Save Your Job, Save Our Country: on Free Trade
NAFTA’s main beneficiary: 36 people who own half of Mexico
[When the Mexican media announced NAFTA, they] did not identify the tiny handful of people in Mexico who would gain the most from this trade pact. They are the 36 businessmen who own Mexico’s 39 largest conglomerates.
Collectively, their companies control 54% of Mexico’s Gross National Product. These companies dominate virtually every sector of the Mexican economy of any consequence. When the Mexican government sold off big chunks of Mexico’s state-run companies
in the late 1980s and early 1990s, this tiny handful of people quickly acquired control.
In 1993, President Salinas hosted a private dinner for 29 of these Mexican elite. He asked the businessmen to each make a
$25 million political contribution to his party, the PRI. All said that they would contribute. For these men, it would be money well invested because NAFTA would guarantee the advantages that President Salinas had gained for them.
Source: Save Your Job, Save Our Country, by Ross Perot, p. 2
Jan 1, 1993
NAFTA is good for investors & bad for jobs
NAFTA is really less about trade than it is about investment. Its principal goal is to protect US companies and investors operating in Mexico. The text of the agreement is contained in two volumes covering more than 1,100 pages.
The text is mind-numbingly dull. Large portions of it are written in the type of obscure legal terms found on the back of an insurance policy. Buried in the fine print are provisions that will give away American jobs and radically reduce the sovereignty
of the US.
Ultimately, NAFTA is not a trade agreement but an investment agreement. NAFTA’s principal goal is to protect the investment of US companies that build factories in Mexico.
This is accomplished by reducing the risk of nationalization, by permitting the return of profits to US businesses, and by allowing unlimited access to the American markets for goods produced in Mexico.
Source: Save Your Job, Save Our Country, by Ross Perot, p. i & 11
Jan 1, 1993
Mexicans are good; NAFTA is not
Mexico is our neighbor, its people are good, and we want them to prosper. But NAFTA is not the way. The present deal must be scrapped and negotiators put to work to develop a long-term economic relationship between Mexico, Canada, and the US that is in
our mutual interest.
If the administration pursues its plan to have NAFTA in place by the end of 1993, then American voters must take action. If they agree that NAFTA should be rejected, they must contact their representatives and stop it.
Source: Save Your Job, Save Our Country, by Ross Perot, p. iii
Jan 1, 1993
Fast Track makes more secrecy and less public input
The 1991 “fast track” legislation gave Pres. Bush the authority to negotiate NAFTA in complete secrecy and without the participation of either Congress or the US public. The term “fast track” refers to a process whereby Congress turns over to the
President its authority to regulate foreign commerce-a power granted to Congress in the Constitution.
“Fast track” did not allow a Senate filibuster. For the Senate to forgo its right to filibuster is unusual. Since 1960, the Senate has approved or
ratified 25 treaties, conventions, and agreements-including nuclear nonproliferation treaties-all without “fast track.”
Now. Pres. Clinton gets to decide if or when to submit NAFTA to Congress. The irony is that the many new members of Congress elected
in 1992 who opposed NAFTA are still bound by the limited-debate, no-filibuster, up-or-down vote restrictions imposed by the “fast track” legislation in 1991. Of course, that is why the NAFA advocates wanted “fast track.”
Source: Save Your Job, Save Our Country, by Ross Perot, p. 14-6
Jan 1, 1993
NAFTA will cause a giant sucking sound as jobs go south
A Giant Sucking Sound: One million Mexicans enter the work force each year. They need jobs. To get those jobs, President Salinas and his government have deliberately kept wages down to attract foreign investment. Mexico has vastly expanded its
vocational training programs to improve worker skill levels. The Mexican government also offers low-cost loans and tax benefits to companies that build factories in Mexico.
Mexico’s national development strategy is reminiscent of strategies
used by Japan, Korea, and Taiwan a generation ago. Like the strategies used by those countries, Mexico’s strategy depends on taking jobs from the US.
