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Following are the U.S. House votes used to indicate candidates' stances on the issues. Votes which include "VoteMatch Usage" are scored as VoteMatch and HouseMatch quiz responses. Those without a VoteMatch usage are included only on each candidate's main issues page.
Abortion
House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
Vote number 11-HV292 banning federal health coverage that includes abortion
on May 4, 2011 regarding bill H.3 No Taxpayer Funding for Abortion Act
Results: Passed 251-175
    Congressional Summary:Prohibits the expenditure of federal funds for any abortion.
  • Prohibits federal funds from being used for any health benefits coverage that includes coverage of abortion. (Currently, federal funds cannot be used for abortion services and health plans must keep federal funds segregated from any funds for abortion services.)
  • Disallows any tax benefits for amounts paid or incurred for an abortion.
  • Provides exceptions for pregnancies resulting from rape or incest; or life-endangering maternal condition.

Proponent's Argument for voting Yes:
[Rep. Fortenberry, R-NE]: Americans deserve to know how the government spends their money, and they are right to refuse the use of their tax dollars for highly controversial activities--in this case, abortion. Abortion harms women. It takes the lives of children, and it allows a man to escape his responsibility. The abortion industry many times profits from all of this pain. We can and must do better as a society, and at a minimum, taxpayer dollars should not be involved. This issue has manifested itself most intently during the health care debate. Unless a prohibition is enacted, taxpayers will fund abortion under the framework of the new health care law. Abortion is not health care.

Opponent's Argument for voting No:
[Rep. Louise Slaughter, D-NY]: H.R. 3 is actually dangerous for women's health. By refusing to provide any exceptions to women who are facing serious health conditions--cancer, heart or whatever that may be--you are forcing women to choose to risk their health or to risk bankruptcy, and I think that is morally unacceptable. Under H.R. 3, a woman facing cancer who needs to terminate a pregnancy in order to live might have to go into debt over the $10,000 that the legal and necessary procedure could cost. Despite having both health insurance and tax-preferred savings accounts, this bill would prevent her from having that.

Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 1:
Abortion is a woman's right;
Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 1.

(Not used by AmericansElect)
Democrats: YES 17; NO 175
Republicans: YES 234; NO 0
Independents: YES 0; NO 0
Vote number 2007-020 expanding research to more embryonic stem cell lines
on Jan 11, 2007 regarding bill HR 3 ("First 100 hours") Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act
Results: Bill passed, 253-174
Allows federal funding for research that utilizes human embryonic stem cells, regardless of the date on which the stem cells were derived from a human embryo, provided such embryos:
  1. have been donated from in vitro fertilization clinics;
  2. were created for the purposes of fertility treatment;
  3. were in excess of the needs of the individuals seeking such treatment and would otherwise be discarded; and
  4. were donated by such individuals with written informed consent and without any financial or other inducements.

Proponents support voting YES because:

Since 2 years ago, the last Stem Cell bill, public support has surged for stem cells. Research is proceeding unfettered and, in some cases, without ethical standards in other countries. And even when these countries have ethical standards, our failures are allowing them to gain the scientific edge over the US. Some suggest that it is Congress' role to tell researchers what kinds of cells to use. I suggest we are not the arbiters of research. Instead, we should foster all of these methods, and we should adequately fund and have ethical oversight over all ethical stem cell research.

Opponents support voting NO because:

A good deal has changed in the world of science. Amniotic fluid stem cells are now available to open a broad new area of research. I think the American people would welcome us having a hearing to understand more about this promising new area of science. As it stands today, we will simply have to debate the bill on the merits of information that is well over 2 years old, and I think that is unfortunate.

The recent findings of the pluripotent epithelial cells demonstrates how quickly the world has changed. Wouldn't it be nice to have the researcher before our committee and be able to ask those questions so we may make the best possible judgment for the American people?

Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 1:
Abortion is a woman's right;
Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 1.

(Not used by AmericansElect)
Democrats: YES 196; NO 15
Republicans: YES 35; NO 149
Independents: YES 14; NO 6
Vote number 2005-204 allowing human embryonic stem cell research
on May 24, 2005 regarding bill HR 810 Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act
Results: Bill Passed: 238 -194
To provide for human embryonic stem cell research. A YES vote would:
  • Call for stem cells to be taken from human embryos that were donated from in vitro fertilization clinics
  • Require that before the embryos are donated, that it be established that they were created for fertility treatment and in excess of clinical need and otherwise would be discarded
  • Stipulate that those donating the embryos give written consent and do not receive any compensation for the donation.
Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 1:
Abortion is a woman's right;
Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 1.

(Not used by AmericansElect)
Democrats: YES 174; NO 14
Republicans: YES 45; NO 170
Independents: YES 13; NO 7
Vote number 2005-144 restricting interstate transport of minors to get abortions
on Apr 27, 2005 regarding bill HR 748 Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act
Results: Bill Passed: 270 - 157
To prevent the transportation of minors in circumvention of certain laws relating to abortion, and for other purposes, including:
  • Allowing for exemptions to the law if the life of the minor is in danger or if a court in the minor's home state waive the parental notification required by that state
  • Allocating fines and/or up to one year imprisonment of those convicted of transporting a minor over state lines to have an abortion
  • Penalizing doctors who knowingly perform an abortion procedure without obtaining reasonable proof that the notification provisions of the minor's home state have been satisfied
  • Requiring abortion providers in states that do not have parental consent laws and who would be performing the procedure on a minor that resides in another state, to give at least a 24 hour notice to the parent or legal guardian
  • Specifying that neither the minor nor her guardians may be prosecuted or sued for a violation of this act
Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 1:
Abortion is a woman's right;
Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 1.

(Not used by AmericansElect)
Democrats: YES 49; NO 137
Republicans: YES 201; NO 10
Independents: YES 12; NO 8
Vote number 2004-31 making it a crime to harm a fetus during another crime
on Feb 26, 2004 regarding bill HR 1997 Unborn Victims of Violence Act
Results: Bill Passed 254-163: R 207-13; D 47-149
Vote to pass a bill that would make it a criminal offense to harm or kill a fetus during the commission of a violent crime. The measure would set criminal penalties, the same as those that would apply if harm or death happened to the pregnant woman, for those who harm a fetus. It is not required that the individual have prior knowledge of the pregnancy or intent to harm the fetus. This bill prohibits the death penalty from being imposed for such an offense. The bill states that its provisions should not be interpreted to apply a woman's actions with respect to her pregnancy. Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 1:
Abortion is a woman's right;
Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 1.

(Not used by AmericansElect)
Democrats: YES 45; NO 140
Republicans: YES 198; NO 13
Independents: YES 10; NO 9
Vote number 2003-530 banning partial-birth abortion except to save mother’s life
on Oct 2, 2003 regarding bill S.3 Bill sponsored by Santorum, R-PA
Results: Conference Report adopted 281-142
Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003: Vote to pass a bill banning a medical procedure, which is commonly known as "partial-birth" abortion. The procedure would be allowed only in cases in which a women's life is in danger, not for cases where a women's health is in danger. Those who performed this procedure, would face fines and up to two years in prison, the women to whom this procedure is performed on are not held criminally liable. Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 1:
Abortion is a woman's right;
Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 1.

(Not used by AmericansElect)
Democrats: YES 58; NO 128
Republicans: YES 211; NO 4
Independents: YES 12; NO 8
Vote number 2003-39 forbidding human cloning for reproduction & medical research
on Feb 27, 2003 regarding bill HR 534 Human Cloning Prohibition Act
Results: Bill passed 241-155: R 198-16; D 42-139
Vote to pass a bill that would forbid human cloning and punish violators with up to 10 years in prison and fines of at least $1 million. The bill would ban human cloning, and any attempts at human cloning, for both reproductive purposes and medical research. Also forbidden is the importing of cloned embryos or products made from them. (Not used in VoteMatch)

(Not used by AmericansElect)
Democrats: YES 39; NO 131
Republicans: YES 190; NO 15
Independents: YES 10; NO 7
Vote number 2002-412 funding for health providers who don't provide abortion info
on Sep 25, 2002 regarding bill HR 4691 Bill sponsored by Bilirakis, R-FL
Results: Bill Passed 229-189
Abortion Non-Discrimination Act of 2002: Vote to pass a bill that would prohibit the federal, state and local governments that receive federal funding from discriminating against health care providers, health insurers, health maintenance organizations, and any other kind of health care facility, organization or plan, that decline to refer patients for, pay for or provide abortion services. In addition the bill would expand an existing law "conscience clause" that protects physician training programs that refuse to provide training for abortion procedures. Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 1:
Abortion is a woman's right;
Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 1.

(Not used by AmericansElect)
Democrats: YES 30; NO 143
Republicans: YES 170; NO 19
Independents: YES 6; NO 8
Vote number 2001-304xxx banning human cloning, including medical research
on Jul 31, 2001 regarding bill HR 2505
Results: Bill passed, 265-162
Vote to prohibit human cloning for either medical research or reproductive purposes. The bill would make it illegal to perform, attempt or participate in human cloning. It also would ban shipping or importing cloned embryos or products made from them. (Not used in VoteMatch)

(Not used by AmericansElect)
Democrats: YES 0; NO 0
Republicans: YES 0; NO 0
Independents: YES 0; NO 0
Vote number 2001-115 banning Family Planning funding in US aid abroad
on May 16, 2001 regarding bill HR 1646 Amendment sponsored by Hyde, R-IL
Results: Amendment adopted, FOR: 218, AGAINST: 210
Vote to adopt an amendment that would remove language reversing President Bush's restrictions on funding to family planning groups that provide abortion services, counseling or advocacy. Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 1:
Abortion is a woman's right;
Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 1.

(Not used by AmericansElect)
Democrats: YES 31; NO 168
Republicans: YES 179; NO 32
Independents: YES 7; NO 8
Vote number 2001-89 federal crime to harm fetus while committing other crimes
on Apr 26, 2001 regarding bill HR 503 Bill sponsored by Graham, R-SC
Results: Bill passed, FOR: 252, AGAINST: 172
Vote to pass a bill that would make it a federal crime to harm a fetus while committing any of 68 federal offenses or a crime under military law. Abortion doctors and women whose own actions harmed their fetuses would be exempt. Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 1:
Abortion is a woman's right;
Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 1.

(Not used by AmericansElect)
Democrats: YES 51; NO 144
Republicans: YES 191; NO 21
Independents: YES 8; NO 6
Vote number 2000-104 banning partial-birth abortions
on Apr 5, 2000 regarding bill HR 3660 Bill sponsored by Canady, R-FL
Results: Bill passed: FOR: 287; AGAINST: 141
HR 3660 would ban doctors from performing the abortion procedure called "dilation and extraction" [also known as “partial-birth” abortion]. The measure would allow the procedure only if the life of the woman is at risk. Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 1:
Abortion is a woman's right;
Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 1.

(Not used by AmericansElect)
Democrats: YES 73; NO 125
Republicans: YES 203; NO 8
Independents: YES 10; NO 5
Vote number 1999-261 barring transporting minors to get an abortion
on Jun 30, 1999 regarding bill HR 1218 Bill sponsored by Ros-Lehtinen, R-FL
Results: Bill passed: FOR: 270; AGAINST: 159
The Child Custody Protection Act makes it a federal crime to transport a minor across state lines for the purpose of obtaining an abortion. Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 1:
Abortion is a woman's right;
Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 1.

(Not used by AmericansElect)
Democrats: YES 61; NO 138
Republicans: YES 199; NO 13
Independents: YES 10; NO 5

Budget & Economy
House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
Vote number 11-HV198 terminating the Home Affordable mortgage Program
on Mar 29, 2011 regarding bill H.839 The HAMP Termination Act
Results: Passed 252-170
Congressional Summary: Amends the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 to terminate providing new mortgage modification assistance under the Home Affordable Modification Program (HAMP), except with respect to existing obligations on behalf of homeowners already extended an offer to participate in the program.

Proponent's Argument for voting Yes:
[Rep. Biggert, R-IL]: The HAMP Termination Act would put an end to the poster child for failed Federal foreclosure programs. The program has languished for 2 years, hurt hundreds of thousands of homeowners, and must come to an end. This bill would save $1.4 billion over 10 years. To date, the HAMP program has already consumed $840 million of the more than $30 billion of TARP funds that were set aside for the program. For this extraordinary investment, the administration predicted that 3 to 4 million homeowners would receive help. HAMP has hurt more homeowners than it has helped. The program has completed about 540,000 mortgage modifications. Another 740,000 unlucky homeowners had their modifications cancelled.

Opponent's Argument for voting No:
[Rep. Capuano, D-MA]: This is a program that I'm the first to admit has not lived up to what our hopes were. This program we had hoped would help several million people. Thus far we've only helped about 550,000 people. But to simply repeal all of these programs is to walk away from individual homeowners, walk away from neighborhoods. I'm not going to defend every single aspect of this program, and I am happy to work with anyone to make it better, to help more people to keep their homes, & keep their families together. To simply walk away without offering an alternative means we don't care; this Congress doesn't care if you lose your home, period. Now, I understand if that makes me a bleeding-heart liberal according to some people, so be it.

(Not used in VoteMatch)

(Not used by AmericansElect)
Democrats: YES 20; NO 167
Republicans: YES 232; NO 3
Independents: YES 0; NO 0
Vote number 2009-H659 $192B additional anti-recession stimulus spending
on Jul 29, 2009 regarding bill H.R. 3357 Omnibus Appropriations Act Amendment
Results: Passed 363-68
    Congressional Summary:
  • $7 billion Increase in Fund balance appropriation (without fiscal year limitation).
  • With respect to the Unemployment Trust Fund and to the Black Lung Disability Trust Fund: Removes the FY2010 limitation as well as the specific dollar amount for such advances, replacing them with such appropriations as may be necessary.
  • Increases from $315 billion to $400 billion the maximum loan principal for FY2009 commitments to guarantee single family loans insured under the Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund (MMIF).
  • Increases from $300 billion to $400 billion the limit on new Government National Mortgage Association (GNMA or Ginnie Mae) commitments to issue guarantees under the Mortgage-Backed Securities Loan Guarantee Program.

Proponent's argument to vote Yes:Rep. LEWIS (D, GA-5): This bipartisan bill will provide the necessary funds to keep important transportation projects operating in States around the country. The Highway Trust Fund will run out of funding by September. We must act, and we must act now.

Opponent's argument to vote No:Rep. CAMP (R, MI-4): [This interim spending is] needed because the Democrats' economic policy has resulted in record job loss, record deficits, and none of the job creation they promised. Democrats predicted unemployment would top out at 8% if the stimulus passed; instead, it's 9.5% and rising. In Michigan, it's above 15%. The Nation's public debt and unemployment, combined, has risen by a shocking 40% [because of] literally trillions of dollars in additional spending under the Democrats' stimulus, energy, and health plans.

We had a choice when it came to the stimulus last February. We could have chosen a better policy of stimulating private-sector growth creating twice the jobs at half the price. That was the Republican plan. Instead, Democrats insisted on their government focus plan, which has produced no jobs and a mountain of debt.

(Not used in VoteMatch)

Voting YES counts as answer D on AmericansElect question 1;
Voting NO counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 1.
Democrats: YES 240; NO 1
Republicans: YES 103; NO 65
Independents: YES 20; NO 2
Vote number 2009-H104 modifying bankruptcy rules to avoid mortgage foreclosures
on Mar 5, 2009 regarding bill HR1106&S896 Helping Families Save Their Homes Act
Results: Passed 234-191
Congressional Summary:Amends federal bankruptcy law to exclude debts secured by the debtor's principal residence that was either sold in foreclosure or surrendered to the creditor.

Proponent's argument to vote Yes:Rep. PETER WELCH (D, VT-0): Citigroup supports this bill. Why? They're a huge lender. They understand that we have to stabilize home values in order to begin the recovery, and they need a tool to accomplish it. Mortgages that have been sliced and diced into 50 different sections make it impossible even for a mortgage company and a borrower to come together to resolve the problem that they share together.

Sen. DICK DURBIN (D, IL): 8.1 million homes face foreclosure in America today. Last year, I offered this amendment to change the bankruptcy law, and the banking community said: Totally unnecessary. In fact, the estimates were of only 2 million homes in foreclosure last year. America is facing a crisis.

Opponent's argument to vote No:

Sen. JON KYL (R, AZ): This amendment would allow bankruptcy judges to modify home mortgages by lowering the principal and interest rate on the loan or extending the term of the loan. The concept in the trade is known as cram-down. It would apply to all borrowers who are 60 days or more delinquent. Many experts believe the cram-down provision would result in higher interest rates for all home mortgages. We could end up exacerbating this situation for all the people who would want to refinance or to take out loans in the future.

Rep. MICHELE BACHMANN (R, MN-6): Of the foundational policies of American exceptionalism, the concepts that have inspired our great Nation are the sanctity of private contracts and upholding the rule of law. This cramdown bill crassly undercuts both of these pillars of American exceptionalism. Why would a lender make a 30-year loan if they fear the powers of the Federal Government will violate the very terms of that loan?

(Not used in VoteMatch)

(Not used by AmericansElect)
Democrats: YES 214; NO 23
Republicans: YES 5; NO 160
Independents: YES 15; NO 8
Vote number 2009-H046 additional $825 billion for economic recovery package
on Jan 28, 2009 regarding bill H.R.1 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
Results: Passed 244-188
Congressional Summary:Supplemental appropriations for job preservation and creation, infrastructure investment, energy efficiency and science, assistance to the unemployed, and State and local fiscal stabilization, for fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 2009.

Proponent's argument to vote Yes:Rep. DAVID OBEY (D, WI-7): This country is facing what most economists consider to be the most serious and the most dangerous economic situation in our lifetimes. This package today is an $825 billion package that does a variety of things to try to reinflate the economy:

  1. creating or saving at least 4 million jobs
  2. rebuilding our basic infrastructure
  3. providing for job retraining for those workers who need to learn new skills
  4. moving toward energy independence
  5. improving our healthcare system so all Americans can have access to quality treatment
  6. providing tax cuts to lessen the impact of this crisis on America's working families.

Opponent's argument to vote No:

Rep. JERRY LEWIS (R, CA-51): Most of us would agree that the recent $700 billion Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) is an illustration of how good intentions don't always deliver desired results. When Congress spends too much too quickly, it doesn't think through the details and oversight becomes more difficult. The lesson learned from TARP was this: we cannot manage what we do not measure. We cannot afford to make the same mistake again.

Sen. THAD COCHRAN (R, MS): We are giving the executive branch immense latitude in the disbursement of the spending this bill contains. We are doing so without any documentation of how this spending will stimulate the economy. Normally, this kind of information would be contained in an administration budget. For items that have a short-term stimulative effect, most of us will feel comfortable debating their merits as an emergency measure. But there is a great deal of spending that is not immediately stimulative.

(Not used in VoteMatch)

(Not used by AmericansElect)
Democrats: YES 230; NO 10
Republicans: YES 0; NO 169
Independents: YES 14; NO 9
Vote number 2009-H026 monitoring TARP funds to ensure more mortgage relief
on Jan 21, 2009 regarding bill H.R.384 TARP Reform and Accountability Act
Results: Passed 260-166
Congressional Summary:Requires specified depository institutions under the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) to report periodically on their use of TARP assistance. Requires federal banking regulatory agencies to examine annually the use of TARP funds made by the deposit institutions.

Proponent's argument to vote Yes:Rep. BARNEY FRANK (D, MA-4): Last year, after we responded to the urgent pleas of the Bush administration to authorize the $700 billion deployment of Federal funds to unstick the credit markets, many of us became very unhappy, [because Bush] repudiated commitments to use a significant part of the fund to diminish foreclosures. If we do not pass this bill today, we will make no progress in what is the single biggest economic problem we've been facing, namely, the foreclosure crisis.

Opponent's argument to vote No:Rep. RON PAUL (R, TX-14): There has been a lot of money spent to try to bail out the financial industry, and nothing seems to be working. I think it's mainly because we haven't admitted that excessive spending can cause financial problems, & excessive debt and inflation can cause problems.

Actually, the recession is therapy for all of the mistakes, but the mistakes come, basically, from a Federal Reserve system that's causing too many people to make mistakes. Interest rates are lower than they should be, so they don't save. That contributes to what we call "moral hazard" as well as the system of the Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac system. With the assumption that we're all going to be bailed out, people say, "Well, no sweat because, if there is a mistake, the government will come to our rescue." A private FDIC would never permit this massive malinvestment. There would be regulations done in the marketplace, and there would not be this distortion that we've ended up with.

(Not used in VoteMatch)

(Not used by AmericansElect)
Democrats: YES 229; NO 9
Republicans: YES 16; NO 149
Independents: YES 15; NO 8
Vote number 2008-H690 $15B bailout for GM and Chrysler
on Dec 10, 2008 regarding bill HR.7321 Auto Industry Financing and Restructuring Act
Results: Passed 237-170
Congressional Summary:
  • Requires each automaker to submit a restructuring plan which includes:
  • the repayment of all government-provided financing
  • the domestic manufacturing of advanced technology vehicles
  • restructuring existing debt.

Proponent's argument to vote Yes:Rep. BARNEY FRANK (D, MA-4): This economy is in the worst shape that it has been in since the Great Depression. This Congress voted 2 months ago to advance $25 billion to the auto industry to promote innovation. This $15 billion is an additional "bridge loan."

Opponent's argument to vote No:Rep. SPENCER BACHUS (R, AL-6): We all understand that the bankruptcy of either GM or Chrysler would have a cascading effect on other manufacturers. But I cannot support this plan because it spends taxpayer money without any real promise to return the industry to profitability. I see several glaring flaws. We are creating a new car czar to manage these companies from Washington; not a CEO, but a car czar. Second, this legislation actually imposes new and expensive mandates on our automobile companies. Third, this legislation imposes Federal Government management on the Big Three, the wisdom of Washington. It is clear that the management of these companies have made mistakes, many mistakes, but to set up a command and control Federal bureaucrat is exactly the wrong solution.

Rep. RON PAUL (R, TX-14): The problems that we are facing today date back to 1971. But we don't seem to want to go back and find out how financial bubbles form and why they burst. Instead, we just carry on doing the same old thing and never look back. We spend more money, we run up more debt, we print more money, and we think that is going to solve the problem that was created by spending too much money, running up debt, printing too much money. Today, we are talking about tinkering on the edges without dealing with the big problem.

(Not used in VoteMatch)

(Not used by AmericansElect)
Democrats: YES 200; NO 17
Republicans: YES 31; NO 142
Independents: YES 6; NO 11
Vote number 2008-H660 $60B stimulus package for jobs, infrastructure, & energy
on Sep 26, 2008 regarding bill S.3604&HR7110 Job Creation and Unemployment Relief Act
Results: Passed 264-158
Congressional Summary:
    Supplemental appropriations for:
  1. Infrastructure Investments: Transportation: DOT, FAA, AMTRAK, and FTA
  2. Clean Water (EPA)
  3. Flood Control and Water Resources (ACE)
  4. 21st Century Green High-Performing Public School Facilities (ED)
  5. Energy Development (DOE)
  6. Extension of Unemployment Compensation and Job Training
  7. Temporary Increase in Medicaid Matching Rate
  8. Temporary Increase in Food Assistance

Proponent's argument to vote Yes:Rep. DAVID OBEY (D, WI-7): Congress has tried to do a number of things that would alleviate the squeeze on the middle class. Meanwhile, this economy is sagging. Jobs, income, sales, and industrial production have all gone down. We have lost 600,000 jobs. We are trying to provide a major increase in investments to modernize our infrastructure and to provide well-paying construction jobs at the same time.

Opponent's argument to vote No:Rep. JERRY LEWIS (R, CA-41): Just 2 days ago we were debating an $800 billion continuing resolution. Now in addition to being asked to pay for a bailout for Wall Street, taxpayers are being asked to swallow an additional $60 billion on a laundry list of items I saw for the first time just a few hours ago. The Democratic majority is describing this legislation as a "stimulus package" to help our national economy. But let's not fool ourselves. This is a political document pure and simple. If these priorities are so important, why hasn't this bill gone through the normal legislative process? We should have debated each of the items included in this package.

It doesn't take an economist to tell you that the economy needs our help. But what does this Congress do? It proposes to spend billions more without any offsets in spending. The failure to adhere to PAYGO means that this new spending will be financed through additional borrowing, which will prove a further drag on our struggling economy.

(Not used in VoteMatch)

Voting YES counts as answer D on AmericansElect question 1;
Voting NO counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 1.
Democrats: YES 214; NO 6
Republicans: YES 37; NO 146
Independents: YES 13; NO 6
Vote number 2008-448 defining "energy emergency" on federal gas prices
on Jun 24, 2008 regarding bill H R 6346 Federal Price Gouging Prevention Act
Results: Bill passed, 276-146
Congressional Summary:
  • Makes it unlawful, during a period proclaimed by the President as an energy emergency, to sell gasoline at a price that:
    1. is unconscionably excessive; or
    2. indicates the seller is taking unfair advantage of the circumstances to increase prices unreasonably.
  • Authorizes the President to issue an energy emergency proclamation of up to 30 days, with renewals allowed.Proponents argument for voting YEA: Rep. STUPAK. Vote YES to stand up for consumers who are paying outrageous gas prices at the pump, or vote NO to allow oil companies to go on setting them unchecked. The national average for a gallon of regular gasoline is $4.07. The high cost of energy produces more opportunities to have price gouging and price manipulation. Everyone is shocked to learn that there is no Federal law against gas price gouging. Unscrupulous wholesalers, retailers and refiners operate without the Federal oversight to ensure prices are fair and justified. A vote against my bill is a vote against consumers and a vote for Big Oil.

    Opponents argument for voting NAY: Rep. BARTON of Texas: [My first issue the bill is that by the bill's own definition], we don't have price gouging in the US today. We do have high prices. But the reason we have that price is not because of price gouging at retail. I am not aware of any pending State action on price gouging, and almost every State has State law to go after price gougers.

    The second issue with the bill, it requires the declaration of a Presidential energy emergency. The bill doesn't give any definition as to why the President should declare an energy emergency; it doesn't define "unconscionably excessive"; it doesn't define when a "seller is taking unfair advantage."

    I know there is a lot of pressure on the Congress doing something. I would state we would be better served to look at the underlying fundamentals that address the supply situation.

(Not used in VoteMatch)

(Not used by AmericansElect)
Democrats: YES 215; NO 1
Republicans: YES 48; NO 139
Independents: YES 13; NO 6
Vote number 08-HR3524 revitalizing severely distressed public housing
on Jan 17, 2008 regarding bill H.R.3524 HOPE VI Improvement and Reauthorization Act
Results: Bill passed 271-13
CONGRESSIONAL SUMMARY: HOPE VI Improvement and Reauthorization Act of 2008:
  • Makes promoting housing choice among low-income families one of the purposes of the HOPE VI grant program for revitalization of severely distressed public housing.
  • Prohibits the award of demolition-only grants
  • Specifies requirements for revitalization plans including:
    1. involvement of public housing residents;
    2. a program for relocation;
    3. one-for-one replacement of demolished dwelling units; and
    4. green developments.

    SUPPORTER'S ARGUMENT FOR VOTING YES:Rep. WATERS: This bill preserves public housing. The administration eliminated the one-for-one replacement requirement in 1996, effectively triggering a national sloughing off of our Nation's public housing inventory. Housing authorities have consistently built back fewer units than they have torn down and, as a result, over 30,000 units have been lost. I urge you to support our Nation's low-income families and to preserve our housing stock.

    OPPONENT'S ARGUMENT FOR VOTING NO:Rep. HENSARLING: President Reagan once said that the nearest thing to eternal life on Earth is a Federal program, and I don't think there is any better case study than perhaps the HOPE VI program. If there was ever a program that cried out for termination, it's this one.

    This program began in 1992 with a very noble purpose of taking 86,000 units of severely distressed public housing and replacing them, demolishing them. Well, it achieved its mission. But somewhere along the line we had this thing in Washington known as mission creep.

    We already have 80-plus Federal housing programs, and the budget for Federal housing programs has almost doubled in the last 10 years, from $15.4 billion to more than $30 billion now. So it's very hard to argue that somehow Federal housing programs have been shortchanged.

    LEGISLATIVE OUTCOME:Bill passed House, 271-130

  • (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 208; NO 1
    Republicans: YES 50; NO 124
    Independents: YES 13; NO 5
    Vote number 2007-1118 regulating the subprime mortgage industry
    on Nov 15, 2007 regarding bill HR3915 Mortgage Reform and Anti-Predatory Lending Act
    Results: Bill Passed, 291-127
    H.R.3915: To reform consumer mortgage practices and provide accountability for such practices, to establish licensing and registration requirements for residential mortgage originators. Prohibits certain creditor practices with respect to high-cost mortgages, including:
    • recommending default on an existing loan in connection with closing of a high-cost mortgage
    • steering incentives to mortgage originators
    • exercising sole discretion to accelerate indebtedness
    • single premium credit insurance and
    • negative amortization mortgages.

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    Rep. FRANK: This legislation seeks to prevent a repetition of events that caused one of the most serious financial crises in recent times. We have a worldwide problem economically, with a terrible shortage of credit. Innovations in the mortgage industry, in themselves good and useful, but conducted in such a completely unregulated manner as to have led to this crisis. The fundamental principle of the bill is not to put remedies into place, but to stop future problems from occurring in the first place. We have had two groups of mortgage originators: banks subject to the regulation of the bank regulators; and then mortgage loans made by brokers who were subject to no regulation. The secondary market has been on the whole useful but, having been unregulated, has caused some problems.

    Opponents recommend voting NO because:

    Rep. HENSARLING: This is a bad bill for homeowners in America. There is no doubt that this Nation faces a great challenge in the subprime market, but this piece of legislation is going to make the situation worse. Clearly, there has to be enforcement against fraud in the subprime market. But what Congress should not do is essentially outlaw the American Dream for many struggling families who may be of low income, who may have checkered credit pasts, for whom a subprime mortgage is the only means to purchase a home.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 208; NO 1
    Republicans: YES 61; NO 120
    Independents: YES 15; NO 6
    Vote number 2004-10 restricting bankruptcy rules
    on Jan 28, 2004 regarding bill S 1920 Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act
    Results: Bill Passed 265-99: R 195-0; D 70-98
    Vote to pass the bill that would require debtors who are able to pay back $10,000 or 25 percent of their debts over five years to file under Chapter 13, rather then seeking to discharge their debts under Chapter 7. Chapter 13, calls for a reorganization of debts under a repayment plan. A Debtor would be restricted, in this bill, to a total exemption of $125,000 in home equity for residences bought within 40 months of a bankruptcy filing. The bill also would establish permanent and retroactive Chapter 12 bankruptcy relief for farmers. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 67; NO 92
    Republicans: YES 186; NO 0
    Independents: YES 12; NO 6

    Civil Rights
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number 2007-1057 prohibiting job discrimination based on sexual orientation
    on Nov 13, 2007 regarding bill HR3685 Employment Non-Discrimination Act
    Results: Bill Passed, 235-184
    HR3685: Employment Non-Discrimination Act: Makes it an unlawful employment practice to discriminate against an individual on the basis of actual or perceived sexual orientation, including actions based on the actual or perceived sexual orientation of a person with whom the individual associates or has associated. Prohibits preferential treatment or quotas. Allows only disparate treatment claims. Inapplicable to associations that are exempt from religious discrimination provisions.

