State of Iowa Archives: on Foreign Policy


Patty Judge: Use our diplomatic power to help create peace and stability

Q: Characterize your view of our diplomatic efforts around the world.

Patty Judge: The United States can be a powerful voice for diplomacy across the globe. We should use our diplomatic power, when appropriate, to help create peace and stability across the globe. We should always prioritize diplomatic vs. military action.

Source: Vote411.org League of Women Voters on 2016 Iowa Senate Race Sep 19, 2016

Carly Fiorina: ISIS & Iran are bigger threats than climate change

Q: The president says that many are exaggerating the threat from ISIS. To quote him, "this is not World War III, and they do not pose a threat to our national existence." Does he have a point?

FIORINA: Well, let me tell you this: news flash, President Obama, news flash, Mrs. Clinton--climate change is not our most pressing national security threat. Actually, it is ISIS, followed closely by Iran. And those two things are linked, so that when our president cozies up to Iran, all of our allies in the Middle East, who are ready to help us defeat ISIS, wonder whose side we're on. And the truth is, under this president, we are on Iran's side, not our allies', who would help us defeat ISIS. You know, one of the things we have to start with is understanding that we must stand up to adversaries.

Source: 2016 Fox News Republican Undercard debate in Iowa Jan 28, 2016

Jeb Bush: Statehood for Puerto Rico, via self-determination

Q: You've advocated for statehood for Puerto Rico. The Puerto Rican economy is collapsing under unsustainable debt burden. So should American citizens--who you say are already overtaxed--bail out Puerto Rico as well?

BUSH: No, they shouldn't. And I believe that Puerto Rico ought to have the right of self-determination. If I was a Puerto Rican, I'd vote for statehood so that they have full citizenship. They serve in the military. They would have to pay federal taxes. They would accept the responsibilities of full U.S. citizenship. But they should have the right of self-determination. Before you get to that, though, Puerto Rico is going to have to deal with the structural problems they face. The federal government can play a role in allowing them to do that, but the process of statehood or the status of Puerto Rico won't be solved until we get to the bigger issue of how you deal with the structural economic problems they're facing right now.

Source: 2016 Fox News Republican two-tiered debate in Iowa Jan 28, 2016

Hillary Clinton: We spend a lot on development aid, even in war zones

Gov. O'MALLEY: We are not so very good at anticipating threats and appreciating just how difficult it is to build up stable democracies, to make the investments and sustainable development that we must as a nation if we are to attack the root causes of these sorts of instability.

CLINTON: Well, I think it's perfectly fair to say that we invested quite a bit in development aid. Some of the bravest people that I had the privilege of working with as secretary of state were our development professionals who went sometimes alone, sometimes with our military, into very dangerous places in Iraq, in Afghanistan, elsewhere. So, there does need to be a whole of government approach, but just because we're involved and we have a strategy doesn't mean we're going to be able to dictate the outcome. These are often very long- term kinds of investments that have to be made.

Source: 2015 CBS Democratic primary debate in Iowa Nov 14, 2015

Mike Huckabee: Globalists & corporatists are making US more like China

Expressing deep skepticism of proposed free trade agreements, Mike Huckabee warned in Iowa that the US is becoming like communist China. The former Arkansas governor recalled a trip he took to China last year during his appearance at an agricultural summit that drew a number of potential Republican 2016 candidates to the state fairgrounds.

"In China, I felt like they were becoming more like America used to be," he told a crowd of some 900 activists. "But, sadly, America is becoming more like they used to be. Our government is becoming more oppressive; theirs is beginning to ease up. We have a lot of globalists and frankly corporatists instead of having nationalists who put forward the best interests of the United States and working families," he added.

