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Huffington Post topics
  

Do You Care About GMOs and Food Labeling?

Then here is whom to vote for on November 4!

What is it?

  • Genetically-modified organisms (GMOs) were legalized as food in 1992, when the first Bush administration declared genetically engineered (GE) foods to be "substantially equivalent" to traditional foods.

  • The current political battle is to label GMO foods as GMO foods, so that consumers can make informed choices. The "Genetically Engineered Food Right-to-Know Act" has been introduced in both the House and the Senate.

How does it get passed?

It takes 218 Congresspersons to pass GMO bills in the House of Representatives. It takes 60 Senators in the Senate (since opponents will filibuster this issue).

What's happened so far?

The last major Senate amendment (allowing states to require GE labeling) on GMOs had only 26 votes in The Senate. Supporters of GMO labeling need 34 more Senate votes to pass the next bill on this topic.

Why was the Senate vote so lopsided (26-73)? GMOs represent the most "hopeless" of all the causes surveyed, where "hopeless" is defined by the number of votes needed in the Senate to pass the bill. Most causes surveyed require 4 or 5 votes to change the Senate results; this cause requires 34. Why is that?

Well, take a look at another bill on another agricultural topic for some insight: The last major House amendment: reforming the sugar subsidy had 206 votes in The House, and hence never made it to the Senate. Supporters of agricultural reform need 8 more House votes to win the next amendment on sugar subsidies. But the sugar subsidy bill was a very minor reform: if fiddles with crop loan rates, marketing allotments, and tariff quotas. But the question an outsider might ask is, "Why are there crop loan rates, marketing allotments, and tariff quotas for sugar at all?" The answer is that there are enormous agricultural lobbying organizations -- sugar is Big Business -- and they work quietly in the background to maintain subsidies and government control over the market.

The agriculture lobby has fought hard against GMO labeling. They recognize that GMO labels mean that consumers will often prefer non-GMO foods, hurting profits for the GMO-based foods. That is an enormous barrier to overcome: it means taking on the rich and powerful agriculture lobby.

What will the candidates running in my area on November 4 do?

You'll see below the names of everyone running, for whom we can predict their vote on this issue. They are organized alphabetically by State in one of the two lists below!

The PRO list are those running in 2014 who have supported GMOs and Food Labeling.

The CON list are those running in 2014 who have opposed GMOs and Food Labeling.

An interpretation key appears at the bottom.

Get your friends and family and friends on Facebook and Twitter and elsewhere to help elect 218 and 50 and GMO bills will pass.

Candidate Responses

    GMOs and Food Labeling

    PRO: (Supporters of GMOs and Food Labeling)

