it will just encourage the 209 advocates to file more costly and confusing lawsuits," he wrote.

Click for Jerry Brown on other issues.   Source: Daily Californian on 2014 California governor's race

Sarah Palin on Civil Rights : Sep 30, 2008
Equal pay for equal work; but not Ledbetter Act

Q: Where do you stand on the Ledbetter Fair Pay Act?

A: I’m absolutely for equal pay for equal work. The Ledbetter pay act--it was gonna turn into a boon for trial lawyers who, I believe, could have taken advantage of women who [would] allege discrimination many, many years ago. Thankfully, there are laws on the books, there have been since 1963, that no woman could be discriminated against in the workplace in terms of anything, but especially in terms of pay. So, thankfully we have the laws on the books and they better be enforced.

Q: Why should a fear of lawsuits trump a woman’s ability to do something about the fact that women make 77 cents for every dollar a man makes?

A: There should be no fear of a lawsuit prohibiting a woman from making sure that the laws that are on the books today are enforced. I know in a McCain-Palin administration we will not stand for any measure that would result in a woman being paid less than a man for equal work.

Click for Sarah Palin on other issues.   Source: 2008 CBS News presidential interview with Katie Couric

Barack Obama on Civil Rights : Aug 27, 2008
Keep the promise of equal pay for an equal day’s work

Now is the time to keep the promise of equal pay for an equal day’s work, because I want my daughters to have exactly the same opportunities as your sons.
Click for Barack Obama on other issues.   Source: Speech at 2008 Democratic National Convention

Barack Obama on Civil Rights : Aug 25, 2008
OpEd: Not the seed of civil rights, but the flower

Despite his own background, Obama paradoxically is a post-racial figure in a society weary of racial division. Both for younger, more tolerant Americans who are electrified by his promise, and for an older generation of more conservative whites skeptical of racial preferences, Obama shines out as the opposite of affirmative action--a biracial African American who, against all odds, succeeded based on sheer merit. After a generation of blacks helped up the ladder by affirmative action, Obama is not a black man who got his preset position thanks to the need for racial symbolism, such as, say, Clarence Thomas. He rather evoked Jackie Robinson--one whose talent was so exceptional that he could not be denied. He is what Americans of goodwill dreamed could occur once we put racism behind us; as Leon Wieseltier memorably put it, not the seed of civil rights but the flower.
Click for Barack Obama on other issues.   Source: Obama`s Challenge, by Robert Kuttner, p. 17

Barack Obama on Jobs : Jul 1, 2008
Supports Fair Pay Act: equal pay for equal work

Obama's proposals on combating employment discrimination include: working to overturn the Supreme Court's recent ruling that curtails racial minorities' and women's ability to challenge pay discrimination. Obama will also pass the Fair Pay Act to ensure that women receive equal pay for equal work. Obama will ban racial profiling by federal law enforcement agencies, and provide federal incentives to state and local police departments to prohibit the practice.
Click for Barack Obama on other issues.   Source: Obamanomics, by John R. Talbott, p. 66

Barack Obama on Civil Rights : Apr 16, 2008
Apply affirmative action to poor white college applicants

Q: You said about affirmative action that affluent African Americans like your daughters should probably be treated as advantaged when they apply to college, and that poor white children should get special consideration.

A: The basic principle that should guide discussions not just on affirmative action but how we are admitting young people to college generally is, how do we make sure that we’re providing ladders of opportunity for people? Race is still a factor in our society. And I think that for universities to say, “we’re going to take into account the hardships that somebody has experienced because they’re black or Latino or women...”

Q: Even if they’re wealthy?

A: I think that’s something that they can take into account, but it can only be in the context of looking at the whole situation of the young person. So I still believe in affirmative action as a means of overcoming both historic and potentially current discrimination, but I think that it can’t be a quota system.

Click for Barack Obama on other issues.   Source: 2008 Philadelphia primary debate, on eve of PA primary

Barack Obama on Civil Rights : Feb 2, 2008
Fight job discrimination to give women equal footing at jobs

Click for Barack Obama on other issues.   Source: Campaign booklet, “Blueprint for Change”, p. 35-36

Hillary Clinton on Civil Rights : Jan 21, 2008
Equal pay is not yet equal

Equal pay is not yet equal. A woman makes $0.77 on a dollar & women of color make $0.67. We feel so passionately about this because we not only are running for office, but we each, in our own way, have lived it. We have seen it. We have understood the pain and the injustice that has come because of race, because of gender. It’s imperative that we make it very clear that each of us will address these issues. You don’t hear the Republicans talking about any of this. You don’t hear them talking about the disgrace of a criminal justice system that incarcerates so many more African-Americans proportionately than whites, and any kind of effort to help Historically Black Colleges and Universities, something that I’m committed to doing to make it clear that these are important institutions that have led the way for so many great leaders to be where they are today. So we have a specific set of policies and priorities that are really part of who we are, as well as part of what the Democratic Party stands for.
Click for Hillary Clinton on other issues.   Source: 2008 Congressional Black Caucus Democratic debate

Barack Obama on Civil Rights : Dec 4, 2007
Benefited from affirmative action but overcame via merit

As a black, Obama must display enough natural talent to be immune to the stigma of affirmative action--the perception that he is a mediocrity lifted up by lowered standards.