Source: Politico.com coverage of 2015 Iowa Agricultural Summit Mar 7, 2015

Mike Huckabee: Keep the Cuban embargo; lifting it rewards Cuba

Huckabee was asked why the government has kept the embargo in place against Cuba, even as trade barriers with China have been lifted. Huckabee said that Cuba must make serious concessions before the embargo is scaled back. He said President Barack Obama is sending the wrong message: "If my parents had raised me that way, I'd have been a monster," he said. "They didn't reward me with ice cream & candy every time I did something horrible. Don't give the Chinese and Cubans ice cream & candy," he added.
Source: Politico.com coverage of 2015 Iowa Agricultural Summit Mar 7, 2015

Rick Perry: Easing restrictions on Cuba hurts the Cuban people

Perry said that Cuba got the better half of its bargain with the US earlier this year. "We got the way short end of that deal," Perry said in a speech at the inaugural Iowa Agriculture Summit. "We got a bad deal. This administration basically empowered the Castro regime with no thought of the Cuban people."

Perry's remarks took aim at President Obama's decision in January to normalize relations with Havana. The US eased travel and trade restrictions on Cuba as part of the landmark deal.

Perry took issue with Obama's diplomatic priorities. He said the president's decision to deal with Raul Castro, Cuba's dictator, hurts everyday Cubans. "This president missed the point on Cuba's relationship with its people," Perry said. "Cuba has been incredibly onerous to its people" Perry said trading with Castro's Cuba was unlikely to change the communist nation's ways. "I'm not sure you can change the culture of Cuba until Castro is dead and gone," he said.

Source: The Hill weblog coverage of 2015 Iowa Ag Summit Mar 7, 2015

Carly Fiorina: I've accomplished something by traveling around the world

Carly Fiorina pitted herself against likely Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton at the Iowa Freedom Summit, sparking some of the event's most boisterous applause. With a calm tone and polished delivery, Fiorina introduced herself to Iowans as a business-savvy outsider, the kind capable of creating real change in government. "Like Hillary Clinton, I too have traveled hundreds of thousands of miles around the globe," Fiorina said. "But unlike her, I've actually accomplished something."
Source: Des Moines Register on 2015 Iowa Freedom Summit Jan 24, 2015

John Bolton: America is a benign force globally

What should the voters of Iowa and other key states do in judging presidential candidates for next year?
  1. Voters should reject any candidate who treats national security policy in a dismissive or off-hand way. It is not enough to 'check the box' by mentioning foreign policy every once in a while.
  2. Candidates should be proudly patriotic. They should assert that a strong American international presence is positive and necessary for us and our allies, and say clearly that America is a benign force globally, providing order and stability, providing the foundations for the interlocking, global economy and our way of life here at home.
  3. Candidates must demonstrate they understand how closely interwoven domestic and foreign policy are. A strong economy depends on that strong international presence. These are not alternative priorities, but are inextricably connected.
Source: John Bolton speech transcript from 2015 Iowa Freedom Summit Jan 24, 2015

Mike Huckabee: Islamic terrorism is the country's most pressing issue

The 2008 presidential candidate who won the Iowa caucuses cycled through conservative positions throughout his 22-minute speech, calling Islamic terrorism the country's most pressing foreign policy issue, reiterating his opposition to federal intervention on the legalization of same-sex marriage, dismissing the need for an increased minimum wage and backing a flat income tax.

Huckabee was specifically dismissive of economic inequality as a political issue, telling the crowd that "liberals" would press it in the coming presidential campaign but that "intelligence inequality" was a bigger problem.

Source: Des Moines Register on 2015 Iowa Freedom Summit Jan 24, 2015

Doug Butzier: Dialogue via UN ok, but no US troops under UN control

Q: Do you support or oppose the statement, "Maintain US sovereignty from UN"?

A: Agree. I'm all for engaging in dialogue, but I'm absolutely opposed to putting US troops under the command of the UN or any of the other members.

Source: E-mail interview: 2014 Iowa Senate race with OnTheIssues.org Sep 17, 2014

Matthew Whitaker: No foreign aid to countries that don't like us

Q: What about the situation in Egypt, which has brought to light the issue of foreign aid?

A: I don't think we should send foreign aid to countries that don't like us. It's that simple. I think if you look at whether the foreign aid is going to Egypt or the UN, we need to really take a careful look at where we're sending our tax dollars and the regimes we're supporting.

Source: CaffeinatedThoughts.com blog on 2014 Iowa Senate race May 21, 2014

Michele Bachmann: North Korea is Wal-Mart of missile weapon delivery systems

Michele Bachman is taking aim at her rivals as she works to win the support of "values voters."