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    Rep. CASTOR: The march towards equality under the law for all of our citizens has sometimes been slow, but it has been steady. Over time, Congress has outlawed discrimination in the workplace, based upon a person's race, gender, age, national origin, religion and disability, because when it comes to employment, these decisions are rightly based upon a person's qualifications and job performance. This legislation that outlaws job discrimination based upon sexual orientation was first introduced over 30 years ago. A broad coalition of businesses and community organizations strongly support this landmark civil rights legislation, including the Human Rights Campaign; the Anti-Defamation League; and the NAACP.

    Opponents recommend voting NO because:

    Rep. HASTINGS: Federal law bans job discrimination based on race, color, national origin, or gender. In addition, 19 States have passed laws prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. I strongly oppose discrimination in the workplace. However, I do not think it is the place of the Federal Government to legislate how each and every workplace operates. A number of States have enacted State laws in this area. That is their right. Many businesses have chosen to adopt their own policies. That is appropriate as well. This bill as written would expand Federal law into a realm where PERCEPTION would be a measure under discrimination law [which I consider inappropriate].

    Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 3:
    Same-sex domestic partnership benefits;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 3.

    Voting YES counts as answer B on AmericansElect question 7;
    Voting NO counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 7.
    Democrats: YES 186; NO 22
    Republicans: YES 34; NO 150
    Independents: YES 11; NO 9
    Vote number 2006-378 Constitutionally defining marriage as one-man-one-woman
    on Jul 18, 2006 regarding bill H J RES 88 Marriage Protection Amendment
    Results: Resolution failed, 236-187 (2/3 required)
    Proposing an amendment to the Constitution stating: "Marriage in the US shall consist only of the union of a man and a woman. Neither this Constitution, nor the constitution of any State, shall be construed to require that marriage or the legal incidents thereof be conferred upon any union other than the union of a man and a woman."

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    The overwhelming majority of the American people support traditional marriage, marriage between a man and a woman. The people have a right to know whether their elected Representatives agree with them about protecting traditional marriage.

    Every child deserves both a father and a mother. Studies demonstrate the utmost importance of the presence of a child's biological parents in a child's happiness, health and future achievements. If we chip away at the institution which binds these parents and the family together, the institution of marriage, you begin to chip away at the future success of that child.

    Opponents support voting NO because:

    This amendment does not belong in our Constitution. It is unworthy of our great Nation. We have amended the Constitution only 27 times. Constitutional amendments have always been used to enhance and expand the rights of citizens, not to restrict them. Now we are being asked to amend the Constitution again, to single out a single group and to say to them for all time, you cannot even attempt to win the right to marry.

    From what precisely would this amendment protect marriage? From divorce? From adultery? No. Evidently, the threat to marriage is the fact that there are millions of people in this country who very much believe in marriage, who very much want to marry but who are not permitted to marry. I believe firmly that in the not-too-distant future people will look back on these debates with the incredulity with which we now view the segregationist debates of years past.

    Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 3:
    Same-sex domestic partnership benefits;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 3.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 27; NO 148
    Republicans: YES 190; NO 26
    Independents: YES 10; NO 10
    Vote number 2005-627 making the PATRIOT Act permanent
    on Dec 14, 2005 regarding bill HR 3199 USA PATRIOT and Terrorism Prevention Reauthorization Act
    Results: Conference Report Adopted: 251 - 174
    To extend and modify authorities needed to combat terrorism, and for other purposes, including:
    • Assigning three judges to hear individuals' petitions concerning improper requests by the FBI for library circulation records, library patron lists, book sales records, book customer lists, and other records
    • Reporting every year the number of library records orders that are granted, modified, or denied
    • Allows Internet service providers to disclose their subscribers information and the contents of their communications to a government entity, if they believe there is “immediate danger of death or serious physical injury”
    • Requires that any court that allows a “roving wiretap” under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) must describe in great detail the intended target whose identity is not known
    • Allows individuals and businesses to seek legal counsel if they have received a National Security Letter from the FBI requiring them to disclose financial information and records
    Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 14:
    Patriot Act harms civil liberties;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 14.

    Voting YES counts as answer B on AmericansElect question 9;
    Voting NO counts as answer C on AmericansElect question 9.
    Democrats: YES 40; NO 146
    Republicans: YES 196; NO 17
    Independents: YES 11; NO 8
    Vote number 2004-484 Constitutional Amendment banning same-sex marriage
    on Sep 30, 2004 regarding bill H.J.RES.106 Constitutional Amendment sponsored by Rep Musgrave [R, CO-4]
    Results: Amendment failed, 227-186 (2/3rds required)
    Marriage Protection Amendment - Declares that marriage in the United States shall consist only of the union of a man and a woman. Prohibits the Constitution or any State constitution from being construed to require that marital status or its legal incidents be conferred upon any union other than that of a man and a woman. Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 3:
    Same-sex domestic partnership benefits;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 3.

    Voting YES counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 7;
    Voting NO counts as answer C on AmericansElect question 7.
    Democrats: YES 33; NO 151
    Republicans: YES 183; NO 26
    Independents: YES 10; NO 8
    Vote number 2004-467 protecting the Pledge of Allegiance
    on Sep 23, 2004 regarding bill H.R.2028 Bill sponsored by Rep Todd Akin [R, MO-2]
    Results: Bill passed, 247-173
    Pledge Protection Act: Amends the Federal judicial code to deny jurisdiction to any Federal court, and appellate jurisdiction to the Supreme Court, to hear or decide any question pertaining to the interpretation of the Pledge of Allegiance or its validity under the Constitution. Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 4:
    Teacher-led prayer in public schools;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 4.

    Voting YES counts as answer B on AmericansElect question 9;
    Voting NO counts as answer C on AmericansElect question 9.
    Democrats: YES 32; NO 156
    Republicans: YES 203; NO 6
    Independents: YES 11; NO 9
    Vote number 2003-234 constitutional amendment prohibiting flag desecration
    on Jun 3, 2003 regarding bill HJRes.4 Resolution sponsored by Thomas, R-CA
    Results: Resolution passed 300-125
    Desecration of Flag resolution: Vote to pass the joint resolution to put forward a Constitutional amendment to state that Congress shall have the power to prohibit the physical desecration of the flag of the United States. Note: A two-thirds majority vote of those present and voting (284 in this case) is required to pass a joint resolution proposing an amendment to the Constitution. Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 4:
    Teacher-led prayer in public schools;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 4.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 81; NO 105
    Republicans: YES 206; NO 11
    Independents: YES 13; NO 7
    Vote number 2001-232xxx Constitutional amendment prohibiting Flag Desecration
    on Jul 17, 2001 regarding bill HJRES 36
    Results: Joint Resolution passed, 298-125
    Proposing a Constitutional amendment to state that Congress shall have the power to prohibit the physical desecration of the flag of the United States. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 0; NO 0
    Republicans: YES 0; NO 0
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0
    Vote number 1999-346 banning gay adoptions in DC
    on Jul 29, 1999 regarding bill HR 2587 Amendment introduced by Largent, R-OK
    Results: Amendment failed: FOR: 213; AGAINST: 215
    Vote on an amendment banning adoptions in District of Columbia by gays or other individuals who are not related by blood or marriage. Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 3:
    Same-sex domestic partnership benefits;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 3.

    Voting YES counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 7;
    Voting NO counts as answer B on AmericansElect question 7.
    Democrats: YES 28; NO 169
    Republicans: YES 175; NO 38
    Independents: YES 9; NO 6
    Vote number 1999-252xxx Amendment to prohibit burning the US flag
    on Jun 24, 1999 regarding bill HJ.Res.33 Resolution proposed by Cunningham, R-CA
    Results: Resolution passed: FOR: 305; AGAINST: 124
    Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States authorizing the Congress to prohibit the physical desecration of the flag of the United States. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 0; NO 0
    Republicans: YES 0; NO 0
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0
    Vote number 1998-133 ending preferential treatment by race in college admissions
    on May 6, 1998 regarding bill HR 6 Amendment introduced by Riggs, R-CA.
    Results: Amendment failed: FOR: 171; AGAINST: 249
    HR 6, the Higher Education Amendments Act of 1997, would prohibit any post-secondary institution that participates in any program under the Higher Education Act from discriminating or granting any preferential treatment in admission based on race, sex, ethnicity, color or national origin. Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 2:
    Require hiring more women & minorities;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 2.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 5; NO 180
    Republicans: YES 154; NO 51
    Independents: YES 4; NO 10

    Corporations
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number 2009-H686 letting shareholders vote on executive compensation
    on Jul 31, 2009 regarding bill H.R.3269 Say-On-Pay Bill
    Results: Passed 237-185
    Congressional Summary:

    Corporate and Financial Institution Compensation Fairness Act: Amends the Securities Exchange Act to require that any proxy for an annual shareholders meeting provide for a separate shareholder vote to approve executive compensation for named executive officers. The shareholder vote shall not be:

    1. binding on the corporation
    2. construed as overruling a board decision, or as creating or implying any additional fiduciary duty by the board; or
    3. construed as restricting or limiting shareholder ability to place executive compensation proposals within proxy materials.

    Proponent's argument to vote Yes:Rep. BARNEY FRANK (D, MA-4): The amount of wages is irrelevant to the SEC. What this bill explicitly aims at is the practice whereby people are given bonuses that pay off if the gamble pays off, but don't lose you anything if it doesn't. That is, there is a wide consensus that this incentivizes excessive risk.

    Opponent's argument to vote No:Rep. SPENCER BACHUS (R, AL-6): True, the first 6 pages of the bill give the owners, the shareholders, a non-binding vote on the pay of top executives. But then come the next 8 pages, the switch, which gives the regulators the power to decide appropriate compensation for not only just top executives but for all employees of all financial institutions above $1 billion in assets and all without regard for the shareholders' prior approval. So under the guise of empowering shareholders, it is, in fact, the government that is empowered. And, finally, on page 15, the bill designates those same government entities which regulated AIG, Countrywide, and collectively failed to prevent the worst financial calamity since the Great Depression. This bill continues the Democrat majority's tendency to go to the default solution for every problem: create a government bureaucracy to make decisions better left to private citizens and private corporations.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 227; NO 11
    Republicans: YES 2; NO 161
    Independents: YES 8; NO 13
    Vote number 2009-H486 more funding for nanotechnology R&D and commercialization
    on Jul 8, 2009 regarding bill S.1233&H.R.2965 Enhancing Small Business Research and Innovation Act
    Results: Passed 386-41
    Congressional Summary:Extends funding for research and development topics, nanotechnology, project commercialization, prioritization of applications, and federal administration and oversight.

    Proponent's argument to vote Yes:Rep. NYDIA VELÁZQUEZ (D, NY-12): We need jobs that cannot be shipped overseas and will not evaporate in the next cycle of boom and bust. But those jobs aren't going to appear out of thin air. They need to be created. By expanding existing industries and unlocking new ones, H.R. 2965 will generate the jobs we need. Job creation is the primary goal of R&D. But in order to generate new positions, we have to first develop new industries. Commercialization is critical to that process.

    Opponent's argument to vote No:Rep. ED MARKEY (D, MA-7): I must oppose this bill because I have serious concerns about allowing SBIR awards to go to an unlimited number of businesses owned or controlled by venture capital (VC) firms. The SBIR program, responsible for over 60,000 patents, has always focused on innovation from truly small businesses for whom commercial capital market funding is typically not an option. However, with the change made in this bill, the SBIR program would be wide open to applicants that already are well-capitalized due to VC participation, crowding out the small businesses that have been the focus of the highly successful SBIR program.

    While I support VC participation in the SBIR program, enabling an unlimited amount of large VC majority-owned firms to qualify for SBIR funding calls into question whether this program, intended for genuinely small businesses, is, in fact, still focused on these firms.

    We should do everything in our power to strengthen small businesses that generate 70% of new jobs in our country. H.R 2965 does not do enough to ensure that small businesses are the focus of the SBIR program, and therefore I cannot support the bill.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 225; NO 13
    Republicans: YES 141; NO 27
    Independents: YES 20; NO 1
    Vote number 2007-244 allowing stockholder voting on executive compensation
    on Apr 20, 2007 regarding bill H R 1257 Shareholder Vote on Executive Compensation Act
    Results: Bill passed, 269-134
    To amend the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 to provide shareholders with an advisory vote on executive compensation [and as part of that process, fully disclosing executive compensation].

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    We should not deprive the public, the stockholders, from being able to do anything meaningful once they find out about scandalous levels of executive compensation or board compensation. Everyone talks about the corporate board as the remedy. But the board is often a part of the problem, being paid huge amounts of money for showing up once or twice a year at meetings.

    Give the stockholders a meaningful remedy. Once you get the mandatory disclosure put in place by previous legislation, we are saying the stockholders should be allowed to have a referendum on that and not have a runaround by the board.

    Opponents support voting NO because:

    This vote is based on mischaracterization--it is an unnecessary amendment. The opportunity for these kinds of votes already exists within the structure of corporate governance right now. A good company from Georgia, AFLAC, went ahead and already has these nonbinding shareholder votes. But there is a difference between having individuals in the private sector, shareholders and individuals outside of the mandating of government to have it occur and have government come in with its heavy hand and say, this is exactly what you need to do because we know best. Our constituents know better how to act and how to relate to corporations than Washington.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 195; NO 5
    Republicans: YES 50; NO 122
    Independents: YES 13; NO 7
    Vote number 2004-259 replacing illegal export tax breaks with $140B in new breaks
    on Jun 17, 2004 regarding bill HR 4520 American Jobs Creation Act
    Results: Bill Passed 251-178: R 203-23; D 48-154
    Vote to pass a bill that would repeal an export tax break for U.S. manufacturers ruled an illegal trade subsidy by the World Trade Organization, while providing for about $140 billion in new corporate tax cuts. Revenue raising offsets would decrease the cost of the bill to $34.4 billion over 11 years. It would consist of a buyout for tobacco farmers that could not go over $9.6 billion. It also would allow the IRS to hire private collection agencies to get back money from taxpayers, and require individuals who claim a tax deduction for a charitable donation of a vehicle to obtain an independent appraisal of the car. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 44; NO 145
    Republicans: YES 195; NO 22
    Independents: YES 11; NO 9
    Vote number 2001-25 Bankruptcy Overhaul requiring partial debt repayment
    on Mar 1, 2001 regarding bill HR 333 Bill sponsored by Gekas, R-PA
    Results: Bill passed, FOR: 306, AGAINST: 108
    Vote to pass a bill that would make it easier for courts to change debtors from Chapter 7 bankruptcy, which allows most debts to be dismissed, to Chapter 13, which requires a repayment plan. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 88; NO 104
    Republicans: YES 205; NO 0
    Independents: YES 11; NO 3

    Crime
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number 2009-H223 enforcing against anti-gay hate crimes
    on Apr 2, 2009 regarding bill HR.1913 Local Law Enforcement Hate Crimes Prevention Act
    Results: Passed 249-175
    Congressional Summary:Adopts the definition of "hate crime" as set forth in the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994: a crime in which the defendant intentionally selects a victim, or in the case of a property crime, the property that is the object of the crime, because of the actual or perceived race, color, religion, national origin, ethnicity, gender, disability, or sexual orientation of any person. Provides technical, forensic, prosecutorial, or other assistance in the criminal investigation or prosecution of hate crimes, including financial grant awards.

    Proponent's argument to vote Yes:Rep. JOHN CONYERS (D, MI-14):This bill expands existing Federal hate crimes law to groups who are well-known targets for bias-based violence--they are sexual orientation, gender, gender identity, and disability. These crimes of violence are directed not just at those who are directly attacked; they are targeting the entire group with the threat of violence.

    Opponent's argument to vote No:Rep. LAMAR SMITH (R, TX-21): Every year thousands of violent crimes are committed out of hate, but just as many violent crimes, if not more, are motivated by something other than hate--greed, jealousy, desperation or revenge, just to name a few. An individual's motivation for committing a violent crime is usually complex and often speculative. Every violent crime is deplorable, regardless of its motivation. That's why all violent crimes should be vigorously prosecuted. Unfortunately, this bill undermines one of the most basic principles of our criminal justice system--equal justice for all. Under this bill, justice will no longer be equal. Justice will now depend on the race, gender, sexual orientation, disability or other protected status of the victim. It will allow different penalties to be imposed for the same crime. This is the real injustice.

    Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 3:
    Same-sex domestic partnership benefits;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 3.

    Voting YES counts as answer B on AmericansElect question 7;
    Voting NO counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 7.
    Democrats: YES 218; NO 17
    Republicans: YES 16; NO 151
    Independents: YES 15; NO 7
    Vote number 2007-1083 expanding services for offendors' re-entry into society
    on Nov 13, 2007 regarding bill HR1593 Second Chance Act
    Results: Bill Passed, 347-62 (2/3 required)
    H.R.1593: Second Chance Act of 2007: Community Safety Through Recidivism Prevention or the Second Chance Act (Motion to Suspend the Rules and Pass). To reauthorize the grant program for reentry of offenders into the community in the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, and to improve reentry planning and implementation.

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    Rep. CONYERS: Some 650,000 men and women are leaving the Federal and State prisons each year. While the vast majority of the prisoners are committed to abiding by the law and becoming productive members of society, they often encounter the same pressures & temptations that they faced before prison. More than two-thirds of them are arrested for new crimes within 3 years of their release. This exacts a terrible cost in financial terms as well as in human terms. The Second Chance Act will help provide these men and women with the training, counseling and other support needed to help them obtain & hold steady jobs; to kick their drug and alcohol habits; rebuild their families; and deal with the many other challenges that they face in their efforts to successfully rejoin society.

    Opponents recommend voting NO because:

    Rep. GOHMERT: The programs that are sought to be renewed are ones we don't have information on how successful they were. I can tell you from my days as a judge, there was some anecdotal evidence that it looked like faith-based programs did a better job of dramatically reducing recidivism. In addition:

    • There are some provisions that allow for too much administration. That is going to build a bigger bureaucracy.
    • Dismissing all charges if someone completes drug rehab under another provision I think is outrageous. You are going to remove the hammer that would allow you to keep people in line?
    • We also have a provision to teach inmates how they can go about getting the most welfare before they leave prison and go out on their own.
    Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 9:
    Mandatory "Three Strikes" Sentencing Laws;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 9.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 201; NO 1
    Republicans: YES 122; NO 59
    Independents: YES 18; NO 2
    Vote number 2000-317 funding for alternative sentencing instead of more prisons.
    on Jun 22, 2000 regarding bill HR 4690 Amendment sponsored by Scott, D-VA
    Results: Amendment rejected: FOR: 184; AGAINST: 226
    Vote on an amendment that would reduce the funding for violent offender imprisonment by and truth-in-sentencing programs by $61 million. The measure would increase funding for Boys and Girls Clubs and drug courts by the same amount. Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 9:
    Mandatory "Three Strikes" Sentencing Laws;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 9.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 144; NO 45
    Republicans: YES 34; NO 172
    Independents: YES 6; NO 8
    Vote number 1999-233 more prosecution and sentencing for juvenile crime
    on Jun 17, 1999 regarding bill HR 1501 Bill introduced by McCollum, R-FL
    Results: Bill passed: FOR: 287; AGAINST: 139
    Vote to pass a bill to appropriate $1.5 billion to all of the states that want to improve their juvenile justice operations. Among other provisions this bill includes funding for development, implementation, and administration of graduated sanctions for juvenile offenders, funds for building, expanding, or renovating juvenile corrections facilities, hiring juvenile judges, probation officers, and additional prosecutors for juvenile cases. Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 9:
    Mandatory "Three Strikes" Sentencing Laws;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 9.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 76; NO 121
    Republicans: YES 198; NO 12
    Independents: YES 12; NO 3
    Vote number 1996-64 maintaining right of habeas corpus in Death Penalty Appeals
    on Mar 14, 1996 regarding bill HR 2703
    Results: Amendment rejected, 135-283
    Vote on an amendment to delete provisions in the bill that would make it harder for prisoners who have been given the death penalty in state courts to appeal the decision on constitutional grounds in the federal courts ['Habeas Corpus']. Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 8:
    Death Penalty;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 8.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 104; NO 47
    Republicans: YES 11; NO 197
    Independents: YES 3; NO 8
    Vote number 1995-109 making federal death penalty appeals harder
    on Feb 8, 1995 regarding bill HR 729
    Results: Passed, 297-132
    Vote on a bill to make it harder for prisoners who have been given the death penalty in state courts to appeal the decision on constitutional grounds in the federal courts. Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 8:
    Death Penalty;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 8.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 46; NO 107
    Republicans: YES 208; NO 2
    Independents: YES 8; NO 3
    Vote number 1994-107 replacing death penalty with life imprisonment
    on Apr 14, 1994 regarding bill HR 4092
    Results: Amendment rejected, 111-314
    Amendment to replace death penalty crimes in the 1994 Omnibus Crime Bill with life imprisonment. Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 8:
    Death Penalty;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 8.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 78; NO 63
    Republicans: YES 6; NO 137
    Independents: YES 1; NO 9

    Drugs
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number 2008-H393 more funding for Mexico to fight drugs
    on Jun 10, 2008 regarding bill HR.6028 Merida Initiative
    Results: Passed 311-106
    Congressional Summary:Merida Initiative to Combat Illicit Narcotics and Reduce Organized Crime Authorization Act:
      Provide assistance for Mexico for:
    1. counternarcotics and countertrafficking;
    2. port & airport security to assist in controlling the Mexico-US and Mexico-Central America borders;
    3. intelligence gathering operational technology; and
    4. public security and law enforcement, including assistance to the National Council Against Addiction (CONADIC).

    Proponent's argument to vote Yes:Rep. HOWARD BERMAN (D, CA-28): The drug crisis facing the US remains a top national security threat. This bill represents a new partnership with Mexico and Central American countries to face the immediate security threat of drug gangs, and help these neighbors build the capacity of their law enforcement agencies.

    Opponent's argument to vote No:Rep. MICHAEL McCAUL (R, TX-10): We need a strategy on this side of the border: a two-pronged Approach; a comprehensive strategy that deals not only with the Mexican side but with the US side. And for too long, our border sheriffs and our Border Patrol agents have been outmanned and outgunned. And if we are going to provide assistance to Mexico, it seems to me we ought to be providing assistance to our men and women on our side fighting this war every day.

    Rep. TED POE (R, TX-2): I am concerned about drugs and violence on the border, but I am also concerned about corruption. In order to gain control of access corridors in the US, drug cartels are hiring hit men from an elite force in Mexico's military. This group is known as the "Zetas." Some of the Zetas are military deserters that may have been trained in the US. $1 billion in this bill would go to Mexico. And Mexico in its arrogance objects to any conditions we want to put on this money. The administration can offer us no assurance that our equipment and training won't be used against us and neither can Mexico.

    Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 19:
    Drug use is immoral: enforce laws against it;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 19.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 191; NO 23
    Republicans: YES 104; NO 79
    Independents: YES 15; NO 4
    Vote number 2001-356 military border patrols to battle drugs & terrorism
    on Sep 25, 2001 regarding bill HR 2586
    Results: Amendment adopted, 242-173
    Amendment to set up a task force on counter-terrorism and drug interdiction and allow military personnel to help patrol U.S. borders. Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 19:
    Drug use is immoral: enforce laws against it;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 19.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 46; NO 142
    Republicans: YES 185; NO 22
    Independents: YES 8; NO 7
    Vote number 1999-504 prohibiting needle exchange & medical marijuana in DC
    on Oct 14, 1999 regarding bill HR 3064 Bill sponsored by Istook, R-OK
    Results: Bill passed: FOR: 211; AGAINST: 205
    Vote to pass a bill that provides $429.1 million in funds for the District of Columbia and approves the District's $6.8 billion budget. Among other provisions, the bill prohibits the use of federal funds for needle exchange programs, prohibits implementing an approved ballot initiative to legalize the medicinal use of marijuana. Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 19:
    Drug use is immoral: enforce laws against it;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 19.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 7; NO 185
    Republicans: YES 195; NO 12
    Independents: YES 8; NO 6
    Vote number 1998-443 subjecting federal employees to random drug tests
    on Sep 16, 1998 regarding bill HR 4550 Amendment by Taylor, D-MS; bill by Portman, R-OH.
    Results: Amendment rejected 123-281
    Drug Demand Reduction Act: Vote on an amendment to require that anyone hired by the Federal Government is subject to random, unannounced drug testing. Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 19:
    Drug use is immoral: enforce laws against it;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 19.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 6; NO 133
    Republicans: YES 68; NO 73
    Independents: YES 1; NO 8

    Education
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number 11-HV200 reauthorizing the DC opportunity scholarship program
    on Mar 30, 2011 regarding bill HRes186 Scholarships for Opportunity and Results Act (SOAR)
    Results: Passed 235-178
    Congressional Summary:The SOAR Act award five-year grants on a competitive basis to nonprofit organizations to carry out a expanded school choice opportunities to students who are District of Columbia residents and who come from households:
    1. receiving assistance under the supplemental nutrition assistance program; or
    2. with incomes not exceeding 185% of the poverty line.
    Provides funds to the Mayor of DC, if the Mayor agrees to specified requirements, for:
    1. the DC public schools to improve public education, and
    2. the DC public charter schools to improve and expand quality public charter schools.

    Proponent's Argument for voting Yes:
    [Rep. Bishop, R-UT]: In 1996, Congress insisted upon a charter school program in DC. You will hear from both sides of the aisle recognition of the great value that that program has, and justifiably so. There is a waiting list in DC for those charter schools. This bill increases the percentage of funding going to charter schools in the District. In 2003, an Opportunity Scholarship was instituted, at the insistence of Congress. Again, there was a waiting list of people wanting the opportunity; disadvantaged kids who wanted the opportunity that this scholarship afforded them. There were 216 kids at the time scheduled to enter the program who were not allowed; the bill remedies that.

    Opponent's Argument for voting No:
    [Rep. Hastings, D-FL]: In the last 41 years voters have rejected private school vouchers every time they have been proposed. In 1981, 89% of the people in a referendum in DC voted against vouchers. So how dare we come here to tell these people that we are going to thrust upon them something they don't want without a single public official in this community being consulted. Congress' oversight of the District is not an excuse for political pandering to the Republicans' special interest of the day du jour.

    Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 7:
    Parents Choose Schools via Vouchers;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 7.

    Voting YES counts as answer B on AmericansElect question 6;
    Voting NO counts as answer C on AmericansElect question 6.
    Democrats: YES 4; NO 177
    Republicans: YES 231; NO 1
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0
    Vote number 2009-H259 $40B for green public schools
    on May 14, 2009 regarding bill H.R.2187 21st Century Green Schools Act
    Results: Passed 275-155
    Congressional Summary:Make grants to states for the modernization, renovation, or repair of public schools, including early learning facilities and charter schools, to make them safe, healthy, high-performing, and technologically up-to-date.

    Proponent's argument to vote Yes: Rep. BETSY MARKEY (D, CO-4): This legislation will improve the learning environment for our children, reduce energy costs and create new jobs across the country. Green schools not only save school districts money but also teach the importance of sustainable living to children at a young age.

    Opponent's argument to vote No: Rep. GLENN THOMPSON (R, PA-5): We all know our Nation is drowning in a sea of red ink. The bill we're debating today would add an estimated $40 billion in new spending. And despite the majority's hollow promises of fiscal responsibility, there's nothing in the legislation to offset this hefty price tag with spending reductions elsewhere. This is just more of the same borrow and spend, spend and borrow policy that we've seen under this majority and this administration.

    Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 7:
    Parents Choose Schools via Vouchers;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 7.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 235; NO 3
    Republicans: YES 22; NO 147
    Independents: YES 18; NO 5
    Vote number 2007-1122 additional $10.2B for federal education & HHS projects
    on Nov 15, 2007 regarding bill Veto override on H.R. 3043 American Competitiveness Scholarship Act
    Results: Override failed, 277-141 (2/3 required)
    Veto override on the bill, the American Competitiveness Scholarship Act, the omnibus appropriations bill for the Departments of Departments of Education, Health & Human Services, and Labor. Original bill passed & was then vetoed by the President.

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    Rep. OBEY: This bill, more than any other, determines how willing we are to make the investment necessary to assure the future strength of this country and its working families. The President has chosen to cut the investments in this bill by more than $7.5 billion in real terms. This bill rejects most of those cuts.

    Opponents recommend voting NO because:

    Rep. LEWIS: This bill reflects a fundamental difference in opinion on the level of funding necessary to support the Federal Government's role in education, health and workforce programs. The bill is $10.2 billion over the President's budget request. While many of these programs are popular on both sides of the aisle, this bill contains what can rightly be considered lower priority & duplicative programs. For example, this legislation continues three different programs that deal with violence prevention. An omnibus bill is absolutely the wrong and fiscally reckless approach to completing this year's work. It would negate any semblance of fiscal discipline demonstrated by this body in recent years.

    Veto message from President Bush:

    This bill spends too much. It exceeds [by $10.2 billion] the reasonable and responsible levels for discretionary spending that I proposed to balance the budget by 2012. This bill continues to fund 56 programs that I proposed to terminate because they are duplicative, narrowly focused, or not producing results. This bill does not sufficiently fund programs that are delivering positive outcomes. This bill has too many earmarks--more than 2,200 earmarks totaling nearly $1 billion. I urge the Congress to send me a fiscally responsible bill that sets priorities.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 207; NO 1
    Republicans: YES 48; NO 134
    Independents: YES 15; NO 6
    Vote number 2006-384 allowing Courts to decide on "God" in Pledge of Allegiance
    on Jul 19, 2006 regarding bill H R 2389 Watt amendment to Pledge Protection Act
    Results: Amendment rejected 183-241
    Amendment to preserve the authority of the US Supreme Court to decide any question pertaining to the Pledge of Allegiance. The bill underlying this amendment would disallow any federal courts from hearing cases concerning the Pledge of Allegiance. This amendment would make an exception for the Supreme Court.

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    I believe that our Pledge of Allegiance with its use of the phrase "under God" is entirely consistent with our Nation's cultural and historic traditions. I also believe that the Court holding that use of this phrase is unconstitutional is wrong. But this court-stripping bill is not necessary. This legislation would bar a Federal court, including the Supreme Court, from reviewing any claim that challenges the recitation of the Pledge on first amendment grounds.

    If we are a Nation of laws, we must be committed to allowing courts to decide what the law is. This bill is unnecessary and probably unconstitutional. It would contradict the principle of Marbury v. Madison, intrude on the principles of separation of powers, and degrade our independent Federal judiciary.

    Opponents support voting NO because:

    I was disappointed 4 years ago when two judges of the Ninth US Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that our Pledge, our statement of shared national values, was somehow unconstitutional. I do not take legislation that removes an issue from the jurisdiction of this court system lightly. This legislation is appropriate, however, because of the egregious conduct of the courts in dealing with the Pledge of Allegiance.

    By striking "under God" from the Pledge, the Court has shown contempt for the Congress which approved the language, and, more importantly, shows a complete disregard for the millions of Americans who proudly recite the Pledge as a statement of our shared national values and aspirations. No one is required to recite the Pledge if they disagree with its message.

    Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 4:
    Teacher-led prayer in public schools;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 4.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 154; NO 24
    Republicans: YES 17; NO 199
    Independents: YES 9; NO 9
    Vote number 2006-080 $84 million in grants for Black and Hispanic colleges
    on Mar 30, 2006 regarding bill HR 609 Amendment 772 Reverse the Raid on Student Aid Act
    Results: Amendment rejected: 200-220
    This vote is on a substitute bill (which means an amendment which replaces the entire text of the original bill). Voting YES means support for the key differences from the original bill: lowering student loan interest rates; $59 million for a new Predominantly Black Serving Institution program; $25 million for a new graduate Hispanic Serving Institution program; provide for year- round Pell grants; and repeal the Single Lender rule. The substitute's proponents say:
  • The original bill has some critical shortcomings. First and foremost, this substitute will cut the new Pell Grant fixed interest rate in half from 6.8% to 3.4%, to reduce college costs to those students most in need.
  • It would also establish a new predominantly black-serving institutions programs to boost college participation rates for low-income black students, and a new graduate Hispanic-serving institution program.
  • As we saw from 1995 to 2000, the questions employers were asking was not your race, not your ethnicity, not your religion, they wanted to know if you had the skills and talents to do the job. Most often today, those skills and that talent requires a higher education. A college education is going to have to become as common as a high school education.
      The substitute's opponents say:
    • I feel it is not totally the Federal Government's responsibility to provide for all of higher education. The substitute has three critical flaws.
    • 1.The name itself, "Reverse the Raid on Student Aid." Don't believe the hype. Not one student in America will receive less financial aid under our bill. Not one.
    • 2. This amendment does not retain the $6,000 maximum Pell Grant award that our legislation has. In fact, they stay with the same old $5,800 maximum award.
    • 3. It says that we are going to have a 3.4% interest rate for 1 year that is going to cost $2.7 billion, but it has no offsets whatsoever. How do they pay for it? They don't tell us.
  • Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 2:
    Require hiring more women & minorities;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 2.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 174; NO 2
    Republicans: YES 9; NO 204
    Independents: YES 11; NO 8
    Vote number 2001-445 allowing school prayer during the War on Terror
    on Nov 15, 2001 regarding bill H.Con.Res.239 Bill sponsored by Isakson, R-GA
    Results: Motion agreed to 297-125
    Children's Prayers Resolution: Expressing the sense of Congress that schools should allow children time to pray for, or silently reflect upon, the country during the war against terrorism. Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 4:
    Teacher-led prayer in public schools;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 4.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 67; NO 107
    Republicans: YES 185; NO 2
    Independents: YES 8; NO 5
    Vote number 2001-145 requiring states to test students
    on May 23, 2001 regarding bill HR 1 Bill sponsored by Boehner R-OH
    Results: Bill passed, FOR: 384, AGAINST: 45
    No Child Left Behind Act of 2001: Vote to pass a bill that would authorize $22.8 billion in education funding, a 29 percent increase from fiscal 2001. The bill would require states to test students to track progress. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 188; NO 10
    Republicans: YES 178; NO 34
    Independents: YES 14; NO 1
    Vote number 1998-411 allowing vouchers in DC schools
    on Aug 6, 1998 regarding bill HR 4380 Amendment introduced by Armey, R-TX
    Results: Amendment passed: FOR: 214; AGAINST: 208
    Vote to create a non-profit corporation to administer federally-funded vouchers for low-income children in the District of Columbia. Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 7:
    Parents Choose Schools via Vouchers;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 7.

    Voting YES counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 6;
    Voting NO counts as answer C on AmericansElect question 6.
    Democrats: YES 5; NO 181
    Republicans: YES 192; NO 15
    Independents: YES 9; NO 6
    Vote number 1997-569 vouchers for private & parochial schools
    on Nov 4, 1997 regarding bill HR 2746 Bill sponsored by Riggs, R-CA
    Results: Bill rejected: FOR: 191; AGAINST: 228
    Vote to pass a bill to allow states to use certain federal funds designated for elementary and secondary education to provide scholarships, or vouchers, to low-income families to send their children to private schools, including religious schools. Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 7:
    Parents Choose Schools via Vouchers;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 7.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 3; NO 179
    Republicans: YES 169; NO 36
    Independents: YES 7; NO 8
    Vote number 1994-85 giving federal aid only to schools allowing voluntary prayer
    on Mar 23, 1994 regarding bill HR 1804
    Results: Motion rejected, 195-232
    Motion to add language to the "Goals 2000: Educate America Act" to give federal aid only to schools allowing voluntary prayer. Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 4:
    Teacher-led prayer in public schools;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 4.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 10; NO 133
    Republicans: YES 135; NO 9
    Independents: YES 7; NO 3

    Energy & Oil
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number 11-HV320 opening Outer Continental Shelf to oil drilling
    on May 12, 2011 regarding bill H.1231 Reversing Pres. Obama's Offshore Moratorium Act
    Results: Passed 243-179
      Congressional Summary:
    • Makes available for leasing, in the 2012-2017 five-year oil and gas leasing program, outer Continental Shelf areas that are estimated to contain more than 2.5 billion barrels of oil; or are estimated to contain more than 7.5 trillion cubic feet of natural gas.
    • Makes the production goal for the 2012-2017 five-year oil and gas leasing program an increase by 2027 in daily production of at least 3 million barrels of oil, and 10 billion cubic feet of natural gas.

    Proponent's Argument for voting Yes:
    [Rep. Young, R-AK]: The Americans suffering from $4 a gallon gas today must feel like they're experiencing a sense of deja vu. In 2008, when gasoline prices reached a record high of $4.11 per gallon, the public outcry forced Congress to act. That fall, Congress lifted the offshore drilling ban that had been in place for decades. Three years later, most Americans would likely be shocked to learn that no energy development has happened in these new areas.

    Opponent's Argument for voting No:
    [Rep. Markey, D-MA]. In the first 3 months of this year, Exxon-Mobil made $10 billion off of the American consumer; Shell made $8 billion; BP made $7 billion. So what are these companies asking for? These companies are now asking that we open up the beaches of California, Florida & New England to drill for oil. People who live near those beaches don't want oil coming in the way it did in the Gulf of Mexico. Right now, those oil companies are centered down in the Gulf of Mexico. People are concerned because those companies have blocked any new safety reforms that would protect against another catastrophic spill. We have to oppose this bill because, first of all, they already have 60 million acres of American land that they haven't drilled on yet, which has about 11 billion barrels of oil underneath it and an equivalent amount of natural gas. This bill is just a giveaway to Exxon-Mobil and Shell.

    Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 18:
    Replace coal & oil with alternatives;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 18.

    Voting YES counts as answer D on AmericansElect question 2;
    Voting NO counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 2.
    Democrats: YES 21; NO 170
    Republicans: YES 222; NO 9
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0
    Vote number 11-HV249 barring EPA from regulating greenhouse gases
    on Apr 7, 2011 regarding bill H.910 Energy Tax Prevention Act
    Results: Passed 255-172
      Congressional Summary:Amends the Clean Air Act to prohibit the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) from promulgating any regulation the emission of a greenhouse gas (GHG) to address climate change.
    • Excludes GHGs from the definition of "air pollutant" for purposes of addressing climate change.
    • Exempts from such prohibition existing regulations on fuel efficiency, research, or CO2 monitoring.
    • Repeals and makes ineffective other rules and actions concerning GHGs.
    Proponent's Argument for voting Yes:
    [Rep. Upton, R-MI]: This legislation will remove the biggest regulatory threat to the American economy. This is a threat imposed not by Congress, but entirely by the Obama EPA. This administration wanted a cap-and-trade system to regulate greenhouse gases, but Congress said no. So beginning in early 2009, EPA began putting together a house of cards to regulate emissions of carbon dioxide. The agency began with automobiles, declaring that their emissions endangered public health. That single endangerment finding has since been used by EPA to launch an unparalleled onslaught. The result, two years later, is a series of regulations that will ultimately affect every citizen, every industry, really every aspect of our economy and way of life.

    Opponent's Argument for voting No:
    [Rep. Waxman, D-CA]: This bill is a direct assault on the Clean Air Act. Its premise is that climate change is a hoax and carbon pollution does not endanger health and welfare. But climate change is real. It is caused by pollution, and it is a serious threat to our health and welfare. We need to confront these realities. American families count on the EPA to keep our air and water clean. But this bill has politicians overruling the experts at EPA, and it exempts our biggest polluters from regulation. If this bill is enacted, the EPA's ability to control dangerous carbon pollution will be gutted.

    Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 18:
    Replace coal & oil with alternatives;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 18.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 20; NO 172
    Republicans: YES 235; NO 0
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0
    Vote number 2009-H477 enforcing limits on CO2 global warming pollution
    on Jun 26, 2009 regarding bill H.R.2454 American Clean Energy and Security Act
    Results: Passed 219-212
    Congressional Summary:Requires utilities to supply an increasing percentage of their demand from a combination of energy efficiency savings and renewable energy (6% in 2012, 9.5% in 2014, 13% in 2016, 16.5% in 2018, and 20% in 2021). Provides for:
    1. issuing, trading, and verifying renewable electricity credits; and
    2. prescribing standards to define and measure electricity savings from energy efficiency and energy conservation measures.
    Amends the Clean Air Act (CAA) to set forth a national strategy to address barriers to the commercial-scale deployment of carbon capture and sequestration.

    Proponent's argument to vote Yes:Rep. ED MARKEY (D, MA-7): For the first time in the history of our country, we will put enforceable limits on global warming pollution. At its core, however, this is a jobs bill. It will create millions of new, clean-energy jobs in whole new industries with incentives to drive competition in the energy marketplace. It sets ambitious and achievable standards for energy efficiency and renewable energy from solar, wind, geothermal, biomass so that by 2020, 20% of America's energy will be clean.

    Opponent's argument to vote No:Rep. BOB GOODLATTE (R, VA-6): I agree that this bill has very important consequences, but those consequences are devastating for the future of the economy of this country. It's a fantasy that this legislation will turn down the thermostat of the world by reducing CO2 gas emissions when China & India & other nations are pumping more CO2 gas into the atmosphere all the time. We would be far better served with legislation that devotes itself to developing new technologies before we slam the door on our traditional sources of energy like coal and oil and and nuclear power. We support the effort for energy efficiency. We do not support this kind of suicide for the American economy. Unfortunately, cap and trade legislation would only further cripple our economy.

    Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 18:
    Replace coal & oil with alternatives;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 18.

    Voting YES counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 2;
    Voting NO counts as answer D on AmericansElect question 2.
    Democrats: YES 202; NO 39
    Republicans: YES 7; NO 160
    Independents: YES 10; NO 13
    Vote number 2008-H649 tax credits for renewable electricity, with PAYGO offsets
    on Sep 26, 2008 regarding bill H.R.7060 Renewable Energy and Job Creation Tax Act
    Results: Passed 257-166
    Congressional Summary:Extends the tax credit for producing electricity from renewable resources:
    • (1) through 2009 for wind facilities; and
    • (2) through FY2011 for closed and open-loop biomass, geothermal, small irrigation power, landfill gas, trash combustion, and hydropower facilities.
    • Includes marine and hydrokinetic renewable energy as a renewable resource for purposes of such tax credit.
    • Includes cellulosic biofuel within the definition of "biomass ethanol plant property" for purposes of bonus depreciation.
    • Allows a new tax credit for the production of qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicles.

    Proponent's argument to vote Yes: Rep. RICHARD NEAL (D, MA-2): This bill contains extensions of popular tax incentives that expired at the end of last year. This needs to get under way. The R&D tax credit is important. This bill includes a number of popular and forward-thinking incentives for energy efficiency. This is a very balanced bill which does no harm to the Federal Treasury. It asks that hedge fund managers pay a bit more, and it delays an international tax break that hasn't gone into effect yet. It is responsible legislation.

    Opponent's argument to vote No:Rep. DAVE CAMP (R, MI-4): We are conducting another purely political exercise on a tax bill that is doomed in the other body because of our House majority's insistence on adhering to the misguided PAYGO rules. The Senate acted on a bipartisan basis to find common ground on this issue. They approved a comprehensive tax relief package containing extenders provisions that are not fully offset, as many Democrats would prefer, but contain more offsets than Republicans would like. Why is this our only option? Because the Senate, which has labored long and hard to develop that compromise, has indicated in no uncertain terms that it is not going to reconsider these issues again this year.

    [The bill was killed in the Senate].

    Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 18:
    Replace coal & oil with alternatives;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 18.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 215; NO 2
    Republicans: YES 28; NO 158
    Independents: YES 14; NO 6
    Vote number 2008-344 tax incentives for energy production and conservation
    on May 21, 2008 regarding bill HR6049 Renewable Energy and Job Creation Act
    Results: Bill passed, 263-160
    OnTheIssues.org Explanation: This bill passed the House but was killed in the Senate on a rejected Cloture Motion, Senate rollcall #150

    Congressional Summary: A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide Tax incentives for energy production and conservation, to extend certain expiring provisions, and to provide individual income tax relief.

    • TITLE I--ENERGY TAX INCENTIVES
    • Sec. 102. Production credit for electricity produced from marine renewables.
    • Sec. 104. Credit for residential energy efficient property.
    • Sec. 106. New clean renewable energy bonds.
    • Part II--Carbon Mitigation Provisions
    • Sec. 112. Expansion and modification of coal gasification investment credit.
    • Sec. 115. Carbon audit of the tax code.
    • Sec. 121. Inclusion of cellulosic biofuel in bonus depreciation for biomass ethanol plant property.
    • Sec. 122. Credits for biodiesel and renewable diesel.
    • Sec. 124. Credit for new qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicles.
    • Sec. 127. Transportation fringe benefit to bicycle commuters.
    • Sec. 146. Qualified green building and sustainable design projects.

      Opponents argument for voting NAY: Sen. SPECTER: H.R. 6049 would revive important tax provisions that expired at the end of 2007 and extend provisions that are set to expire at the end of 2008. I support extension of the R&D tax credit, the renewable energy tax incentives, and many other important provisions in this package.

      Despite the positive elements of this legislation, the main sticking point is whether temporary extensions of tax relief should be offset with permanent tax increases elsewhere. The White House issued a statement recommending a Presidential veto of this bill in its current form. [Vote NAY to] allow the Senate to work its will and pass legislation that can be quickly signed by the President.

    Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 18:
    Replace coal & oil with alternatives;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 18.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 216; NO 2
    Republicans: YES 32; NO 153
    Independents: YES 15; NO 5
    Vote number 08-HR5351 tax incentives for renewable energy
    on Feb 12, 2008 regarding bill H.R.5351 Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation Tax Act
    Results: Bill passed 236-182
    CONGRESSIONAL SUMMARY: Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation Tax Act of 2008:
    • Production Incentives: Extends through 2011 the tax credit for the production of electricity from renewable resources (e.g., wind, biomass, geothermal, and hydropower).
    • Extends through 2016 the energy tax credit for investment in solar energy and fuel cell property.
    • Allows a new tax credit for the production of plug-in hybrid vehicles.
    • Extends through 2010 the tax credits for biodiesel (including agri-biodiesel)
    • Allows an alcohol fuels tax credit for the production of qualified cellulosic alcohol fuel.
    • Denies the tax deduction for income attributable to domestic production of oil, gas, or any related products.

    SUPPORTER'S ARGUMENT FOR VOTING YES:Rep. MATSUI: Today's debate is about investing in renewable energy, which will chart a new direction for our country's energy policy. This bill restores balance to our energy policy after years of a tax structure that favors huge oil companies. Today's legislation will transfer some of the massive profits enjoyed by these oil companies and invest them in renewable resources that will power our economy in the future.

    OPPONENT'S ARGUMENT FOR VOTING NO:Rep. SMITH of Texas: I oppose H.R. 5351. While it is well and good to encourage alternative energy development, Congress should not do so by damaging our domestic oil and gas industry. In 2006 all renewable energy sources provided only 6% of the US domestic energy supply. In contrast, oil and natural gas provided 58% of our domestic energy supply. The numbers don't lie. Oil and natural gas fuel our economy and sustain our way of life.

    Furthermore, almost 2 million Americans are directly employed in the oil and natural gas industry. Punishing one of our Nation's most important industries does not constitute a national energy policy.

    LEGISLATIVE OUTCOME:Bill passed House, 236-182

    Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 18:
    Replace coal & oil with alternatives;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 18.

    Voting YES counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 2;
    Voting NO counts as answer D on AmericansElect question 2.
    Democrats: YES 207; NO 9
    Republicans: YES 16; NO 167
    Independents: YES 13; NO 6
    Vote number 2007-0832 investing in homegrown biofuel
    on Aug 4, 2007 regarding bill HR3221 New Direction for Energy Independence
    Results: Bill Passed, 241-172
    H.R.3221: New Direction for Energy Independence, National Security, and Consumer Protection Act: Moving toward greater energy independence and security, developing innovative new technologies, reducing carbon emissions, creating green jobs, protecting consumers, increasing clean renewable energy production, modernizing our energy infrastructure, and providing tax incentives for the production of renewable energy and energy conservation.

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    Rep. PELOSI: This bill makes the largest investment in homegrown biofuels in history. We know that America's farmers will fuel America's independence. We will send our energy dollars to middle America, not to the Middle East.

    Rep. TIERNEY: This bill incorporates the Green Jobs Act, which will make $120 million a year available to begin training workers in the clean energy sector. 35,000 people per year can benefit from vocational education for "green-collar jobs" that can provide living wages & upward mobility.

    Opponents recommend voting NO because:

    Rep. SHIMKUS: I'm upset about the bill because it has no coal provisions. What about coal-to-liquid jobs? Those are real jobs with great wages. Energy security? We have our soldiers deployed in the Middle East because it's an important national security interest. Why? We know why. Crude oil. How do we decrease that importance of the Persian Gulf region? We move to coal-to-liquid technologies. What is wrong with this bill? Everything. No soy diesel. No ethanol. No coal. Nothing on nuclear energy. No expansion. There is no supply in this bill. Defeat this bill.

    Rep. RAHALL: [This bill omits a] framework to sequester carbon dioxide to ensure the future use of coal in an environmentally responsible fashion. We can talk about biofuels all we want, but the fact is that coal produces half of our electricity for the foreseeable future. We must aggressively pursue technologies to capture and store the carbon dioxide.

    Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 18:
    Replace coal & oil with alternatives;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 18.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 200; NO 8
    Republicans: YES 25; NO 154
    Independents: YES 10; NO 9
    Vote number 2007-398 criminalizing oil cartels like OPEC
    on May 22, 2007 regarding bill H R 2264 No Oil Producing and Exporting Cartels Act (NOPEC)
    Results: Bill passed, 345-72 (2/3 required)
    Amends the Sherman Anti-Trust Act to declare it to be illegal for any foreign states to act collectively to limit the US price or distribution of oil, natural gas, or any other petroleum product. Denies a foreign state engaged in such conduct sovereign immunity from the jurisdiction of US courts

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    Gas prices have now reached an all-time record high, $3.27 a gallon, topping even the 1981 spike. This won't be the end of these skyrocketing price hikes either.

    OPEC oil exports represent 70% of all the oil traded internationally. For years now, OPEC's price-fixing conspiracy has unfairly driven up the price and cost of imported crude oil to satisfy the greed of oil exporters. We have long decried OPEC, but have done little or nothing to stop this. The time has come.

    This bill makes fixing oil prices or illegal under US law, just as it would be for any company engaging in the same conduct. It attempts to break up this cartel and subject these colluders and their anticompetitive practices to the antitrust scrutiny that they so richly deserve.

    Opponents support voting NO because:

    • We can only affect OPEC subsidiaries in the US. So the result of this bill would be to hurt US companies while not affecting OPEC itself.
    • OPEC is a cartel, but we have to deal with it diplomatically. The Sherman Anti-Trust Act was designed for US monopolies, not international state-run cartels.
    • We should focus on domestic policies to affect gas prices. We cannot respond to a short-term crisis with a long-term response.
    Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 18:
    Replace coal & oil with alternatives;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 18.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 200; NO 4
    Republicans: YES 117; NO 64
    Independents: YES 16; NO 4
    Vote number 2007-040 removing oil & gas exploration subsidies
    on Jan 18, 2007 regarding bill HR 6 ("First 100 hours") Creating Long-Term Energy Alternatives for the Nation(CLEAN)
    Results: Bill passed, 264-163
    Creating Long-term Energy Alternatives for the Nation (CLEAN) Act
    • Title I: Ending Subsidies for Big Oil Act--denying a deduction for income attributable to domestic production of oil, natural gas, or their related primary products.
    • Title II: Royalty Relief for American Consumers Act--to incorporate specified price thresholds for royalties on oil & gas leases in the Gulf of Mexico.
    • Title III: Strategic Energy Efficiency And Renewables Reserve--makes the Reserve available to accelerate the use of clean domestic renewable energy resources and alternative fuels.

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    This legislation seeks to end the unwarranted tax breaks & subsidies which have been lavished on Big Oil over the last several years, at a time of record prices at the gas pump and record oil industry profits. Big Oil is hitting the American taxpayer not once, not twice, but three times. They are hitting them at the pump, they are hitting them through the Tax Code, and they are hitting them with royalty holidays put into oil in 1995 and again in 2005.

    It is time to vote for the integrity of America's resources, to vote for the end of corporate welfare, to vote for a new era in the management of our public energy resources.

    Opponents support voting NO because:

    I am wearing this red shirt today, because this shirt is the color of the bill that we are debating, communist red. It is a taking. It will go to court, and it should be decided in court.

    This bill will increase the competitive edge of foreign oil imported to this country. If the problem is foreign oil, why increase taxes and make it harder to produce American oil and gas? That makes no sense. We should insert taxes on all foreign oil imported. That would raise your money for renewable resources. But what we are doing here today is taxing our domestic oil. We are raising dollars supposedly for renewable resources, yet we are still burning fossil fuels.

    Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 18:
    Replace coal & oil with alternatives;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 18.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 207; NO 4
    Republicans: YES 33; NO 150
    Independents: YES 14; NO 7
    Vote number 2006-354 keeping moratorium on drilling for oil offshore
    on Jun 29, 2006 regarding bill H R 4761 Deep Ocean Energy Resources Act
    Results: Bill rejected 170-249
    Vote to amend a bill providing for exploration & production of mineral resources on the outer Continental Shelf. The underlying bill revises the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act's guidelines for natural gas lease administration. Voting YES on the amendment would maintain the 25-year moratorium on oil and gas drilling in environmentally sensitive areas offshore. Voting NO on the amendment would lift the 25-year moratorium, and establish incentives to renegotiate existing leases that fail to include market-based price caps.

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    This amendment would preserve the longstanding moratorium so important to coastal States. The amendment would also preserve the underlying bill's one redeeming feature, the renegotiating of the cash-cow leases now pouring billions of dollars into already stuffed oil industry coffers.

    We have only 5% of the world's population, but 30% of the world's automobiles, and we produce 45% of the world's automotive carbon dioxide emissions. This addiction harms our environment, our economy and our national security. This underlying bill attempts to bribe coastal States into drilling off their shores by promising them a lot more money.

    Opponents support voting NO because:

    For 30 years, opponents of American energy have cloaked their arguments in an environmental apocalypse. They have tried to make the argument that no matter what we do, it will destroy the environment.

    This amendment takes out all of the energy production. It is a callous disregard for the jobs that have been lost over the last 30 years of following an anti-energy policy. The people who work in oil and gas, their jobs are in the Middle East or Canada. We have exported their jobs. If this amendment passes, we are going to send the rest of them. We should know how important it is to create jobs in this country, to create clean natural gas in this country, so that it can be the bridge to the future.

    Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 18:
    Replace coal & oil with alternatives;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 18.

    Voting YES counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 2;
    Voting NO counts as answer D on AmericansElect question 2.
    Democrats: YES 138; NO 40
    Republicans: YES 21; NO 189
    Independents: YES 9; NO 10
    Vote number 2006-228 scheduling permitting for new oil refinieries
    on Jun 7, 2006 regarding bill HR 5254 resolution H RES 842 Refinery Permit Process Schedule Act
    Results: Resolution Agreed To: 221-192
      Voting YES would allow floor debate on H.R.5254, the Refinery Permit Process Schedule Act, which provides for the following:
    • The EPA, upon the request of a state governor, shall provide scheduling and financial assistance relevant to consideration of federal refinery authorizations.
    • The President shall designate at least three closed military installations as potentially suitable for the construction of a refinery.
    • Requires that at least one such site be designated as potentially suitable for construction of a refinery to refine biomass in order to produce biofuel.
      Proponents of the resolution say:
    • Over the last several years, we have seen gasoline prices increase steadily
    • In the last 24 years, our refinery capacity has dropped from 19 million barrels a day to less than 17 million barrels a day.
    • We must make build new refineries to meet our current demand and to prevent a loss of capacity due to another hurricane, or a terrorist attack
      Opponents of the resolution say:
    • $3 a gallon gas is a problem, but so is global warming, and so is our dependence on fossil fuels.
    • Unfortunately, this bill represents another missed opportunity for strategic long-term national energy policy.
    • There have been no new refineries built in the US since 1976, but there has not been one convincing example of a situation where the permitting process prevented construction of a refinery.
    • We should reduce demand by promoting energy conservation and fuel efficient forms of transportation, and work to develop renewable sources of fuel.
    • Taken together, these will help America move towards energy independence. And we are going to stop providing subsidies to companies that are making record profits.
    Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 18:
    Replace coal & oil with alternatives;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 18.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 0; NO 175
    Republicans: YES 206; NO 1
    Independents: YES 8; NO 11
    Vote number 2005-519 authorizing construction of new oil refineries
    on Oct 7, 2005 regarding bill HR 3893 Gasoline for Americas Security Act
    Results: Bill Passed: 212 - 210
    To expedite the construction of new refining capacity in the United States, to provide reliable and affordable energy for the American people, and for other purposes including:
    • Authorizing the President to designate sites on Federal land for construction of new oil refineries, including at least three on closed military bases
    • Allowing the Secretary of Energy to enter into contracts with non-Federal entities to construct or restore new refineries that use crude oil or coal to produce gasoline or other fuel
    • Establishing a program to encourage carpools by giving grants to states and to evaluate the use of the Internet to link riders with carpools, assist employers establish carpool programs, and market existing programs
    • Authorizing any facility to use biomass debris as fuel if it meets certain standards, such as resulting from a major disaster
    • $2.5 million to create an education campaign about gasoline conservation
    Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 18:
    Replace coal & oil with alternatives;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 18.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 1; NO 182
    Republicans: YES 199; NO 12
    Independents: YES 7; NO 13
    Vote number 2004-241 passage of the Bush Administration national energy policy
    on Jun 15, 2004 regarding bill HR 4503 Energy Policy Act of 2004
    Results: Bill Passed 244-178: R 198-25; D 46-152
    Vote to pass a bill that would put into practice a comprehensive national policy for energy conservation, research and development. The bill would authorize o $25.7 billion tax break over a 10-year period. The tax breaks would include $11.9 billion to promote oil and gas production, $2.5 billion for "clean coal" programs, $2.2 billion in incentives for alternative motor vehicles, and $1.8 billion for the electric power industry and other businesses. A natural gas pipeline from Alaska would be authorized an $18 billion loan guarantee. It would add to the requirement that gasoline sold in the United States contain a specified volume of ethanol. Makers of the gasoline additive MTBE would be protected from liability. They would be required though to cease production of the additive by 2015. Reliability standards would be imposed for electricity transmissions networks, through this bill. The bill would also ease the restrictions on utility ownership and mergers. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 43; NO 144
    Republicans: YES 192; NO 24
    Independents: YES 8; NO 10
    Vote number 2003-630 implementing Bush-Cheney national energy policy
    on Nov 18, 2003 regarding bill HR.6 Bill sponsored by Tauzin, R-LA
    Results: Conference Report Adopted 246-180
    Energy Omnibus bill: Vote to adopt the conference report on the bill that would put into practice a comprehensive national policy for energy conservation, research and development. The bill would authorize a $25.7 billion tax break over a 10-year period. The tax breaks would include $11.9 billion to promote oil and gas production, $2.5 billion for "clean coal" programs, $2.2 billion in incentives for alternative motor vehicles, and $1.8 billion for the electric power industry and other businesses. A natural gas pipeline from Alaska would be authorized an $18 billion loan guarantee. The bill would call for producers of Ethanol to double their output. Makers of the gasoline additive MTBE would be protected from liability. They would be required though to cease production of the additive by 2015. Reliability standards would be imposed for electricity transmissions networks, through this bill. The bill would also ease the restrictions on utility ownership and mergers. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 43; NO 146
    Republicans: YES 193; NO 24
    Independents: YES 10; NO 8
    Vote number 2001-311 raising CAFE standards; incentives for alternative fuels
    on Aug 1, 2001 regarding bill HR 4
    Results: Amendment rejected, 160-269
    Require a combined corporate average fuel efficiency [CAFE] standard for passenger automobiles and light trucks, including sport utility vehicles, of 26 mpg in 2005 and of 27.5 mpg in 2007. It also would offer incentives for alternative fuel vehicles. Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 18:
    Replace coal & oil with alternatives;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 18.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 114; NO 85
    Republicans: YES 36; NO 173
    Independents: YES 7; NO 8
    Vote number 2001-317 prohibiting oil drilling & development in ANWR
    on Aug 1, 2001 regarding bill HR 4
    Results: Amendment rejected, 206-223
    Amendment to maintain the current prohibition on oil drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge by striking language opening the reserve up to development. Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 18:
    Replace coal & oil with alternatives;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 18.

    Voting YES counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 2;
    Voting NO counts as answer D on AmericansElect question 2.
    Democrats: YES 164; NO 34
    Republicans: YES 33; NO 178
    Independents: YES 7; NO 8
    Vote number 2000-323 starting implementation of Kyoto Protocol
    on Jun 26, 2000 regarding bill HR 4690 Amendment sponsored by Olver, D-MA
    Results: Amendment adopted: FOR: 217; AGAINST: 181
    Vote on an amendment that would allow the implementation of the portions of the Kyoto climate change treaty that are already allowed under law. The Kyoto protocol of 1997, which aims to reduce emissions of certain greenhouse gases, particularly carbon dioxide, has not been ratified by the United States. The amendment would allow federal agencies, particularly the Environmental Protection Agency [EPA] to implement procedures already allowed under law that are also part of the Kyoto accord before the treaty is ratified by Congress. Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 18:
    Replace coal & oil with alternatives;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 18.

    Voting YES counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 2;
    Voting NO counts as answer D on AmericansElect question 2.
    Democrats: YES 168; NO 15
    Republicans: YES 44; NO 158
    Independents: YES 7; NO 8

    Environment
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number 2009-H682 $2 billion more for Cash for Clunkers program
    on Jul 31, 2009 regarding bill H.R. 3435 Cash for Clunkers bill
    Results: Passed 316-109 (2/3rds required)
    Congressional Summary:Emergency supplemental appropriations of $2 billion for the Consumer Assistance to Recycle and Save (CARS) Program.

    Proponent's argument to vote Yes:Rep. OBEY (D, WI-7): The cash for clunkers program has proven even more wildly popular than its strongest supporters had predicted. Just last month, Congress passed the program, which provided up to $4,500 if you trade in your old gas guzzler for a new car that gets better mileage. That was done in the hopes of spurring some new car sales and encouraging people to be a little more environmentally friendly. We provided $1 billion in the supplemental to get it going, enough for about 250,000 sales--which was just about exhausted in one week. This bill transfers $2 billion from the Department of Energy's Innovative Technology Loan Guarantee program, which doesn't expect to award funding until late next year.

