Dick Cheney on Energy & Oil
Vice President of the United States; Former Republican Representative (WY)
Sued in Supreme Court for keeping energy policy secret
The Bush administration's sustained campaign to build up the powers of the presidency and to extend the confidentiality of White House decision-making is due for a major test in the Supreme Court. The justices will hear an appeal by Cheney, who is
defending his refusal to disclose files of his energy policy task force. The administration has raised the stakes on the preliminary decision by arguing that the case threatens "fundamental principles of the separation of powers" between the branches of
government. Because of the sweeping constitutional arguments being made, the case has the potential to sharply curtail the power of the courts and, by implication, Congress to oversee the workings of the executive branch. The key argument is that the
Constitution's separation of powers among the three branches means that the other two branches are without authority to second-guess the president when he and his staff are deciding how to use executive powers.
Source: Lyle Denniston, Boston Globe
Dec 1, 2003
Energy use outstrips growth-so conserve AND drill
Cheney believes that the fundamental energy problem was not a short-term price spike, but a longer-term gap between the growth in American energy production and the growth in American energy use. In 2000, the US for the first time imported more than
half its oil; if the trends continue, the US would import 2/3 of its oil by 2020. Conservation would obviously help. But Cheney said that while conservation might be a "personal virtue," conservation alone was not "a sufficient basis for a sound,
comprehensive energy policy."
The final report of Cheney's energy task force called for expanded oil drilling and for regulations to force companies to build costlier, more energy-efficient products. It called for reducing regulatory
impediments to the use of coal, while subsidizing wind and solar power and other pet environmental schemes. It advocated careful consideration of an expansion of nuclear power-without ever quite endorsing that expansion.
Source: The Right Man, by David Frum, p. 62-63
Jun 1, 2003
Met with Enron representatives in drawing up energy plan
What is the Enron saga about? Enron’s bankruptcy, the largest in history, exposes the decay of corporate accountability in the new Gilded Age. No-account accountants, see-no-evil stock analysts, subservient “independent” board members, gelded regulators,
purchased politicians--every supposed check on executive plunder and piracy has been shredded. Enron transformed itself from a gas pipeline company to an unregulated financial investment house willing and able to buy and sell anything-
energy futures, weather changes, bandwidth, state legislatures, regulators, senators, even Presidents.
Bush is pressing Congress to pass the Enron energy plan, which features massive subsidies to energy companies and further deregulation.
And while the White House has begrudgingly admitted to six meetings between Enron representatives and the Cheney energy task force, it continues to stonewall efforts by the General Accounting Office to find out who met with Cheney to draw up the plan.
Source: The Nation, Editorial, “Enron Conservatives,” p. 4-5
Feb 4, 2002
Give nuclear power a fresh look
Nuclear power can both solve America’s energy woes and help protect the environment, Vice President Cheney told CNN. The answers, Cheney said, lie in increasing the supply of energy sources -- a policy that would include giving nuclear
power “a fresh look.” Cheney said, “It is a safe technology and doesn’t emit any carbon dioxide at all. With the gas prices rising the way they are, nuclear is looking like a good alternative.”
Cheney acknowledged that the problem of nuclear waste
was “a tough one” and that the US would need to establish a single location to dump the waste, a program he said has been very successful in Europe. “Right now we’ve got waste piling up at reactors all over the country,” he said. “Eventually,
there ought to be a permanent repository.” Cheney foresees an additional 1,300 to 1,900 new power plants over the next 20 years to meet demand -- some of which could be nuclear plants -- along with a number of refineries to process oil.
Source: Interview with CNN’s John King
May 8, 2001
Energy plan focuses on production
Vice President Cheney offered a preview of a Bush administration energy plan that will be long on increased development of domestic oil, natural gas and nuclear power, but short on conservation. Also missing will be what he called “quick fixes which
never fix anything”: price controls, use of strategic reserves, and new federal agencies. Among Cheney’s proposals:Cheney called alternative fuels such as ethanol or solar power promising but still “years down the road.” He said the administration
will push for drilling in Alaska’s ANWR. Cheney said telling Americans to do more with less is not enough. “Conservation may be a sign of personal virtue, but it is not a sufficient basis for a sound, comprehensive energy policy,” he said.
Source: USA Today, p. 1A
May 1, 2001
- Increased domestic production of crude oil.
- Stepped-up construction of natural gas pipelines.
- Massive expansion of the electrical
- Renewed construction of nuclear, hydroelectric, oil- and coal-fired power plants.
Fuel cells from propane are “a tremendous development”
Talking up alternative energy is classic Al Gore, but Dick Cheney took up the cause yesterday in Washington state, where environmental concerns could be an election key. Cheney received a briefing on fuel cells that produce electricity from natural gas
or propane at a Spokane-area company which hopes to someday power homes and businesses with the cells. Cheney pronounced the technology, which company officials say doesn’t harm the environment, “a tremendous development for our entire nation.”
Source: Boston Globe, “Campaign Journal,” p. A24
Oct 25, 2000
Member of Bush’s National Energy Policy Development Group.
Cheney is a member of Bush’s National Energy Policy Development Group:
The National Energy Policy Development (NEPD) Group was directed by President Bush to “develop a national energy policy designed to… promote dependable, affordable, and environmentally sound production and distribution of energy for the future.”The National Energy Policy we propose follows three basic principles:
- The Policy is a long-term, comprehensive strategy. Our energy crisis has been years in the making, and will take years to put fully behind us.