  1. AK: Mark Begich (AK Senatorial: Democratic Jr Senator): A likely YES vote
  2. AK: Lisa Murkowski (AK Senatorial: Republican Sr Senator): A likely YES vote
  3. AZ: Raul Grijalva (AZ-3 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  4. CA: Ami Bera (CA-7 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  5. CA: Barbara Boxer (CA Senatorial: Democratic Jr Senator): A likely YES vote
  6. CA: Lois Capps (CA-24 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  7. CA: Judy Chu (CA-27 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  8. CA: Anna Eshoo (CA-18 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  9. CA: Sam Farr (CA-20 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  10. CA: Dianne Feinstein (CA Senatorial: Democratic Sr Senator): A likely YES vote
  11. CA: Jared Huffman (CA-2 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  12. CA: Barbara Lee (CA-13 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  13. CA: Zoe Lofgren (CA-19 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  14. CA: Alan Lowenthal (CA-47 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  15. CA: Jerry McNerney (CA-9 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  16. CA: Grace Napolitano (CA-32 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  17. CA: Adam Schiff (CA-28 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  18. CA: Brad Sherman (CA-30 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  19. CA: Jackie Speier (CA-14 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  20. CA: Mark Takano (CA-41 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  21. CA: Mike Thompson (CA-5 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  22. CA: Maxine Waters (CA-43 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  23. CO: Michael Bennet (CO Senatorial: Democratic Jr Senator): A likely YES vote
  24. CO: Jared Polis (CO-2 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  25. CT: Richard Blumenthal (CT Senatorial: Democratic Sr Senator): A likely YES vote
  26. CT: Rosa DeLauro (CT-3 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  27. DE: Tom Carper (DE Senatorial: Democratic Sr Senator): A likely YES vote
  28. FL: Alan Grayson (FL-9 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  29. FL: Bill Nelson (FL Senatorial: Democratic Sr Senator): A likely YES vote
  30. FL: Frederica Wilson (FL-24 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  31. GA: John Lewis (GA-5 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  32. HI: Tulsi Gabbard (HI-2 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  33. HI: Colleen Hanabusa (HI Senatorial: Democratic Challenger): A likely YES vote
  34. HI: Mazie Hirono (HI Senatorial: Democratic Challenger): A likely YES vote
  35. HI: Brian Schatz (HI Senatorial: Democratic Jr Senator Appointee): A likely YES vote
  36. IL: Richard Durbin (IL Senatorial: Democratic Sr Senator): A likely YES vote
  37. IL: Luis Gutierrez (IL-4 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  38. IL: Bobby Rush (IL-1 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  39. MA: Ed Markey (MA Senatorial: Democratic Challenger): A likely YES vote
  40. MA: Elizabeth Warren (MA Senatorial: Democratic Challenger): A likely YES vote
  41. MD: Donna Edwards (MD-4 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  42. MD: Barbara Mikulski (MD Senatorial: Democratic Sr Senator): A likely YES vote
  43. ME: Susan Collins (ME Senatorial: Republican Sr Senator): A likely YES vote
  44. ME: Chellie Pingree (ME-1 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  45. MI: Gary Peters (MI Senatorial: Democratic Challenger): A likely YES vote
  46. MI: Debbie Stabenow (MI Senatorial: Democratic Jr Senator): A likely YES vote
  47. MN: Keith Ellison (MN-5 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  48. MT: Jon Tester (MT Senatorial: Democratic Jr Senator): A likely YES vote
  49. NH: Jeanne Shaheen (NH Senatorial: Democratic Sr Senator): A likely YES vote
  50. NH: Carol Shea-Porter (NH-1 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  51. NJ: Cory Booker (NJ Senatorial: Democratic Challenger): A likely YES vote
  52. NJ: Rush Holt (NJ Senatorial: Democratic challenger; U.S. Rep.): A likely YES vote
  53. NM: Martin Heinrich (NM Senatorial: Democratic Challenger): A likely YES vote
  54. NV: Harry Reid (NV Senatorial: Democratic Sr Senator): A likely YES vote
  55. NV: Dina Titus (NV-1 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  56. NY: Yvette Clarke (NY-9 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  57. NY: Nita Lowey (NY-17 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  58. NY: Carolyn Maloney (NY-12 House: Democrat/Liberal): A likely YES vote
  59. NY: Jerrold Nadler (NY-10 House: Dem./Lib./Working-Families): A likely YES vote
  60. NY: Charles Rangel (NY-13 House: Dem./Lib./Working-Families): A likely YES vote
  61. NY: Louise Slaughter (NY-25 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  62. OH: Joyce Beatty (OH-3 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  63. OH: John Boccieri (OH-7 House: Democratic challenger): A likely YES vote
  64. OH: Tim Ryan (OH-13 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  65. OR: Earl Blumenauer (OR-3 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  66. OR: Jeff Merkley (OR Senatorial: Democratic Jr Senator): A likely YES vote
  67. OR: Ron Wyden (OR Senatorial: Democratic Sr Senator): A likely YES vote
  68. PA: Matt Cartwright (PA-17 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  69. PA: Chaka Fattah (PA-2 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  70. RI: David Cicilline (RI-1 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  71. RI: James Langevin (RI-2 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  72. RI: Jack Reed (RI Senatorial: Democratic Sr Senator): A likely YES vote
  73. RI: Sheldon Whitehouse (RI Senatorial: Democratic Jr Senator, previously attorney general): A likely YES vote
  74. SD: Larry Pressler (SD Senatorial: Independent Challenger): A likely YES vote
  75. TN: Steve Cohen (TN-9 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  76. TX: Lloyd Doggett (TX-35 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  77. VA: Gerry Connolly (VA-11 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  78. VI: Donna Christensen (VI-Delegate House: Governor candidate 2014): A likely YES vote
  79. VT: Patrick Leahy (VT Senatorial: Democratic Sr Senator): A likely YES vote
  80. VT: Peter Welch (VT-At-Large House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  81. WA: Maria Cantwell (WA Senatorial: Democratic Jr Senator): A likely YES vote
  82. WA: Jim McDermott (WA-7 House: Democrat): A likely YES vote
  83. WA: Cathy McMorris-Rodgers (WA-5 House: Republican): A likely YES vote
  84. WA: Patty Murray (WA Senatorial: Democratic Sr Senator): A likely YES vote

    CON: (Opponents of GMOs and Food Labeling)