A member of the House Intelligence Committee, Bachmann said she is the strongest candidate on national security issues. She warned against expecting a change in North Korean foreign policy in the wake of Kim Jong Il's death. North Korea, a state sponsor of terror, has been the "Wal-Mart of missile weapon delivery systems," she said.

Source: IowaCaucus.com, "Authentic Voice" Dec 20, 2011

Newt Gingrich: Tell the truth: Palestinians are an "invented people"

Q: You caused a stir in the Middle East by calling the Palestinians "an invented people." The chief Palestinian negotiator said, "These statements of Gingrich will be the ammunition of the bin Ladens and the extremists for a long, long time."

GINGRICH: How would he know the difference? Look, is what I said factually correct? Yes. Is it historically true? Yes. Are we in a situation where every day, rockets are fired into Israel while the US tries to pressure the Israelis into a peace process? A Palestinian Authority ambassador said, "There is no difference between Fatah and Hamas. We both agree Israel has no right to exist." Somebody ought to have the courage to tell the truth: These people are terrorists. They teach terrorism in their schools. They have textbooks that say, "If there are 13 Jews and nine Jews are killed, how many Jews are left?" We pay for those textbooks through our aid money. It's time for somebody to have the guts to stand up and say, "Enough lying about the Middle East."

Source: Yahoo's "Your Voice Your Vote" debate in Iowa Dec 10, 2011

Herman Cain: Foreign policy should include bombs & bullets AND economics

Q: You said in June, "The way you stop Iran from getting a nuclear weapon is for us to get serious about a real energy-independent strategy." Do you really think that more domestic oil production in this country is going to convince the mullahs in Tehran not to pursue a nuclear weapon?

A: I believe that our energy strategy is directly related to national security, as well as stopping Iran in their efforts. The head of Iran has said that he wants to wipe Israel off of the face of the Earth. I take that seriously. That being said, there's more to foreign policy than bombs and bullets. There's bombs and bullets and economics. If we maximize all of our energy resources in this country, we can become a player on the world market. As the price o oil goes down, it puts an economic squeeze on Iran. This is why I believe we should have a serious energy-independent strategy. That's what I meant by using our energy resources, not just oil, but all of our resources to become energy independent.

Source: Iowa Straw Poll 2011 GOP debate in Ames Iowa Aug 11, 2011

Rick Santorum: No apologies for past American interventions in Iran

SANTORUM: Iran is a country that has been at war with us since 1979.

PAUL: The senator is wrong on his history. We started it in 1953 when we sent in a coup, installed the shah, and the blowback came in 1979. It's been going on and on because we just plain don't mind our own business. That's our problem.

SANTORUM: Anyone that suggests that Iran is not a threat to this country or is not a threat to stability in the Middle East is obviously not seeing the world very clearly. He sees it exactly the way that Barack Obama sees it, that we have to go around and apologize for the fact that we've gone out and exerted our influence to create freedom around the world. I don't apologize for that. I don't apologize for the Iranian people being free for a long time and now they're under a mullacracy that tramples the rights of women, tramples the rights of gays, tramples the rights of people all throughout their society.

Source: Iowa Straw Poll 2011 GOP debate in Ames Iowa Aug 11, 2011

Ron Paul: We installed Shah in Iran; we should mind our own business

Q: [to Ron Paul]: Your policy towards Iran is: No sanctions?

PAUL: No, that makes it much worse. This whole idea of sanctions, all these pretend free traders, they're the ones who put on these trade sanctions.

SANTORUM: Well, as the author of the Iran Freedom Support Act, which he is criticizing, it actually imposed sanctions on Iran because of their nuclear program--Iran is not Iceland, Ron. Iran is a country that has been at war with us since 1979. Iran is a country that has killed more American men and women in uniform than the Iraqis and the Afghanis have. The Iranians are the existential threat to the state of Israel, via funding of Hamas and Hezbollah and the support of Syria.

PAUL: The senator is wrong on his history. We've been at war in Iran for a lot longer than 1979. We started it in 1953 when we sent in a coup, installed the shah, and the blowback came in 1979. It's been going on and on because we just plain don't mind our own business. That's our problem.