    Opponent's argument to vote No:Rep. LEWIS (R, CA-41): In the majority's haste to slam legislation with no time for consideration or amendments, we are now seeing the effects of such shortsighted martial law tactics.

    Senator Feinstein tried to negotiate some changes to improve the program but was told that it was this way or the highway. Not one hearing on the Cash for Clunkers program, not one hearing on how the first billion dollars has been spent, not one hearing on how much money the program will need to get through the fiscal year.

    Many of my colleagues will say, This is a great program, and it is necessary for the revitalization of the car industry. I'm not really going to argue with those goals. However, are we sure this program is working like it's supposed to? I don't think so. This program has only been up and running 1 week. If that is how the government is going to handle billion-dollar programs affecting all Americans, I ask, Whatever will we do if the administration takes control of our health care system?

    Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 18:
    Replace coal & oil with alternatives;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 18.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 229; NO 11
    Republicans: YES 72; NO 92
    Independents: YES 15; NO 6
    Vote number 2009-H577 protecting free-roaming horses and burros
    on Jul 17, 2009 regarding bill H.R.1018 Restore Our American Mustangs Act
    Results: Passed 239-185
    Congressional Summary:
    1. Ensure that acreage available for wild and free-roaming horses and burros is at least equal to the acreage where they were found in 1971
    2. update the inventory of such horses and burros annually
    3. maintain a thriving natural ecological balance on lands where such horses and burros are found
    4. establish sanctuaries for such horses and burros
    5. research and implement enhanced fertility control for mares & stallions.

    Proponent's argument to vote Yes:Rep. NICK RAHALL (D, WV-3): Earlier this year, the BLM made a truly shocking announcement. This Federal agency announced future plans to destroy, i.e., slaughter, 30,000 healthy wild horses and burros entrusted to their care by the American people. How in the world can a Federal agency be considering massive slaughter of animals the law says they are supposed to be protecting? The bill before us gives the agency as many options as possible to avoid destroying these animals.

    Opponent's argument to vote No:Rep. DOC HASTINGS (R, WA-4): Across our Nation, Americans are struggling to pay their bills; 9.5% of Americans are out of work. With this backdrop, what is the response of this Democrat Congress to record unemployment and skyrocketing deficits? Their response is to create a $700 million welfare program for wild horses and burros. If the American people want an illustration of just how out of touch this Congress has become on spending, they need to look no further. In the last Congress, the House passed legislation to ban the commercial slaughter of wild horses and burros, that cost taxpayers less than $500,000 a year. Now we're looking at a bill that, again, bans slaughter of these animals but then proceeds to spend $700 million to create a new welfare program for wild horses. Republicans are focused on creating the jobs in this country, but this Democrat Congress seems to be more worried about wild burros and wild horses.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    Voting YES counts as answer D on AmericansElect question 8;
    Voting NO counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 8.
    Democrats: YES 198; NO 42
    Republicans: YES 31; NO 131
    Independents: YES 10; NO 12
    Vote number 2008-H614 environmental education grants for outdoor experiences
    on Sep 18, 2008 regarding bill H.R.3036 No Child Left Inside Act
    Results: Passed 293-109
    Congressional Summary:
      Requires Environmental Education and Training program grantees to:
    • ensure that environmental education programs and curricula advance the teaching of interdisciplinary courses that include strong field components;
    • bring teachers into contact with working environmental professionals;
    • encourage individuals traditionally underrepresented in environmental careers

    Proponent's argument to vote Yes:Rep. JOHN SARBANES (D, MD-3): This bill creates a new National Capacity Environmental Education grant program for which education associations apply competitively for grants that would fund model programs that get children into nature and really have them experiencing the environment.

    Rep. BUCK McKEON (R, CA-25): This bill incorporates scientifically-based and technology-driven teaching methods into environmental education. Unfortunately, the new National Capacity Environmental Education Program is duplicative of the existing environmental education program already being run by the EPA. Still, I do not intend to oppose its passage.

    Opponent's argument to vote No:Rep. MICHELE BACHMANN (R, MN-6): H.R. 3036 continues our Nation down the ill-fated road of shifting control of school curricula away from the parents and teachers and local school boards who best know what their children need into the hands of Federal Government and its one-size-fits-all approach. To best serve our children's educational needs, local school boards need flexibility to target resources where they are needed most. The needs of individual school districts are not homogenous and are most certainly not best understood by bureaucrats in Washington. This bill represents a step in the wrong direction. Forcing local school districts to direct scarce resources away from core curricula to serve a political agenda will only further suppress the academic performance of America's next generation.

    Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 7:
    Parents Choose Schools via Vouchers;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 7.

    Voting YES counts as answer D on AmericansElect question 8;
    Voting NO counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 8.
    Democrats: YES 213; NO 2
    Republicans: YES 64; NO 103
    Independents: YES 16; NO 4
    Vote number 2008-400 $9.7B for Amtrak improvements and operation thru 2013
    on Jun 11, 2008 regarding bill HR6003 Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act
    Results: Bill passed, 311-104
    Congressional Summary:
    • Authorizes appropriations for FY2009-FY2013 for Amtrak capital and operating grants; Amtrak repayment of long-term debt and capital leases; and the rail cooperative research program.
    • Authorizes grants for the Next Generation Corridor Train Equipment Pool Committee.

      Proponents argument for voting YEA: Rep. OBERSTAR: America is on the threshold of a "renaissance'' for intercity passenger rail that approaches the enthusiasm of the completion of the transcontinental railroad. Last year, Amtrak set a ridership record for the fifth year in a row, exceeding 25.8 million passengers. Its ticket revenues rose 11 percent to more than $1.5 billion, the third straight year of revenue growth. This record of achievement is even more impressive considering that for the past eight years Amtrak has contended with an Administration committed to its bankruptcy. Indeed, these achievements are occurring when there is a greater need than ever for alternatives to our congested highways and skies. To alleviate this congestion and strengthen our energy security, we need to invest in intercity passenger rail.

      Other countries already make an annual commitment to intercity passenger rail. In 2003 alone, France invested $10.6 billion in its rail system; Germany invested $12.4 billion; and the United Kingdom invested $7.8 billion. China plans to spend a total of $162 billion from 2006 through 2010 to expand its railway system. This bill authorizes $14 billion over 5 years:

      • $6.7 billion for capital grants
      • $3.0 billion for operating grants
      • $2.5 billion for 80% matching grants to States to pay for the capital costs of facilities
      • $1.75 billion to finance 11 authorized high-speed rail corridors
    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 212; NO 1
    Republicans: YES 82; NO 100
    Independents: YES 17; NO 3
    Vote number 2006-263 increasing AMTRAK funding by adding $214M to $900M
    on Jun 13, 2006 regarding bill HR 5576 Amendment 1008 Department of Transportation appropriations
    Results: Amendment passed: 266-158
    Voting YES on this amendment would restore $214 million in funding for AMTRAK, bringing the total annual expenditure for AMTRAK to $1.114 billion. The chairman of the Railroad Subcommittee explained the increase as follows:
    • Unlike aviation, highways and transit, there is no dedicated funding for investing in our Nation's passenger rail service. This amendment restores $214 million to the Amtrak account, taking it to $1.114 billion, which is still about $300 million less than we had during the course of last year's discussion.
    • Last year the President sent up a budget of zero for Amtrak. We had an amendment process that we went through this time. This time we are up to $900 million in the bill [without this amendment].
    • But if you look at that $900 million, there is only $500 million for capital expenditures, out of which has to come a debt service of $280 million, which only leaves $220 million for the capital needs of this country for Amtrak, for passenger rail.
    • There is nothing for operation, and I know that the response to that is going to be that there are some incentive grants in the bill.
    Opponents of the amendment say that it would increase funding for Amtrak by gutting and eliminating critical programs, including safety programs, resulting in reductions in force at several agencies.
    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 176; NO 4
    Republicans: YES 65; NO 147
    Independents: YES 15; NO 5
    Vote number 2006-200 barring website promoting Yucca Mountain nuclear waste dump
    on May 24, 2006 regarding bill HR 5427 Amendment 919 Energy and water development appropriations bill
    Results: Amendment rejected: 147-271
    An amendment to prohibit funding the "Yucca Mountain Youth Zone" website. Voting YES indicates opposition to using Yucca Mountain as the national nuclear waste repository. The amendment's sponsor says:
      I would like to introduce the American people to the newest member of the Bush administration's energy policy team. His name is Yucca Mountain Johnny. He is the star of the Energy Department's Yucca Mountain Youth Zone Web site devoted to brainwashing school children into believing that burying the Nation's nuclear garbage 90 miles from Los Vegas is safe.
    • The Web site features games and activities to make high level nuclear waste fun. High level nuclear waste is not fun. It is dangerous, and the Department of Energy should not be using taxpayer money for a propaganda tool.
    • I would probably not be as upset with Joe Camel, excuse me, Yucca Mountain Johnny, if there was a more balanced approach on this Web site. It doesn't talk about the potential of accidents or being an inviting target for terrorists. It doesn't talk about the fact that Yucca Mountain is in a volcanic and seismic zone area. It doesn't say anything about the existence of safer and cheaper alternatives.
    • Among Yucca Mountain Johnny's witty sayings, he says, "The worst mistake is never making one." Well, Yucca Mountain is a mistake. This Web site is a mistake. Yucca Mountain Johnny is a mistake, and to promote the proposed nuclear waste repository to our children under the guise of education is a big mistake.
      The amendment's opponents respond:
    • To my knowledge, nobody has questioned the accuracy or truth of what is on the Web site. My guess is that most of the children that access this website use it for term papers and papers in their classrooms that they have to do on nuclear power.
    • Whether you oppose or support the repository, we should at least want the facts out to our children and adults who wish to use that same Web site about just what exactly it is.
    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 125; NO 53
    Republicans: YES 12; NO 198
    Independents: YES 7; NO 11
    Vote number 2005-506 deauthorizing "critical habitat" for endangered species
    on Sep 29, 2005 regarding bill HR 3824 Threatened and Endangered Species Recovery Act
    Results: Bill Passed 229 - 193
    To amend and reauthorize the Endangered Species Act of 1973 to provide greater results conserving and recovering listed species, and for other purposes, including:
    • Repealing the authority to designate an area as “critical habitat” for an endangered species
    • Requiring the Secretary of the Interior to create “recovery plans” within two years of classifying species as endangered or threatened
    • Allowing recovery agreements with private citizens whose land may be part of a species recovery plan
    • Issuing grants to support private property owners who voluntarily help to increase the number of endangered or threatened species on their private land
    • Providing compensation in an amount no less than fair market value to private landowners who have had regulation imposed upon their land
    • Calling upon the Secretary to submit an annual cost analysis of the previous years spending to Congress, including the amount of Federal and State funds used for each species
    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    Voting YES counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 8;
    Voting NO counts as answer D on AmericansElect question 8.
    Democrats: YES 32; NO 149
    Republicans: YES 180; NO 33
    Independents: YES 11; NO 9
    Vote number 2003-656 speeding up approval of forest thinning projects
    on Nov 21, 2003 regarding bill HR 1904 Healthy Forests Restoration Act
    Results: Motion passed 286-140: R 216-9; D 70-130
    Vote to adopt the conference report on the bill that would reduce and expedite (speed up) environmental and judicial reviews of forest thinning projects. The bill would authorize $760 million a year from fiscal 2004 to fiscal 2008. The Bureau of Land Management and the US Forest Service would have the authorization to remove vegetation that could cause or assist the spread of wildfires, disease or insect infestation. All forest thinning project would come after public meetings had been held. Forest thinning would be restricted to land that is within a 1.5 miles of at-risk communities , high-risk land that serves as a home for threatened and endangered species, high-risk land in the area of municipal water sources and and high-risk land that is specifically susceptible to disease or insect infestation. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    Voting YES counts as answer on AmericansElect question 0;
    Voting NO counts as answer on AmericansElect question 0.
    Democrats: YES 64; NO 122
    Republicans: YES 207; NO 9
    Independents: YES 13; NO 7

    Error VI: Safety & Justice
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number MA03X-H425 establishing a Substance Abuse Health Protection Fund
    on Oct 8, 2003 regarding bill H.1474
    Results:
    Establishing a Substance Abuse Health Protection Fund for the following purposes: (a) For a comprehensive substance abuse treatment program for the treatment of individuals who are dependent on or addicted to alcohol or controlled substances; (b) To fund such substance abuse treatment programs; (c) For comprehensive school health education programs about substance abuse; and (d) For workplace-based and community substance abuse prevention and drinking cessation programs, for substance abuse-related public service advertising and for drug and alcohol education programs. The amendment would be attached to a Sunday Alcohol bill, as partial alleviation of potential problems caused by it.

    Relevant platform section:Part VI: Safety & Justice: Crime Prevention: "We support increased efforts to work with troubled young people and we support the development of secure substance abuse treatment facilities for adolescents and women. We call for increased efforts to provide parental training to young parents."

    Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 0:
    Error VI: Safety & Justice;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 0.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 0; NO 0
    Republicans: YES 0; NO 0
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0

    Families & Children
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number 2009-H310 four weeks of paid parental leave for federal employees
    on Jun 4, 2009 regarding bill H.R.626 Federal Employees Paid Parental Leave Act
    Results: Passed 258-154
    Congressional Summary:Allows federal employees to substitute any available paid leave for any leave without pay available for either the: (1) birth of a child; or (2) placement of a child with the employee for either adoption or foster care. Makes available for any of the 12 weeks of leave an employee is entitled to for such purposes: (1) four administrative weeks of paid parental leave in connection with the birth or placement involved; and (2) any accumulated annual or sick leave.

    Proponent's argument to vote Yes:

    Rep. STEVE LYNCH (D, MA-9): This bill takes an important step toward improving the Federal Government's ability to recruit and retain a highly qualified workforce by providing paid parental leave to Federal and Congressional employees for the birth, adoption or placement of a child for foster care, which is a benefit that is extended to many in the private sector in other industrialized countries.

    Opponent's argument to vote No:Rep. DARRELL ISSA (R, CA-49): This bill sends the wrong message at the wrong time to working American taxpayers and families that are struggling in difficult times. Our economy is in crisis, and deficits are already soaring. This bill does not have one provision to say if you make $170,000 a year, why do we have to give you this benefit, because you have to choose between feeding your children and being with your children? Certainly not. There are no protections against, in fact, those who do not need this special benefit getting it. There are no safeguards at all. As a matter of fact, this bill envisions the $1 billion over 5 years, swelling to $4 billion over 10 years or more because, in fact, they believe it should be 8 weeks of special leave. Federal employees enjoy one of the highest levels of job security, without a doubt, anywhere in the United States. I would venture to say many of them the highest. More importantly, in good times and bad, they keep their jobs.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 221; NO 5
    Republicans: YES 22; NO 142
    Independents: YES 15; NO 7
    Vote number 2003-127 establishing nationwide AMBER alert system for missing kids
    on Apr 10, 2003 regarding bill S 151 Child Abduction Prevention Act
    Results: Conference Report Adopted 400-25: R 225-1; D 175-23
    Vote to adopt the conference report on the bill that would assign a national coordinator for AMBER alerts. AMBER alerts is an alert system for missing children, make available additional protections for children and set stricter punishments for sex offenders. Two-time child sex offenders would be subjected to mandatory life sentence. The measure would make it a crime to pander visual illustrations of children as child pornography. It would increase maximum sentences for a number of specified crimes against children. It would also make it a crime to take a trip to foreign countries and engage in illicit sexual conduct with a minor. It also would enlarge law enforcement's wiretap and electronic surveillance abilities in investigations of child pornography. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 164; NO 23
    Republicans: YES 215; NO 1
    Independents: YES 19; NO 1
    Vote number 2001-75 reducing Marriage Tax by $399B over 10 years
    on Mar 29, 2001 regarding bill HR 6 Bill sponsored by Weller, R-IL
    Results: Bill passed, FOR: 282, AGAINST: 144
    Vote to pass a bill that would reduce taxes for married people by $399.2 billion over 10 years by doubling the couples' deduction and the child tax credit. Among other provisions, the bill would allow married couples filing jointly to claim a standard deduction equal to the deduction they would receive filing singly. Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 11:
    Make taxes more progressive;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 11.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 61; NO 137
    Republicans: YES 210; NO 0
    Independents: YES 10; NO 5

    Foreign Policy
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number 2009-H333 supporting democratic institutions in Pakistan
    on Jun 11, 2009 regarding bill H.R.1886 The PEACE Act
    Results: Passed 234-185
    Congressional Summary:Pakistan Enduring Assistance and Cooperation Enhancement Act (PEACE Act): Authorizes the President to provide assistance for Pakistan to support democratic institutions; economic development; human rights; health care; and public diplomacy.

    Proponent's argument to vote Yes:Rep. IKE SKELTON (D, MO-4): Pakistan is important to the Middle East and our intentions there. Their cooperation, of course, is so very, very important. This legislation gives economic and democratic development assistance to that country.

    Rep. HOWARD BERMAN (D, CA-28): We can't allow al Qaeda or any other terrorist group that threatens our national security to operate with impunity in the tribal regions or any other part of Pakistan. Nor can we permit the Pakistani state and its nuclear arsenal to be taken over by the Taliban. To help prevent this nightmare scenario, we need to forge a true strategic partnership with Pakistan and its people, strengthen Pakistan's democrat government, and work to make Pakistan a source of stability in a volatile region.

    Opponent's argument to vote No:Rep. ILEANA ROS-LEHTINEN (R, FL-18): This bill focuses on past actions and failures attributed to the Pakistani Government, punishing the new leadership for the sins of its predecessors. While the authors of H.R. 1886 may have sought to empower our Pakistani partners to undertake the formidable task of fighting and winning against violent extremists, it does the opposite. We have gone down this road before. I recall during the Iraq debate, Members sought to prejudge the surge strategy before it could even be implemented. Let us hope that this will not be repeated with respect to Pakistan and Afghanistan.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 211; NO 19
    Republicans: YES 8; NO 158
    Independents: YES 15; NO 8
    Vote number 2008-H662 cooperating with India as a nuclear power
    on Sep 27, 2008 regarding bill HR.7081 US-India Nuclear Agreement
    Results: Passed 298-117
    Congressional Summary:US-India Nuclear Cooperation Approval and Nonproliferation Enhancement Act:
    • Approves the US-India Agreement for Cooperation on Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy.
    • Declares that it is US policy to prevent the transfer to India of nuclear equipment, materials, or technology from other participating governments in the Nuclear Suppliers Group or from any other source; and
    • any nuclear power reactor fuel reserve provided to India for use in safeguarded civilian nuclear facilities should be commensurate with reasonable reactor operating requirements.

    Proponent's argument to vote Yes:Rep. HOWARD BERMAN (D, CA-28): Integrating India into a global nonproliferation regime is a positive step. Before anyone gets too sanctimonious about India's nuclear weapons program, we should acknowledge that the five recognized nuclear weapons states have not done nearly enough to fulfill their commitments under the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, including making serious reductions in their own arsenals, nor in the case of the US in ratifying the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty.

    Opponent's argument to vote No:Rep. BARBARA LEE (D, CA-9): In withholding my approval, I seek not to penalize the people of India but, rather, to affirm the principle of nuclear nonproliferation. Jettisoning adherence to the international nuclear nonproliferation framework that has served the world so well for more than 30 years, as approval of the agreement before us would do, is just simply unwise. It is also reckless.

    Approval of this agreement undermines our efforts to dissuade countries like Iran and North Korea from developing nuclear weapons. By approving this agreement, all we are doing is creating incentives for other countries to withdraw from the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 115; NO 101
    Republicans: YES 169; NO 10
    Independents: YES 14; NO 6
    Vote number 2005-374 deterring foreign arms transfers to China
    on Jul 14, 2005 regarding bill HR 3100 East Asia Security Act
    Results: Bill Failed: 215-203 (requires 2/3)
    To authorize measures to deter arms transfers by foreign countries to the People's Republic of China, A YES vote would grant the President the ability to place sanctions on any individual or country that violates the arms embargo, including:
    • Denial of participation in cooperative research and development
    • Prohibition of ownership and control of any business registered as a manufacturer or exporter of defense articles or services
    • Removal of all licenses relative to dual-use goods or technology
    • Prohibition of participation of any foreign military sales
    Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 0:
    Link Human Rights to trade with China;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 0.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 90; NO 90
    Republicans: YES 105; NO 105
    Independents: YES 14; NO 6
    Vote number 2005-282 reforming the UN by restricting US funding
    on Jun 17, 2005 regarding bill HR 2745 United Nations Reform Act
    Results: Bill Passed: 221-184
    To reform the United Nations, by limiting the US contribution to the UN by up to one-half by the year 2007, if the following reforms are not made:
    • Requires the creation of an Independent Oversight Board with the authority to evaluate all operations of the UN
    • Instructs the UN to implement procedures to protect whistle-blowers, individuals who reveal wrongdoings within an organization to the public or to those in positions of authority
    • Obliges the creation of a uniform code of conduct for all UN officials
    • Requires the shifting of the funding mechanisms of certain organizational programs from the regular assessed UN budget to voluntarily funded programs
    • Compels the US President to influence the Secretary General of the UN to waive diplomatic immunity for UN officials under investigation or charged with serious criminal offences
    • Creates a certification of UN cooperation to provide documentary evidence to member states investigating the Oil-for-Food program
    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    Voting YES counts as answer B on AmericansElect question 5;
    Voting NO counts as answer C on AmericansElect question 5.
    Democrats: YES 8; NO 163
    Republicans: YES 199; NO 6
    Independents: YES 8; NO 12
    Vote number 2001-270 keeping Cuba travel ban until political prisoners released
    on Jul 25, 2001 regarding bill HR 2590
    Results: Amendment adopted, 240-186
    Stop enforcing travel restrictions on US citizens to Cuba, only after the president has certified that Cuba has released all political prisoners, and extradited all individuals sought by the US on charges of air piracy, drug trafficking and murder. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 164; NO 33
    Republicans: YES 65; NO 144
    Independents: YES 7; NO 7
    Vote number 2001-107 withholding $244M in UN Back Payments until US seat restored
    on May 10, 2001 regarding bill HR 1646 Amendment sponsored by Hyde, R-IL
    Results: Amendment adopted, FOR: 252, AGAINST: 165
    Vote to adopt an amendment that would require that the United States be restored to its seat on the UN Human Rights Commission before the payment of $244 million in funds already designated to pay UN back dues. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    Voting YES counts as answer B on AmericansElect question 5;
    Voting NO counts as answer C on AmericansElect question 5.
    Democrats: YES 59; NO 137
    Republicans: YES 185; NO 20
    Independents: YES 7; NO 6
    Vote number 2000-397 $156M to IMF for 3rd-world debt reduction
    on Jul 13, 2000 regarding bill HR 4811 Amendment sponsored by Waters, D-CA
    Results: Amendment adopted: FOR: 216; AGAINST: 211
    Vote on an amendment that would transfer $156 million from foreign military financing to the Highly Indebted Poor Countries [HIPC] Trust Fund. The HIPC Trust fund is designed to help debtor countries pay off the money they owe to multilateral agencies such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 182; NO 14
    Republicans: YES 25; NO 188
    Independents: YES 7; NO 8
    Vote number 2000-228 Permanent Normal Trade Relations with China
    on May 24, 2000 regarding bill HR 4444 Bill sponsored by Archer, R-TX
    Results: Bill passed: FOR: 237; AGAINST: 197
    Vote to give permanent Normal Trade Relations [NTR] status to China. Currently, NTR status for China is debated and voted on annually. The measure contains provisions designed to protect the United States from Chinese import surges and the administration would have to report annually on China's compliance with the trade agreement. The bill establishes a commission to monitor human rights, labor standards and religious freedom in China. Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 13:
    Support & Expand Free Trade;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 13.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 65; NO 135
    Republicans: YES 157; NO 58
    Independents: YES 12; NO 3
    Vote number 1999-572 $15.2 billion for foreign operations
    on Nov 5, 1999 regarding bill HR 3196 Bill sponsored by Callahan, R-AL
    Results: Bill passed: FOR: 316; AGAINST: 100
    Vote on a bill to provide $15.2 billion for foreign operations in FY 2000. Among other provisions, the bill would provide $1.82 billion over three years for implementation of the Wye River peace accord in the Middle East. In addition, the measure would provide $123 million in multilateral debt relief and would contribute $25 million to the United National Population Fund. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 180; NO 14
    Republicans: YES 120; NO 84
    Independents: YES 13; NO 2

    Free Trade
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number 2007-1060 promoting free trade with Peru
    on Nov 8, 2007 regarding bill H.R. 3688 Peru Trade Promotion Agreement Implementation Act
    Results: Bill passed, 285 - 132
    Approves the Agreement entered into with the government of Peru. Provides for the Agreement's entry into force upon certain conditions being met on or after January 1, 2008. Prescribes requirements for:
    • enforcement of textile and apparel rules of origin;
    • certain textile and apparel safeguard measures; and
    • enforcement of export laws governing trade of timber products from Peru.

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    Rep. RANGEL: It's absolutely ridiculous to believe that we can create jobs without trade. I had the opportunity to travel to Peru recently. I saw firsthand how important this agreement is to Peru and how this agreement will strengthen an important ally of ours in that region. Peru is resisting the efforts of Venezuela's authoritarian President Hugo Chavez to wage a war of words and ideas in Latin America against the US. Congress should acknowledge the support of the people of Peru and pass this legislation by a strong margin.

    Opponents recommend voting NO because:

    Rep. WU: I regret that I cannot vote for this bill tonight because it does not put human rights on an equal footing with environmental and labor protections.

    Rep. KILDEE: All trade agreements suffer from the same fundamental flaw: They are not self-enforcing. Trade agreements depend upon vigorous enforcement, which requires official complaints be made when violations occur. I have no faith in President Bush to show any enthusiasm to enforce this agreement. Congress should not hand this administration yet another trade agreement because past agreements have been more efficient at exporting jobs than goods and services. I appeal to all Members of Congress to vote NO on this. But I appeal especially to my fellow Democrats not to turn their backs on those American workers who suffer from the export of their jobs. They want a paycheck, not an unemployment check.

    Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 13:
    Support & Expand Free Trade;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 13.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 98; NO 110
    Republicans: YES 166; NO 16
    Independents: YES 17; NO 3
    Vote number 2007-1025 assisting workers who lose jobs due to globalization
    on Oct 31, 2007 regarding bill HR3920 Trade and Globalization Assistance Act
    Results: Bill Passed, 264-157
    H.R.3920: Trade and Globalization Act of 2007: Amends the Trade Act of 1974 to allow the filing for trade adjustment assistance (TAA) by adversely affected workers. Revises group eligibility requirements for TAA to cover: (1) a shift of production or services to abroad; or (2) imports of articles or services from abroad.

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    Rep. RANGEL: In recent years, trade policy has been a dividing force. This legislation develops a new trade policy that more adequately addresses the growing perception that trade is not working for American workers. The Trade and Globalization Assistance Act would expand training and benefits for workers while also helping to encourage investment in communities that have lost jobs to increased trade--particularly in our manufacturing sector. The bill is a comprehensive policy expanding opportunities for American workers, industries, and communities to prepare for and overcome the challenges created by expanded trade.

    Opponents recommend voting NO because:

    Rep. McCRERY: We should be considering trade adjustment assistance in the context of trade opportunities generally for US workers. That is to say, I think we should be considering modifications to our assistance network in the context of the pending free trade agreements that are before the Congress. Unfortunately, we are not doing that. We are considering TAA in isolation. [We should instead] restructure TAA from a predominantly income support program into a job retraining program. Other problems include that H.R. 3920 would:

    • pointlessly keep people in trade adjustment assistance longer.
    • increase TAA spending by billions of dollars, but would not require any further accountability on how program funds are spent.
    • greatly expand TAA and exacerbate the inefficiencies in the program today.
    • extend benefits to public sector workers and submit State and local officials to subpoenas and legal proceedings to comply.
    Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 13:
    Support & Expand Free Trade;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 13.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 208; NO 2
    Republicans: YES 38; NO 145
    Independents: YES 12; NO 9
    Vote number 2005-443 implementing CAFTA, Central America Free Trade
    on Jul 28, 2005 regarding bill HR 3045 CAFTA Implementation Bill
    Results: Bill Passed: 217 - 215
    To implement the Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement. A vote of YES would:
    • Progressively eliminate customs duties on all originating goods traded among the participating nations
    • Preserve U.S. duties on imports of sugar goods over a certain quota
    • Remove duties on textile and apparel goods traded among participating nations
    • Prohibit export subsidies for agricultural goods traded among participating nations
    • Provide for cooperation among participating nations on customs laws and import licensing procedures
    • Encourage each participating nation to adopt and enforce laws ensuring high levels of sanitation and environmental protection
    • Recommend that each participating nation uphold the International Labor Organization Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work
    • Urge each participating nation to obey various international agreements regarding intellectual property rights
    Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 13:
    Support & Expand Free Trade;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 13.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 15; NO 174
    Republicans: YES 188; NO 26
    Independents: YES 9; NO 11
    Vote number 2004-375 implementing US-Australia Free Trade Agreement
    on Jul 14, 2004 regarding bill H.R.4759 Bill sponsored by Rep Tom DeLay [R, TX-22]
    Results: Bill passed, 314-109
    United States-Australia Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act: implementing free trade with protections for the domestic textile and apparel industries. Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 13:
    Support & Expand Free Trade;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 13.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 110; NO 78
    Republicans: YES 188; NO 25
    Independents: YES 14; NO 6
    Vote number 2003-432 implementing US-Singapore free trade agreement
    on Jul 24, 2003 regarding bill HR 2739 US-Singapore Free Trade Agreement
    Results: Bill Passed 272-155: R 197-27; D 75-127
    Vote to pass a bill that would put into effect a trade agreement between the United States and Singapore. The trade agreement would reduce tariffs and trade barriers between the United States and Singapore. The agreement would remove tariffs on goods and duties on textiles, and open markets for services The agreement would also establish intellectual property, environmental and labor standards. Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 13:
    Support & Expand Free Trade;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 13.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 67; NO 122
    Republicans: YES 186; NO 28
    Independents: YES 15; NO 5
    Vote number 2003-436 implementing free trade agreement with Chile
    on Jul 24, 2003 regarding bill HR 2738 Bill sponsored by DeLay, R-TX
    Results: Bill Passed 270-156
    United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act: Vote to pass a bill that would put into effect a trade agreement between the US and Chile. The agreement would reduce tariffs and trade barriers between the US and Chile. The trade pact would decrease duties and tariffs on agricultural and textile products. It would also open markets for services. The trade pact would establish intellectual property safeguards and would call for enforcement of environmental and labor standards. Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 13:
    Support & Expand Free Trade;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 13.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 66; NO 123
    Republicans: YES 186; NO 28
    Independents: YES 15; NO 5
    Vote number 2000-310 withdrawing from the WTO
    on Jun 21, 2000 regarding bill H J Res 90 Resolution sponsored by Paul, R-TX
    Results: Resolution rejected: FOR: 56; AGAINST: 363
    Vote on withdrawing Congressional approval from the agreement establishing the World Trade Organization [WTO]. Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 13:
    Support & Expand Free Trade;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 13.