  1. AL: Robert Aderholt (AL-4 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  2. AL: Mo Brooks (AL-5 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  3. AL: Michael Rogers (AL-3 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  4. AL: Jeff Sessions (AL Senatorial: Republican Sr Senator): A likely NO vote
  5. AL: Richard Shelby (AL Senatorial: Republican Jr Senator): A likely NO vote
  6. AR: Rick Crawford (AR-1 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  7. AR: Steve Womack (AR-3 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  8. AZ: Jeff Flake (AZ Senatorial: Republican Challenger): A likely NO vote
  9. AZ: Trent Franks (AZ-8 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  10. AZ: Paul Gosar (AZ-4 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  11. CA: Ken Calvert (CA-42 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  12. CA: Jim Costa (CA-16 House: Democrat): A likely NO vote
  13. CA: Jeff Denham (CA-10 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  14. CA: Darrell Issa (CA-49 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  15. CA: Doug LaMalfa (CA-1 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  16. CA: Doris Matsui (CA-6 House: Democrat): A likely NO vote
  17. CA: Devin Nunes (CA-22 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  18. CA: Doug Ose (CA-3 House: Republican challenger): A likely NO vote
  19. CA: Dana Rohrabacher (CA-48 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  20. CA: Ed Royce (CA-39 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  21. CA: David Valadao (CA-21 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  22. CO: Ken Buck (CO Senatorial: Republican Challenger (withdrawn)): A likely NO vote
  23. CO: Mike Coffman (CO-6 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  24. CO: Cory Gardner (CO Senatorial: Republican Senate challenger): A likely NO vote
  25. DE: Christine O`Donnell (DE Senatorial: Republican Senate Challenger): A likely NO vote
  26. FL: Ander Crenshaw (FL-4 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  27. FL: Mario Diaz-Balart (FL-25 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  28. FL: John Mica (FL-7 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  29. FL: Jeff Miller (FL-1 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  30. FL: Rich Nugent (FL-11 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  31. FL: Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (FL-27 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  32. FL: Steve Southerland (FL-2 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  33. FL: Debbie Wasserman Schultz (FL-23 House: Democrat): A likely NO vote
  34. GA: Phil Gingrey (GA Senatorial: Republican Challenger): A likely NO vote
  35. GA: Tom Graves (GA-14 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  36. GA: Johnny Isakson (GA Senatorial: Republican Jr Senator; previously Representative): A likely NO vote
  37. GA: Jack Kingston (GA Senatorial: Republican Challenger): A likely NO vote
  38. GA: Tom Price (GA-6 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  39. GA: Austin Scott (GA-8 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  40. GA: Lynn Westmoreland (GA-3 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  41. IA: Chuck Grassley (IA Senatorial: Republican Sr Senator): A likely NO vote
  42. IA: Steve King (IA-4 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  43. ID: Michael Crapo (ID Senatorial: Republican Sr Senator): A likely NO vote
  44. ID: Jim Risch (ID Senatorial: Republican Jr Senator; previously Governor): A likely NO vote
  45. ID: Mike Simpson (ID-2 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  46. IL: Rodney Davis (IL-13 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  47. IL: Bill Enyart (IL-12 House: Democrat): A likely NO vote
  48. IL: Randy Hultgren (IL-14 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  49. IL: Adam Kinzinger (IL-16 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  50. IL: Dan Lipinski (IL-3 House: Democrat): A likely NO vote
  51. IL: Bobby Schilling (IL-17 House: Republican challenger 2014): A likely NO vote
  52. IL: John Shimkus (IL-15 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  53. IN: Larry Bucshon (IN-8 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  54. IN: Todd Rokita (IN-4 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  55. IN: Marlin Stutzman (IN-3 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  56. IN: Todd Young (IN-9 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  57. KS: Tim Huelskamp (KS-1 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  58. KS: Lynn Jenkins (KS-2 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  59. KS: Jerry Moran (KS Senatorial: Republican Jr Senator): A likely NO vote
  60. KS: Mike Pompeo (KS-4 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  61. KS: Pat Roberts (KS Senatorial: Republican Sr Senator): A likely NO vote
  62. KS: Todd Tiahrt (KS Senatorial: Republican Senate Challenger): A likely NO vote
  63. KS: Kevin Yoder (KS-3 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  64. KY: Brett Guthrie (KY-2 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  65. KY: Mitch McConnell (KY Senatorial: Republican Sr Senator): A likely NO vote
  66. KY: Hal Rogers (KY-5 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  67. KY: Ed Whitfield (KY-1 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  68. LA: Mary Landrieu (LA Senatorial: Democratic Sr Senator): A likely NO vote
  69. LA: David Vitter (LA Senatorial: Republican Jr Senator; previously Representative): A likely NO vote
  70. MD: Andy Harris (MD-1 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  71. MI: Dan Benishek (MI-1 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  72. MI: Bill Huizenga (MI-2 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  73. MI: Candice Miller (MI-10 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  74. MI: Mike Rogers (MI-8 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  75. MI: Fred Upton (MI-6 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  76. MI: Tim Walberg (MI-7 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  77. MN: John Kline (MN-2 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  78. MN: Collin Peterson (MN-7 House: Democrat/Farmer/Labor): A likely NO vote
  79. MO: Roy Blunt (MO Senatorial: Republican Jr Senator): A likely NO vote
  80. MO: Emmanuel Cleaver (MO-5 House: Democrat): A likely NO vote
  81. MO: Vicky Hartzler (MO-4 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  82. MO: Billy Long (MO-7 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  83. MO: Blaine Luetkemeyer (MO-3 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  84. MS: Alan Nunnelee (MS-1 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  85. MS: Steven Palazzo (MS-4 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  86. MS: Roger Wicker (MS Senatorial: Republican Jr Senator; previously Representative): A likely NO vote
  87. NC: Richard Burr (NC Senatorial: Republican Sr Senator; previously Representative): A likely NO vote
  88. NC: G.K. Butterfield (NC-1 House: Democrat): A likely NO vote
  89. NC: Renee Ellmers (NC-2 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  90. NC: Kay Hagan (NC Senatorial: Democratic Jr Senator): A likely NO vote
