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              Executive   |   Legislative   |   Judicial
Former Republican Senator (TX):
Phil Gramm on the Issues

Phil Gramm on Abortion

  • Co-sponsored a Human Life Amendment. (Sep 2001)
  • Voted YES on maintaining ban on Military Base Abortions. (Jun 2000)
  • Voted YES on banning partial birth abortions. (Oct 1999)
  • Voted YES on disallowing overseas military abortions. (May 1999)

Phil Gramm on Budget & Economy

  • Voted YES on prioritizing national debt reduction below tax cuts. (Apr 2000)
  • Voted NO on 1998 GOP budget. (May 1997)
  • Voted YES on Balanced-budget constitutional amendment. (Mar 1997)

Phil Gramm on Civil Rights

  • Voted NO on adding sexual orientation to definition of hate crimes. (Jun 2002)
  • Voted YES on loosening restrictions on cell phone wiretapping. (Oct 2001)
  • Voted NO on expanding hate crimes to include sexual orientation. (Jun 2000)
  • Voted NO on setting aside 10% of highway funds for minorities & women. (Mar 1998)
  • Voted YES on ending special funding for minority & women-owned business. (Oct 1997)
  • Voted YES on prohibiting same-sex marriage. (Sep 1996)
  • Voted NO on prohibiting job discrimination by sexual orientation. (Sep 1996)
  • Voted YES on Amendment to prohibit flag burning. (Dec 1995)
  • Voted YES on banning affirmative action hiring with federal funds. (Jul 1995)
  • Supports anti-flag desecration amendment. (Mar 2001)

Phil Gramm on Corporations

  • Voted YES on restricting rules on personal bankruptcy. (Jul 2001)

Phil Gramm on Crime

  • Voted NO on $1.15 billion per year to continue the COPS program. (May 1999)
  • Voted YES on limiting death penalty appeals. (Apr 1996)
  • Voted YES on limiting product liability punitive damage awards. (Mar 1996)
  • Voted YES on restricting class-action lawsuits. (Dec 1995)
  • Voted YES on repealing federal speed limits. (Jun 1995)
  • Voted YES on mandatory prison terms for crimes involving firearms. (May 1994)
  • Voted YES on rejecting racial statistics in death penalty appeals. (May 1994)
  • Establish an FBI registry of sexual offendors. (Oct 1996)

Phil Gramm on Drugs

  • Voted YES on increasing penalties for drug offenses. (Nov 1999)
  • Voted YES on spending international development funds on drug control. (Jul 1996)

Phil Gramm on Education

  • Voted NO on funding smaller classes instead of private tutors. (May 2001)
  • Voted NO on funding student testing instead of private tutors. (May 2001)
  • Voted NO on spending $448B of tax cut on education & debt reduction. (Apr 2001)
  • Voted YES on Educational Savings Accounts. (Mar 2000)
  • Voted YES on allowing more flexibility in federal school rules. (Mar 1999)
  • Voted YES on education savings accounts. (Jun 1998)
  • Voted YES on school vouchers in DC. (Sep 1997)
  • Voted YES on $75M for abstinence education. (Jul 1996)
  • Voted YES on requiring schools to allow voluntary prayer. (Jul 1994)

Phil Gramm on Energy & Oil

  • Voted YES on drilling ANWR on national security grounds. (Apr 2002)
  • Voted YES on terminating CAFE standards within 15 months. (Mar 2002)
  • Voted YES on preserving budget for ANWR oil drilling. (Apr 2000)
  • Voted NO on ending discussion of CAFE fuel efficiency standards. (Sep 1999)
  • Voted YES on defunding renewable and solar energy. (Jun 1999)
  • Voted YES on approving a nuclear waste repository. (Apr 1997)
  • Voted NO on do not require ethanol in gasoline. (Aug 1994)

Phil Gramm on Environment

  • Voted YES on confirming Gale Norton as Secretary of Interior. (Jan 2001)
  • Voted YES on more funding for forest roads and fish habitat. (Sep 1999)
  • Voted YES on transportation demo projects. (Mar 1998)
  • Voted NO on reducing funds for road-building in National Forests. (Sep 1997)
  • Voted NO on continuing desert protection in California. (Oct 1994)
  • Voted YES on requiring EPA risk assessments. (May 1994)

Phil Gramm on Families & Children

  • Voted YES on restricting violent videos to minors. (May 1999)

Phil Gramm on Foreign Policy

  • Voted YES on enlarging NATO to include Eastern Europe. (May 2002)
  • Voted YES on killing a bill for trade sanctions if China sells weapons. (Sep 2000)
  • Voted YES on cap foreign aid at only $12.7 billion. (Oct 1999)
  • Voted NO on limiting the President's power to impose economic sanctions. (Jul 1998)
  • Voted NO on limiting NATO expansion to only Poland, Hungary & Czech. (Apr 1998)
  • Voted YES on $17.9 billion to IMF. (Mar 1998)
  • Voted YES on Strengthening of the trade embargo against Cuba. (Mar 1996)
  • Voted NO on ending Vietnam embargo. (Jan 1994)

