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Vote number 2006-384 allowing Courts to decide on "God" in Pledge of Allegiance
on Jul 19, 2006 regarding bill H R 2389 Watt amendment to Pledge Protection Act
Results: Amendment rejected 183-241

Amendment to preserve the authority of the US Supreme Court to decide any question pertaining to the Pledge of Allegiance. The bill underlying this amendment would disallow any federal courts from hearing cases concerning the Pledge of Allegiance. This amendment would make an exception for the Supreme Court.

Proponents support voting YES because:

I believe that our Pledge of Allegiance with its use of the phrase "under God" is entirely consistent with our Nation's cultural and historic traditions. I also believe that the Court holding that use of this phrase is unconstitutional is wrong. But this court-stripping bill is not necessary. This legislation would bar a Federal court, including the Supreme Court, from reviewing any claim that challenges the recitation of the Pledge on first amendment grounds.

If we are a Nation of laws, we must be committed to allowing courts to decide what the law is. This bill is unnecessary and probably unconstitutional.

Categorized under Education

Voting N counts for 1 points on VoteMatch question 4: Teach Morality In Public Schools.



Democrats voting on 2006-384

Neil Abercrombie YESHawaii Democrat (Resigned 2010)
Gary Ackerman YESNew York Dem./Ind./Lib./Working-Fam.
Tom Allen YESMaine Democrat (Retiring 2008)
Rob Andrews YESNew Jersey Democrat
Joe Baca YESCalifornia Democrat
Brian Baird YESWashington Democrat (until 2010)
Tammy Baldwin YESWisconsin Democrat
John Barrow NOGeorgia Democrat
Melissa Bean YESIllinois Democrat (Unseated 2010)
Xavier Becerra YESCalifornia Democrat
Shelley Berkley YESNevada Democrat (Senate run 2012)
Howard Berman YESCalifornia Democrat
Timothy Bishop YESNew York Democrat
Earl Blumenauer YESOregon Democrat
Dan Boren NOOklahoma Democrat (Retiring 2012)
Leonard Boswell YESIowa Democrat
Rick Boucher YESVirginia Democrat (until 2010)
Robert Brady YESPennsylvania Democrat
Corrine Brown YESFlorida Democrat
Sherrod Brown YESOhio Democrat
G.K. Butterfield YESNorth Carolina Democrat
Lois Capps YESCalifornia Democrat
Michael Capuano YESMassachusetts Democrat
Benjamin Cardin YESMaryland Democrat
Dennis Cardoza YESCalifornia Democrat
Russ Carnahan YESMissouri Democrat
Julia Carson YESIndiana Democrat (Deceased 2008)
Ed Case YESHawaii Democrat
Ben Chandler NOKentucky Democrat
William Lacy Clay YESMissouri Democrat
Emmanuel Cleaver NOMissouri Democrat
James Clyburn YESSouth Carolina Democrat
John Conyers NOMichigan Democrat
Jim Cooper YESTennessee Democrat
Jim Costa YESCalifornia Democrat
Bud Cramer NOAlabama Democrat (Retiring 2008)
Joseph Crowley YESNew York Democrat
Henry Cuellar NOTexas Democrat
Elijah Cummings YESMaryland Democrat
Danny Davis YESIllinois Democrat
Jim Davis YESFlorida Democrat
Lincoln Davis NOTennessee Democrat (until 2010)
Susan Davis YESCalifornia Democrat
Peter Defazio YESOregon Democrat
Diana DeGette YESColorado Democrat
Bill Delahunt YESMassachusetts Democrat (until 2010)
Rosa DeLauro YESConnecticut Democrat
Norm Dicks YESWashington Democrat
John Dingell YESMichigan Democrat
Lloyd Doggett YESTexas Democrat
Mike Doyle YESPennsylvania Democrat
Chet Edwards NOTexas Democrat (until 2010)
Eliot Engel YESNew York Democrat/Liberal
Anna Eshoo YESCalifornia Democrat
Bob Etheridge YESNorth Carolina Democrat (Unseated 2010)
Sam Farr YESCalifornia Democrat
Chaka Fattah YESPennsylvania Democrat
Bob Filner YESCalifornia Democrat (Mayoral run 2011)
Harold Ford NOTennessee Democrat
Barney Frank YESMassachusetts Democrat
Bart Gordon NOTennessee Democrat (until 2010)
Al Green YESTexas Democrat
Gene Green NOTexas Democrat
Raul Grijalva NOArizona Democrat
Jane Harman YESCalifornia Democrat (Resigned 2011)
Alcee Hastings YESFlorida Democrat
Stephanie Herseth NOSouth Dakota Democratic (until 2010)
Brian Higgins YESNew York Democrat
Maurice Hinchey YESNew York Dem./Ind./Lib./Working-Fam.
Ruben Hinojosa YESTexas Democrat
Tim Holden YESPennsylvania Democrat
Rush Holt YESNew Jersey Democrat
Darlene Hooley YESOregon Democrat (Retiring 2008)