The New York Times reports that the skills of Mexican workers already match the skills of
70% of the labor force in the US. Once properly trained, Mexican workers’ productivity and work quality equals that of anyone, anywhere in the world.
Mexico keeps its wages low to attract foreign investment. This strategy has worked.
Source: Save Your Job, Save Our Country, by Ross Perot, p. 41-2 & 47
Jan 1, 1993
Maquiladoras just steal jobs; it’s not really “trade”
To encourage US companies to operate in Mexico, the US government subsidizes companies in Mexico that ship products to the US by removing import fees. These factories are known as “maquiladoras.”
US multinationals created almost as many new
manufacturing jobs in Mexico under the Maquiladora Program between 1986 and 1990 as they created in the US-92,000 jobs versus 97,000 jobs. Most of the goods produced in the maquiladoras are shipped into the US market. Consequently, most of the so-called
trade between the US and Mexico is not trade as trade is commonly understood. Rather, it is primarily US companies shipping their own machinery, components, and raw materials across the border into their Mexican factories and then shipping their finished
or semi-finished goods back over the border into the US.
Altogether, more than half of the US “exports” to Mexico never entered Mexico’s domestic market-[actual trade was] less than $8 billion of the $41 billion of US exports [claimed] in 1992.
Source: Save Your Job, Save Our Country, by Ross Perot, p. 48-50
Jan 1, 1993
NAFTA allows prison-made Chinese textiles into US via Mexico
The US apparel market is further opened under NAFTA to producers operating out of Mexico. An exception is that a substantial portion of the apparel made in Mexican factories must use fabric manufactured in North America. The intent is to protect US and
Canadian textile jobs. However, Chinese and other foreign textile makers have already figured a way around this provision by building their own factories in Mexico.
NAFTA establishes rules that deny preferential treatment for goods produced
outside of North America. The way for a Japanese or European company to get preferential treatment, of course, is to build a factory in Mexico. US textile makers who want to be competitive will be forced to move jobs to Mexico or go out of business.
Assume the US could put enough customs agents along the border to inspect every item exported from Mexico to the US. Are those customs agents going to be able to tell the difference between a shirt made by prison labor in China and a shirt made in Mexico
Source: Save Your Job, Save Our Country, p. 79-81
Jan 1, 1993
Ten principles of a good trade agreement with Mexico
At a minimum, a new round of trade negotiations with Mexico should include the following ten principles:
Source: Save Your Job, Save Our Country, p.102-9
Jan 1, 1993
- A coherent, long-term US trade strategy
- Negotiate with complete integrity: prohibiting all US officials from ever working as foreign
lobbyists after they leave office
- Do not violate national sovereignty
- Uphold the legal rights of US citizens: allow judicial review for disputes by American citizens
- Increase jobs and wages for American workers
- Increase jobs and wages for
Mexican workers: allow unions & other labor safety rights
- Do not make Mexico an export platform into the US: require and enforce strict rules of origin
- Protect the health and safety of all parties: like US FDA standards
- Protect the environment:
only allow imports that meet US standards
- The agreement must be enforced: including well-trained customs agents and the tools and technology to do their job.
Long-term US trade strategy: focus on debt & jobs
Any trade deals with Mexico, or any other nation, must be considered in the context of how they fit into the long-term US trade strategy, reflecting these realities: The questions, therefore, are: how does the US expand trade with other nations in a way that neither punishes the
other nations for their successes nor destroys jobs or industries in America? How do individual agreement, such as a new NAFTA, fit into the overall US trade strategy? And most important, how can trade be used to create more and better jobs in the US?
- The Cold War is over
- The US does not have enough good jobs
- The US is
$4 trillion dollars in debt and must not do anything to damage its tax base
- Every other nation plays by a different set of rules.
As a nation, the danger of failing to think strategically about trade is measured by the fact that the US trade deficit in 1993 will be close to $100 billion. A trade deficit of this magnitude means a loss of 1.9 to 2 million US jobs.
Source: Save Your Job, Save Our Country, p.103-4
Jan 1, 1993
Page last updated: Apr 16, 2013