Phil Gramm on Free Trade

  • Voted YES on extending free trade to Andean nations. (May 2002)
  • Voted YES on granting normal trade relations status to Vietnam. (Oct 2001)
  • Voted YES on removing common goods from national security export rules. (Sep 2001)
  • Voted YES on permanent normal trade relations with China. (Sep 2000)
  • Voted YES on expanding trade to the third world. (May 2000)
  • Voted YES on renewing 'fast track' presidential trade authority. (Nov 1997)
  • Voted YES on imposing trade sanctions on Japan for closed market. (May 1995)

Phil Gramm on Government Reform

  • Gramm & wife worked to exempt Enron from federal regulations. (Feb 2002)
  • Voted NO on banning "soft money" contributions and restricting issue ads. (Mar 2002)
  • Voted YES on require photo ID (not just signature) for voter registration. (Feb 2002)
  • Voted NO on banning campaign donations from unions and corporations. (Apr 2001)
  • Voted NO on continuing funding for the National Endowment for the Arts. (Aug 1999)
  • Voted NO on favoring 1997 McCain-Feingold overhaul of campaign finance. (Oct 1997)
  • Voted YES on Approving the presidential line-item veto. (Mar 1996)
  • Voted YES on banning more types of Congressional gifts. (Jul 1995)

Phil Gramm on Gun Control

  • Voted NO on background checks at gun shows. (May 1999)
  • Voted YES on more penalties for gun & drug violations. (May 1999)
  • Voted YES on loosening license & background checks at gun shows. (May 1999)
  • Voted YES on maintaining current law: guns sold without trigger locks. (Jul 1998)

Phil Gramm on Health Care

  • Voted NO on allowing importation of Rx drugs from Canada. (Jul 2002)
  • Voted YES on funding GOP version of Medicare prescription drug benefit. (Apr 2001)
  • Voted NO on including prescription drugs under Medicare. (Jun 2000)
  • Voted YES on limiting self-employment health deduction. (Jul 1999)
  • Voted NO on increasing tobacco restrictions. (Jun 1998)
  • Voted YES on banning human cloning. (Feb 1998)
  • Voted YES on Medicare means-testing. (Jun 1997)
  • Voted NO on medical savings acounts. (Apr 1996)

Phil Gramm on Homeland Security

  • Voted NO on adopting the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. (Oct 1999)
  • Voted YES on allowing another round of military base closures. (May 1999)
  • Voted YES on cutting nuclear weapons below START levels. (May 1999)
  • Voted YES on deploying National Missile Defense ASAP. (Mar 1999)
  • Voted YES on military pay raise of 4.8%. (Feb 1999)
  • Voted YES on deploying missile defense as soon as possible. (Sep 1998)
  • Voted NO on prohibiting same-sex basic training. (Jun 1998)
  • Voted NO on favoring 36 vetoed military projects. (Oct 1997)
  • Voted NO on banning chemical weapons. (Apr 1997)
  • Voted YES on considering deploying NMD, and amending ABM Treaty. (Jun 1996)
  • Voted YES on 1996 Defense Appropriations. (Sep 1995)

Phil Gramm on Immigration

  • Voted YES on allowing more foreign workers into the U.S. for farm work. (Jul 1998)
  • Voted YES on visas for skilled workers. (May 1998)
  • Voted YES on limit welfare for immigrants. (Jun 1997)

Phil Gramm on Jobs

  • Voted YES on repealing Clinton's ergonomic rules on repetitive stress. (Mar 2001)
  • Voted YES on killing an increase in the minimum wage. (Nov 1999)
  • Voted YES on allowing workers to choose between overtime & comp-time. (May 1997)

Phil Gramm on Principles & Values

  • Religious affiliation: Episcopalian. (Nov 2000)

Phil Gramm on Social Security

  • Voted YES on Social Security Lockbox & limiting national debt. (Apr 1999)
  • Voted YES on allowing Roth IRAs for retirees. (May 1998)
  • Voted YES on allowing personal retirement accounts. (Apr 1998)
  • Voted YES on deducting Social Security payments on income taxes. (May 1996)

Phil Gramm on Tax Reform

  • Voted YES on cutting taxes by $1.35 trillion over 11 years. (May 2001)
  • Voted NO on reducing marriage penalty instead of cutting top tax rates. (May 2001)
  • Voted NO on increasing tax deductions for college tuition. (May 2001)
  • Voted YES on eliminating the 'marriage penalty'. (Jul 2000)
  • Voted YES on across-the-board spending cut. (Oct 1999)
  • Voted YES on $792B tax cuts. (Jul 1999)
  • Voted YES on requiring super-majority for raising taxes. (Apr 1998)
  • Voted YES on FY99 tax cuts. (Apr 1998)

Phil Gramm on War & Peace

  • Voted YES on authorizing use of military force against Iraq. (Oct 2002)
  • Voted YES on allowing all necessary forces and other means in Kosovo. (May 1999)
  • Voted NO on authorizing air strikes in Kosovo. (Mar 1999)
  • Voted YES on ending the Bosnian arms embargo. (Jul 1995)
  • Move the US Embassy to Jerusalem. (Nov 1995)

Phil Gramm on Welfare & Poverty

  • Voted YES on welfare block grants. (Aug 1996)
  • Voted NO on eliminating block grants for food stamps. (Jul 1996)
  • Voted YES on allowing state welfare waivers. (Jul 1996)
  • Voted YES on welfare overhaul. (Sep 1995)