    Voting YES counts as answer B on AmericansElect question 9;
    Voting NO counts as answer C on AmericansElect question 9.
    Democrats: YES 21; NO 171
    Republicans: YES 34; NO 176
    Independents: YES 1; NO 14
    Vote number 1998-466 'Fast Track' authority for trade agreements
    on Sep 25, 1998 regarding bill HR 2621 Bill introduced by Archer, R-TX.
    Results: Bill rejected: FOR: 180; AGAINST: 243
    Vote to establish negotiating objectives for trade agreements between the United States and foreign countries and renew 'fast track' authority for the President. Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 13:
    Support & Expand Free Trade;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 13.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 25; NO 161
    Republicans: YES 142; NO 67
    Independents: YES 8; NO 6

    Government Reform
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number 2009-H413 Senate pay raise
    on Jun 19, 2009 regarding bill HR2918&S1294 Legislative Branch Appropriations Act
    Results: Passed 232-178
    Congressional Summary:
      Makes appropriations to the Senate for FY2010 for:
    1. expense allowances;
    2. representation allowances for the Majority and Minority Leaders;
    3. salaries of specified officers, employees, and committees (including the Committee on Appropriations);
    4. agency contributions for employee benefits;
    5. inquiries and investigations;
    6. the Senate Caucus on International Narcotics Control;
    7. the Offices of the Secretary and of the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate;
    8. miscellaneous items;
    9. the Senators' Official Personnel and Office Expense Account; and
    10. official mail costs.
    Amends the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act of 1968 to increase by $50,000 the gross compensation paid all employees in the office of a Senator. Increases by $96,000 per year the aggregate amount authorized for the offices of the Majority and Minority Whip.

    Proponent's argument to vote Yes:Rep. WASSERMAN SCHULTZ (D, FL-20): We, as Members of Congress, have responsibility not just for the institution, but for the staff that work for this institution, and to preserve the facilities that help support this institution. We have endeavored to do that responsibly, and I believe we have accomplished that goal.

    Opponent's argument to vote No:Rep. SCALISE (R, LA-1): It's a sad day when someone attempts to cut spending in a bill that grows government by the size of 7%, and it's not allowed to be debated on this House floor. Some of their Members actually used the term "nonsense" and "foolishness" when describing our amendments to cut spending; they call that a delaying tactic. Well, I think Americans all across this country want more of those types of delaying tactics to slow down this runaway train of massive Federal spending. Every dollar we spend from today all the way through the end of this year is borrowed money. We don't have that money. We need to control what we're spending.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 204; NO 24
    Republicans: YES 17; NO 143
    Independents: YES 11; NO 11
    Vote number 2007-423 requiring lobbyist disclosure of bundled donations
    on May 24, 2007 regarding bill H R 2316 Honest Leadership and Open Government Act
    Results: Bill passed, 396-22
    Amends the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 to require a registered lobbyist who bundles contributions totaling over $5,000 to one covered recipient in one quarter to:
    1. file a quarterly report with Congress; and
    2. notify the recipient.
    "Covered recipient" includes federal candidates, political party committees, or leadership PACs [but not regular PACs].

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    This measure will more effectively regulate, but does not ban, the practice of registered lobbyists bundling together large numbers of campaign contributions. This is a practice that has already taken root in Presidential campaigns. "Bundling" contributions which the lobbyist physically receives and forwards to the candidate, or which are credited to the lobbyist through a specific tracking system put in place by the candidate. This bill requires quarterly reporting on bundled contributions.

    We ultimately need to move to assist the public financing of campaigns, as soon as we can. But until we do, the legislation today represents an extremely important step forward.

    Opponents support voting NO because:

    This legislation does not require that bundled contributions to political action committees, often referred to as PACs, be disclosed. Why are PACs omitted from the disclosure requirements in this legislation?

    If we are requiring the disclosure of bundled contributions to political party committees, those same disclosure rules should also apply to contributions to PACs. Party committees represent all members of that party affiliation. PACs, on the other hand, represent more narrow, special interests. Why should the former be exposed to more sunshine, but not the latter?

    The fact that PACs give more money to Democrats is not the only answer. Time and again the majority party picks favorites, when what the American people want is more honesty and more accountability.

    Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 16:
    Stricter limits on political campaign funds;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 16.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 190; NO 14
    Republicans: YES 174; NO 7
    Independents: YES 20; NO 1
    Vote number 2007-231 granting Washington DC an Electoral vote & vote in Congress
    on Apr 19, 2007 regarding bill H R 1905 District of Columbia House Voting Rights Act
    Results: Bill passed, 241-177
    Bill to provide for the treatment of the District of Columbia as a Congressional district for representation in the House of Representatives, and in the Electoral College. Increases membership of the House from 435 to 437 Members beginning with the 110th Congress. [Political note: D.C. currently has a non-voting delegate to the US House. Residents of D.C. overwhelmingly vote Democratic, so the result of this bill would be an additional Democratic vote in the House and for President].

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    This bill corrects a 200-year-old oversight by restoring to the citizens of the District of Columbia the right to elect a Member of the House of Representatives who has the same voting rights as all other Members.

    Residents of D.C. serve in the military. They pay Federal taxes each year. Yet they are denied the basic right of full representation in the House of Representatives.

    The District of Columbia was created to prevent any State from unduly influencing the operations of the Federal Government. However, there is simply no evidence that the Framers of the Constitution thought it was necessary to keep D.C. residents from being represented in the House by a voting Member.

    Opponents support voting NO because:

    The proponents of this bill in 1978 believed that the way to allow D.C. representation was to ratify a constitutional amendment. The Founders of the country had the debate at that time: Should we give D.C. a Representative? They said no. So if you want to fix it, you do it by making a constitutional amendment.

    Alternatively, we simply could have solved the D.C. representation problem by retroceding, by giving back part of D.C. to Maryland. There is precedent for this. In 1846, Congress took that perfectly legal step of returning present-day Arlington to the State of Virginia.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 197; NO 7
    Republicans: YES 20; NO 161
    Independents: YES 14; NO 7
    Vote number 2007-153 protecting whistleblowers from employer recrimination
    on Mar 14, 2007 regarding bill H R 985 Whistleblower Protection Enhancement Act
    Results: Bill passed, 331-94
    Expands the types of whistleblower disclosures protected from personnel reprisals for federal employees, particulary on national security issues.

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    This bill would strengthen one of our most important weapons against waste, fraud and abuse, and that is Federal whistleblower protections. Federal employees are on the inside and offer accountability. They can see where there is waste going on or if there is corruption going on.

    One of the most important provisions protects national security whistleblowers. There are a lot of Federal officials who knew the intelligence on Iraq was wrong. But none of these officials could come forward. If they did, they could have been stripped of their security clearances, or they could have been fired. Nobody blew the whistle on the phony intelligence that got us into the Iraq war.

    Opponents support voting NO because:

    It is important that personnel within the intelligence community have appropriate opportunities to bring matters to Congress so long as the mechanisms to do so safeguard highly sensitive classified information and programs. The bill before us suffers from a number of problems:

    1. The bill would conflict with the provisions of the existing Intelligence Community Whistleblower Protection Act of 1998, which protecting sensitive national security information from unauthorized disclosure to persons not entitled to receive it.
    2. The bill violates the rules of the House by encouraging intelligence community personnel to report highly sensitive intelligence matters to committees other than the Intelligence Committees. The real issue is one of protecting highly classified intelligence programs and ensuring that any oversight is conducted by Members with the appropriate experiences, expertise, and clearances.
    3. This bill would make every claim of a self-described whistleblower, whether meritorious or not, subject to extended and protracted litigation.
    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 208; NO 0
    Republicans: YES 94; NO 90
    Independents: YES 17; NO 4
    Vote number 2006-459 requiring photo ID for voting in federal elections
    on Sep 20, 2006 regarding bill H R 4844 Federal Election Integrity Act
    Results: Bill passed, 228-196
    Requires that to vote in federal elections, an individual present a government-issued, current, and valid photo identification. After 2010, that ID must require providing proof of US citizenship as a condition for issuance. An individual who does not present such an ID is permitted to cast a provisional ballot, and then present the required ID within 48 hours. Exempts from this requirement the absentee ballot of any eligible overseas military voter on active duty overseas.

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    The election system is the bedrock that our Republic is built on and its security and oversight is of paramount concern. Only US citizens have the right to vote in Federal elections, but our current system does not give State election officials the tools they need to ensure that this requirement is being met.

    This bill is designed to increase participation by ensuring that each legitimate vote will be counted and not be diluted by fraud. There are many elections in this country every cycle that are decided by just a handful of votes. How can we be certain that these elections, without measures to certify the identity of voters, are not being decided by fraudulent votes?

    Opponents support voting NO because:

    There is something we can all agree on: only Americans get to vote, and they only get to vote once. But what we are talking about in this bill is disenfranchising many of those Americans. It is already a felony for a non-American to vote. We had hearings and what we found out was that the issue of illegal aliens voting basically does not occur.

    The impact of this will disproportionately affect poor people and African Americans, because many are too poor to have a car and they do not have a license. We have no evidence there is a problem. We have ample evidence that this will disenfranchise many Americans. This is the measure to disenfranchise African Americans, Native Americans. It is wrong and we will not stand for it.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 3; NO 175
    Republicans: YES 211; NO 4
    Independents: YES 9; NO 11
    Vote number 2006-088 restricting independent grassroots political committees
    on Apr 5, 2006 regarding bill H.R.513 Federal Election Campaign Act amendment "527 Reform Act"
    Results: Bill passed: 218-209
    A "527 organization" is a political committee which spends money raised independently of any candidate's campaign committee, in support or opposition of a candidate or in support or opposition of an issue. Well-known examples include MoveOn.org (anti-Bush) and Swift Boat Veterans for Truth (anti-Kerry). Voting YES would regulate 527s as normal political committees, which would greatly restrict their funding, and hence would shift power to candidate committees and party committees. The bill's opponents say:
  • This legislation singles out 527 organizations in an effort to undermine their fundraising and is a direct assault on free speech.
  • This bill would obstruct the efforts of grassroots organizations while doing nothing to address the culture of corruption in Congress.
  • H.R. 513 is an unbalanced measure that favors corporate trade associations over independent advocates. Corporate interests could continue spending unlimited and undisclosed dollars for political purposes while independent organizations would be subject to contribution limits and source restrictions.
  • H.R. 513 also removes all limits on national and state party spending for Congressional candidates in primary or general elections--an unmasked attack on the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act and clear evidence that the true intention in advancing H.R. 513 is not reform, but partisan advantage in political fundraising.
      The bill's proponents say:
    • 527s' primary purpose is to influence the election or defeat of a Federal candidate. They have to file with the FEC because after Watergate in 1974 this Congress passed a law that said if you are going to have a political committee whose primary purpose is to influence an election, then they have to register with the FEC.
    • The FEC ignored 30 years of congressional actions and Supreme Court jurisprudence in allowing 527s to evade the law. In short, the FEC failed to do its job and regulate 527s as required under the Watergate statute.
  • Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 16:
    Stricter limits on political campaign funds;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 16.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 7; NO 173
    Republicans: YES 198; NO 18
    Independents: YES 8; NO 11
    Vote number 2005-533 prohibiting lawsuits about obesity against food providers
    on Oct 19, 2005 regarding bill HR 554 The Cheesburger Bill
    Results: Bill Passed: 306-120
    The Personal Responsibility in Food Consumption Act ("The Cheesburger Bill") would prevent civil liability actions against food manufacturers, marketers, distributors, advertisers, sellers, and trade associations for claims relating to a person's weight gain, obesity, or any health condition associated with weight gain or obesity. A YES vote would:
    • Prohibit such lawsuits in this act in federal or state courts
    • Dismiss any pending lawsuits upon this bill's enactment
    • Maintain an individual's right to bring a lawsuit to court for false marketing, advertising or labeling of food when such information led to injury, obesity or weight gain
    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 74; NO 111
    Republicans: YES 212; NO 1
    Independents: YES 15; NO 5
    Vote number 2005-038 limiting attorney's fees in class action lawsuits
    on Feb 17, 2005 regarding bill S.5 Bill sponsored by Sen. Chuck Grassley [R, IA]
    Results: Bill passed 279-149
    Class Action Fairness Act of 2005: Amends the Federal judicial code to specify the calculation of contingent and other attorney's fees in proposed class action settlements that provide for the award of coupons to class members. Allows class members to refuse compliance with settlement agreements or consent decrees absent notice. Prohibits a Federal district court from approving:
    1. a proposed coupon settlement absent a finding that the settlement is fair, reasonable, and adequate;
    2. a proposed settlement involving payments to class counsel that would result in a net monetary loss to class members, absent a finding that the loss is substantially outweighed by nonmonetary benefits; or
    3. a proposed settlement that provides greater sums to some class members solely because they are closer geographically to the court.
    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 42; NO 143
    Republicans: YES 217; NO 1
    Independents: YES 15; NO 5
    Vote number 2004-450 restricting frivolous lawsuits
    on Sep 14, 2004 regarding bill H.R.4571 Bill sponsored by Rep Lamar Smith [R, TX-21]
    Results: Bill passed, 229-174
    Lawsuit Abuse Reduction Act of 2004: Amends the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure to:
    1. require courts to impose sanctions on attorneys, law firms, or parties who file frivolous lawsuits (currently, sanctions are discretionary);
    2. disallow the withdrawal or correction of pleadings to avoid sanctions;
    3. require courts to award parties prevailing on motions reasonable expenses and attorney's fees, if warranted;
    4. authorize courts to impose sanctions that include reimbursement of a party's reasonable litigation costs in connection with frivolous lawsuits; and
    5. make the discovery phase of litigation subject to sanctions.
    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 16; NO 160
    Republicans: YES 204; NO 2
    Independents: YES 8; NO 10
    Vote number 2002-34 campaign finance reform banning soft-money contributions
    on Feb 14, 2002 regarding bill HR 2356 Bill sponsored by Shays, R-CT, and Meehan D-MA
    Results: Bill passed 240-189
    Shays-Meehan Campaign Finance Overhaul: Vote to pass a bill that would ban soft money contributions to national political parties but permit up to $10,000 in soft money contributions to state and local parties to help with voter registration and get-out-the-vote drives. The bill would stop issue ads from targeting specific candidates within 30 days of the primary or 60 days of the general election. Additionally, the bill would raise the individual contribution limit from $1,000 to $2,000 per election for House and Senate candidates, both of which would be indexed for inflation. Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 16:
    Stricter limits on political campaign funds;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 16.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 168; NO 10
    Republicans: YES 34; NO 154
    Independents: YES 9; NO 5
    Vote number 2001-228 banning soft money donations to national political parties
    on Jul 12, 2001 regarding bill HR 2356
    Results: Rule rejected, 203-228
    Support a ban on soft money donations to national political parties but allow up to $10,000 in soft-money donations to state and local parties for voter registration and get-out-the vote activity. Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 16:
    Stricter limits on political campaign funds;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 16.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 1; NO 198
    Republicans: YES 194; NO 18
    Independents: YES 6; NO 9
    Vote number 1999-422 banning soft money and issue ads
    on Sep 14, 1999 regarding bill HR 417 Bill sponsored by Shays, R-CT
    Results: Bill passed: FOR: 252; AGAINST: 177
    Campaign Finance Reform Act to ban "soft money" and impose restrictions on issue advocacy campaigning. Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 16:
    Stricter limits on political campaign funds;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 16.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 186; NO 12
    Republicans: YES 55; NO 157
    Independents: YES 8; NO 7

    Gun Control
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number 2005-534 prohibiting product misuse lawsuits on gun manufacturers
    on Oct 20, 2005 regarding bill S 397 Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act
    Results: Bill Passed: 283 - 144
    A bill to prohibit civil liability actions from being brought or continued against manufacturers, distributors, dealers, or importers of firearms or ammunition for damages, injunctive or other relief resulting from the misuse of their products by others. A YES vote would:
    • Prohibit individuals from filing a qualified civil liability action
    • Exempt lawsuits brought against individuals who knowingly transfer a firearm that will be used to commit a violent or drug-trafficking crime
    • Exempt lawsuits against actions that result in death, physical injury or property damage due solely to a product defect
    • Dismiss of all civil liability actions pending on the date of enactment
    • Prohibit the manufacture, import, sale or delivery of armor piercing ammunition
    Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 10:
    Absolute right to gun ownership;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 10.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 55; NO 131
    Republicans: YES 210; NO 3
    Independents: YES 12; NO 8
    Vote number 2003-124 prohibiting suing gunmakers & sellers for gun misuse
    on Apr 9, 2003 regarding bill HR 1036 Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act
    Results: Bill Passed 285-140: R 221-3; D 63-137
    Vote to pass a bill that would prohibit liability lawsuits from being brought against gun manufacturers and dealers based on the criminal misuse of firearms. The bill would also block these actions from being brought up against gun trade organizations and against ammunition makers and sellers. The measure would apply immediately to any pending cases. Several specific exceptions to the ban exist. This includes civil suits would be allowed against a maker or dealer who "knowingly and willfully violated" state or federal laws in the selling or marketing of a weapon. Design and manufacturing defect lawsuits are also permitted when weapons are "used as intended. Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 10:
    Absolute right to gun ownership;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 10.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 60; NO 129
    Republicans: YES 211; NO 2
    Independents: YES 11; NO 8
    Vote number 1999-244 decreasing gun waiting period from 3 days to 1
    on Jun 18, 1999 regarding bill HR 2122 Bill introduced by McCollum, R-FL
    Results: Bill failed: FOR: 147; AGAINST: 280
    Vote to pass a bill requiring anyone who purchases a gun at a gun show to go through an instant background check which must be completed within 24 hours [instead of 72 hours]. Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 10:
    Absolute right to gun ownership;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 10.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 10; NO 187
    Republicans: YES 130; NO 82
    Independents: YES 6; NO 9

    Health Care
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number 11-HV277 the Ryan Budget: Medicare choice, tax & spending cuts
    on Apr 15, 2011 regarding bill HCR34&SCR21 Ryan Budget Plan
    Results: Passed 235-193
    Proponent's Arguments for voting Yes:

    [Sen. DeMint, R-SC]: The Democrats have Medicare on a course of bankruptcy. Republicans are trying to save Medicare & make sure there are options for seniors in the future. Medicare will not be there 5 or 10 years from now. Doctors will not see Medicare patients at the rate [Congress will] pay.

    [Sen. Ayotte, R-NH]: We have 3 choices when it comes to addressing rising health care costs in Medicare. We can do nothing & watch the program go bankrupt in 2024. We can go forward with the President's proposal to ration care through an unelected board of 15 bureaucrats. Or we can show real leadership & strengthen the program to make it solvent for current beneficiaries, and allow future beneficiaries to make choices.

    Opponent's Arguments for voting No:

    [Sen. Conrad, D-ND]: In the House Republican budget plan, the first thing they do is cut $4 trillion in revenue over the next 10 years. For the wealthiest among us, they give them an additional $1 trillion in tax reductions. To offset these massive new tax cuts, they have decided to shred the social safety net. They have decided to shred Medicare. They have decided to shred program after program so they can give more tax cuts to those who are the wealthiest among us.

    [Sen. Merkley, D-TK]: The Republicans chose to end Medicare as we know it. The Republican plan reopens the doughnut hole. That is the hole into which seniors fall when, after they have some assistance with the first drugs they need, they get no assistance until they reach a catastrophic level. It is in that hole that seniors have had their finances devastated. We fixed it. Republicans want to unfix it and throw seniors back into the abyss. Then, instead of guaranteeing Medicare coverage for a fixed set of benefits for every senior--as Medicare does now--the Republican plan gives seniors a coupon and says: Good luck. Go buy your insurance. If the insurance goes up, too bad.

    Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 5:
    More federal funding for health coverage;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 5.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 2; NO 188
    Republicans: YES 233; NO 5
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0
    Vote number 11-HV264 repealing the "Prevention and Public Health" slush fund
    on Apr 13, 2011 regarding bill H.1217 To repeal the Prevention and Public Health Fund
    Results: Passed 236-183
    Congressional Summary:Amends the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) to repeal provisions establishing and appropriating funds to the Prevention and Public Health Fund (a Fund to provide for expanded and sustained national investment in prevention and public health programs to improve health and help restrain the rate of growth in private and public sector health care costs). Rescinds any unobligated balanced appropriated to such Fund.

    Proponent's Argument for voting Yes:
    [Rep. Pitts, R-PA]: Section 4002 of PPACA establishes a Prevention and Public Health Fund, which my bill, H.R. 1217, would repeal. The PPACA section authorizes the appropriation of and appropriates to the fund from the Treasury the following amounts:

    • $500 million for FY 2010
    • $750 million for FY11
    • $1 billion for FY12
    • $1.25 billion for FY13
    • $1.5 billion for FY14
    • and for FY15 and every fiscal year thereafter, $2 billion.
    We have created a slush fund from which the Secretary of HHS can spend without any congressional oversight or approval. I would suggest to my colleagues that, if you wanted more funding to go towards smoking cessation or to any other program, the health care law should have contained an explicit authorization. By eliminating this fund, we are not cutting any specific program. This is about reclaiming our oversight role of how Federal tax dollars should be used.

    Opponent's Argument for voting No:
    [Rep. Waxman, D-CA]: This bill represents the Republicans' newest line of attack to disrupt, dismantle, and to ultimately destroy the Affordable Care Act. For many years, Republicans have joined with Democrats in supporting programs to prevent disease, to promote health and, in turn, to cut health care costs. But today, the House will vote to end funding for the first and only Federal program with dedicated, ongoing resources designed to make us a healthier Nation.

    Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 5:
    More federal funding for health coverage;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 5.

    Voting YES counts as answer D on AmericansElect question 3;
    Voting NO counts as answer B on AmericansElect question 3.
    Democrats: YES 6; NO 182
    Republicans: YES 230; NO 1
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0
    Vote number 2009-H187 regulating tobacco as a drug
    on Apr 2, 2009 regarding bill HR1256&S982 Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act
    Results: Passed 298-112
    Congressional Summary:Amends the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) to provide for the regulation of tobacco products by the Secretary of Health and Human Services through the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Defines a tobacco product as any product made or derived from tobacco that is intended for human consumption. Excludes from FDA authority the tobacco leaf and tobacco farms.

    Opponent's argument to vote No:Rep. HEATH SHULER (D, NC-11): Putting a dangerous, overworked FDA in charge of tobacco is a threat to public safety. Last year, the FDA commissioner testified that he had serious concerns that this bill could undermine the public health role of the FDA. And the FDA Science Board said the FDA's inability to keep up with scientific advancements means that Americans' lives will be at risk.

    Proponent's argument to vote Yes: Rep. HENRY WAXMAN (D, CA-30): The bill before us, the Waxman-Platts bill, has been carefully crafted over more than a decade, in close consultation with the public health community. It's been endorsed by over 1,000 different public health, scientific, medical, faith, and community organizations.

    Sen. HARRY REID (D, NV): Yesterday, 3,500 children who had never smoked before tried their first cigarette. For some, it will also be their last cigarette but certainly not all. If you think 3,500 is a scary number, how about 3.5 million. That is a pretty scary number. That is how many American high school kids smoke--3.5 million. Nearly all of them aren't old enough to buy cigarettes. It means we have as many boys and girls smoking as are participating in athletics in high schools. We have as many as are playing football, basketball, track and field, and baseball combined.

    Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 5:
    More Federal Funding for Health Coverage;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 5.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 214; NO 8
    Republicans: YES 66; NO 99
    Independents: YES 18; NO 5
    Vote number 2009-H016 expanding the Children's Health Insurance Program
    on Jan 14, 2009 regarding bill H.R.2 SCHIP Reauthorization Act
    Results: Passed 289-139
    Congressional Summary:

    • Reauthorizes State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) through FY2013 at increased levels.
    • Gives states the option to cover targeted low-income pregnant women
    • Phases out coverage for nonpregnant childless adults.
    Proponent's argument to vote Yes:

    Rep. FRANK PALLONE (D, NJ-6): In the last Congress, we passed legislation that enjoyed bipartisan support as well as the support of the American people. Unfortunately, it did not enjoy the support of the President, who vetoed our bill twice, and went on to proclaim that uninsured children can simply go to the emergency room to have their medical needs met. As the Nation moves deeper into a recession and unemployment rates continue to rise, millions of Americans are joining the ranks of the uninsured, many of whom are children. We can't delay. We must enact this legislation now.

    Opponent's argument to vote No:Rep. ROY BLUNT (R, MI-7): This bill doesn't require the States to meet any kind of threshold standard that would ensure that States were doing everything they could to find kids who needed insurance before they begin to spend money to find kids who may not have the same need. Under the bill several thousands of American families would be poor enough to qualify for SCHIP and have the government pay for their health care, but they'd be rich enough to still be required to pay the alternative minimum tax. The bill changes welfare participation laws by eliminating the 5-year waiting period for legal immigrants to lawfully reside in the country before they can participate in this program. In the final bill, we assume that 65% of the children receiving the benefit wouldn't get the benefit anymore. It seems to me this bill needs more work, would have benefited from a committee hearing. It doesn't prioritize poor kids to ensure that they get health care first.

    Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 5:
    More Federal Funding for Health Coverage;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 5.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 235; NO 3
    Republicans: YES 38; NO 130
    Independents: YES 16; NO 6
    Vote number 2008-H491 overriding veto on expansion of Medicare
    on Jul 15, 2008 regarding bill HR.6331 Medicare Improvements for Patients and Providers Act
    Results: Passed 383-41
    Congressional Summary:
    • Extends Medicare to cover additional preventive services.
    • Includes body mass index and end-of-life planning among initial preventive physical examinations.
    • Eliminates by 2014 [the currently higher] copayment rates for Medicare psychiatric services.
    Pres. GEORGE W. BUSH's veto message (argument to vote No):
      I support the primary objective of this legislation, to forestall reductions in physician payments. Yet taking choices away from seniors to pay physicians is wrong. This bill is objectionable, and I am vetoing it because:
    • It would harm beneficiaries by taking private health plan options away from them.
    • It would undermine the Medicare prescription drug program.
    • It is fiscally irresponsible, and it would imperil the long-term fiscal soundness of Medicare by using short-term budget gimmicks that do not solve the problem.
    In addition, H.R. 6331 would delay important reforms like the Durable Medical Equipment, Prosthetics, Orthotics, and Supplies competitive bidding program. Changing policy in mid-stream is also confusing to beneficiaries who are receiving services from quality suppliers at lower prices. In order to slow the growth in Medicare spending, competition within the program should be expanded, not diminished.

    Proponent's argument to vote Yes: Sen. PATTY MURRAY (D, WA): President Bush vetoed a bill that would make vital improvements to the program that has helped ensure that millions of seniors and the disabled can get the care they need. This bill puts an emphasis on preventive care that will help our seniors stay healthy, and it will help to keep costs down by enabling those patients to get care before they get seriously ill. This bill will improve coverage for low-income seniors who need expert help to afford basic care. It will help make sure our seniors get mental health care.

    Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 5:
    More Federal Funding for Health Coverage;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 5.

    Voting YES counts as answer B on AmericansElect question 3;
    Voting NO counts as answer C on AmericansElect question 3.
    Democrats: YES 219; NO 0
    Republicans: YES 145; NO 40
    Independents: YES 19; NO 1
    Vote number 08-HR1424 giving mental health full equity with physical health
    on Mar 5, 2008 regarding bill H.R.1424 Mental Health and Addiction Equity Act
    Results: Bill passed, 268-148
    CONGRESSIONAL SUMMARY:
    • Paul Wellstone Mental Health and Addiction Equity Act of 2008: Requires group health plans to apply the same treatment limits on mental health or substance-related disorder benefits as they do for medical and surgical benefits (parity requirement).
    • Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008: Prohibits a group health plan from adjusting premium or contribution amounts for a group on the basis of genetic information.

    SUPPORTER'S ARGUMENT FOR VOTING YES:Rep. PALLONE. This is a comprehensive bill which will establish full mental health and addiction care parity. The Mental Health Parity Act of 1996 authorized for 5 years partial parity by mandating that the annual and lifetime dollar limit for mental health treatment under group health plans offering mental health coverage be no less than that for physical illnesses. This bill requires full parity and also protects against discrimination by diagnosis.

    OPPONENT'S ARGUMENT FOR VOTING NO:Rep. DEAL of Georgia: I am a supporter of the concept of mental health parity, but this bill before us today is not the correct approach. This path will raise the price of health insurance, and would cause some to lose their health insurance benefits and some employers to terminate mental health benefits altogether.

    The bill's focus is also overly broad. Our legislation should focus on serious biologically-based mental disorders like schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, not on jet lag and caffeine addiction, as this bill would include. There are no criteria for judicial review, required notice and comment, or congressional review of future decisions.

    I would ask my colleagues to vote "no" today so that we can take up the Senate bill and avoid a possible stalemate in a House-Senate conference on an issue that should be signed into law this Congress.

    LEGISLATIVE OUTCOME:Bill passed House, 268-148

    Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 5:
    More federal funding for health coverage;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 5.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 210; NO 3
    Republicans: YES 45; NO 139
    Independents: YES 13; NO 6
    Vote number 08-HR3963 Veto override: Extend SCHIP to cover 6M more kids
    on Jan 23, 2008 regarding bill Veto override on H.R.3963 SCHIP Extension
    Results: Veto override failed, 260-152 (2/3rds required)
    OnTheIssues Explanation: This vote is a veto override of the SCHIP extension (State Children's Health Insurance Program). The bill passed the House 265-142 on 10/25/07, and was vetoed by Pres. Bush on 12/12/07.

    CONGRESSIONAL SUMMARY: This Act would enroll all 6 million uninsured children who are eligible, but not enrolled, for coverage under existing programs.

    PRESIDENT'S VETO MESSAGE: Our goal should be to move children who have no health insurance to private coverage--not to move children who already have private health insurance to government coverage. My Administration strongly supports reauthorization of SCHIP. [But this bill, even with changes, does not meet the requirements I outlined].

    It would still shift SCHIP away from its original purpose by covering adults. It would still include coverage of many individuals with incomes higher than the median income. It would still result in government health care for approximately 2 million children who already have private health care coverage.

    SUPPORTER'S ARGUMENT FOR VOTING YES:Rep. DINGELL: This is not a perfect bill, but it is an excellent bipartisan compromise. The bill protects health insurance coverage for some 6 million children who now depend on SCHIP. It provides health coverage for 3.9 million children who are eligible, yet remain uninsured. Together, this is a total of better than 10 million young Americans who, without this legislation, would not have health insurance.

    The bill makes changes to accommodate the President's stated concerns.

    1. It terminates the coverage of childless adults in 1 year.
    2. It prohibits States from covering children in families with incomes above $51,000.
    3. It contains adequate enforcement to ensure that only US citizens are covered.
    4. It encourages securing health insurance provided through private employer.
    LEGISLATIVE OUTCOME:Veto override failed, 260-152 (2/3rds required)
    Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 5:
    More federal funding for health coverage;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 5.

    Voting YES counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 3;
    Voting NO counts as answer C on AmericansElect question 3.
    Democrats: YES 208; NO 1
    Republicans: YES 41; NO 143
    Independents: YES 11; NO 8
    Vote number 2007-1009 adding 2 to 4 million children to SCHIP eligibility
    on Oct 25, 2007 regarding bill H.R. 3963 Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act
    Results: Bill Passed, 265-142
    Allows State Children's Health Insurance Programs (SCHIP), that require state legislation to meet additional requirements imposed by this Act, additional time to make required plan changes. Pres. Bush vetoed this bill on Dec. 12, 2007, as well as a version (HR976) from Feb. 2007.