  91. NC: Richard Hudson (NC-8 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  92. NC: Walter Beaman Jones (NC-3 House: Republican): A solid NO vote
  93. NE: Adrian Smith (NE-3 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  94. NE: Lee Terry (NE-2 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  95. NH: Scott Brown (NH Senatorial: Previsouly MA Republican Jr Senator): A likely NO vote
  96. NJ: Rodney Frelinghuysen (NJ-11 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  97. NJ: Scott Garrett (NJ-5 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  98. NJ: Frank Pallone (NJ Senatorial: Democratic Challenger): A likely NO vote
  99. NM: Steve Pearce (NM-2 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  100. NV: Mark Amodei (NV-2 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  101. NV: Joe Heck (NV-3 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  102. NY: Vito Fossella (NY-11 House: Rep./Cons. challenger): A likely NO vote
  103. NY: Richard Hanna (NY-22 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  104. NY: Brian Higgins (NY-26 House: Democrat): A likely NO vote
  105. NY: Peter King (NY-2 House: Rep./Ind./Cons./Right-To-Life): A likely NO vote
  106. OH: John Boehner (OH-8 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  107. OH: Steve Chabot (OH-1 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  108. OH: Bob Gibbs (OH-7 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  109. OH: Bill Johnson (OH-6 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  110. OH: Jim Jordan (OH-4 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  111. OH: Rob Portman (OH Senatorial: Republican Jr Senator): A likely NO vote
  112. OH: Pat Tiberi (OH-12 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  113. OH: Mike Turner (OH-10 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  114. OK: Tom Cole (OK-4 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  115. OK: James Inhofe (OK Senatorial: Republican Sr Senator): A likely NO vote
  116. OK: James Lankford (OK Senatorial: Republican Senate challenger): A likely NO vote
  117. OK: Frank Dean Lucas (OK-3 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  118. OR: Kurt Schrader (OR-5 House: Democrat): A likely NO vote
  119. OR: Greg Walden (OR-2 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  120. PA: Lou Barletta (PA-11 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  121. PA: Robert Brady (PA-1 House: Democrat): A likely NO vote
  122. PA: Mike Fitzpatrick (PA-8 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  123. PA: Mike Kelly (PA-3 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  124. PA: Tom Marino (PA-10 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  125. PA: Patrick Meehan (PA-7 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  126. PA: Tim Murphy (PA-18 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  127. PA: Joseph Pitts (PA-16 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  128. PA: Bill Shuster (PA-9 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  129. PA: Glenn Thompson (PA-5 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  130. PA: Pat Toomey (PA Senatorial: Republican Jr Senator): A likely NO vote
  131. SC: Jeff Duncan (SC-3 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  132. SC: Lindsey Graham (SC Senatorial: Republican Sr Senator): A likely NO vote
  133. SC: Mick Mulvaney (SC-5 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  134. SC: Tim Scott (SC Senatorial: Republican Senator-Appointee): A likely NO vote
  135. SC: Joe Wilson (SC-2 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  136. SD: Kristi Noem (SD-AL House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  137. TN: Lamar Alexander (TN Senatorial: Republican Sr Senator): A likely NO vote
  138. TN: Marsha Blackburn (TN-7 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  139. TN: Diane Black (TN-6 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  140. TN: Jimmy Duncan (TN-2 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  141. TN: Stephen Fincher (TN-8 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  142. TN: Chuck Fleischmann (TN-3 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  143. TX: Joe Linus Barton (TX-6 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  144. TX: Kevin Brady (TX-8 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  145. TX: Michael Burgess (TX-26 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  146. TX: Quico Canseco (TX-23 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  147. TX: John Carter (TX-31 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  148. TX: Mike Conaway (TX-11 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  149. TX: John Cornyn (TX Senatorial: Republican Sr Senator): A likely NO vote
  150. TX: John Culberson (TX-7 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  151. TX: Blake Farenthold (TX-27 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  152. TX: Bill Flores (TX-17 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  153. TX: Louie Gohmert (TX-1 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  154. TX: Kay Granger (TX-12 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  155. TX: Al Green (TX-9 House: Democrat): A likely NO vote
  156. TX: Gene Green (TX-29 House: Democrat): A likely NO vote
  157. TX: Ralph Moody Hall (TX-4 House: Democrat until 2004; now GOP): A likely NO vote
  158. TX: Jeb Hensarling (TX-5 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  159. TX: Sam Johnson (TX-3 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  160. TX: Michael McCaul (TX-10 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  161. TX: Randy Neugebauer (TX-19 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  162. TX: Ted Poe (TX-2 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  163. TX: Pete Sessions (TX-32 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  164. TX: Lamar Smith (TX-21 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  165. TX: Steve Stockman (TX Senatorial: Republican challenger (Lost primary)): A likely NO vote
  166. TX: Mac Thornberry (TX-13 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  167. UT: Rob Bishop (UT-1 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  168. UT: Orrin Hatch (UT Senatorial: Republican Sr Senator): A likely NO vote
  169. VA: Eric Cantor (VA-7 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  170. VA: Randy Forbes (VA-4 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  171. VA: Bob Goodlatte (VA-6 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  172. VA: Robert Wittman (VA-1 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  173. WI: Ron Johnson (WI Senatorial: Republican Sr Senator): A likely NO vote
  174. WI: Gwen Moore (WI-4 House: Democrat): A likely NO vote
  175. WI: Reid Ribble (WI-8 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  176. WI: Paul Ryan (WI-1 House: Republican; ran for V.P.): A likely NO vote
  177. WI: James Sensenbrenner (WI-5 House: Republican): A likely NO vote
  178. WV: Shelley Moore Capito (WV Senatorial: Republican Challenger): A likely NO vote
  179. WY: Michael Enzi (WY Senatorial: Republican Sr Senator): A likely NO vote
  180. WY: Cynthia Lummis (WY-AL House: Republican): A likely NO vote