Still, he has clearly benefited from affirmative action. American universities impose this policy on black students with such totalitarian resolve that even blacks who don’t need the lowered standards come away stigmatized by them.

What began to separate Obama from this stigma was his editorship of the Harvard Law Review. Here was something that required genuine merit. Here was a position he had to gain through competition rather than through the suspension of competition. Obama’s fame began precisely with this achievement because it distinguished him from the general run of black students who carried the stigma of having been pulled forward by lowered standards. He was special because he was clearly more than an “affirmative action baby,” someone who could succeed without the ministrations of white guilt.

Click for Barack Obama on other issues.   Source: A Bound Man, by Shelby Steele, p. 13-14

Barack Obama on Civil Rights : Oct 30, 2007
Include class-based affirmative action with race-based

Obama declared his daughters “should probably be treated by any admissions officer as folks who are pretty advantaged. I think that we should take into account white kids who have been disadvantaged and have grown up in poverty and shown themselves to have what it takes to succeed.”

But Obama is not race blind, and neither is his ideal of affirmative action, which would combine both race-based and class-based preferences. He said, “I don’t think those concepts are mutually exclusive. I think what one can say is that in our society race and class still intersect, and there are a lot of African American kids who are struggling, that even those who are in the middle class may be first generation as opposed to fifth or sixth generation college attendees, and that we all have an interest in bringing as many people together to help build this country.“

Click for Barack Obama on other issues.   Source: The Improbable Quest, by John K. Wilson, p. 65-66

Barack Obama on Civil Rights : Aug 26, 2007
Better enforce women’s pay equity via Equal Pay Act

Despite decades of progress, women still make only 77 cents for every dollar men make. Obama believes the government needs to better enforce the Equal Pay Act, fight job discrimination, and improve child care options and family medical leave to give women equal footing in the workplace.

Women are majority owners of more than 28% of US businesses, but head less than 4% of venture-capital-backed firms. Obama encourages investing in women-owned businesses, and reducing discrimination in lending.

Click for Barack Obama on other issues.   Source: 2008 Presidential campaign website, “Flyers”

Joe Biden on Abortion : Apr 29, 2007
No public funding for abortion; it imposes a view

Q: Are you still opposed to public funding for abortion?

A: I still am opposed to public funding for abortion. It goes to the question of whether or not you’re going to impose a view to support something that is not a guaranteed right but an affirmative action to promote.

Click for Joe Biden on other issues.   Source: Meet the Press: 2007 “Meet the Candidates” series

Jeb Bush on Civil Rights : Feb 15, 2007
Dismantled Florida's affirmative action program

Two black lawmakers staged a sit-in, to protest his unilateral dismantling of Florida's affirmative action programs--designed, in part, to thwart a petition to put the question on the November ballot. Brother George was running as a compassionate conservative. The last thing Jeb wanted was a divisive, hot-button question like that on the Florida ballot.

Two months later, 10,000 black protesters descended on the Capitol on opening day of the legislative session, the largest such demonstration in decades. One of the sit-in legislators, Kendrick Meek, made it his personal mission to avenge Jeb's affirmative action decision with a voter registration drive to turn out the black vote against George. Now, most voter registration drives end in failure. Signing up new voters is one thing. Getting them to actually show up is another. Meek delivered, and the 280,000 extra black voters who cast ballots over the 1996 turnout gave Al Gore a virtual tie, broken a month later by the US Supreme Court.

Click for Jeb Bush on other issues.   Source: America's Next Bush, by S.V. Date, p. 12

Condoleezza Rice on Civil Rights : Oct 11, 2005
Supports college affirmative action, as beneficiary herself

Rice was under pressure to increase the number of tenured female and minority faculty. Rather than bow to the pressures, Rice charted a centrist course. Admitting she was a product of affirmative action, Rice endorsed using racial and gender preferences in hiring faculty. “I am myself a beneficiary of a Stanford strategy that took affirmative action seriously, that took a risk in taking a young Ph.D. from the University of Denver.”

Yet, as much as she backed affirmative action in hiring faculty, she strongly opposed it in granting tenure. She consistently refused to give into demands that she favor minority and women professors in granting tenure.

Rice has broken with President Bush to endorse race-based preferences in college admissions. Rice said, “ I believe that while race-neutral means are preferable, it is appropriate to use race as one factor among others in achieving a diverse student body.”