Source: Iowa Straw Poll 2011 GOP debate in Ames Iowa Aug 11, 2011

Tim Pawlenty: Sanctions for Iran nukes; regime change for Syria

Q: You say we have to prevent Iran from getting nuclear weapons. You also recently said that Syrian President Assad must go. Would you rely on the same idea of international sanctions that Pres. Obama has been using?

A: We need to use a increasing number of tools and measures. As to Iran, I believe we should undertake every plausible step to deny their intentions and their plans to get a nuclear weapon. That will include sanctions. That will include some of the good work that you saw with the computer virus. But in the end, we should take every plausible step to deny that intention. As to Syria, Bashar al-Assad is mowing down and killing his people, up to 2,000 right now. Pres. Obama will not say he should go. Until recently, he and Hillary Clinton suggested that Bashar Assad was a reformer. He's not a reformer; he's a killer. This is another example of naive foreign policy by this president.

Source: Iowa Straw Poll 2011 GOP debate in Ames Iowa Aug 11, 2011

Terry Branstad: Partnership with Kosovo will benefit National Guard

I am delighted to announce the establishment of a State Partnership Program with the Republic of Kosovo. The SPP will benefit both our Iowa National Guard and the Kosovo Security Force by creating bilateral reciprocal relationships. The state partner opens doors for its partner country to U.S. capabilities, assisting in the development of democratic institutions and open market economies, as well as generating interagency coordination, cooperation and enduring relationships.
Source: 2011 Iowa Gubernatorial press release Mar 17, 2011

Christopher Reed: I am not a huge fan of the UN, nor Law of the Sea treaty

Q: What is your view on the LOST treaty (Law of the Sea Treaty)?

A: LOST. What an appropriate acronym. I quite frankly don’t subscribe too much to the UN. I don’t believe the UN has America’s best interest in mind and I don’t trust putting more power in their hands. I don’t think they are around to govern territory or collect taxes. I hope I am answering this enough for you. I am not a huge fan of the UN.

Source: The Iowa Brigade, email questionnaire Apr 2, 2008

John McCain: Naive to exclude nukes; naive to exclude attacking Pakistan

It’s naive to say that we will never use nuclear weapons. It’s naive to say we’re going to attack Pakistan without thinking it through. What if Musharraf were removed from power? What if a radical Islamic government were to take place because we triggered it with an attack?

I believe the reason why we won the Cold War is because of our advocacy and our dedication to the principles that all of us are created equal and endowed by our creator with certain inalienable rights.

Source: 2007 GOP Iowa Straw Poll debate Aug 5, 2007

Mike Huckabee: Not the job of the US to export our form of government

Q: Pres. Bush said in his second inaugural address, “It is the policy of the US to seek and support the growth of democratic movements and institutions in every nation and culture.” Has Pres. Bush’s policy been a success?

A: Well, the problem is, sometimes when you get what you want, you don’t want what you get. And this is a great case of that happening. I don’t think it’s the job of the US to export our form of government. It’s the job of the US to protect our citizens, to make us free and us safe, and to create an enviable kind of government and system that everybody else will want.

Q: So it wouldn’t be the core of your foreign policy?

A: Absolutely not, because I don’t think we can force people to accept our way of life, our way of government. What we can to is to create the strongest America, freedom internally, secure borders, a safer nation. That makes a whole lot more sense to me than spending billions to try to prop up some government we don’t even like when we get it.

Source: 2007 GOP Iowa Straw Poll debate Aug 5, 2007

Mitt Romney: To win the war on jihad, we need friends in Muslim world

To win the war on jihad, we have to not only have a strong military of our own--and we need a stronger military--we also need to have strong friends around the world and help moderate Muslims reject the extreme. Because ultimately the only people who can finally defeat these radical Islamic jihadists are the Muslims themselves.
Source: 2007 GOP Iowa Straw Poll debate Aug 5, 2007

Mitt Romney: Encourage others to welcome democracy, without military

Q: Pres. Bush said in his second inaugural address, “It is the policy of the US to seek and support the growth of democratic movements and institutions in every nation and culture.” Has Pres. Bush’s policy been a success, with all the elections going on?