Steny Hoyer YESMaryland Democrat
Steve Israel NONew York Democrat
Jesse Louis Jackson YESIllinois Democrat
Sheila Jackson Lee YESTexas Democrat
William Jefferson YESLouisiana Democrat
Eddie Bernice Johnson YESTexas Democrat
Stephanie Tubbs Jones YESOhio Democrat (Deceased, 2008)
Paul Kanjorski YESPennsylvania Democrat (until 2010)
Marcy Kaptur YESOhio Democrat
Patrick Kennedy YESRhode Island Democrat (until 2010)
Dale Kildee YESMichigan Democrat
Carolyn Kilpatrick YESMichigan Democrat (until 2010)
Ron Kind YESWisconsin Democrat
Dennis Kucinich NOOhio Democrat
James Langevin YESRhode Island Democrat
Rick Larsen YESWashington Democrat
John Larson YESConnecticut Democrat
Barbara Lee YESCalifornia Democrat
Sander Levin YESMichigan Democrat
John Lewis YESGeorgia Democrat
Dan Lipinski YESIllinois Democrat
Zoe Lofgren YESCalifornia Democrat
Nita Lowey YESNew York Democrat
Steve Lynch YESMassachusetts Democrat
Carolyn Maloney YESNew York Democrat/Liberal
Ed Markey YESMassachusetts Democrat
Jim Matheson NOUtah Democrat
Doris Matsui YESCalifornia Democrat
Carolyn McCarthy YESNew York Dem./Ind./Working-Families
Betty McCollum YESMinnesota Democrat
Jim McDermott YESWashington Democrat
Jim McGovern YESMassachusetts Democrat
Mike McIntyre NONorth Carolina Democrat
Michael McNulty YESNew York Dem./Cons. (Retiring 2008)
Marty Meehan YESMassachusetts Democrat (Retired 2007)
Gregory Meeks YESNew York Dem./Working-Families
Michael Michaud YESMaine Democrat
Juanita Millender-McDonald YESCalifornia Democrat
Brad Miller YESNorth Carolina Democrat
George Miller YESCalifornia Democrat
Alan Mollohan NOWest Virginia Democrat
Dennis Moore YESKansas Democrat (until 2010)
Gwen Moore YESWisconsin Democrat
James Moran YESVirginia Democrat
John Murtha YESPennsylvania Democrat (Deceased Feb. 2010)
Jerrold Nadler YESNew York Dem./Lib./Working-Families
Grace Napolitano YESCalifornia Democrat
Richard Neal YESMassachusetts Democrat
James Oberstar YESMinnesota Dem./Farmer/Labor (until 2010)
David Obey YESWisconsin Democrat (until 2010)
John Olver YESMassachusetts Democrat
Solomon Ortiz YESTexas Democrat (Unseated 2010)
Major Owens YESNew York Democrat (until 2007)
Frank Pallone YESNew Jersey Democrat
Bill Pascrell YESNew Jersey Democrat
Ed Pastor YESArizona Democrat
Donald Payne YESNew Jersey Democrat
Nancy Pelosi YESCalifornia Democrat
Collin Peterson NOMinnesota Democrat/Farmer/Labor
Earl Pomeroy YESNorth Dakota Democrat (until 2010)
David Eugene Price YESNorth Carolina Democrat
Nick Rahall NOWest Virginia Democrat
Silvestre Reyes YESTexas Democrat
Steven Rothman YESNew Jersey Democrat
Lucille Roybal-Allard YESCalifornia Democrat
Dutch Ruppersberger YESMaryland Democrat
Tim Ryan YESOhio Democrat
Martin Sabo YESMinnesota Democrat/Farmer/Labor
John Salazar NOColorado Democrat (Unseated 2010)
Linda Sanchez YESCalifornia Democrat
Loretta Sanchez YESCalifornia Democrat
Jan Schakowsky YESIllinois Democrat
Adam Schiff YESCalifornia Democrat
Allyson Schwartz NOPennsylvania Democrat
Bobby Scott YESVirginia Democrat
David Scott YESGeorgia Democrat
Jose Serrano YESNew York Democrat/Liberal
Brad Sherman YESCalifornia Democrat
Ike Skelton YESMissouri Democrat (until 2010)
Louise Slaughter YESNew York Democrat
John Spratt YESSouth Carolina Democrat (until 2010)
Pete Stark YESCalifornia Democrat
Ted Strickland YESOhio Democrat
Bart Stupak YESMichigan Democrat (until 2010)
John Tanner YESTennessee Democrat (until 2010)
Gene Taylor NOMississippi Democrat (until 2010)
Bennie Thompson YESMississippi Democrat
Mike Thompson YESCalifornia Democrat
John Tierney YESMassachusetts Democrat
Ed Towns YESNew York Democrat/Liberal
Mark Udall YESColorado Democrat (Senate 2008)
Tom Udall YESNew Mexico Democrat (Senate 2008)
Chris Van Hollen YESMaryland Democrat
Nydia Velazquez YESNew York Democrat/Working-Families
Peter Visclosky YESIndiana Democrat
Debbie Wasserman Schultz YESFlorida Democrat
Maxine Waters YESCalifornia Democrat
Mel Watt YESNorth Carolina Democrat
Henry Waxman YESCalifornia Democrat
Anthony Weiner YESNew York Democrat (Resigned 2011)
Robert Wexler YESFlorida Democrat (resigned Jan. 2010)
Lynn Woolsey YESCalifornia Democrat (Retiring 2012)
David Wu YESOregon Democrat
Albert Wynn YESMaryland Democrat (Unseated 2008)