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    Rep. DINGELL: This is not a perfect bill, but it is an excellent bipartisan compromise. The bill provides health coverage for 3.9 million children who are eligible, yet remain uninsured. It meets the concerns expressed in the President's veto message [from HR976]:

    1. It terminates the coverage of childless adults.
    2. It targets bonus payments only to States that increase enrollments of the poorest uninsured children, and it prohibits States from covering families with incomes above $51,000.
    3. It contains adequate enforcement to ensure that only US citizens are covered.

    Opponents recommend voting NO because:

    Rep. DEAL: This bill [fails to] fix the previous legislation that has been vetoed:

    • On illegal immigration: Would the verification system prevent an illegal alien from fraudulently using another person's name to obtain SCHIP benefits? No.
    • On adults in SCHIP: Up to 10% of the enrollees in SCHIP will be adults, not children, in the next 5 years, and money for poor children shouldn't go to cover adults.
    • On crowd-out: The CBO still estimates there will be some 2 million people who will lose their private health insurance coverage and become enrolled in a government-run program.

    Veto message from President Bush:

    Like its predecessor, HR976, this bill does not put poor children first and it moves our country's health care system in the wrong direction. Ultimately, our goal should be to move children who have no health insurance to private coverage--not to move children who already have private health insurance to government coverage. As a result, I cannot sign this legislation.

    Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 5:
    More federal funding for health coverage;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 5.

    Voting YES counts as answer B on AmericansElect question 3;
    Voting NO counts as answer C on AmericansElect question 3.
    Democrats: YES 204; NO 1
    Republicans: YES 41; NO 133
    Independents: YES 13; NO 8
    Vote number 2007-023 requiring negotiated Rx prices for Medicare part D
    on Jan 12, 2007 regarding bill HR 4 ("First 100 hours") Medicare Prescription Drug Price Negotiation Act
    Results: Bill passed, 255-170
    Would require negotiating with pharmaceutical manufacturers the prices that may be charged to prescription drug plan sponsors for covered Medicare part D drugs.

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    This legislation is an overdue step to improve part D drug benefits. The bipartisan bill is simple and straightforward. It removes the prohibition from negotiating discounts with pharmaceutical manufacturers, and requires the Secretary of Health & Human Services to negotiate. This legislation will deliver lower premiums to the seniors, lower prices at the pharmacy and savings for all taxpayers.

    It is equally important to understand that this legislation does not do certain things. HR4 does not preclude private plans from getting additional discounts on medicines they offer seniors and people with disabilities. HR4 does not establish a national formulary. HR4 does not require price controls. HR4 does not hamstring research and development by pharmaceutical houses. HR4 does not require using the Department of Veterans Affairs' price schedule.

    Opponents support voting NO because:

    Does ideological purity trump sound public policy? It shouldn't, but, unfortunately, it appears that ideology would profoundly change the Medicare part D prescription drug program, a program that is working well, a program that has arrived on time and under budget. The changes are not being proposed because of any weakness or defect in the program, but because of ideological opposition to market-based prices. Since the inception of the part D program, America's seniors have had access to greater coverage at a lower cost than at any time under Medicare.

    Under the guise of negotiation, this bill proposes to enact draconian price controls on pharmaceutical products. Competition has brought significant cost savings to the program. The current system trusts the marketplace, with some guidance, to be the most efficient arbiter of distribution.

    Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 5:
    More Federal Funding for Health Coverage;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 5.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 209; NO 1
    Republicans: YES 23; NO 160
    Independents: YES 14; NO 6
    Vote number 2006-004 denying non-emergency treatment for lack of Medicare co-pay
    on Feb 1, 2006 regarding bill H Res 653 on S. AMDT. 2691 Reconciliation resolution on the FY06 budget
    Results: Resolution Passed: 216-214
    Vote to pass a resolution, agreeing to S. AMDT. 2691 that removes the following provisions from S 1932:
    • Allows hospitals to refuse treatment to Medicaid patients when they are unable to pay their co-pay if the hospital deems the situation to be a non-emergency
    • Excludes payment to grandparents for foster care
    Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 5:
    More Federal Funding for Health Coverage;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 5.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 1; NO 186
    Republicans: YES 203; NO 13
    Independents: YES 8; NO 12
    Vote number 2004-166 limiting medical malpractice lawsuits to $250,000 damages
    on May 12, 2004 regarding bill HR 4280 Medical Malpractice Liability Limitation bill
    Results: Bill Passed 229-197: R 214-10; D 15-186
    Vote to pass a bill that would limit the awards that plaintiffs and their attorneys could be given in medical malpractice cases. The bill would limit non-economic damages, including physical and emotional pain to $250,000. The bill would also limit punitive damages to $250,000 or double economic damages, whichever amount is greater. Punitive damages would be banned against makers and distributors of medical products if the Food and Drug Administration approved those products. The bill would call for all states to set damage caps but would not block existing state statutory limits. The bill would cap attorneys' contingency fees to 40% of the first $50,000 in damages; 33.3% of the next $50,000; 25% of the next $500,000; and 15% of any amount in excess of $600,000. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 15; NO 174
    Republicans: YES 205; NO 10
    Independents: YES 8; NO 11
    Vote number 2003-669 limited prescription drug benefit for Medicare recipients
    on Nov 22, 2003 regarding bill HR.1 Bill sponsored by Hastert, R-IL
    Results: Conference Report Adopted 220-215
    Medicare Prescription Drug and Modernization Act of 2003: Vote to adopt the conference report on the bill that would create a prescription drug benefit for Medicare recipients. Starting in 2006, prescription coverage would be made available through private insurers to seniors. Seniors would pay a monthly premium of an estimated $35 in 2006. Individuals enrolled in the plan would cover the first $250 of annual drug costs themselves, and 25 percent of all drug costs up to $2,250. The government would offer a fallback prescription drug plan in regions were no private plans had made a bid.Over a 10 year time period medicare payments to managed care plans would increase by $14.2 billion. A pilot project would begin in 2010 in which Medicare would compete with private insurers to provide coverage for doctors and hospitals costs in six metropolitan areas for six years. The importation of drugs from Canada would be approved only if HHS determines there is no safety risks and that consumers would be saving money. Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 5:
    More Federal Funding for Health Coverage;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 5.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 13; NO 178
    Republicans: YES 197; NO 24
    Independents: YES 9; NO 11
    Vote number 2003-445 allowing reimportation of prescription drugs
    on Jul 24, 2003 regarding bill HR.2427 Bill sponsored by Gutknecht, R-MN
    Results: Bill Passed 243-186
    Pharmaceutical Market Access Act of 2003: Vote to pass a bill that would call for the Food and Drug Administration to begin a program that would permit the importation of FDA-approved prescription drugs from Australia, Canada, the European Union, Iceland, Israel, Japan, Lichtenstein, New Zealand, Norway, Switzerland and South Africa. Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 5:
    More Federal Funding for Health Coverage;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 5.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 144; NO 42
    Republicans: YES 84; NO 136
    Independents: YES 13; NO 7
    Vote number 2003-296 small business associations for buying health insurance
    on Jun 19, 2003 regarding bill HR 660 Small Business Health Fairness Act
    Results: Bill passed 262-162: R 226-1; D 36-160
    Vote to pass a bill that would permit the creation of association health plans through which small companies could group together to buy insurance for their employees. Association health plans that cover employees in several states would be excused from many individual state insurance regulations but would be regulated by the Labor Department. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 32; NO 152
    Republicans: YES 215; NO 2
    Independents: YES 12; NO 8
    Vote number 2003-64 capping damages & setting time limits in medical lawsuits
    on Mar 13, 2003 regarding bill HR 5 Bill sponsored by Greenwood, R-PA
    Results: Bill passed 229-196
    Help Efficient, Accessible, Low Cost, Timely Healthcare (HEALTH) Act of 2003: To improve patient access to health care services and provide improved medical care by reducing the excessive burden the liability system places on the health care delivery system. Limits the availability of punitive damages, and sets a 3-year limit for suing. Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 5:
    More Federal Funding for Health Coverage;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 5.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 15; NO 174
    Republicans: YES 205; NO 10
    Independents: YES 8; NO 11
    Vote number 2001-329 allowing suing HMOs, but under federal rules & limited award
    on Aug 2, 2001 regarding bill HR 2563
    Results: Amendment adopted, 218-213
    Vote to adopt an amendment that would limit liability and damage awards when a patient is harmed by a denial of health care. It would allow a patient to sue a health maintenance organization in state court but federal, not state, law would govern. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 3; NO 196
    Republicans: YES 205; NO 6
    Independents: YES 7; NO 8
    Vote number 2000-357 subsidizing private insurance for Medicare Rx drug coverage
    on Jun 28, 2000 regarding bill HR 4680 Bill sponsored by Thomas, R-CA
    Results: Bill passed: FOR: 217; AGAINST: 214
    HR 4680, the Medicare Rx 2000 Act, would institute a new program to provide voluntary prescription drug coverage for Medicare beneficiaries through subsidies to private plans. The program would cost an estimated $40 billion over five years and would go into effect in fiscal 2003. Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 5:
    More Federal Funding for Health Coverage;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 5.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 4; NO 193
    Republicans: YES 204; NO 11
    Independents: YES 8; NO 7
    Vote number 1999-544 banning physician-assisted suicide
    on Oct 27, 1999 regarding bill HR 2260 Bill sponsored by Hyde, R-IL
    Results: Bill passed: FOR: 271; AGAINST: 156
    Vote on HR 2260, the Pain Relief Promotion Act of 1999, would ban the use of drugs for physician-assisted suicide. The bill would not allow doctors to give lethal prescriptions to terminally ill patients, and instead promotes "palliative care," or aggressive pain relief techniques. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 67; NO 127
    Republicans: YES 196; NO 18
    Independents: YES 7; NO 8
    Vote number 1999-485 establishing tax-exempt Medical Savings Accounts
    on Oct 6, 1999 regarding bill HR 2990 Bill sponsored by Talent, R-MO
    Results: Bill passed: FOR: 227; AGAINST: 205
    The bill allows all taxpayers to create a tax-exempt account for paying medical expenses called a Medical Savings Account [MSA]. Also, the measure would allow the full cost of health care premiums to be taken as a tax deduction for the self-employed and taxpayers who are paying for their own insurance. The bill would also allow the establishment of "HealthMarts," regional groups of insurers, health care providers and employers who could work together to develop packages for uninsured employees. Another provision of the bill would establish "association health plan," in which organizations could combine resources to purchase health insurance at better rates than they could separately. Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 5:
    More Federal Funding for Health Coverage;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 5.

    Voting YES counts as answer D on AmericansElect question 3;
    Voting NO counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 3.
    Democrats: YES 9; NO 189
    Republicans: YES 209; NO 6
    Independents: YES 8; NO 7

    Homeland Security
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number 11-HV066 extending the PATRIOT Act's roving wiretaps
    on Feb 17, 2011 regarding bill H.514 FISA Sunsets Extension Act
    Results: Passed 279-143
      Congressional Summary: To prohibit Federal funding of National Public Radio and the use of Federal funds to acquire radio content, including:
    1. broadcasting, transmitting, and programming over noncommercial educational radio broadcast stations
    2. cooperating with foreign broadcasting networks
    3. assisting and supporting noncommercial educational radio broadcasting
    4. paying dues to such organizations
    5. or acquiring radio programs for public broadcast.

    Proponent's Argument for voting Yes:
    [Rep. Blackburn, R-TN]: This bill gets the Federal Government--and Federal taxpayers--out of the business of buying radio programming they do not agree with. This is a bill that is long overdue. Regardless of what you think of NPR, its programming or statements by its management, the time has come to cut the umbilical cord from the taxpayer support that has become as predictable as an entitlement program. Much has changed in the media landscape since the wiretaps, to seek certain business records, and to gather intelligence on lone terrorists who are not affiliated with a known terrorist group. The Patriot Act works. It has proved effective in preventing terrorist attacks and protecting Americans. To let these provisions expire would leave every American less safe.

    Opponent's Argument for voting No:
    [Rep. Conyers, D-MI]: Section 215 of the Patriot Act allows a secret FISA court to authorize our government to collect business records or anything else, requiring that a person or business produce virtually any type record. We didn't think that that was right then. We don't think it's right now. This provision is contrary to traditional notions of search and seizure which require the government to show reasonable suspicion or probable cause before undertaking an investigation that infringes upon a person's privacy. And so I urge a "no" vote on the extension of these expiring provisions.

    Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 14:
    Patriot Act harms civil liberties;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 14.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 68; NO 117
    Republicans: YES 211; NO 26
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0
    Vote number 08-HR3773 requiring FISA warrants for wiretaps in US, but not abroad
    on Mar 14, 2008 regarding bill H.R.3773 RESTORE Act
    Results: Bill passed, 213-197
    CONGRESSIONAL SUMMARY: Responsible Electronic Surveillance That is Overseen, Reviewed, and Effective Act of 2007 or RESTORE Act: Amends the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (FISA) to provide that a court order is not required for electronic surveillance directed at the acquisition of communication between non-US citizens outside the US, whether or not the communication passes through the US or the surveillance device is located within the US; and provides procedures when one party is located inside the US or is a US citizen.

    SUPPORTER'S ARGUMENT FOR VOTING YES:Rep. CONYERS: Earlier this year, in the Protect America Act, PAA, amendments were made to FISA, giving the Government enhanced flexibility to collect foreign intelligence information. But the broad scope of the authority without up-front court approval raised grave concerns about the need for more safeguards of innocent Americans' communications. The RESTORE Act improves upon the PAA by providing a series of checks and balances while still allowing maximum flexibility. The RESTORE Act does not require individual warrants when persons are abroad, but it is firm that a FISA warrant is required to obtain communications of people in the US.

    OPPONENT'S ARGUMENT FOR VOTING NO:Rep. KING of N.Y.: Electronic surveillance is one of the strongest weapons in our arsenal. The real enemy is al Qaeda and Islamic terrorism, not our own government working so hard to protect us. The PAA updated FISA and struck the appropriate balance between protecting our citizens from terrorist attacks and protecting our civil liberties. Today's bill, the RESTORE Act, marks an undeniable retreat in the war against Islamic terrorism. It limits the type of foreign intelligence information that may be acquired and actually gives foreign targets more protections than Americans get in criminal cases here at home.

    LEGISLATIVE OUTCOME:Bill passed, 213-197.

    Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 14:
    Patriot Act harms civil liberties;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 14.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 201; NO 13
    Republicans: YES 0; NO 177
    Independents: YES 12; NO 7
    Vote number 08-HR2082 Veto override: Congressional oversight of CIA interrogations
    on Mar 11, 2008 regarding bill Veto override on H.R. 2082
    Results: Veto override failed, 225-188 (2/3rds required)
    PRESIDENT'S VETO MESSAGE:This bill would impede efforts to protect [against] terrorist attacks because it imposes several unnecessary and unacceptable burdens on our Intelligence Community. [I reject] subjecting two additional vital positions to a more protracted process of Senate confirmation [and I reject] a new office of Inspector General for the Intelligence Community as duplicative. [Most sigficantly,] it is vitally important that the CIA be allowed to maintain a separate and classified interrogation program, [and not] use only the interrogation methods authorized in the Army Field Manual on Interrogations. My disagreement over section 327 is not over any particular interrogation technique such as waterboarding. Rather, my concern is the need to maintain a separate CIA program that will shield from disclosure to terrorists the interrogation techniques they may face upon capture.

    SUPPORTER'S ARGUMENT FOR VOTING YES:Rep. REYES: This legislation goes a long way towards strengthening oversight of the intelligence community, which the President seems to consistently want to fight. That's why the President vetoed it. He wants the authority to do whatever he wants, in secret, with no oversight or authorization or without any checks and balances. Well, I don't agree. The Constitution gives us a role in this process. We do have a say in what the intelligence community does. That's why we need to override this veto.

    OPPONENT'S ARGUMENT FOR VOTING NO:Rep. HOEKSTRA: This bill fails to give the intelligence community the tools that it needs to protect the American people from radical jihadists. The debate on this authorization bill is not about a single issue, [waterboarding], as some would have you believe. It is about the need to ensure that we give the right tools to our intelligence professionals in this time of enhanced threat.

    LEGISLATIVE OUTCOME:Veto override failed, 225-188 (2/3rds required)

    Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 14:
    Patriot Act harms civil liberties;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 14.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 210; NO 3
    Republicans: YES 5; NO 177
    Independents: YES 10; NO 8
    Vote number 2007-0836 removing need for FISA warrant for wiretapping abroad
    on Aug 4, 2007 regarding bill S.1927 Protect America Act
    Results: Bill Passed, 227-183
    Vote on passage of S.1927, the Protect America Act: Amends the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) to state that the restrictions on "electronic surveillance" should not encompass surveillance directed at any person reasonably believed to be located outside the US.

    A modified version, S.2011, failed in the Senate; it called for amending FISA to provide that a court order is not required for the electronic surveillance of communication between foreign persons who are not located within the US for collecting foreign intelligence information, without respect to whether the communication passes through the US or the surveillance device is located within the US.

    Opponents recommend voting NO because:

    Sen. LEVIN: Both bills cure the problem that exists: Our intelligence agencies must obtain a court order to monitor the communications of foreigners suspected of terrorist activities who are physically located in foreign countries. Now, what are the major differences? Our bill (S2011) is limited to foreign targets limited overseas, unlike the Bond bill (S1927), which does not have that key limitation and which very clearly applies to US citizens overseas. Our bill does not. Now, if there is an incidental access to US citizens, we obviously will permit that. But the Bond bill goes beyond that, citing "any person." It does not say a "foreign person." We avoid getting to the communications of Americans. There you have to go for a warrant.

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    Sen. LIEBERMAN: I will vote for the Bond proposal (S1927) because we are at war, & there is increased terrorist activity. We have a crisis. This proposal will allow us to gather intelligence information on that enemy we otherwise would not gather. This is not the time for striving for legislative perfection. Let us not strive for perfection. Let us put national security first. We are going to have 6 months to reason together to find something better.

    Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 14:
    Patriot Act harms civil liberties;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 14.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 35; NO 171
    Republicans: YES 175; NO 3
    Independents: YES 13; NO 6
    Vote number 2007-156 restricting no-bid defense contracts
    on Mar 15, 2007 regarding bill H R 1362 Accountability in Contracting Act
    Results: Bill passed, 347-73
    1. Improving the Quality of Contracts--to restrict the contract period of noncompetitive contracts to the minimum period necessary to meet urgent requirements; and not more than one year unless the the government would be seriously injured.
    2. Increasing Contract Oversight--to make publicly available (on websites) justification documents for using noncompetitive contract procedures.
    3. Promoting Integrity in Contracting--to prohibit former federal officials from accepting compensation from contractors as lawyers or lobbyists.

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    In Iraq, we were told we needed Halliburton to get a contract without any competition because they were the only ones who know how to put out oil well fires. So they got a contract on a cost-plus basis even though they had a history of overcharging the taxpayers. And then later we found out that they didn't do anything about putting out oil well fires in the first Gulf war; it was Bechtel, not Halliburton. Contractors were given special treatment by not having healthy competition.

    In dealing with Hurricane Katrina, and we have seen the same mistakes again: No-competition contracts; cost-plus contracts. We have seen what the result has been: Wasted taxpayer dollars. This bill requires that if there is an emergency to give a contract, give it. But then have bidding within a year.

    Opponents support voting NO because:

    We support transparency and accountability in decision-making, but this bill asks for audit reports that are only advisory. To provide those to Congress not only gives you too much information, a lot of it can be misleading and can increase the number of contract disputes.

    When you are fighting a war, you need to move quickly. You don't give a 6-month appeal to the folks that lose the competition. You don't give small business set-asides because there is one thing you don't have, you don't have time.

    Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 15:
    Expand the armed forces;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 15.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 206; NO 1
    Republicans: YES 112; NO 70
    Independents: YES 18; NO 1
    Vote number 2006-502 allowing electronic surveillance without a warrant
    on Sep 28, 2006 regarding bill H.R.5825 Update the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978
    Results: Bill passed, 232-191
    Amends the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (FISA) to allow the President & Attorney General to authorize electronic surveillance without a court order to acquire foreign intelligence information, after certifying that the surveillance is directed at the acquisition of communications of foreign agents.

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    Intelligence is the first line of defense in the war on terrorism. That means we have to have intelligence agencies and capabilities that are agile, that are responsive to changes in technology, and that also protect the civil liberties of Americans. Let me make an analogy. With modernization, we replaced Route 66 with Interstate 40. We no longer have the stoplights and the intersections. We created on ramps and off ramps and concrete barriers to protect the citizens where traffic was moving very quickly. That is like what we are trying to do here--FISA needs modernization.

    Opponents support voting NO because:

    We are legislating in the dark. We do not even know what the President is doing now because he will not tell us. The New York Times exposed that the administration had authorized secret surveillance of domestic conversations. When exposed, the President claimed he was operating under inherent powers, but court decisions have found that the President cannot simply declare administration actions constitutional and lawful, whether or not they are.

    Yet rather than finding out what is going on, this legislation retroactively legalizes whatever has been going on. The President already has broad latitude to conduct domestic surveillance, including surveillance of American citizens, so long as it is overseen by the FISA court.

    This bill does not enhance security, but it does allow surveillance without the traditional checks and balances that have served our Nation well.

    Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 14:
    Patriot Act harms civil liberties;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 14.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 15; NO 162
    Republicans: YES 202; NO 14
    Independents: YES 9; NO 10
    Vote number 2006-108 continuing intelligence gathering without civil oversight
    on Apr 26, 2006 regarding bill HR 5020 resolution H RES 774 Intelligence Authorization Act
    Results: Bill passed: 327-96
    A resolution providing for consideration of the bill (H.R. 5020) to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2007 for intelligence and intelligence-related activities. Voting YES indicates support of the current methods for intelligence-gathering used by the CIA and other agencies. The resolution's opponents say:
    • This bill could have and should have required a dedicated funding line for the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board. The 9/11 Commission recommended this board to serve as a civil liberties watchdog on the potential erosion of the basic constitutional rights. Now, 15 months later, we find our concerns about basic civil rights to have been well founded, but the oversight board is barely up and running [and is not funded].
    • Many of us believe that when the President authorized the NSA surveillance of Americans, he broke the law, plain and simple.
    • We are talking about the most basic fundamental civil liberties that protect the American people, and the Republican leadership will not even let us debate it. What are they afraid of?
    • If you believe that this President should have the ability to spy on Americans without a warrant and without going to the FISA court, then they should write that bill and bring it to the floor, then have a debate and a vote.
      The resolution's proponents say:
    • We have had the good fortune in this country for the last 4 1/2 years to have not had another terrorist attack on our soil, and it is not because they haven't tried. The reason for that success boils down to two things: the courage of our soldiers and the quality of our intelligence. Exceptional intelligence is the first line of defense for America in the long war on terrorism.
    • I think as a responsible body we have to start out by getting the facts. That means hard work that is done largely in secret. Oversight is under way, and, for the most part, the National Security Agency has been very forthcoming.
    Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 14:
    Patriot Act harms civil liberties;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 14.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 91; NO 86
    Republicans: YES 212; NO 3
    Independents: YES 15; NO 4
    Vote number 2005-031 federalizing rules for driver licenses to hinder terrorists
    on Feb 10, 2005 regarding bill H.R.418 Bill sponsored by Rep. James Sensenbrenner [R, WI-5]
    Results: Bill passed 261-161
    REAL ID Act of 2005: To establish and rapidly implement regulations for State driver's license and identification document security standards, to prevent terrorists from abusing the asylum laws of the United States, to unify terrorism-related grounds for inadmissibility and removal, and to ensure expeditious construction of the San Diego border fence.
    • Title I: Amendments to Federal Laws to Protect Against Terrorist Entry - defining more factors relevant to credibility determinations in asylum cases.
    • Title II: Improved Security for Driver's Licenses and Personal Identification Cards - setting minimum security requirements, including the incorporation of specified data, a common machine-readable technology, and certain anti-fraud security features. Title III: Border Infrastructure and Technology Integration - studying ground surveillance technologies.
    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 38; NO 143
    Republicans: YES 209; NO 7
    Independents: YES 10; NO 9
    Vote number 2005-016 continuing military recruitment on college campuses
    on Feb 2, 2005 regarding bill H.CON.RES.36 Resolution sponsored by Rep Mike Rogers [R, AL-3]
    Results: Resolution agreed to, 327-84
    Expresses the continued support of Congress for, and encourages the executive branch to continue challenging any judicial decision against, specified provisions of Federal law prohibiting making certain Federal contracts with or grants to institutions of higher education that prevent military recruiters from having access to their campuses and to certain information about their students. Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 15:
    Expand the armed forces;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 15.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 95; NO 79
    Republicans: YES 211; NO 0
    Independents: YES 16; NO 4
    Vote number 2004-544 supporting new position of Director of National Intelligence
    on Dec 7, 2004 regarding bill S.2845 Bill sponsored by Sen. Susan Collins {R, ME}
    Results: Conference Report agreed to, 336-75
    Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004: Establishment of Director of National Intelligence, to be appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate. Requires the Director to have extensive national security expertise. Prohibits the Director from being located within the Executive Office of the President or simultaneously serving as head of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) or any other intelligence community (IC) element. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 172; NO 8
    Republicans: YES 146; NO 63
    Independents: YES 15; NO 4
    Vote number 2004-523 adopting the recommendations of the 9/11 Commission
    on Oct 8, 2004 regarding bill H.R.10 Bill sponsored by Rep Denny Hastert [R, IL-14]
    Results: Bill passed, 282-134
    9/11 Recommendations Implementation Act:
    • Title I: Reform of the Intelligence Community
      • Subtitle A: Establishment of National Intelligence Director
      • Subtitle B: National Counterterrorism Center and Civil Liberties Protections
      • Subtitle C: Joint Intelligence Community Council
      • Subtitle D: Improvement of Human Intelligence (HUMINT)
      • Subtitle E: Improvement of Education for the Intelligence Community
    • Title II: Terrorism Prevention and Prosecution
      • Subtitle A: Individual Terrorists as Agents of Foreign Powers
      • Subtitle B: Stop Terrorist and Military Hoaxes Act of 2004
      • Subtitle C: Material Support to Terrorism Prohibition Enhancement Act of 2004
      • Subtitle D: Weapons of Mass Destruction Prohibition Improvement Act of 2004
      • Subtitle E: Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing
      • Subtitle F: Criminal History Background Checks
      • Subtitle G: Protection of United States Aviation System From Terrorist Attacks
    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 65; NO 118
    Republicans: YES 204; NO 7
    Independents: YES 12; NO 7
    Vote number 2003-108 emergency $78B for war in Iraq & Afghanistan
    on Apr 3, 2003 regarding bill HR 1559 Bill sponsored by Young, R-FL
    Results: Bill passed 414-12
    Emergency Wartime Supplemental Appropriations Act of 2003: Vote to pass the bill that would supply $77.9 billion in emergency supplemental appropriations in fiscal 2003, including $62.5 billion for military operations in Iraq and the war on terrorism. The bill would also provide for $4.2 billion for homeland security, $8 billion in aid to allies and for Iraqi relief and rebuilding; $3.2 billion for U.S. airlines to cover additional security costs; and $1 billion in aid to Turkey. Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 15:
    Expand the armed forces;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 15.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 179; NO 8
    Republicans: YES 214; NO 2
    Independents: YES 18; NO 2
    Vote number 2002-292 permitting commercial airline pilots to carry guns
    on Jul 10, 2002 regarding bill HR 4635 Bill sponsored by Young, R-FL
    Results: Bill passed 310-113
    Armed Airline Pilots Bill: Vote to pass a bill that would create a program where commercial pilots would be deputized as federal law enforcement officers and would then be permitted to carry guns aboard airlines. To participate in the program, commercial pilots would have to undergo specialized training. At least 250 commercial pilots would undergo the training. Within two months of the bill's enactment, the Transportation Security Agency or TSA, would then be required to begin weapons training for pilots who had volunteered for the program. Airlines and pilots will not be held legally accountable when defending planes from terrorist acts except in cases of willful misconduct or gross negligence The TSA could temporarily put the program on hold if a pilot's gun unintentionally discharges and causes injury to a crew member or passanger. The bill also would entail flight attendants to undergo self-defense training. Also study training all federal law enforcement officers on aviation anti-terrorism. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 89; NO 86
    Republicans: YES 182; NO 9
    Independents: YES 11; NO 3
    Vote number 1999-334 $266 billion Defense Appropriations bill
    on Jul 22, 1999 regarding bill HR 2561 Bill introduced by Lewis, R-CA
    Results: Bill passed: FOR: 379; AGAINST: 45
    Vote to pass a bill appropriating $266 billion in defense spending for FY 2000. Among other provisions the bill would allot $1.2 billion for research and development for next-generation tactical aircraft, yet would not include $1.8 billion in procurement funds for the new F-22 Raptor combat aircraft. The bill would also fund a 4.8 percent pay increase for military personnel. The bill would also allot $93.7 billion for operations and maintenance to be used to maintain military properties and spare parts that have been reduced due to overseas military combat missions. Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 15:
    Expand the armed forces;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 15.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 158; NO 39
    Republicans: YES 205; NO 6
    Independents: YES 14; NO 1
    Vote number 1999-4 deploying SDI
    on Mar 18, 1999 regarding bill HR 4 Bill introduced by Weldon, R-PA
    Results: Bill passed: FOR: 317; AGAINST: 105
    Vote to declare it to be the policy of the United States to deploy a national missile defense. Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 15:
    Expand the armed forces;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 15.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 96; NO 100
    Republicans: YES 209; NO 2
    Independents: YES 13; NO 2

    Immigration
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number 2006-446 building a fence along the Mexican border
    on Sep 14, 2006 regarding bill H R 6061 Secure Fence Act
    Results: Bill passed 283-138
    Within 18 months, achieves operational control over U.S. land and maritime borders, including:
    1. systematic border surveillance through more effective use of personnel and technology; and
    2. physical infrastructure enhancements to prevent unlawful border entry
    Defines "operational control" as the prevention of all unlawful U.S. entries, including entries by terrorists, other unlawful aliens, narcotics, and other contraband.

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    It is obvious there is no more defining issue in our Nation today than stopping illegal immigration. The most basic obligation of any government is to secure the Nation's borders. One issue in which there appears to be a consensus between the Senate and the House is on the issue of building a secure fence. So rather than wait until comprehensive legislation is enacted, we should move forward on targeted legislation which is effective and meaningful. The legislation today provides over 700 miles of two-layered reinforced fencing, and for the rest of the border provides a virtual fence, via integrated surveillance technology.

    Opponents support voting NO because:

    Just to build the fence is going to cost us at least $7 billion. Where is the money coming from to pay for it? How much is it going to cost to maintain this 700-mile fence? Who is going to do it? This bill contains no funding.

    This bill also ignores real enforcement measures, like hiring more Border Patrol personnel, and instead builds a Berlin Wall on our southern border. So long as employers need workers in this country, and while our immigration systems impede rather than facilitate timely access of willing workers to those opportunities, undocumented immigration will never be controlled.

    Walls, barriers, and military patrols will only force those immigrants to utilize ever more dangerous routes and increase the number of people who die in search of an opportunity to feed and clothe their families.

    Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 12:
    Illegal immigrants earn citizenship;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 12.