Click for Condoleezza Rice on other issues.   Source: Condi vs. Hillary, by Dick Morris, p.115-118&179

Newt Gingrich on Civil Rights : Oct 1, 2005
Foreign opinion irrelevant to US affirmative action policy

The majority on the Supreme Court is continuing to look outside America for guidance in interpreting American law. Justice Ginsburg noted that in Michigan affirmative action cases, "I looked to two UN Conventions: the 1965 International Convention on Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination, which the US has ratified; and the 1979 Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women, which, sadly the US has not yet ratified. The Court's decision in the Law School case, I observed, accords with the international understanding of the office of affirmative action."

Thus a mechanism has been locked into place by which five appointed lawyers can redefine the meaning of the US Constitution and the policies implemented under the Constitution either by inventing rationales out of thin air or by citing whatever foreign precedent they think helpful.

Click for Newt Gingrich on other issues.   Source: Winning the Future, by Newt Gingrich, p. 76-77

Joe Biden on Government Reform : Feb 11, 2003
Disallowed bringing pornography issues into Thomas hearing

The 1991 campaign against Clarence Thomas's nomination to the Supreme Court was far more personal and extreme than the campaign against Robert Bork had been. Members of the civil rights establishment set the tone by calling Thomas a variety of despicable names because he disagreed with the prevailing wisdom about affirmative action. Then the feminists had their moment with the belated appearance of Anita Hill, who accused Thomas of offensive ribaldry when he was boss at the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission; she was questioned intensely and skeptically by Alan Simpson and several other Republicans on the Judiciary Committee. A delegation of feminists visited Joseph Biden, just as Ralph Nader had done four years earlier. "They wanted the committee to expose the fact that Thomas watched pornographic films," Biden recalled. "But I told them that if he did, it wasn't material. It was private." (The media were happy to provide all the relevant details to a soap opera-loving public.)
Click for Joe Biden on other issues.   Source: The Natural, by Joe Klein, p.104

Mike Huckabee on Civil Rights : Nov 1, 2002
No affirmative action for state contracts nor colleges

Q: Affirmative Action: Should race, ethnicity, or gender be taken into account in state agencies’ decisions on:

Q: College and university admissions

A: No.

Q: Public employment

A: No.

Q: State contracting

A: No.

Click for Mike Huckabee on other issues.   Source: 2002 AR Gubernatorial National Political Awareness Test

Hillary Clinton on Welfare & Poverty : Jan 1, 2000
Working should mean no poverty

No one who takes the responsibility to work hard every day should have to raise their family in poverty, Hillary says. That’s why she supports raising the minimum wage, and equal pay for equal work. She worked with former Treasury Secretary Bob Rubin to increase microcredit programs, which make investment capital available to small businesses.
Click for Hillary Clinton on other issues.   Source: “About Hillary”

John Kasich on Civil Rights : May 17, 1999
Affirmative action OK via recruitment; not via quotas

Affirmative action is a positive concept when it means we recruit from all segments of our society, and give all Americans the equal opportunity to compete. It is positive when it means recruiting from Howard University as well as Harvard University. Affirmative action has a negative effect on our society when it means counting us like so many beans and dividing us into separate piles. The effect of which is to raise questions in people’s minds about the merits of individuals in quality jobs.
Click for John Kasich on other issues.   Source: Columbus (OH) Urban League Speech, May 17, 1999

Newt Gingrich on Civil Rights : Nov 1, 1998
Discontinue affirmative action programs

Click for Newt Gingrich on other issues.   Source: Congressional 1998 National Political Awareness Test

Jeb Bush on Civil Rights : Jul 2, 1998
Supports Affirmative Action; against quotas

Click for Jeb Bush on other issues.   Source: 1998 Florida National Political Awareness Test

Barack Obama on Civil Rights : Jul 2, 1998
Supports affirmative action in colleges and government

Click for Barack Obama on other issues.   Source: 1998 IL State Legislative National Political Awareness Test

Newt Gingrich on Civil Rights : Jun 1, 1995
Affirmative action OK individually, but not by group

In 1995, a California referendum [was proposed to] eliminate affirmative action programs in state and local government. When Gingrich was asked about the issue at his regular daily press conference, he was consistent.

"It is my belief," he said, "that affirmative action programs, if done for individuals, are good, and if done by some group distinction, are bad. Because it is antithetical to the American dream to measure people by the genetic pattern of their great-grandmothers. So, I'm very interested in rewriting the affirmative action programs so that they allow individuals to get help whether they are Appalachian white or blacks from Atlanta. But I think it ought to be based on the fact that you individually have worked hard and are trying to rise and that you come out of a background of poverty and a background of cultural need."

A reporter noted that some beneficiaries of government preferences have been subjected to discrimination for centuries. "That's been true of virtually every American."

Click for Newt Gingrich on other issues.   Source: Newt!, by Dick Williams, p. 31

  • Additional quotations related to Affirmative Action issues can be found under Civil Rights.
  • Click here for definitions & background information on Civil Rights.
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