A: Democracy is not defined by a vote. There have to be the underpinnings of democracy: education, health care, people recognizing they live in a place that has the rule of law. And that’s why our effort to spread democracy should continue, not to just spread votes, but instead to encourage other people in the world to have the benefits that we enjoy and to welcome democracy. There’s no question in this country, we need to reach out, not just with our military might--although that we have, and should keep it strong--but also reach out with our other great capabilities.

Q: Did Pres. Bush fail to appreciate the nuance you’re talking about now?

A: I’m not a carbon copy of Pres. Bush. And there are things I would do differently.

Source: 2007 GOP Iowa Straw Poll debate Aug 5, 2007

Mitt Romney: Move Muslim world toward modernity so they reject extreme

I think when there’s a country like Lebanon, that becomes a democracy, that instead of standing by and seeing how they do, we should have been working with the government there to assure that they have the rule of law, that they have agricultural and economic policies that work for them, that they have schools that are not Wahhabi schools, that we try and make sure they have good health care.

We bring together not just America, but all the nations of the civilized world. We help draw these folks toward modernity, as opposed to having them turn toward the violence and the extreme. And that kind of a campaign of values, combined with our strong arms, speaking softly but carrying a strong stick, as Teddy Roosevelt said, that will help move the world to a safer place.

We’d love it if we could all just come home and not worry about the rest of the world. But the problem is, they attacked us on 9/11. We want to help move the world of Islam toward modernity so they can reject the extreme.

Source: 2007 GOP Iowa Straw Poll debate Aug 5, 2007

Ron Paul: Right to spread our values, but wrong to spread by force

Q: Pres. Bush said in his second inaugural address, “It is the policy of the US to seek and support the growth of democratic movements and institutions in every nation and culture.” Has Pres. Bush’s policy been a success?

A: Our responsibility is to spread democracy here, make sure that we have it. This is a philosophic and foreign policy problem, because what the president was saying was just a continuation of Woodrow Wilson’s “making the world safe for democracy.” There’s nothing wrong with spreading our values around the world, but it is wrong to spread it by force. We should spread it by setting an example and going and doing a good job here. Threatening Pakistan and threatening Iran makes no sense whatsoever. I supported going after Al Qaida into Afghanistan--but, lo & behold, the neocons took over. They forgot about Bin Laden. And what they did, they went into nation-building, not only in Afghanistan, they went unjustifiably over into Iraq. And that’s why we’re in this mess today.

Source: 2007 GOP Iowa Straw Poll debate Aug 5, 2007

Rudy Giuliani: Democracy is a long-term goal, after building bedrock

Q: Pres. Bush said in his second inaugural address, “It is the policy of the US to seek and support the growth of democratic movements and institutions in every nation and culture.” With elections spreading, has Pres. Bush’s policy been a success?

A: I think the way you’re defining it is incorrect. Democracy is not necessarily immediately going to elections.

Q: Well, that was the way Pres. Bush defined it.

A: The way I look at it, democracy also requires the rule of law. It requires stability. It requires people not being afraid they’re going to be killed every day when they go out on the street. Democracy’s only a theory if you’re living in an unstable situation. So sometimes, democracy is the long-term goal, but in order to get there, you have to first build a rule of law, you have to first build respect for human rights.A: Maybe the thing to do is to first make sure that you’ve developed the bedrock for democracy.

Source: 2007 GOP Iowa Straw Poll debate Aug 5, 2007

Sam Brownback: Be realistic about pushing democracy, or we get radicals

Words of a president matter. When Ronald Reagan says, “Mr. Gorbachev, bring down this wall,” that mattered. When he called the Soviet Union an evil empire, that mattered. Words of our leader matter, and you have to matter within the context of where we are. We are in a generational conflict with militant Islamists. That’s where we are. We are at war. We’re a nation at war. I think we have to be very realistic about this war. We have a number of allies in the Islamic world. We have a number of allies around the world. It is something important what we say and the direction we go. I think we push democracy, but I think we have to be realistic in the places that we push and at the time we push it. You push democracy in Pakistan or Egypt right now, you’re going to get a radicalized government in Pakistan, a radicalized government in Egypt and you’re going to have a nuclear-weaponed, radical government in Pakistan.
Source: 2007 GOP Iowa Straw Poll debate Aug 5, 2007

Tommy Thompson: We continue losing until recognizing we’re fighting a jihad

Q: [to Tancredo]: Last week you said that, in order to deter an attack by Islamic terrorists using nuclear weapons, you would threaten to bomb Mecca and Medina.