    Voting YES counts as answer D on AmericansElect question 4;
    Voting NO counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 4.
    Democrats: YES 56; NO 121
    Republicans: YES 208; NO 5
    Independents: YES 11; NO 9
    Vote number 2006-224 preventing tipping off Mexicans about Minuteman Project
    on Jun 6, 2006 regarding bill HR 5441 Amendment 968 Department of Homeland Security appropriations
    Results: Amendment passed: 293-107
    Voting YES on this amendment supports the Minuteman Project, a group of volunteers who have taken on surveillance of the Mexican border for illegal immigrants. The amendment states that US funds will not be used to tell the Mexican government about the whereabouts of the Minuteman Project volunteers. Proponents of the Minuteman Project say that they are volunteer citizens doing what the federal government SHOULD be doing, but has failed to do. Opponents of the Minuteman Project say that they are vigilantes at best and anti-Mexican racists at worst. The amendment states:
    None of the funds made available by this Act may be used to provide a foreign government information relating to the activities of an organized volunteer civilian action group, operating in the State of California, Texas, New Mexico, or Arizona, unless required by international treaty.
      The amendment's sponsor said on its behalf:
    • What this amendment does is it clarifies Congress' position on a Border Patrol practice or a practice of the US Government that tips off illegal immigrants as to where citizen patrols may be located.
    • As a response to the lawlessness along the Mexican border, a group has sprung up called the Minutemen Project, and the Minutemen Project is definitely not politically correct in Washington DC. However, they filled a void which the government was unable to fill.
    • There are over 7,000 volunteers in the Minutemen organization, and their help has been productive and good.
    • What my amendment does is simply says that the U.S. Government cannot tip off the Mexican officials as to where these folks are located. Plain and simple, nothing fancy about it. I am sure the Border Patrol will say, oh, no, we are not doing that, and yet one of the Web pages of the Secretary of Mexico had the information very explicit, and we just do not believe that is a good practice.
    Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 12:
    Illegal immigrants earn citizenship;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 12.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 69; NO 98
    Republicans: YES 203; NO 1
    Independents: YES 12; NO 5
    Vote number 2004-182 reporting illegal aliens who receive hospital treatment
    on May 20, 2004 regarding bill HR 3722 Undocumented Alien Emergency Medical Assistance Amendments
    Results: Motion rejected 88-331: R 86-133; D 2-197
    Vote to pass the bill that would require hospitals to gather and report information on possible illegal aliens before hospitals can be reimbursed for treating them. The bill would also make employers liable for the reimbursements if an undocumented employee seeks medical attention, unless the employer meets particular conditions for exemption. The bill would specify that hospitals aren't required to provide care to undocumented aliens if they can be transported to their home country without a significant chance of worsening their condition. Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 12:
    Illegal immigrants earn citizenship;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 12.

    Voting YES counts as answer D on AmericansElect question 4;
    Voting NO counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 4.
    Democrats: YES 3; NO 184
    Republicans: YES 82; NO 128
    Independents: YES 3; NO 17
    Vote number 2001-127 extending Immigrant Residency rules
    on May 21, 2001 regarding bill HR1885 Motion sponsoerd by Gekas, R-PA
    Results: Motion agreed to, FOR: 336, AGAINST: 43
    Vote on motion to suspend the rules and pass the bill that would extend by four months a law allowing some immigrants to remain in the country while pursuing legal residency. Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 12:
    Illegal immigrants earn citizenship;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 12.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 176; NO 2
    Republicans: YES 145; NO 39
    Independents: YES 11; NO 2
    Vote number 1998-460 more immigrant visas for skilled workers
    on Sep 24, 1998 regarding bill HR 3736 Bill introduced by Smith, R-TX.
    Results: Bill passed: FOR: 288; AGAINST: 133
    Vote to pass a bill to increase the number of temporary visas granted to highly skilled workers from 65,000 to 115,000 by the year 2000. Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 12:
    Illegal immigrants earn citizenship;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 12.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 94; NO 90
    Republicans: YES 174; NO 35
    Independents: YES 11; NO 4

    Jobs
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number 2008-H683 extending unemployment benefits from 39 weeks to 59 weeks
    on Oct 3, 2008 regarding bill HR.6867 Unemployment Compensation Extension Act
    Results: Passed 368-28 (2/3rds required)
    Congressional Summary:Revises the formula for Tier-1 amounts a state credits to an applicant's emergency unemployment compensation account. Increases the figures in the formula from 50% to 80% of the total amount of regular compensation ; and from 13 to 20 times the individual's average weekly benefit amount.

    Proponent's argument to vote Yes:

    Rep. CHARLES RANGEL (D, NY-15): The House, for weeks, has attempted to save the free world from a fiscal disaster. We have bailed out the banks and those who held mortgages. At the same time, we provided for energy extensions, we provided tax breaks for those people that tax provisions have expired. We provided for hurricane relief, for mental health. So over $1 trillion is out there for this House to ease the pain of millions of Americans.

    While we were dealing with these gigantic powers, we overlooked the fact that over the last 12 months the number of unemployed workers has jumped by over 2 million, leaving 10 million Americans struggling for work. These are hardworking people that have lost their jobs through no fault of their own.

    Rep. JERRY WELLER (R, IL-11): This important legislation provides additional needed assistance to the long-term unemployed. It's important that we pass this legislation today as our last act before we leave for the election campaign.

    This legislation focuses the most additional benefits on workers and States where the unemployment rate is highest and where jobs are hardest to find. This program continues the requirement that those benefiting from extended unemployment benefits had to have worked at least 20 weeks. Americans were rightly concerned about proposals to eliminate that work requirement and allow 39 weeks or, under the legislation before us today, as many as 59 weeks of total unemployment benefits to be paid to those who have previously only worked for a few weeks.

    Opponent's argument to vote No:None voiced.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 215; NO 0
    Republicans: YES 135; NO 27
    Independents: YES 18; NO 1
    Vote number 2008-417 overriding presidential veto of Farm Bill
    on Jun 18, 2008 regarding bill HR6124 Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008
    Results: Veto Overridden, 317-109 (2/3 needed)
    OnTheIssues.org Explanation: This bill was vetoed twice! Congress passed an identical bill in May, which Pres. Bush vetoed. Congress then discovered that a clerical error. A replacement bill was passed; then vetoed again by the President; and this is its "final" veto override.

    Congressional Summary: Provides for the continuation of agricultural and other programs of the Department of Agriculture through FY2012. Revises agricultural and related programs, including provisions respecting:

    1. commodity programs;
    2. conservation;
    3. trade;
    4. nutrition;
    5. credit;
    6. rural development;
    7. research and related matters;
    8. forestry;
    9. energy;
    10. horticulture and organic agriculture;
    11. livestock;
    12. crop insurance and disaster assistance;
    13. socially disadvantaged and limited resource producers; and
    14. miscellaneous programs.
    President's veto message: I am returning herewith without my approval H.R. 6124. The bill that I vetoed on May 21, 2008, H.R. 2419, did not include the title III (trade) provisions that are in this bill. In passing H.R. 6124, the Congress had an opportunity to improve on H.R. 2419 by modifying certain objectionable, onerous, and fiscally imprudent provisions [but did not].

    This bill lacks fiscal discipline. It continues subsidies for the wealthy and increases farm bill spending by more than $20 billion, while using budget gimmicks to hide much of the increase. It is inconsistent with our trade objectives of securing greater market access for American farmers. [Hence] I must veto H.R. 6124.

    Proponents argument for voting YEA: We had a meeting this morning with the Secretary of Agriculture to talk about implementation. So [despite the two vetoes], the work has been going on within the department of agriculture to get ready for implementation.

    This is a good bill. It has wide support in the Congress. It does address all of the issues that have been brought to the Agriculture Committee.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 208; NO 12
    Republicans: YES 93; NO 93
    Independents: YES 16; NO 4
    Vote number 08-HR02768 requiring rescue chambers & emergency plans in coal mines 0
    on Jan 16, 2008 regarding bill H.R.2768 S-MINER Act
    Results: Bill passed, 214-199
    CONGRESSIONAL SUMMARY: Supplemental Mine Improvement and New Emergency Response Act of 2007 or the S-MINER Act requires:
    1. emergency response plans to incorporate new technology;
    2. the installation of rescue chambers in underground coal mines; and
    3. accident response plans to provide for the maintenance of refuges.

    SUPPORTER'S ARGUMENT FOR VOTING YES: Rep. GEORGE MILLER: Despite significant progress over the last several decades, mining remains one of the most dangerous jobs in America. Mining fatalities occur at a rate more than seven times the average of all private industries

    Accidents every year claim the lives of one or two miners at a time. In 2007, 32 coal miners and 31 other miners died on the job. Miners also face serious health risks, including a resurgence of black lung disease. The S-MINER Act addresses three broad issues: disaster prevention; improved emergency response; and long-term health risks.

    OPPONENT'S ARGUMENT FOR VOTING NO: Rep. McKEON. New mandates from Washington translate into major changes within our mines. For that reason, instead of a piecemeal approach to mine reform, we should develop thoughtful, comprehensive consensus reforms, and then give those reforms a chance to work. We did just that less than 2 years ago. In 2006, Congress passed the MINER Act, which was backed by both industry and labor, and its reforms were understood to be the most significant in a generation.

    I fear that with this bill before us, we run a very real risk of derailing that progress and returning to square one on many critical mine safety issues. H.R. 2768 ignores the safety guidelines being developed through expert research and review, and replaces them with arbitrary new mandates established by Congress. Simply put, the S-MINER Act abandons the mine safety momentum of the MINER Act and sends us back to the drawing board.

    LEGISLATIVE OUTCOME:Bill passed, 214-199

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 0; NO 0
    Republicans: YES 0; NO 0
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0
    Vote number 2007-118 restricting employer interference in union organizing
    on Mar 1, 2007 regarding bill H R 800 The Employee Free Choice Act
    Results: Bill passed, 241-185
      To enable employees to form & join labor organizations, and to provide for mandatory injunctions for unfair labor practices during organizing efforts. Requires investigation that an employer:
      1. discharged or discriminated against an employee to discourage membership in a labor organization;
      2. threatened to discharge employees in the exercise of guaranteed collective bargaining rights; and
      3. adds to remedies for such violations: back pay plus liquidated damages; and additional civil penalties.

      Proponents support voting YES because:

      The principle at stake here is the freedom that all workers should have to organize for better working conditions & fair wages. There are many employers around the country who honor this freedom. Unfortunately, there are also many employers who do not. These employers attempt to prevent workers from unionizing by using tactics that amount to harassment, if not outright firing. In fact, one in five people who try to organize unions are fired. These tactics are already illegal, but the penalties are so minor, they are not effective deterrents.

      Opponents support voting NO because:

      Democracy itself is placed at risk by this bill. The sanctity of the secret ballot is the backbone of our democratic process. Not one voter signed a card to send us here to Congress. None of us sent our campaign workers out to voters' houses armed with candidate information & a stack of authorization cards. No. We trusted democracy. We trusted the voters to cast their ballots like adults, freely, openly, without intimidation, and we live with the results. But here we are, poised to advance legislation to kill a secret ballot process.

      Let's be clear. Every American has the right to organize. No one is debating that. This is a right we believe in so strongly we have codified it and made it possible for workers to do so through a secret ballot.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 206; NO 3
    Republicans: YES 14; NO 171
    Independents: YES 13; NO 8
    Vote number 2007-018 increasing minimum wage to $7.25
    on Jan 10, 2007 regarding bill HR 2 ("First 100 hours") Fair Minimum Wage Act
    Results: Bill passed, 315-116
    Increase the federal minimum wage to:
    1. $5.85 an hour, beginning on the 60th day after enactment;
    2. $6.55 an hour, beginning 12 months after that 60th day; and
    3. $7.25 an hour, beginning 24 months after that 60th day.

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    We have waited for over 10 years to have a clean vote on the minimum wage for the poorest workers in this country Low-wage workers had their wages frozen in time, from 10 years ago, but when they go to the supermarket, the food prices are higher; when they put gasoline in the car, the gasoline prices are higher; when they pay the utility bills, the utility bills are higher; when their kids get sick, the medical bills are higher. All of those things are higher. They are living in 2007, but in their wages they are living in 1997.

    Opponents support voting NO because:

    This bill is marked more by what is not in the bill than what is in it. Small businesses are the backbone of our economy. They create two-thirds of our Nation's new jobs, and they represent 98% of the new businesses in the US. What protection does this bill provide them? None whatsoever.

    We can do better. In the interest of sending the President a final measure that provides consideration for small businesses and their workers, the very men and women who are responsible for our economy's recent growth and strength, we must do better.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 211; NO 1
    Republicans: YES 76; NO 110
    Independents: YES 17; NO 4
    Vote number 2004-509 end offshore tax havens and promote small business
    on Oct 7, 2004 regarding bill H.R.4520 Bill sponsored by Bill Rep Thomas [R, CA-22]
    Results: Conference Report agreed to, 280-141
    American Jobs Creation Act of 2004: <0l>
  • Repeal the tax exclusion for extraterritorial income - Permits foreign corporations to revoke elections to be treated as U.S. corporations Business Tax Incentives - Small Business ExpensingTax Relief for Agriculture and Small Manufacturers
  • Tax Reform and Simplification for United States Businesses
  • Deduction of State and Local General Sales Taxes
  • Fair and Equitable Tobacco Reform
  • Provisions to Reduce Tax Avoidance Through Individual and Corporation Expatriation
  • Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 13:
    Support & Expand Free Trade;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 13.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 68; NO 117
    Republicans: YES 199; NO 14
    Independents: YES 11; NO 9
    Vote number 2001-371 $167B over 10 years for farm price supports
    on Oct 5, 2001 regarding bill HR 2646
    Results: Passed, 291-120
    Vote to authorize $167 billion over ten years for farm price supports, food aid and rural development. Payments would be made on a countercyclical program, meaning they would increase as prices dropped. Conservation acreage payments would be retained. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 130; NO 60
    Republicans: YES 144; NO 56
    Independents: YES 11; NO 4
    Vote number 2001-33 zero-funding OSHA's Ergonomics Rules instead of $4.5B
    on Mar 7, 2001 regarding bill S J Res 6 Sponsored by Nickles, R-OK
    Results: Resolution adopted, FOR: 223, AGAINST: 206
    Vote to pass a resolution to give no enforcement authority or power to ergonomics rules submitted by the Labor Department during the Clinton Administration. These rules would force businesses to take steps to prevent work-related repetitive stress disorders. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 15; NO 184
    Republicans: YES 199; NO 13
    Independents: YES 8; NO 7

    Social Security
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number 2001-96 raising 401(k) limits & making pension plans more portable
    on May 2, 2001 regarding bill HR 10 Bill sponsored by Portman, R-OH
    Results: Bill passed, FOR: 407, AGAINST: 24
    Comprehensive Retirement Security and Pension Reform Act of 2001: Vote to pass a bill that would raise the amount individuals may contribute to traditional and Roth Individual Retirement Accounts and to 401[k] plans and make pensions plans more portable Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 6:
    Privatize Social Security;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 6.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 179; NO 21
    Republicans: YES 212; NO 1
    Independents: YES 14; NO 1
    Vote number 2000-450 reducing tax payments on Social Security benefits
    on Jul 27, 2000 regarding bill HR 4865 Bill sponsored by Archer, R-TX
    Results: Bill passed: FOR: 265; AGAINST: 159
    Vote to pass a bill that would reduce the percentage of Social Security benefits that is taxable from 85 to 50 percent for single taxpayers with incomes over $25,000 and married couples with incomes over $32,000. The revenues that would be lost for the Medicare trust fund would be replaced by money from the general fund. Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 6:
    Privatize Social Security;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 6.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 50; NO 147
    Republicans: YES 205; NO 3
    Independents: YES 9; NO 6
    Vote number 1999-163 strengthening the Social Security Lockbox
    on May 26, 1999 regarding bill HR 1259 Motion to Recommit introduced by Rangel, D-NY
    Results: Motion to Recommit failed: FOR: 205; AGAINST: 222
    Amending the Social Security Lockbox bill to require that any budget surplus cannot be spent until the solvency of Social Security and Medicare is guaranteed. Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 6:
    Privatize Social Security;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 6.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 192; NO 5
    Republicans: YES 3; NO 208
    Independents: YES 7; NO 8

    Tax Reform
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number 2008-455 extending AMT exemptions to avoid hitting middle-income
    on Jun 25, 2008 regarding bill H.R.6275 Alternative Minimum Tax Relief Act
    Results: Bill passed, 233-189
    Congressional Summary: Amends the Internal Revenue Code to:
    1. increase and extend through 2008 the alternative minimum tax (AMT) exemption amounts;
    2. extend through 2008 the offset of personal tax credits against AMT tax liabilities;
    3. treat net income and loss from an investment services partnership interest as ordinary income and loss;
    4. deny major integrated oil companies a tax deduction for income attributable to domestic production of oil or gas.
    Wikipedia.com Explanation: The AMT became operative in 1970. It was intended to target 155 high-income households that had been eligible for so many tax benefits that they owed little or no income tax under the tax code of the time. However, when Ronald Reagan signed the Tax Reform Act of 1986, the AMT was greatly expanded to aim at a different set of deductions that most Americans receive.

    The AMT sets a minimum tax rate of 26% or 28% on some taxpayers so that they cannot use certain types of deductions to lower their tax. By contrast, the rate for a corporation is 20%. Affected taxpayers are those who have what are known as "tax preference items". These include long-term capital gains, accelerated depreciation, & percentage depletion.

    Because the AMT is not indexed to inflation, an increasing number of upper-middle-income taxpayers have been finding themselves subject to this tax. In 2006, an IRS report highlighted the AMT as the single most serious problem with the tax code.

    For 2007, the AMT Exemption was not fully phased until [income reaches] $415,000 for joint returns. Within the $150,000 to $415,000 range, AMT liability typically increases as income increases above $150,000.

    OnTheIssues.org Explanation: This vote extends the AMT exemption, and hence avoids the AMT affecting more upper-middle-income people. This vote has no permanent effect on the AMT, although voting YES implies that one would support the same permanent AMT change.

    Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 11:
    Make taxes more progressive;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 11.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 215; NO 5
    Republicans: YES 10; NO 176
    Independents: YES 8; NO 8
    Vote number 2007-1153 paying for AMT relief by closing offshore business loopholes
    on Dec 12, 2007 regarding bill HR4351 AMT Relief Act
    Results: Bill Passed, 226-193
    H.R.4351: To provide individuals temporary relief from the alternative minimum tax (AMT), via an offset of nonrefundable personal tax credits. [The AMT was originally intended to apply only to people with very high incomes, to ensure that they paid a fair amount of income tax. As inflation occurred, more people became subject to the AMT, and now it applies to people at upper-middle-class income levels as well. Both sides agree that the AMT should be changed to apply only to the wealthy; at issue in this bill is whether the cost of that change should be offset with a tax increase elsewhere or with no offset at all. -- ed.]

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    Rep. RANGEL: We have the opportunity to provide relief to upward of some 25 million people from being hit by a $50 billion tax increase, which it was never thought could happen to these people. Almost apart from this, we have an opportunity to close a very unfair tax provision, that certainly no one has come to me to defend, which prevents a handful of people from having unlimited funds being shipped overseas under deferred compensation and escaping liability. Nobody, liberal or conservative, believes that these AMT taxpayers should be hit by a tax that we didn't intend. But also, no one has the guts to defend the offshore deferred compensation. So what is the problem?

    Opponents recommend voting NO because:

    Rep. McCRERY: This is a bill that would patch the AMT, and then increase other taxes for the patch costs. Republicans are for patching the AMT. Where we differ is over the question of whether we need to pay for the patch by raising other taxes. The President's budget includes a 1-year patch on the AMT without a pay-for. That is what the Senate passed by a rather large vote very recently, 88-5. The President has said he won't sign the bill that is before us today. Republicans have argued against applying PAYGO to the AMT patch. In many ways PAYGO has shown itself to be a farce.

    Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 11:
    Make taxes more progressive;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 11.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 207; NO 4
    Republicans: YES 1; NO 179
    Independents: YES 13; NO 8
    Vote number 2005-621 retaining reduced taxes on capital gains & dividends
    on Dec 8, 2005 regarding bill HR 4297 Tax Relief Extension Reconciliation Act
    Results: Bill Passed: 234-197
    Vote to reduce federal spending by $56.1 billion over five years by retaining a reduced tax rate on capital gains and dividends, as well as.
    • Decreasing the number of people that will be required to pay the Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT)
    • Allowing for deductions of state and local general sales taxes through 2007 instead of 2006
    • Lengthening tax credits for research expenses
    • Increasing the age limit for eligibility for food stamp recipients from 25 to 35 years
    • Continuing reduced tax rates of 15% and 5% on capital gains and dividends through 2010
    • Extending through 2007 the expense allowances for environmental remediation costs (the cost of cleanup of sites where petroleum products have been released or disposed)
    Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 11:
    Make taxes more progressive;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 11.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 9; NO 180
    Republicans: YES 213; NO 3
    Independents: YES 8; NO 11
    Vote number 2004-472 providing tax relief and simplification
    on Sep 23, 2004 regarding bill H.R.1308 Bill sponsored by Bill Rep Thomas [R, CA-22]
    Results: Conference Report agreed to, 339-65
    Working Families Tax Relief Act of 2004
    • Extension of Family Tax Provisions
    • Repeals the scheduled reduction (15 to 10 percent) for taxable years beginning before January 1, 2005, of the refundability of the child tax credit.
    • Extends through 2005 the increased exemption from the alternative minimum tax for individual taxpayers.
    • Extends through 2005 the following expiring tax provisions:
      1. the tax credit for increasing research activities;
      2. the work opportunity tax credit;
      3. the welfare-to-work tax credit;
      4. the authority for issuance of qualified zone academy bonds;
      5. the charitable deduction for donations by corporations of computer technology and equipment used for educational purposes;
      6. the tax deduction for certain expenses of elementary and secondary school teachers;
      7. the expensing of environmental remediation costs;
      8. the designation of a District of Columbia enterprise zone
    Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 11:
    Make taxes more progressive;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 11.

    Voting YES counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 1;
    Voting NO counts as answer D on AmericansElect question 1.
    Democrats: YES 116; NO 62
    Republicans: YES 203; NO 0
    Independents: YES 17; NO 3
    Vote number 2004-209 making permanent an increase in the child tax credit
    on May 20, 2004 regarding bill HR 4359 Child Credit Preservation and Expansion Act
    Results: Bill Passed 271-139: R 213-3; D 58-135
    Vote to pass a bill that would permanently extend the $1,000 per child tax credit that is scheduled to revert to $700 per child in 2005. It would raise the amount of income a taxpayer may earn before the credit begins to phase out from $75,000 to $125,000 for single individuals and from $110,000 to $250,000 for married couples. It also would permit military personnel to include combat pay in their gross earnings in order to calculate eligibility for the child tax credit. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 55; NO 125
    Republicans: YES 204; NO 3
    Independents: YES 11; NO 9
    Vote number 2004-138 permanently eliminating the marriage penalty
    on Apr 28, 2004 regarding bill HR 4181 Marriage Penalty Relief
    Results: Bill Passed 323-95: R 220-0; D 102-95
    Vote to pass a bill that would permanently extend tax provisions eliminating the so-called marriage penalty. The bill would make the standard deduction for married couples double that of single taxpayers. It would also increase the upper limit of the 15 percent tax bracket for married couples to twice that of singles. It also would make permanent higher income limits for married couples eligible to receive the refundable earned-income tax credit. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 95; NO 91
    Republicans: YES 212; NO 0
    Independents: YES 15; NO 5
    Vote number 2002-103 making the Bush tax cuts permanent
    on Apr 18, 2002 regarding bill HR 586 Bill sponsored by Lewis, R-KY
    Results: Bill passed 229-198
    Vote to pass a bill that would permanently extend the cuts in last year's $1.35 trillion tax reduction package, many of which are set to expire in 2010. It would extend relief of the marriage penalty, reductions in income tax rates, doubling of the child tax credit, elimination of the estate tax, and the expansion of pension and education provisions. The bill also would revise a variety of Internal Revenue Service tax provisions, including interest, and penalty collection provisions. The penalties would change for the failure to pay estimated taxes; waive minor, first-time error penalties; exclude interest on unintentional overpayments from taxable income; and allow the IRS greater discretion in the disciplining of employees who have violated policies. Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 11:
    Make taxes more progressive;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 11.

    Voting YES counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 1;
    Voting NO counts as answer D on AmericansElect question 1.
    Democrats: YES 7; NO 168
    Republicans: YES 192; NO 0
    Independents: YES 6; NO 8
    Vote number 2001-404 $99 B economic stimulus: capital gains & income tax cuts
    on Oct 24, 2001 regarding bill HR 3090
    Results: Passed, 216-214
    Vote to pass a bill that would grant $99.5 billion in federal tax cuts in fiscal 2002, for businesses and individuals.

    The bill would allow more individuals to receive immediate $300 refunds, and lower the capital gains tax rate from 20% to 18%.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 3; NO 197
    Republicans: YES 203; NO 7
    Independents: YES 7; NO 8
    Vote number 2001-118 Tax cut package of $958 B over 10 years
    on May 16, 2001 regarding bill HR 1836 Bill sponsored by Thomas, R-CA
    Results: Bill passed, FOR: 230, AGAINST: 197
    Vote to pass a bill that would cut all income tax rates and make other tax cuts of $958.2 billion over 10 years. The bill would convert the five existing tax rate brackets, which range from 15 to 39.6 percent, to a system of four brackets with rates of 10 to 33 percent. Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 11:
    Make taxes more progressive;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 11.

    Voting YES counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 1;
    Voting NO counts as answer D on AmericansElect question 1.
    Democrats: YES 13; NO 187
    Republicans: YES 209; NO 0
    Independents: YES 7; NO 8
    Vote number 2001-84 eliminating the Estate Tax ("death tax")
    on Apr 4, 2001 regarding bill HR 8 Bill sponsored by Dunn, R-WA
    Results: Bill passed, FOR: 274, AGAINST: 154
    Vote to pass a bill that would gradually reduce revenue by $185.5 billion over 10 years with a repeal of the estate tax by 2011. Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 11:
    Make taxes more progressive;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 11.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 55; NO 144
    Republicans: YES 209; NO 2
    Independents: YES 9; NO 6
    Vote number 2000-392 eliminating the "marriage penalty"
    on Jul 12, 2000 regarding bill HR 4810 Bill sponsored by Archer, R-TX
    Results: Bill passed: FOR: 269; AGAINST: 159
    Vote on a bill that would reduce taxes for married couple by approximately $195 billion over 10 years by removing provisions that make taxes for married couples higher than those for two single people. The bill is identical to HR 6 that was passed by the House in February, 2000. Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 11:
    Make taxes more progressive;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 11.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 46; NO 150
    Republicans: YES 213; NO 0
    Independents: YES 9; NO 6
    Vote number 2000-254xxx repealing the estate tax ("death tax")
    on Jun 9, 2000 regarding bill HR 8 Bill sponsored by Dunn, R-WA
    Results: Bill passed: FOR: 279; AGAINST: 136
    Vote to pass a bill that would completely eliminate taxes on estates over a 10 year period at an estimated cost of $105 billion as well as $50 billion each year after the repeal of the tax is complete in 2010. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 0; NO 0
    Republicans: YES 0; NO 0
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0
    Vote number 2000-41 $46 billion in tax cuts for small business
    on Mar 9, 2000 regarding bill HR 3081 Bill sponsored by Lazio, R-NY
    Results: Bill passed: FOR: 257; AGAINST: 169
    Provide an estimated $46 billion in tax cuts over five years. Raise the minimum wage by $1 an hour over two years. Reduce estate and gift taxes, grant a full deduction on health insurance for self-employed individuals, increase the deductible percentage of business meal expenses to 60 percent in 2002, and designate 15 renewal communities in urban rural areas. Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 11:
    Make taxes more progressive;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 11.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 38; NO 159
    Republicans: YES 209; NO 1
    Independents: YES 9; NO 6

    Technology
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number 11-HV192 terminating funding for National Public Radio
    on Mar 17, 2011 regarding bill H.1076 Prohibit Federal Funds for NPR
    Results: Passed 228-192
      Congressional Summary: To prohibit Federal funding of National Public Radio and the use of Federal funds to acquire radio content, including:
    1. broadcasting, transmitting, and programming over noncommercial educational radio broadcast Corporation for Public Broadcasting was created in 1967. Today, we have multiple listening choices; NPR [has become an] absurd anachronism. It is time to move forward and to let National Public Radio spread its wings and support itself.

      Opponent's Argument for voting No:
      [Rep. Waxman, D-CA]: This bill will cripple National Public Radio, public radio stations, and programming that is vital to over 27 million Americans. We are now voting to deny the public access to one of our Nation's most credible sources of news coverage. This bill does not save a penny. This legislation does not serve any fiscal purpose, but it does serve an ugly ideological one. This legislation is not about reforming NPR. It is about punishing NPR. It is vindictive, it is mean-spirited, it is going to hit the smallest stations in rural areas particularly hard. Public radio is indispensable for access to news that's hard to get, especially where broadband service is limited.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 2; NO 184
    Republicans: YES 226; NO 8
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0
    Vote number 2009-H052 delaying digital TV conversion by four months
    on Mar 4, 2009 regarding bill S.352 DTV Delay Act
    Results: Passed 264-158
    Congressional Summary:Amends the Digital Television Transition and Public Safety Act to delay the transition of television broadcasting from analog to digital to June 13, 2009. Requires the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to extend for a 116-day period the licenses for recovered spectrum, including the construction requirements associated with those licenses.

    Proponent's argument to vote Yes:Rep. RICK BOUCHER (D, VA-9): Fully 6.5 million households are totally unprepared for the transition on February 17; these 6.5 million households will lose all of their television service, and that number represents about 5.7% of the total American television viewing public. If almost 6%of the nation's households lose all of their television service, I think that most people would declare that the digital television transition has been a failure. In recognition of that reality, this legislation would delay the transition until June 12.

    Opponent's argument to vote No:Rep. JOE LINUS BARTON (R, TX-6): The majority is trying to fix a problem that I do not think really exists. We have sent out 33 million coupons: 22 million of those coupons have been redeemed, and 11 million coupons are outstanding. The outstanding coupons are being redeemed, I think, by about 500,000 a week, something like that. In my opinion, you could keep the hard date and not have a problem, but if you think there is a problem, it is not from lack of money. We have appropriated $1.3 billion. About half of that is still in the Treasury, so the redemption rate is only about 52%. Even though we are delaying this until June 12 if this bill becomes law, according to the acting chairman of the FCC, 61% of the television stations in America are going to go ahead and convert to digital. 143 television stations already have converted, and in those areas where they have converted, I am not aware that there has been a huge problem.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 224; NO 12
    Republicans: YES 21; NO 141
    Independents: YES 19; NO 5
    Vote number 2008-437 retroactive immunity for telecoms' warrantless surveillance
    on Jun 20, 2008 regarding bill HR6304 FISA Amendments Act
    Results: Bill passed, 293-129
    Proponents argument for voting YEA: Rep. ETHERIDGE. This bipartisan bill provides the critical tools that our intelligence community needs to ensure the safety of our Nation--to authorize surveillance in the case of an emergency situation, provided that they return to the FISA court within 7 days to apply for a warrant.