    How to interpret this page

  • The list above includes candidates for Senate and House seats in 2014.
  • All of the above ratings are based on multiple sources of information.
  • The sources of information include legislative votes; bill sponsorships; group ratings; campaign websites; campaign debates; and biographical books.
  • Each information source is rated as supporting the topic, or opposing the topic.
  • The number of opposing sources is subtracted from the number of supporting sources; if the net sum is positive, the candidate counts as "Pro"; if negative, the candidate counts as "Con."
  • Click on the candidate's name to see the list of information sources, and whether we rate is as supporting or opposing.
  • Click on the date of each information source to see a full excerpt and context.

    Key for Pro votes:
  • An aboslute YES vote: 5 or more net supporting information sources, indicating consistent and long-standing support
  • A solid YES vote: 3 or 4 net supporting information sources, indicating substantive support
  • A likely YES vote: 1 or 2 net supporting information sources, indicating some support but not enough for certitude.
  • If a candidate has a net zero supporting information sources (or no information sources), that candidate is not listed above at all.

    Key for Con votes:
  • An absolute NO vote: 5 or more net opposinginformation sources, indicating consistent and long-standing opposition
  • A solid NO vote: 3 or 4 net opposing information sources, indicating substantive opposition
  • A likely NO vote: 1 or 2 net opposing information sources, indicating some opposition but not enough for certitude.


  • The above list is not fully inclusive; many House challengers are not included, but all House incumbents are eligibla.
  • All major-party Senate candidates (and incumbents) are eligible; and most Senate challengers are, too.
  • Some of the candidates listed above lost in the primary, but are still listed.


                                                                                                                                                                               
  

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