TANCREDO: Anybody that would suggest that we should take anything like this off the table in order to deter that kind of event in the United States isn’t fit to be president. My task as president is primarily to protect and defend this country. And that means to deter any kind of aggression, especially the type we are threatened with by Al Qaida, which is nuclear attack.

THOMPSON: I sincerely believe that bombing religious artifacts and religious holy sites would do nothing but unify 1 billion Muslims against us. It makes no sense.

TANCREDO: After we take a hit?

THOMPSON: I think we’ve got to strengthen our military and we’ve got to recognize in this world right now we are fighting a holy war. It’s a jihad. And until we recognize that and stand up to be Americans and for America, we’re going to continue to lose.

Source: 2007 GOP Iowa Straw Poll debate Aug 5, 2007

Dennis Kucinich: Americans have been misled about the Iraqi war

Q: Would you ever reject broad international consensus if you thought it was in the best long-term interest of the US?

A: We have a right to defend our country, but surely a president must know the difference between defense and offense. We went on the offense against Iraq and now we find from Secretary O’Neill that Bush was planning on attacking Iraq before 9/11 and that the American people, in effect, have been misled about this. Everybody ought to be talking about this.

Source: Iowa Brown and Black Presidential Forum Jan 11, 2004

Gary Bauer: Shame on those who sent tech to Chinese military

Money originating with the People’s Liberation Army, in Communist China. made its way into the American political process and then we’re supposed to believe that coincidentally a few months after that technology gets sold to China. The politicians and the corporate presidents that allowed that technology to go to China that can be used by the Chinese military, ought to be ashamed of themselves. If we have to send people to an Asian battlefield again, they will have some answering to do.
Source: GOP Debate in Johnston, Iowa Jan 16, 2000

Bill Bradley: Move towards new post-Cold War stability & mentality

Q: What is the most challenging foreign policy issue to face the next president? A: I think the most important challenge in the international arena is maintaining strategic stability that now exists between China, Japan, Russia, Europe and the US. If we have any disruption of that, there’ll be another arms race. Second, I think we need to take our defense budget and move it more to a post-Cold War defense budget. We’re still locked in the Cold War with a lot of assumptions that should change to meet the new threats, like nuclear proliferation, biological and chemical weapons, like cyberwar, & terrorism.
Source: Democrat Debate in Johnston Iowa Jan 8, 2000

Gary Bauer: Stop allowing China to play us for suckers

BAUER [to Bush]: I will stop allowing China to play us for suckers. We’ve given them Most Favored Nation status 10 years in a row. They dump their goods here. And Iowa farmers are selling less to China now than they did 10 years ago. The time of them playing us for suckers will end in my presidency.

BUSH: I’m glad you brought it up. You’re not for China getting into the WTO. I am. And let me tell you something-the amount of corn that’ll be moved if China gets in the WTO will rise from 250,000 metric tons, to 7.2 million metric tons. Opening up Chinese markets is good for our farmers.

BAUER: Governor Bush, here’s your fallacy: You believe the Chinese government will keep their agreements. They haven’t kept their agreements for 20 years.

BUSH: That’s why we let them in the WTO. That’s part of agreement keeping.

BAUER: That just gives them another agreement to break, Governor.

Source: (cross-ref. to Bush) Des Moines Iowa GOP Debate Dec 13, 1999

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Gov.Jeb Bush(FL)
Dr.Ben Carson(MD)
Gov.Chris Christie(NJ)
Sen.Ted Cruz(TX)
Carly Fiorina(CA)
Gov.Jim Gilmore(VA)
Sen.Lindsey Graham(SC)
Gov.Mike Huckabee(AR)
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Donald Trump(NY)
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