Republicans voting on 2006-384

Robert Aderholt NOAlabama Republican
Todd Akin NOMissouri Republican (Senate run 2012)
Rodney Alexander NOLouisiana Republican
Spencer Bachus NOAlabama Republican
Richard Hugh Baker NOLouisiana Republican (Resigned 2008)
Gresham Barrett NOSouth Carolina Republican (until 2010)
Roscoe Bartlett NOMaryland Republican
Joe Linus Barton NOTexas Republican
Charlie Bass YESNew Hampshire Republican
Bob Beauprez NOColorado Republican
Judy Biggert YESIllinois Republican
Brian Bilbray NOCalifornia Republican
Gus Bilirakis NOFlorida Republican
Rob Bishop NOUtah Republican
Marsha Blackburn NOTennessee Republican
Roy Blunt NOMissouri Republican (until 2010)
Sherry Boehlert NONew York Republican/Independence
John Boehner NOOhio Republican
Henry Bonilla NOTexas Republican
Jo Bonner NOAlabama Republican
Mary Bono YESCalifornia Republican
Charles Boustany NOLouisiana Republican
Jeb Bradley NONew Hampshire Republican
Kevin Brady NOTexas Republican
Henry Brown NOSouth Carolina Republican (until 2010)
Michael Burgess NOTexas Republican
Dan Burton NOIndiana Republican
Steve Buyer NOIndiana Republican (until 2010)
Ken Calvert NOCalifornia Republican
Dave Camp NOMichigan Republican
John Campbell NOCalifornia Republican
Chris Cannon NOUtah Republican
Eric Cantor NOVirginia Republican
Shelley Moore Capito NOWest Virginia Republican
John Carter NOTexas Republican
Steve Chabot NOOhio Republican
Chris Chocola NOIndiana Republican
John Howard Coble NONorth Carolina Republican
Tom Cole NOOklahoma Republican
Mike Conaway NOTexas Republican
Ander Crenshaw NOFlorida Republican
Barbara Cubin NOWyoming Republican (Retiring 2008)
John Culberson NOTexas Republican
Geoff Davis NOKentucky Republican
Jo Ann Davis NOVirginia Republican
Tom Davis NOVirginia Republican (Retiring 2008)
Nathan Deal NOGeorgia Republican (Resigned 2010)
Mario Diaz-Balart NOFlorida Republican
John Doolittle NOCalifornia Republican (Retiring 2008)
Thelma Drake NOVirginia Republican (Unseated 2008)
David Dreier NOCalifornia Republican
Jimmy Duncan NOTennessee Republican
Vernon Ehlers NOMichigan Republican (until 2010)
Jo Ann Emerson NOMissouri Republican
Phil English NOPennsylvania Republican (Unseated 2008)
Terry Everett NOAlabama Republican (Retiring 2008)
Mike Ferguson NONew Jersey Republican (Retiring 2008)
Mike Fitzpatrick NOPennsylvania Republican
Jeff Flake YESArizona Republican (Senate run 2012)
Mark Foley YESFlorida Republican
Randy Forbes NOVirginia Republican
Jeff Fortenberry NONebraska Republican
Vito Fossella NONew York Rep./Cons. (Unseated 2008)
Virginia Foxx NONorth Carolina Republican
Trent Franks NOArizona Republican
Rodney Frelinghuysen NONew Jersey Republican
Elton Gallegly NOCalifornia Republican
Scott Garrett NONew Jersey Republican
Jim Gerlach NOPennsylvania Republican
Jim Gibbons NONevada Republican
Wayne Gilchrest YESMaryland Republican (Unseated 2008)
Paul Gillmor NOOhio Republican (Deceased 2007)
Phil Gingrey NOGeorgia Republican
Louie Gohmert NOTexas Republican
Virgil Goode NOVirginia Republican (Unseated 2008)
Bob Goodlatte NOVirginia Republican
Kay Granger NOTexas Republican
Samuel Graves NOMissouri Republican
Mark Green NOWisconsin Republican
Gil Gutknecht NOMinnesota Republican