    Rep. LANGEVIN. One issue that has been repeatedly addressed is whether telecommunications companies should be granted immunity against pending lawsuits for their involvement in the earlier surveillance program. This legislation preserves a role for the U.S. court system to decide independently whether the telecommunications companies acted in good faith. Only after that review would the courts decide whether the telecommunications companies deserve any form of liability protection.

    Opponents argument for voting NAY: Rep. LEVIN. I oppose this bill because of the provisions that would confer retroactive immunity on the telecommunications companies that participated in the Bush administration's warrantless surveillance program. It sets a dangerous precedent for Congress to approve a law that dismisses ongoing court cases simply on the basis that the companies can show that the administration told them that its warrantless surveillance program was legal. A program is not legal just because the administration claims that it is.

    Rep. NADLER. The House must decide today whether to uphold the rule of law & the supremacy of the Constitution or whether to protect & reward the lawless behavior of the administration and of the telecommunications companies that participated in its clearly illegal program of spying on innocent Americans. The bill is a fig-leaf, granting blanket immunity to the telecom companies for illegal acts. It denies people whose rights were violated their fair day in court, and it denies the American people their right to have the actions of the administration subjected to fair & independent scrutiny.

    Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 14:
    Patriot Act harms civil liberties;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 14.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 97; NO 125
    Republicans: YES 180; NO 1
    Independents: YES 16; NO 3
    Vote number 2007-1040 $23B instead of $4.9B for waterway infrastructure
    on Nov 6, 2007 regarding bill Veto override on H.R. 1495 Veto override on Water Resources Development Act
    Results: Veto Overridden, 361-54 (2/3 required)
    Vote on overriding Pres. Bush's veto. The bill reauthorizes the Water Resources Development Act (WRDA): to provide for the conservation and development of water and related resources, to authorize the Secretary of the Army to construct various projects for improvements to rivers and harbors of the United States. The bill authorizes flood control, navigation, and environmental projects and studies by the Army Corps of Engineers. Also authorizes projects for navigation, ecosystem or environmental restoration, and hurricane, flood, or storm damage reduction in 23 states including Louisiana.

    Veto message from President Bush:

    This bill lacks fiscal discipline. I fully support funding for water resources projects that will yield high economic and environmental returns. Each year my budget has proposed reasonable and responsible funding, including $4.9 billion for 2008, to support the Army Corps of Engineers' main missions. However, this authorization bill costs over $23 billion. This is not fiscally responsible, particularly when local communities have been waiting for funding for projects already in the pipeline. The bill's excessive authorization for over 900 projects and programs exacerbates the massive backlog of ongoing Corps construction projects, which will require an additional $38 billion in future appropriations to complete. This bill does not set priorities. I urge the Congress to send me a fiscally responsible bill that sets priorities.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 205; NO 0
    Republicans: YES 133; NO 49
    Independents: YES 17; NO 4
    Vote number 2006-239 establishing "network neutrality" (non-tiered Internet)
    on Jun 8, 2006 regarding bill HR 5252 Amendment 987 Communications, Opportunity, Promotion, and Enhancement Act
    Results: Amendment rejected: 152-269
    An amendment, sponsored by Rep Markey (D, MA) which establishes "network neutrality" by requiring that broadband network service providers have the following duties:
    1. not to block or interfere with the ability of any person to use a broadband connection to access the Internet;
    2. to operate its broadband network in a nondiscriminatory manner so that any person can offer or provide content and services over the broadband network with equivalent or better capability than the provider extends to itself or affiliated parties, and without the imposition of a charge for such nondiscriminatory network operation;
    3. if the provider prioritizes or offers enhanced quality of service to data of a particular type, to prioritize or offer enhanced quality of service to all data of that type without imposing a surcharge or other consideration for such prioritization or enhanced quality of service.
    Proponents say that network neutrality ensures that everybody is treated alike with regard to use of the Internet, which has been a principle applied to Internet use since it was first originated. Proponents say that without network neutrality, large corporations will pay for exclusive preferential service and hence small websites will be relegated to a second tier of inferior service. Opponents say that the Markey amendment forsakes the free market in favor of government price controls, and would chill investment in broadband network and deployment of new broadband services, and would reduce choice for internet users. Voting YES favors the network neutrality viewpoint over the price control viewpoint.
    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 129; NO 51
    Republicans: YES 11; NO 198
    Independents: YES 8; NO 12
    Vote number 2005-035 increasing fines for indecent broadcasting
    on Feb 16, 2005 regarding bill H.R.310 Bill sponsored by Rep. Fred Upton [R, MI-6]
    Results: Bill passed 389-38
    Broadcast Decency Enforcement Act of 2005: Expresses the sense of Congress that broadcast television station licensees should reinstitute a family viewing policy for broadcasters. Amends the Communications Act of 1934 to provide that for violators of any Federal Communications Commission (FCC) license, if a violator is determined by the FCC to have broadcast obscene, indecent, or profane material, the amount of forfeiture penalty shall not exceed $500,000 for each violation. Sets forth:
    1. additional factors for determining indecency penalties;
    2. indecency penalties for non-licensees;
    3. deadlines for actions on complaints;
    4. additional remedies for indecent broadcasts; and
    5. provisions for license disqualification, revocation, or renewal consideration for violations of indecency prohibitions.
    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 149; NO 35
    Republicans: YES 216; NO 1
    Independents: YES 18; NO 2
    Vote number 2004-541 promoting commercial human space flight industry
    on Nov 20, 2004 regarding bill H.R.5382 Bill sponsored by Rep Dana Rohrabacher [R, CA-46]
    Results: Bill passed 269-120
    Commercial Space Launch Amendments Act of 2004: States that Congress finds that:
    1. the goal of safely opening space to the American people and to their private commercial enterprises should guide Federal space investments, policies, and regulations;
    2. private industry has begun to develop commercial launch vehicles capable of carrying human beings into space;
    3. greater private investment in these efforts will stimulate the commercial space transportation industry;
    4. space transportation is inherently risky, and the future of the commercial human space flight industry will depend on its ability to continually improve its safety performance; and
    5. the regulatory standards governing human space flight must evolve as the industry matures so that regulations neither stifle technology development nor expose crew or space flight participants to avoidable risks as the public comes to expect greater safety for crew and space flight participants from the industry.
    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 57; NO 111
    Republicans: YES 198; NO 2
    Independents: YES 13; NO 5
    Vote number 2003-255 banning Internet gambling by credit card
    on Jun 10, 2003 regarding bill HR 2143 Bill sponsored by Spencer, R-AL
    Results: Resolution passed 319-104
    Internet Gambling Bill: Vote to pass a bill that would prohibit credit card companies and other financial institutions from processing Internet gambling transactions. Exempt from the ban would be state regulated or licensed transactions. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 103; NO 84
    Republicans: YES 198; NO 17
    Independents: YES 16; NO 3
    Vote number 2002-45 allowing telephone monopolies to offer Internet access
    on Feb 27, 2002 regarding bill HR 1542 Bill sponsored by Tauzin, R-LA
    Results: Bill passed 273-157
    Internet Freedom and Broadband Deployment Act of 2001: Vote to pass a bill that would allow the four regional Bell telephone companies to enter the high-speed Internet access market via their long-distance connections whether or not they have allowed competitors into their local markets as required under the 1996 Telecommunications Act. The bill would allow the Bells to increase the fees they charge competitors for lines upgraded for broadband services from "wholesale rates" to "just and reasonable rates." It also would also allow the Bells to charge for giving competitors access to certain rights-of-way for broadband access. Certain FCC regulatory oversight would be maintained although the phone companies' high speed services would be exempted from regulation by the states. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 97; NO 80
    Republicans: YES 136; NO 55
    Independents: YES 10; NO 4

    Unused III: EDUCATION
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number MAX05-H225 Funding libraries from Cultural Facilities Fund
    on Oct 6, 2005 regarding bill H. 4404 Amendment #138
    Results: rejected 14-134
    A 'cultural facility' is defined as a building or site that is owned or otherwise used by one or more cultural organizations and that is accessible to the public and exempt from income taxation. The term 'cultural facility' may include museums, historical sites, zoos, aquariums, nature/science centers, theaters, concert halls, exhibition spaces, classrooms, and auditoriums suitable for presentation of performing or visual arts. Public or private institutions of higher education may qualify if they demonstrate that their cultural facility provides service and open access to the community and general public. This vote would add 'libraries' to the definition of 'cultural facility', and hence allow funding libraries from the Massachusetts Cultural Facilities Fund.

    The relevant part of the MassDems Platform is Part III, clause 18: EDUCATION: We support increased state and federal funding to build, renovate, and modernize our schools and colleges and libraries.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 0; NO 0
    Republicans: YES 0; NO 0
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0

    Unused IV: ECONOMIC GROWTH
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number MAX05-H218 Exempting new corporations from minimum excise tax
    on Oct 6, 2005 regarding bill H. 4381
    Results: rejected 38-116
    The current law computes excise tax for a corporation as the greater of 0.7% of the value of its property (subsection a) or $400 (subsection b). This amendment would mean that a newly formed corporation would not need to pay excise tax for the first two years if the value of the excise tax computed by subsection (a) was less than $400. That is no excise tax for the first two years if the corporation's property is worth less than $57,142.86.

    The relevant part of the MassDems Platform is Part IV, clause 2: ECONOMIC GROWTH AND JOBS: In order to grow the economy in Massachusetts, we need a healthy business environment that includes adequate funding for workforce training, user-friendly regulations, technology infrastructure, and special support for small businesses and agriculture.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 0; NO 0
    Republicans: YES 0; NO 0
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0

    Unused V: LABOR
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number MAX05-H005 $2.5M more for collective bargaining at UMass
    on Feb 15, 2005 regarding bill H.2010 item 1599-4123
    Results: rejected 19-128
    The amendment would add a Boston SEIU chapter (Service Employees International Union) to the list of unions at the University of Massachusetts for whom there is a collective bargaining reserve fund. The amendment would increase the allocation for that reserve fund from $19.9 million to $22.4 million.

    The relevant part of the MassDems Platform is Part V, clause 4: LABOR: We support laws that guarantee the right of employees to join a union of their choice and to engage in collective bargaining.

    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 0; NO 0
    Republicans: YES 0; NO 0
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0

    Veto II: Education
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number MA03-H087 Expanding charter schools program
    on May 6, 2003 regarding bill H.4000
    Results:
    Would study charter school moratorium, killing measure to implement moratorium.

    Relevant section of platform: PART II: EDUCATION, TRAINING, AND OPPORTUNITY: Full Funding: "We call upon the state to change funding of Commonwealth Charter schools to ensure that funds are not drained from established public schools."

    Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 0:
    Part II: Education;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 0.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 0; NO 0
    Republicans: YES 0; NO 0
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0

    Veto IV: Economic Growth
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number MA03-H078 Selling naming rights on state forests and parks
    on May 5, 2003 regarding bill Section 484
    Results:
    The department of parks and recreation is hereby authorized to develop guidelines and criteria on the subject of the public sale of naming rights for state forests and parks or for facilities within state forests and parks.

    Relevant platform section: PART IV: ECONOMIC GROWTH, JOBS & SECURITY: Privatization Accountability: "We assert and recognize... that it is the public sector, not the private sector, which has the distinct capacity to deliver efficient, high quality services in many areas."

    Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 0:
    Part IV: Economic Growth;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 0.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 0; NO 0
    Republicans: YES 0; NO 0
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0

    Veto V: Fiscal Responsibility
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number MA03-H085 Publicizing delinquent tax payers on-line
    on May 6, 2003 regarding bill H.4000
    Results:
    Would require making delinquent tax payers public on-line.

    Relevant section of platform:PART V: FISCAL RESPONSIBILITY, TAX EQUITY, & PUBLIC STEWARDSHIP: Consumer Protection: "We support the protection of consumers and their interests in all areas of the marketplace."

    Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 0:
    Part V: Fiscal Responsibility;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 0.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 0; NO 0
    Republicans: YES 0; NO 0
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0
    Vote number MA03-H054 Pay raises for Legislature leaders
    on Apr 14, 2003 regarding bill H.3743
    Results:
    Additional compensation for the following [legislators]: presiding officers, members of the majority and minority leadership, chairmen, vice-chairmen, assistant vice-chairmen and ranking minority members of committees -- shall be established by the joint rules of the senate and the house of representatives. [This gives power over salary to the Legislative leadership].

    Relevant platform section: PART V: FISCAL RESPONSIBILITY, TAX EQUITY, & PUBLIC STEWARDSHIP: Investments and Tax Relief: "We believe surpluses should go to public priorities like... the provision of tax relief targeted first to working families. We reject emphatically state or federal tax policies that redirect hard-won budget surpluses or other public revenues into the hands of a few."

    Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 0:
    Part V: Fiscal Responsibility;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 0.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 0; NO 0
    Republicans: YES 0; NO 0
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0

    Veto VIII: Environment
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number MA03-H184 Selling land currently under conservation protection
    on Jul 9, 2003 regarding bill H.3831
    Results:
    Would convey [sell] a certain parcel of land in the city of Fall River, [which is currently subject to] easements for conservation purposes, as defined by Article XCVII of the Amendments to the Constitution.

    Relevant section of platform:PART VIII: ENVIRONMENT, PRESERVATION & SUSTAINABLITY: Safeguarding Natural Resources. "We support state assistance for communities to protect, by purchase or conservation restriction, threatened parcels, with a priority on riparian lands or wetlands, wildlife habitat, and urban and semi-urban communities with little open space left."

    Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 0:
    Part VIII: Environment;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 0.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 0; NO 0
    Republicans: YES 0; NO 0
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0
    Vote number MA03-H075 Requiring regulatory impact statements for new regulations
    on May 5, 2003 regarding bill MGL Chapter 30A
    Results:
      Requiring a ‘Regulatory impact statement’ for all new regulations promulgated by state agencies. The statement shall:
    • identify the problem
    • identify expert analysis
    • identify specifically who is affected
    • identify when such regulation becomes effective, and how and when the regulation will be reviewed
    • describe the financial impacts of the regulation, including compliance costs and indirect costs
    • identify the fiscal effect over the first five years; and
    • describe specifically the benefits of the regulation.

      [Would have the effect of making new regulations more difficult for state agencies to implement, in a manner analogous to how environmental impact statements make environmentally degradatory practices more difficult].

      Relevant platform section: PART VIII: ENVIRONMENT, PRESERVATION & SUSTAINABLITY: Environmental Law Enforcement: "We believe it is a basic responsibility of government to ensure that all laws enacted to protect our environment are obeyed and enforced."

    Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 0:
    Part VIII: Environment;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 0.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 0; NO 0
    Republicans: YES 0; NO 0
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0

    War & Peace
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number 11-HV410 banning armed forces in Libya without Congressional approval
    on Jun 3, 2011 regarding bill HRes294 Resolution on Libya
    Results: Passed 257-156
    RESOLUTION Declaring that the President shall not deploy, establish, or maintain the presence of US Armed Forces in Libya, pursuant to the War Powers Resolution.
      The House of Representatives makes the following statements of policy:
    1. The US Armed Forces shall be used exclusively to defend and advance the national security interests of the US.
    2. The President has failed to provide Congress with a compelling rationale based upon US national security interests for current US military activities regarding Libya.
    3. The President shall not deploy, establish, or maintain the presence of units and members of the US Armed Forces on the ground in Libya unless the purpose of the presence is to rescue a member of the Armed Forces from imminent danger.
    The President shall transmit a report describing in detail US security interests and objectives, and the activities of US Armed Forces, in Libya since March 19, 2011, including a description of the following:
    1. The President's justification for not seeking authorization by Congress for the use of military force in Libya.
    2. US political and military objectives regarding Libya, including the relationship between the intended objectives and the operational means being employed to achieve them.
    3. Changes in US political and military objectives following the assumption of command by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
    4. Differences between US political and military objectives regarding Libya and those of other NATO member states engaged in military activities.
    5. The specific commitments by the US to ongoing NATO activities regarding Libya.
    6. The anticipated scope and duration of continued US military involvement in Libya.
    7. The costs of military, political, and humanitarian efforts concerning Libya as of June 3, 2011.
    Congress has the constitutional prerogative to withhold funding for any unauthorized use of the US States Armed Forces, including for unauthorized activities regarding Libya.
    Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 17:
    US out of Iraq & Afghanistan;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 17.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 27; NO 155
    Republicans: YES 230; NO 1
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0
    Vote number 11-HV193 removing US armed forces from Afghanistan
    on Mar 17, 2011 regarding bill HConRes28 Resolution on Afghanistan
    Results: Failed 93-321
    Congressional Summary:
      Directs the President, pursuant to the War Powers Resolution, to remove the U.S. Armed Forces from Afghanistan:
    1. by no later than 30 days after this resolution is adopted; or
    2. if the President determines that it is not safe to remove them by such date, by no later than December 31, 2011.

    Proponent's Argument for voting Yes:
    [Rep. Kucinich, D-OH]:The American people oppose this war by a margin of two to one. Nearly 2/3 of Americans say the war isn't worth fighting. We are spending $100 billion per year on this war. There are those who are saying the war could last at least another 10 years. Are we willing to spend another $1 trillion on a war that doesn't have any exit plan, for which there is no timeframe to get out, no endgame, where we haven't defined our mission? The question is not whether we can afford to leave. The question is, can we afford to stay? And I submit we cannot afford to stay. The counterintelligence strategy of General Petraeus is an abysmal failure, and it needs to be called as such.

    Opponent's Argument for voting No:
    [Rep. Ros-Lehtinen, R-FL]: This resolution would undermine the efforts of our military and our international partners in Afghanistan and would gravely harm our Nation's security. 3,000 people died on Sep. 11 because we walked away once from Afghanistan, thinking that it didn't matter who controlled that country. We were wrong then. Let us not make the same mistake twice. Completing our mission in Afghanistan is essential to keeping our homeland safe. This is about our vital national security interests. It is about doing what is necessary to ensure that al Qaeda and other extremists cannot reestablish safe havens such as the ones they had in Afghanistan when the 9/11 attacks were planned against our Nation and our people. The enemy, indeed, is on the run. It is demoralized and divided. Let us not give up now.

    Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 17:
    US out of Iraq & Afghanistan;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 17.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 85; NO 100
    Republicans: YES 8; NO 221
    Independents: YES 0; NO 0
    Vote number 2008-401 investigating Bush impeachment for lying about Iraq
    on Jun 11, 2008 regarding bill H.RES.1258 The Kucinich Privilege Resolution
    Results: Resolution passed, 251-166
    OnTheIssues.org Explanation: This vote is on referring the impeachment resolution to a Congressional Committee to decide further action (not on impeachment itself).

    Congressional Summary: Resolved, That President George W. Bush be impeached for committing the following abuses of power:

    • Article I--Creating a Secret Propaganda Campaign To Manufacture a False Case for War Against Iraq
    • Article VI & VIII--Invading Iraq in Violation of H.J. Res. 114, the U.N. Charter and International Criminal Law
    • Article X--Falsifying Accounts of US Troop Deaths and Injuries for Political Purposes
    • Article XI--Establishment of Permanent US Military Bases in Iraq
    • Article XII--Initiating a War Against Iraq for Control of That Nation's Natural Resources
    • Article XVII--Detaining Indefinitely and Without Charge Persons Both US Citizens and Foreign Captives
    • Article XXIV--Spying on American Citizens, Without a Court-Ordered Warrant, in Violation of the Fourth Amendment
    • Article XXVI--Announcing the Intent To Violate Laws With Signing Statements, and Violating Those Laws
    Proponents' arguments for voting YEA: Rep. Kucinich: Now is the time for this Congress to examine the actions that led us into this war, just as we must work to bring our troops home. This resolution is a very serious matter and I urge the Committee on Judiciary to investigate and carefully consider this resolution.

    Rep. Wasserman-Schultz: Impeachment is a lengthy process which would divide Congress and this nation even more deeply than we are divided right now. Referring this resolution to the House Judiciary Committee is the constitutionally appropriate process that should be pursued.

    Rep. Ron Paul: I rise, reluctantly, in favor of referring that resolution to the House Judiciary Committee for full consideration, which essentially directs the committee to examine the issue more closely than it has done to this point.

    Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 17:
    US out of Iraq & Afghanistan;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 17.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 216; NO 0
    Republicans: YES 21; NO 160
    Independents: YES 14; NO 6
    Vote number 2007-330 redeploying US troops out of Iraq starting in 90 days
    on May 10, 2007 regarding bill H R 2237 Out of Iraq Caucus bill
    Results: Bill rejected, 171-255
    To provide for the redeployment of US Armed Forces and defense contractors from Iraq. Requires within 90 days to commence the redeployment; and to complete such redeployment within 180 days after its commencement. Prohibits the use of DOD funds to increase the number of US forces serving in Iraq in excess of the number serving in Iraq as of January 1, 2007, unless specifically authorized by Congress. Authorizes retaining in Iraq US forces for providing security for diplomatic missions; for targeting al-Qaeda; and for training Iraqi Security Forces. Requires the President to transfer to the government of Iraq all interest held by the US in any military facility in Iraq.

    Proponents support voting YES because:

    This war is a terrible tragedy, and it is time to bring it to an end. This is a straightforward bill to redeploy our military forces from Iraq and to end the war in Iraq. This bill does not walk away from the Iraqi people. It specifically continues diplomatic, social, economic, and reconstruction aid. Finally, this bill leaves all the decisions on the locations outside of Iraq to which our troops will be redeployed wholly in the hands of our military commanders.

    Opponents support voting NO because:

    This legislation embraces surrender and defeat. This legislation undermines our troops and the authority of the President as commander in chief. Opponents express concern about the effects of an ill-conceived military withdrawal, and about any legislation that places military decisions in the hands of politicians rather than the military commanders in the field. The enemy we face in Iraq view this bill as a sign of weakness. Now is not the time to signal retreat and surrender. It is absolutely essential that America, the last remaining superpower on earth, continue to be a voice for peace and a beacon for freedom in our shrinking world.

    Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 17:
    US out of Iraq & Afghanistan;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 17.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 154; NO 53
    Republicans: YES 3; NO 183
    Independents: YES 9; NO 12
    Vote number 2006-288 declaring Iraq part of War on Terror with no exit date
    on Jun 12, 2006 regarding bill HRES 861 Resolution on Prevailing in the Global War on Terror
    Results: Resolution Passed: 256-153
      Voting YES would support the following resolution (excerpted):
    • Whereas the United States and its allies are engaged in a Global War on Terror, a long and demanding struggle against an adversary that is driven by hatred of American values and that is committed to imposing, by the use of terror, its repressive ideology throughout the world;
    • Whereas the terrorists have declared Iraq to be the central front in their war against all who oppose their ideology;
    • Whereas the United States and its Coalition partners will continue to support Iraq as part of the Global War on Terror:
      Now, therefore, be it Resolved, That the House of Representatives--
    • Honors all those Americans who have taken an active part in the Global War on Terror;
    • Declares that it is not in the national security interest of the United States to set an arbitrary date for the withdrawal or redeployment of United States Armed Forces from Iraq;
    • Declares that the United States is committed to the completion of the mission to create a sovereign, free, secure, and united Iraq;
    • Declares that the United States will prevail in the Global War on Terror, the noble struggle to protect freedom from the terrorist adversary.
    Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 17:
    US out of Iraq & Afghanistan;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 17.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 35; NO 139
    Republicans: YES 201; NO 3
    Independents: YES 11; NO 8
    Vote number 2004-64 approving removal of Saddam & valiant service of US troops
    on Mar 17, 2004 regarding bill H Res 557 War in Iraq Anniversary resolution
    Results: Bill Adopted 327-93: R 222-2; D 105-90
    States that the House of Representatives:
    1. affirms that the United States and the world have been made safer with the removal of Saddam Hussein and his regime from power in Iraq;
    2. commends the Iraqi people for their courage in the face of unspeakable oppression and brutality inflicted on them by Saddam Hussein's regime;
    3. commends the Iraqi people on the adoption of Iraq's interim constitution; and
    4. commends the members of the U.S. Armed Forces and Coalition forces for liberating Iraq and expresses its gratitude for their valiant service.
    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    Voting YES counts as answer B on AmericansElect question 9;
    Voting NO counts as answer C on AmericansElect question 9.
    Democrats: YES 99; NO 85
    Republicans: YES 213; NO 2
    Independents: YES 13; NO 5
    Vote number 2002-455 authorizing military force in Iraq
    on Oct 10, 2002 regarding bill HJRes114 Bill sponsored by Hastert,R-IL
    Results: Resolution Passed 296-133
    Authorization for the Use of Military Force Against Iraq: Passage of the joint resolution that would authorize President Bush to use the US military as he deems necessary and appropriate to defend U.S. national security against Iraq and enforce UN Security Council resolutions regarding Iraq. It would be required that the president report to Congress, no later than 48 hours after using force, his determination that diplomatic options or other peaceful means would not guarantee US national security against Iraq or allow enforcement of UN resolutions and that using force is consistent with anti-terrorism efforts. The resolution would also give specific statutory authorization under the War Powers Resolution. Every 60 days the president would also be required to report to Congress on actions related to the resolution. Voting NO counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 17:
    US out of Iraq & Afghanistan;
    Voting YES counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 17.

    Voting YES counts as answer A on AmericansElect question 5;
    Voting NO counts as answer D on AmericansElect question 5.
    Democrats: YES 68; NO 109
    Republicans: YES 188; NO 5
    Independents: YES 10; NO 4
    Vote number 1999-119 disallowing the invasion of Kosovo
    on May 6, 1999 regarding bill HR 1664 Amendment introduced by Istook, R-OK
    Results: Amendment rejected: FOR: 117; AGAINST: 301
    Vote on an amendment to the "Kosovo and Southwest Asia Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act" which would prohibit the use of funds for any invasion of Yugoslavia with U.S. ground forces except in time of war. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 18; NO 179
    Republicans: YES 96; NO 112
    Independents: YES 4; NO 11

    Welfare & Poverty
    House BillVote descriptionVoteMatch UsageCandidate Voting
    Vote number 2009-H169 instituting National Service as a new social invention
    on Mar 31, 2009 regarding bill H.R. 1388 Serve America Act/GIVE Act
    Results: Passed 275-149
    Congressional Summary:Generations Invigorating Volunteerism and Education (GIVE) Act:
      Adds to National and Community Service Act of 1990 (NCSA) purposes:
    1. providing year-round opportunities in service-learning;
    2. involving program participants in emergency and disaster preparedness, relief, and recovery;
    3. increasing service opportunities for retiring professionals;
    4. encouraging service by individuals age 55 or older and continued service by national service alumni;
    5. focusing national service on the areas of national need.

    Proponent's argument to vote Yes:Sen. BARBARA MIKULSKI (D, MD): [In developing national service over many years] we were not in the business of creating another new social program. What we were in the business of was creating a new social invention. What do I mean by that? In our country, we are known for our technological inventions. But also often overlooked, and sometimes undervalued, is our social inventions.

    We created national service to let young people find opportunity to be of service and also to make an important contribution. But not all was rosy. In 2003, when I was the ranking member on the appropriations subcommittee funding national service, they created a debacle. One of their most colossal errors was that they enrolled over 20,000 volunteers and could not afford to pay for it. That is how sloppy they were in their accounting. I called them the "Enron of nonprofits."

    And they worked on it. But all that is history. We are going to expand AmeriCorps activity into specialized corps. One, an education corps; another, a health futures corps; another, a veterans corps; and another called opportunity corps. These are not outside of AmeriCorps. They will be subsets because we find this is where compelling human need is and at the same time offers great opportunity for volunteers to do it.

    Opponent's argument to vote No:No senators spoke against the amendment.

    Voting NO counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 20:
    Allow churches to provide welfare services;
    Voting YES counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 20.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 233; NO 2
    Republicans: YES 25; NO 141
    Independents: YES 17; NO 6
    Vote number 2006-267 providing $70 million for Section 8 Housing vouchers
    on Jun 13, 2006 regarding bill HR 5576 Amendment 1015 Department of Housing and Urban Development appropriations
    Results: Amendment passed: 243-178
    Voting YES on this amendment would add $70 million to the Section 8 housing voucher program, funding an additional 10,000 affordable housing vouchers.
      Proponents of the amendment say:
    • This amendment would enable an additional 10,000 low-income families to afford safe, decent housing.
    • To offset this increase, the amendment cuts a poorly managed computer upgrade program. The committee has been very ingenious in squirreling away money in different accounts and the bill would still provide $94 million in funds for IT projects.
    • We have a choice: Do we want to help thousands of families obtain affordable housing, or do we think it is more important to have a somewhat faster computer upgrade in HUD?
    • Our amendment does not seek to restore the amount to the amount that the President recommended, which is $144 million more than the committee recommends, it seeks merely to restore $70 million, or about half of what the difference is to what the President recommended.
    • This is less than the bare minimum of what is needed. We have hundreds of thousands of families on waiting lists, waiting up to 10 years for decent housing for Section 8 vouchers.
      Opponents say:
    • The existing bill fully funds the renewal of Section 8 vouchers. Additional funds are simply not necessary.
    • The cost of Section 8 vouchers are remaining constant and in some markets are actually decreasing. As such, this funding level will provide funds to restore vouchers that may have been lost in recent years.
    • The proposed reduction will cause delays in critically needed efforts to modernize antiquated legacy computer systems.
    (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 177; NO 3
    Republicans: YES 47; NO 163
    Independents: YES 13; NO 6
    Vote number 2003-30 promoting work and marriage among TANF recipients
    on Feb 13, 2003 regarding bill HR 4 Bill sponsored by Pryce, R-OH
    Results: Bill passed 230-192
    Welfare Reauthorization Bill: Vote to pass a bill that would approve $16.5 billion to renew the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families block grant program through fiscal 2008 and call for new welfare aid conditions. The bill raises the work requirements for individuals getting assistance from 30 to 40 hours per week. States would be required to increase the number of recipient families working from the current level of 50 percent to 70 percent or more in 2008. The bill also provides an additional $1 billion in mandatory state child care grants and provides $200 million annually for marriage promotion programs. (Not used in VoteMatch)

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 9; NO 180
    Republicans: YES 212; NO 3
    Independents: YES 10; NO 10
    Vote number 2001-254 treating religious organizations equally for tax breaks
    on Jul 19, 2001 regarding bill HR 7
    Results: Bill passed, 233-198
    Vote to pass a bill that would allow religious organizations to compete equally with other non-governmental groups for federal funds to provide social service, and provide $13.3 billion in tax breaks for charitable giving over 10 years. Voting YES counts for 2 points on VoteMatch question 20:
    Allow churches to provide welfare services;
    Voting NO counts for -2 points on VoteMatch question 20.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 15; NO 183
    Republicans: YES 209; NO 3
    Independents: YES 6; NO 9
    Vote number 1999-586 responsible fatherhood via faith-based organizations
    on Nov 10, 1999 regarding bill HR 3073 Bill sponsored by Johnson, R-CT.
    Results: Bill passed: FOR: 328; AGAINST: 93
    Vote to establish a program that would promote more responsible fatherhood by creating educational, economic and employment opportunities and give grants to state agencies and nonprofit groups, including faith-based institutions. Voting YES counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 20:
    Allow churches to provide welfare services;
    Voting NO counts for -1 points on VoteMatch question 20.

    (Not used by AmericansElect)
    Democrats: YES 147; NO 47
    Republicans: YES 166; NO 42
    Independents: YES 12; NO 3


                                                                                                                                                                                   
      

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