- The Policy will advance new, environmentally friendly technologies to increase energy supplies and encourage cleaner, more efficient energy use.
- The Policy seeks to raise the living standards of the American people, recognizing that to do so our country must fully integrate its energy, environmental, and economic policies.
Applying these principles, we urge action to meet five specific national goals.
Source: National Energy Policy report 01-NEPD0 on May 2, 2001
- Modernize conservation: The best way of meeting this goal is to increase energy
efficiency by applying new technology—raising productivity, reducing waste, and trimming costs.
- Modernize our energy infrastructure: To reduce the incidents of electricity blackouts, we must greatly enhance our ability to transmit electric power between geographic regions.
- Increase energy supplies: A primary goal is to add supply from diverse sources: domestic oil and gas via high-tech drilling; clean coal research; hydropower and nuclear power.
- Accelerate the protection and improvement of the environment: We do not accept the false choice between environmental protection and energy production. An integrated approach to policy can yield a cleaner environment, a stronger economy, and a sufficient supply of energy for our future.
- Increase our nation ’s energy security: We must prepare our nation for supply emergencies, and assist low-income Americans who are most vulnerable in times of supply disruption.
Tax credits & more funding for renewable energy research.
Cheney adopted the National Energy Policy Development Group report:
The National Energy Policy builds on our nation’s successful track record and will promote further improvements in the productive and efficient use of energy. This report includes recommendations to:
Source: National Energy Policy report 01-NEPD1 on May 2, 2001
- Direct federal agencies to take appropriate actions to responsibly conserve energy use at their facilities, especially during periods of peak demand in regions where electricity shortages are possible, and to report to the President on actions taken.
- Increase funding for renewable energy and energy efficiency research and development programs that are performance-based and cost-shared.
- Create an income tax credit for the purchase of hybrid and fuel cell vehicles to promote fuel-efficient vehicles.
Extend the Department of Energy’s “Energy Star ” efficiency program to include schools, retail buildings, health care facilities, and homes and extend the “Energy Star ” labeling program to additional products and appliances.
- Fund the federal government ’s Intelligent Transportation Systems program, the fuel cell powered transit bus program, and the Clean Buses program.
- Provide a tax incentive and streamline permitting to accelerate the development of clean Combined Heat and Power technology.
- Direct the Secretary of Transportation to review and provide recommendations on establishing Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE)standards with due consideration to the National Academy of Sciences study of CAFE standards to be released in July, 2001.
Open small fraction of ANWR for regulated production .
Cheney adopted the National Energy Policy Development Group report:
Our policy will increase and diversify our nation’s sources of traditional and alternative fuels in order to furnish families and businesses with reliable and affordable energy, to enhance national security, and to improve the environment. This report includes recommendations to:
Source: National Energy Policy report 01-NEPD2 on May 2, 2001
- Issue an Executive Order directing all federal agencies to include in any regulatory action that could significantly and adversely affect energy supplies a detailed statement on the energy impact of the proposed action.
- Open a small fraction of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to environmentally regulated exploration and production using leading-edge technology. Examine the potential for the regulated increase in oil and natural gas development on other federal lands.
- Earmark $1. 2 billion of bid bonuses from the environmentally responsible leasing of ANWR to fund research into alternative and renewable energy resources – including wind, solar, biomass, and geothermal.
Enact legislation to expand existing alternative fuels tax incentives to include landfills that capture methane gas emissions for electricity generation and to electricity produced from wind and biomass. Extend the number of eligible biomass sources to include forest-related sources, agricultural sources, and certain urban sources.
- Provide $2 billion over 10 years to fund clean coal technology research and a new credit for electricity produced from biomass co-fired with coal.
- Direct federal agencies to streamline the hydropower relicensing process with proper regard given to environmental factors.
- Provide for the safe expansion of nuclear energy by establishing a national repository for nuclear waste, and by streamlining the licensing of nuclear power plants.
Long-term energy stability avoids high-polluting emergencies.
Cheney adopted the National Energy Policy Development Group report:
We are all aware of past excesses in our use of the natural world and its resources. No one wishes to see them repeated. In the 21st century, the ethic of good stewardship is well established in American life and law. We do not accept the false choice between environmental protection and energy production. America is using more, and polluting less. The primary reason for that has been steady advances in the technology of locating, producing, and using energy.
One of the factors harming the environment today is the very lack of a comprehensive, long-term national energy policy. States confronting blackouts must take desperate measures, often at the expense of environmental standards, requesting waivers of environmental rules, and delaying the implementation of anti-pollution efforts. Shortfalls in electricity generating capacity and shortsighted policies have blocked construction of new, cleaner plants, leaving no choice but to rely on older, inefficient plants to meet demand.
The increased use of emergency power sources, such as diesel generators, results in greater air pollution.
The National Energy Policy will build upon our nation ’s successful track record and will promote further improvements in the productive and efficient use of energy. This report includes recommendations to:
Source: National Energy Policy report 01-NEPD3 on May 2, 2001
- Enact “multi-pollutant” legislation to establish a flexible, market-based program to significantly reduce and cap emissions of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and mercury from electric power generators.
- Increase exports of environmentally friendly, market-ready US technologies that generate a clean environment and increase energy efficiency.
- Establish a new “Royalties Conservation Fund ” and earmark royalties from new, clean oil and gas exploration in ANWR to fund land conservation efforts.
- Implement new guidelines to reduce truck idling emissions at truck stops.