Katherine Harris NOFlorida Republican (until 2007)
Melissa Hart NOPennsylvania Republican
Doc Hastings NOWashington Republican
Robin Hayes NONorth Carolina Republican (Unseated 2008)
J.D. Hayworth NOArizona Republican (until 2007)
Joel Hefley NOColorado Republican
Jeb Hensarling NOTexas Republican
Wally Herger NOCalifornia Republican
Dave Hobson NOOhio Republican (Retiring 2008)
Peter Hoekstra NOMichigan Republican (until 2010)
John Hostettler NOIndiana Republican
Kenny Hulshof NOMissouri Republican (Governor 2008)
Duncan Hunter NOCalifornia Republican (Retiring 2008)
Henry Hyde NOIllinois Republican
Bob Inglis YESSouth Carolina Republican (until 2010)
Darrell Issa NOCalifornia Republican
Ernest Istook NOOklahoma Republican
Bill Jenkins NOTennessee Republican (Retired 2006)
Bobby Jindal NOLouisiana Republican (Governor 2008)
Nancy Lee Johnson YESConnecticut Republican
Sam Johnson NOTexas Republican
Timothy Johnson NOIllinois Republican
Walter Beaman Jones NONorth Carolina Republican
Ric Keller NOFlorida Republican (Unseated 2008)
Sue Kelly NONew York Republican (until 2007)
Mark Kennedy NOMinnesota Republican
Peter King NONew York Rep./Ind./Cons./Right-To-Life
Steve King NOIowa Republican
Jack Kingston NOGeorgia Republican
Mark Kirk NOIllinois Republican (until 2010)
John Kline NOMinnesota Republican
Joe Knollenberg NOMichigan Republican (Unseated 2008)
Jim Kolbe YESArizona Republican
Randy Kuhl NONew York Republican (Unseated 2008)
Ray LaHood NOIllinois Republican (Retiring 2008)
Tom Latham NOIowa Republican
Steven LaTourette YESOhio Republican
Jim Leach NOIowa Republican
Jerry Lewis NOCalifornia Republican
Ron Lewis NOKentucky Republican (Retiring 2008)
Frank LoBiondo NONew Jersey Republican
Frank Dean Lucas NOOklahoma Republican
Dan Lungren YESCalifornia Republican
Connie Mack IV YESFlorida Republican
Donald Manzullo NOIllinois Republican
Kenny Marchant NOTexas Republican
Michael McCaul NOTexas Republican
Thad McCotter NOMichigan Republican
Jim McCrery NOLouisiana Republican (Retiring 2008)
Patrick McHenry NONorth Carolina Republican
John McHugh NONew York Republican/Conservative
Buck McKeon NOCalifornia Republican
John Mica NOFlorida Republican
Candice Miller NOMichigan Republican
Gary Miller NOCalifornia Republican
Jeff Miller NOFlorida Republican
Jerry Moran NOKansas Republican (until 2010)
Tim Murphy NOPennsylvania Republican
Marilyn Musgrave NOColorado Republican (Unseated 2008)
Sue Myrick NONorth Carolina Republican
Randy Neugebauer NOTexas Republican
Bob Ney NOOhio Republican
Charlie Norwood NOGeorgia Republican
Devin Nunes NOCalifornia Republican
Jim Nussle NOIowa Republican
Tom Osborne NONebraska Republican
Butch Otter NOIdaho Republican
Michael Oxley NOOhio Republican
Ron Paul NOTexas Republican
Steve Pearce NONew Mexico Republican
Mike Pence NOIndiana Republican (Gov. run 2012)
John Peterson NOPennsylvania Republican (Retired 2008)
Tom Petri NOWisconsin Republican
Joseph Pitts NOPennsylvania Republican
Todd Platts NOPennsylvania Republican
Ted Poe NOTexas Republican
Richard Pombo NOCalifornia Republican
Jon Porter NONevada Republican (Unseated 2008)
Tom Price NOGeorgia Republican
Deborah Pryce YESOhio Republican
Jim Ramstad NOMinnesota Republican (Retiring 2008)
Ralph Regula NOOhio Republican (Retiring 2008)
Dennis Rehberg NOMontana Republican (Senate run 2012)
Dave Reichert NOWashington Republican (Governor run 2012)
Rick Renzi NOArizona Republican (Retiring 2008)
Thomas Reynolds NONew York Republican (Retiring 2008)
Hal Rogers NOKentucky Republican
Michael Rogers NOAlabama Republican
Mike Rogers NOMichigan Republican
Dana Rohrabacher YESCalifornia Republican
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen NOFlorida Republican
Ed Royce NOCalifornia Republican
Paul Ryan NOWisconsin Republican
Jim Ryun NOKansas Republican
Jim Saxton NONew Jersey Republican (Retiring 2008)
Jean Schmidt NOOhio Republican
Joe Schwarz NOMichigan Republican
James Sensenbrenner NOWisconsin Republican
Pete Sessions NOTexas Republican
John Shadegg NOArizona Republican
Clay Shaw NOFlorida Republican
Christopher Shays YESConnecticut Republican (Unseated 2008)
Don Sherwood NOPennsylvania Republican
John Shimkus NOIllinois Republican
Bill Shuster NOPennsylvania Republican
Rob Simmons YESConnecticut Republican
Mike Simpson NOIdaho Republican
Christopher Smith NONew Jersey Republican
Lamar Smith NOTexas Republican
Linda Smith YESWashington Republican Former (1994-)
Mike Sodrel NOIndiana Republican
Mark Souder NOIndiana Republican (until 2010)
Cliff Stearns NOFlorida Republican
John Sullivan NOOklahoma Republican
John Sweeney NONew York Republican/Conservative
Tom Tancredo NOColorado Republican
Charles Taylor NONorth Carolina Republican
Lee Terry NONebraska Republican
Bill Thomas NOCalifornia Republican
Mac Thornberry NOTexas Republican
Todd Tiahrt NOKansas Republican (until 2010)
Pat Tiberi NOOhio Republican
Fred Upton NOMichigan Republican
Greg Walden NOOregon Republican
Jim Walsh NONew York Rep./Ind. (Retiring 2008)
Zach Wamp NOTennessee Republican (until 2010)
Curt Weldon NOPennsylvania Republican
Dave Weldon NOFlorida Republican (Retiring 2008)
Jerry Weller NOIllinois Republican (Retiring 2008)
Lynn Westmoreland NOGeorgia Republican
Ed Whitfield NOKentucky Republican
Roger Wicker NOMississippi Republican (Senate 2008)
Heather Wilson NONew Mexico Republican (Senate 2008)
Joe Wilson NOSouth Carolina Republican
Bill Young NOFlorida Republican
Don Young NOAlaska Republican



Independents voting on 2006-384

Marion Berry NOArkansas Former Democrat (until 2010)
Sanford Bishop YESGeorgia Former Democrat (until 2010)
John Boozman NOArkansas Former GOP (until 2010)
Allen Boyd NOFlorida Former Democrat (until 2010)
Ginny Brown-Waite NOFlorida Former GOP (until 2010)
Michael Castle YESDelaware Former GOP (until 2010)
Artur Davis YESAlabama Former Democrat (until 2010)
Lincoln Diaz-Balart NOFlorida Former GOP (until 2010)
Rahm Emanuel YESIllinois Former Democrat (until 2009)
Tom Feeney NOFlorida Former GOP
Tom Lantos YESCalifornia Former Democrat (until 2008)
John Linder NOGeorgia Former GOP (until 2010)
Adam Putnam NOFlorida Former GOP (until 2010)
George Radanovich NOCalifornia Former GOP (until 2010)
Bernie Sanders YESVermont Independent
Vic Snyder YESArkansas Former Democrat (until 2010)
Hilda Solis YESCalifornia Former Democrat (until 2009)
Ellen Tauscher YESCalifornia Former Democrat (until 2009)
Diane Watson YESCalifornia Former Democrat (until 2010)